Professor Mako broke down the changes in Iraq 20 years since the country’s regime change, as well as the pre-war legacies of post-invasion governance outcomes.
In recent years, global patterns have emerged that threaten to undermine democracy – election denialism, the emergence of nationalist regimes, and the removal of democratically elected governments to name a few. A panel of Pardee School professors commented on these trends in their regions of study as well as the implications for global democracy.
Professor Mako details the significance of foreign intervention for Iraqi sovereignty, particularly the Turkish and Iranian military intervention and the 2003 U.S. invasion and subsequent military interventions, which she argued led to fragmentation on multiple levels.
Professor Mako emphasized the new Iraqi governments need to find ways to revive confidence by providing necessary institutional reforms and engaging in more conciliatory politics, even when there are many strategic alliances.
Professor Mako warns that if Iraq’s political tensions continue or there is not a negotiated settlement, the country could inch closer to civil war.
Professor Mako notes that while Muqtada Al Sadr’s departure is part of a playbook we’ve seen before, this current departure appears to be part of a zero-sum game that has effectively held the government hostage.
Iraq has the potential to serve as a partner to both regional and international states; however, Professor Mako argues that ongoing crises are stifling the country’s potential impact as a leader in the region.
“One of the first lessons I learned while reading post-colonial literature was the importance of rejecting Western exceptionalism and understanding that our perspective might not reflect that of the communities involved. The Keylor Grant is the perfect opportunity to embrace a new culture, approach the topic from an entirely different angle, and challenge your preconceived notions about a community or state.”
If you are looking for an enlightening and insightful book on international affairs, immigration, global economics, social movements in Arab societies, or China, consider picking up a piece published in the past year by our illustrious faculty.
By focusing on Iraq’s disputed territories, Professor Mako demonstrates how hybrid governance in areas of limited statehood can foster competition over territorial control by state and non-state actors at the local level, and between national and subnational governments.
Through this scholarship, Professor Mako will have the opportunity to engage with colleagues in Canada as she works to finalize her book on ethnic conflict and institutions in Iraq.
“We hope the comparative scope of the book and the integrated framework we have developed will enrich ongoing scholarship on revolutions and democratic transitions.”
In her “Iraqi Voices” appearance, Professor Mako discusses state-building in post-2003 Iraq and how legacies of exclusion continue to shape politics today.
Professor Mako argues that civil society organizations – environmental groups, women’s groups, labor and student unions, etc. – played a major part in other democratization efforts in the region and they stand to play a similar role in Iraq.
Professor Mako and coauthor Valentine Moghadam discuss the key findings of their book and how they go about examining the key elements in explaining the divergent outcomes of the Arab Spring uprising.
Professor Mako argues that domestic instability caused by mass uprisings altered the relative distribution of power, producing system-wide changes to the MENA state system.
Professor Mako discusses post-conflict development in Iraq, international actors’ for their lack of understanding of the heterogeneous nature of the country both before and after the 2003 invasion, as well as ongoing issues of transitional justice.
Professor Mako discusses how her work explores De-Ba’athification as a means of lustration, the policy’s origins and legacies, as well as how it and foreign influence affected the Iraq coalition government.
Appearing on an episode of the SEPADPod, Mako discusses her work on Iraq, a special issue of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding – titled “Building Sustainable Peace in Iraq” – that she guest-edited, as well as her new book.
Dean Najam leads Professors Mako, Stern, and Wippl in a discussion about their areas of expertise and how they see these fields evolving in an ever-changing world.