BiographyMari-Lynn Drainoni, M.Ed., Ph.D., is Research Professor in the Section of Infectious Diseases in the School of Medicine in the Boston University School of Medicine and in the Department of Health Law, Policy & Management at the Boston University School of Public Health. She is also Co-Director of the Evans Center for Implementation and Improvement Sciences at Boston University. Dr. Drainoni's areas of expertise include the conduct of implementation research, qualitative research methods and mixed method studies with a focus on integrating research into practice. Her specific studies have focused on the content areas of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C, as well as substance use, antibiotic prescribing and antibiotic stewardship, and integrating screening for social determinants of health into clinical practice. Dr. Drainoni has conducted numerous implementation studies to integrate research into practice, studies evaluating demonstration programs for at-risk populations, and mixed methods studies that include both surveys involving primary data collection and qualitative data collection and analysis. Some of her current research projects include: 1) an AHRQ-funded study evaluating alternative implementation strategies for antibiotic stewardship in two large inpatient hospital systems across the US; 2) a HRSA-funded study to implement and evaluate the use of community health workers to improve retention and outcomes in clinical care for persons living with HIV in 10 sites across the US; 3) a NIDA-funded study to examine police-led models of engaging people in treatment for opioid addiction in Massachusetts; 4) serving as the Implementation Science Core Director of the Healing Communities Study, a NIDA/SAMHSA-funded study in four states to implement and evaluate interventions designed to reduce overdose deaths; 5) an NHLBI-funded project to assess the implementation of a social determinants of health screening and referral intervention for children with sickle cell anemia; 6) a study of the uptake of rapid diagnostic tests for infectious disease and behavioral factors influencing use of rapid diagnostic tests; 7) an NICHD-funded study to test and implement an intervention designed to screen for social determinants of health and unmet material needs in pediatric practices across the US; 8) a VA-funded initiative to implement and evaluate a peer intervention for veterans leaving incarceration; 9) an American Cancer Society-funded study evaluating an intervention designed to improve offering the HPV vaccine in community health centers; and 10) leading the implementation science component of a PCORI-funded study to compare two brief interventions within the primary care medical home to assess the most effective strategy to improve outcomes among pregnant and postpartum women with depressive symptoms, assess the optimal time to deploy each strategy and examine the barriers to establishing these interventions. Dr. Drainoni also is the Implementation Science Lead on the Providence-Boston Center for AIDS Research (CFAR), Implementation Science Lead on the Lifespan/Brown Criminal Justice Research Program on Substance Use and HIV, and Principal Investigator on the Boston University School of Public Health NIDA-funded T32, Integrated Care for Addiction, HIV and HCV Research and Education (ICAHRE).
- Research Professor, Infectious Diseases, Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
- Co-Director, Evans Center for Implementation & Improvement Sciences, Boston University
- Member, Evans Center for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research, Boston University
- Northeastern University, PhD
- University of Massachusetts Boston, MEd
- Tufts University, BA
- Published on 11/21/2020
Buchheit BM, Crable EL, Lipson SK, Drainoni ML, Walley AY. "Opening the door to somebody who has a chance." - The experiences and perceptions of public safety personnel towards a public restroom overdose prevention alarm system. Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Nov 21; 88:103038. PMID: 33232885.
- Published on 10/30/2020
Parker MG, Garg A, Brochier A, Rhein LM, Forbes ES, Klawetter S, Drainoni ML. Approaches to addressing social determinants of health in the NICU: a mixed methods study. J Perinatol. 2020 Oct 30. PMID: 33128013.
- Published on 10/16/2020
Crable EL, Biancarelli DL, Aurora M, Drainoni ML, Walkey AJ. Interventions to increase appointment attendance in safety net health centers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Eval Clin Pract. 2020 Oct 16. PMID: 33064929.
- Published on 10/6/2020
Sprague Martinez L, Rapkin BD, Young A, Freisthler B, Glasgow L, Hunt T, Salsberry PJ, Oga EA, Bennet-Fallin A, Plouck TJ, Drainoni ML, Freeman PR, Surratt H, Gulley J, Hamilton GA, Bowman P, Roeber CA, El-Bassel N, Battaglia T. Community engagement to implement evidence-based practices in the HEALing communities study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Oct 06; 217:108326. PMID: 33059200.
- Published on 10/2/2020
Knudsen HK, Drainoni ML, Gilbert L, Huerta TR, Oser CB, Aldrich AM, Campbell ANC, Crable EL, Garner BR, Glasgow LM, Goddard-Eckrich D, Marks KR, McAlearney AS, Oga EA, Scalise AL, Walker DM. Model and approach for assessing implementation context and fidelity in the HEALing Communities Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Oct 02; 217:108330. PMID: 33086156.
- Published on 9/15/2020
Yakovchenko V, DeSotto K, Drainoni ML, Lukesh W, Miller DR, Park A, Shao Q, Thornton DJ, Gifford AL. Using Lean-Facilitation to Improve Quality of Hepatitis C Testing in Primary Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Sep 15. PMID: 32930938.
- Published on 9/11/2020
Motavalli D, Taylor JL, Childs E, Valente PK, Salhaney P, Olson J, Biancarelli DL, Edeza A, Earlywine JJ, Marshall BDL, Drainoni ML, Mimiaga MJ, Biello KB, Bazzi AR. "Health Is on the Back Burner:" Multilevel Barriers and Facilitators to Primary Care Among People Who Inject Drugs. J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Sep 11. PMID: 32918199.
- Published on 9/3/2020
Leech AA, Christiansen CL, Linas BP, Jacobsen DM, Morin I, Drainoni ML. Healthcare practitioner experiences and willingness to prescribe pre-exposure prophylaxis in the US. PLoS One. 2020; 15(9):e0238375. PMID: 32881916.
- Published on 6/30/2020
Iaccarino JM, Steiling K, Slatore CG, Drainoni ML, Wiener RS. Patient characteristics associated with adherence to pulmonary nodule guidelines. Respir Med. 2020 Sep; 171:106075. PMID: 32658836.
- Published on 6/15/2020
Barlam TF, Childs E, Zieminski SA, Meshesha TM, Jones KE, Butler JM, Damschroder LJ, Goetz MB, Madaras-Kelly K, Reardon CM, Samore MH, Shen J, Stenehjem E, Zhang Y, Drainoni ML. Perspectives of Physician and Pharmacist Stewards on Successful Antibiotic Stewardship Program Implementation: A Qualitative Study. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2020 Jul; 7(7):ofaa229. PMID: 32704510.
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