Earth & Environment

  • GRS EE 600: Environment and Development: A Political Ecology Approach
    Theory and practice of development with an explicit focus on environmental issues. Introduces history of development and the environment; explores select themes in development and environmental studies (e.g. rural livelihoods, conservation, urbanization, and climate change); and considers alternative development paradigms. Meet with EE 400.
  • GRS EE 622: Aquatic Optics and Remote Sensing
    An introduction to the use of optical measurements and remote sensing to study the biogeochemistry and water quality of aquatic environments. Covers fundamental concepts and measurements in optics/remote sensing and provides hands-on experience with real data. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.
    • Quantitative Reasoning II
    • Oral and/or Signed Communication
    • Research and Information Literacy
  • GRS EE 623: Marine Biogeochemistry
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CH 101 and 102, admission to BUMP or ES/EE 144, or consent of instructor
    Nutrient and biogeochemical cycles in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems; global biogeochemistry. Topics include anthropogenic effects on ecosystem cycles and productivity, wetland ecology and biogeochemistry, ecosystem restoration, ocean productivity, climate change and temperate, tropical, and aquatic ecosystems, oceans and the global CO2 budget, marine sediment chemistry. Meet with EE 423.
    • Oral and/or Signed Communication
    • Research and Information Literacy
  • GRS EE 643: Terrestrial Biogeochemistry
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: BI 107 or ES/EE 105 or ES/EE 107, and CH 101/102; or consent of instructor
    The patterns and processes controlling carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Links between local and global scales are emphasized. Topics include net primary production, nutrient use efficiency, and biogeochemical transformation. Meets with EE 443. Also offered as BI 643.
  • GRS EE 644: Digital Image Processing - Remote Sensing
    At least introductory statistics (and preferably multivariate statistics) recommended. This course pursues both the algorithms involved in processing remote sensing images and their application. Topics include preprocessing, image transformations, image classification and segmentation, spectral mixture analysis, and change detection. Examples cover a wide range of environmental applications of remote sensing. Students do a project. Meets with EE 444.
  • GRS EE 645: Physical Models in Remote Sensing
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: GE/EE 302 or equivalent
    Devoted to understanding the physical processes involved in remote sensing. Emphasis based on topics of radiative transfer in the atmosphere, at the surface, and in sensors. Reflectance modeling, advanced sensor systems, and geometric effects. A short research paper is required. Meet with EE 445.
  • GRS EE 646: Remote Sensing of the Lower Atmosphere
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: GE/EE 302 and GE/EE 310 or consent of instructor
    Remote sensing has transformed the study of Earth's atmosphere. Learn the principles of retrieving meteorological parameters (humidity, temperature, precipitation) and key atmospheric constituents (clouds, greenhouse gases, aerosol) from satellite observations. Explore applications to climate change, disaster monitoring, and public health. Meets with EE 446. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.
    • Quantitative Reasoning II
  • GRS EE 656: Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Carbon Cycle
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: GE/EE 100 or 101, college level statistics (MA 113, MA 115, MA 213, or equivalent), and one of the following: BI 306, BI 443, or GE/EE 530;or, consent of instructor
    Explores the past, present, and possible future dynamics of the terrestrial carbon cycle. Key topics include the physical climate system, variability, ecosystem processes, land use issues, and impacts of global change on society. Meets with EE 456.
  • GRS EE 660: Food, Energy, and Water Policy
    Economic and policy analysis of how to manage ecosystems for the provision of food, energy, and water. Introduces cost-benefit analysis, dynamic optimization, and ecosystem service valuation as tools for understanding the optimal management of ecosystems and tradeoffs. Meet with EE 460
  • GRS EE 675: Urban Ecology
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: GE/EE 100 or GE/EE 101; and one of the following: BI 306, BI 443 or BI 643, GE/EE 456 or GE/EE 656, or BI 530 or GE/EE 530; or consent of instructor
    Key topics covered include the physical environment (particularly climate & water), patterns in human population growth and development, ecosystem structure and function (net primary productivity, soils, nutrients cycling, organismal populations), global change (urban growth, disturbance, climate change), urban environment pollution and management (air and water quality), and sustainable urban development policies and regulations. Meets with EE 475. Also offered as BI 675. Effective Spring 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Scientific Inquiry II, Teamwork/Collaboration.
    • Historical Consciousness
    • Scientific Inquiry II
    • Teamwork/Collaboration
  • GRS EE 683: Environmental and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: MA 123 or 127 or 129 and PY 211; or consent of instructor
    Large- and small-scale phenomena in oceanic, atmospheric, and land-surface fluids. Properties of gases and liquids; surface body forces; statics; flow analysis; continuity and momentum conservation. Darcy's Law; potential, open channel and geostrophic flow; dimensional analysis; diffusion, turbulence.
    • Scientific Inquiry II
    • Quantitative Reasoning II
    • Critical Thinking
  • GRS EE 712: Regional Energy Modeling
    Regional energy modeling techniques and existing regional energy models. Current energy issues are discussed. Modeling procedures are introduced. Current regional and energy models are explored.
  • GRS EE 719: Colloquium in Biogeoscience
    The objective of this course is to introduce graduate students to the diversity of research being done in the field of biogeosciences. By participating in this seminar course, students will gain depth and breadth in their graduate education. The inclusion of distinguished- speaker seminars will not only expose students to some of the brightest minds in the field, but also help the students develop a professional network beyond that which they will gain at Boston University. Also offered as BI 719. 2 credits.
  • GRS EE 720: Practicum in Biogeoscience
    Analysis and synthesis of the primary literature via in-depth case studies in biogeoscience. Students meet weekly with faculty to read papers from the primary literature, synthesize results, and prepare a peer-review quality paper on the case study. Also offered as BI 720. 2 credits.
  • GRS EE 764: Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health Colloquium
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: priority is given to students enrolled in the BU Graduate Program in Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health.
    Introduction to the fields of Biogeoscience and Environmental Health. Through weekly reading, discussions, and research presentations, students acquire a basic foundation in urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health.
  • GRS EE 765: Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health Applied Research Methods
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: Priority is given to students enrolled in the BU Graduate Program in Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health. Completion of GRS BI/EE 764 highly recommended.
    Graduate students work in groups on real-world environmental challenges related to urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health. Students use applied research methods in collaboration with stakeholders from cities on issues related to air, soil, and/or water quality, environmental stressors, nutrient cycles, and climate.
  • GRS EE 795: Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health: From Research to Policy
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: Priority is given to students enrolled in the BU Graduate Program in Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health. Students are required tomeet with the instructor prior to the start of the course t
    Students have to meet with the instructor prior to the start of the course to set up an internship with a partner organization. For international students seeking credit for academic advancement the internship must be authorized by the International Students & Scholars Office. Students who are not part of the BU Graduate Program in Urban Biogeoscience and Environmental Health should contact the instructor prior to enrolling to determine if their background and interests are consistent with the course. Students learn how cities utilize scientific findings to address urban environmental challenges and develop communication skills to effectively translate scientific results to decision-makers and the public. Students complete a semester-long internship to gain experience applying scientific knowledge to decision making.
  • GRS EE 805: Spatial Analysis Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
    Covers advanced research topics in GIS dealing with the measurement, storage, retrieval and analysis of spatial information. Topics include fuzzy sets, fractals, and spatial statistics. Completion of a project is required.
  • GRS EE 840: Topics in Remote Sensing
    Varying subjects in the field.