- Possess knowledge and understanding of substantive and procedural law;
- Possess the ability to perform:
- Legal analysis and reasoning
- Legal research
- Written communication in the legal context
- Oral communication in the legal context;
- Understand the exercise of proper professional and ethical responsibilities to clients and the legal system; and
- Demonstrate the professional skills of collaboration, counseling, and negotiation needed for competent and ethical participation as a member of the legal profession. All students will also demonstrate a basic understanding of business fundamentals and be able to read and understand basic financial documents.
The JD program is a full-time day curriculum requiring three academic years of study. All first-year students begin in the Fall Semester. Students must complete a total of 85 credits with a final weighted average of at least 2.3 (C+) to graduate. Students must complete the JD program in no more than five years, including any leaves of absence.
The entering class is divided into three sections of about 70–80 students, with students in each section taking all their classes together. First-year students are also assigned to at least one smaller class of approximately 35–45 students for one of their substantive classes (Torts, Contracts, Property, etc.). They also take a legal research & writing seminar, each with about 20 students.
The first year at BU Law forms the core of a legal education, conveying not only the basics of legal doctrines and rules, but also building the skills and confidence that allow students to frame, interpret, and apply those rules effectively. Required courses are:
- Civil Procedure
- Constitutional Law
- Lawyering Program (Legal Writing & Research, Moot Court, and Lawyering Lab)
- Property Law
- Criminal Law
First-Year Lawyering Program
The First-Year Lawyering Program has three components. During the Fall Semester, all first-year students participate in a research and writing seminar, in which they learn to analyze complex legal questions, research the law, and develop professional legal writing skills. In the spring, first-year students put these skills into action by participating in the J. Newton Esdaile Appellate Moot Court Program, in which they conduct research, draft a brief, and present a case in oral argument before a panel of judges made up of faculty, lawyers, and students. Throughout the year, students participate in lawyering skills simulation exercises to build their skills in preparation for the Esdaile Moot Court, as well as for legal practice. And, the third component of the Lawyering Program is the one-week intensive Lawyering Lab, held during Intermission.
The Lawyering Lab is an immersive simulation addressing real-world problems with simulation clients. During the Lawyering Lab, students must (1) determine the client’s goals; (2) determine the legal constraints and opportunities that affect the client’s ability to get what it wants; (3) determine the relevant facts; (4) identify multiple options for action; (5) assess the various options to generate possible recommendations; (6) counsel the client; and (7) negotiate and draft agreements.
Students work collaboratively to produce the kind of memos, analyses, and advice written by practicing lawyers. The deadlines for class assignments are tight, as they usually are for lawyers seeking to respond with immediacy to particular client problems. Through the expertise and guidance of the instructors, collaborative exercises with peers, and exposure to some of the day-to-day elements of lawyering, students in the Lawyering Lab learn about law and legal practice in a way that is exciting, innovative, and participant centered. It is 1 credit, Pass/Fail.
Students must pass all first-year courses and achieve an average of at least 2.0 for these courses.
The one-week intensive Lawyering Lab requires students to apply legal concepts, core practice competencies, and practical judgment to address simulated client problems and achieve a client’s objectives within the bounds of the law—the essence of what clients hire attorneys to do. This is achieved through lectures to provide necessary background, but more importantly through interactive discussion and “hands-on” exercises—both in and outside of class—that require students to actually do what lawyers do in solving client problems and achieving their objectives. This includes (1) determining the client’s goals; (2) determining the legal constraints and opportunities that affect the client’s ability to get what it wants; (3) determining the relevant facts; (4) identifying multiple options for action; (5) assessing the various options to generate possible recommendations; (6) counseling the client; and (7) negotiating and drafting agreements.
Students work collaboratively to produce the kind of memos, analyses, and advice written by practicing lawyers. The deadlines for class assignments are tight, as they usually are for lawyers seeking to respond with immediacy to particular client problems. Through the expertise and guidance of the instructors, collaborative exercises with peers, and exposure to some of the day- to-day elements of lawyering, students in the Lawyering Lab learn about law and legal practice in a way that is exciting, innovative, and participant-centered. It is 1 credit, Pass/Fail.
Second- and Third-Year Requirements
After the first year, students must take at least 12 credits (but no more than 17 credits) each semester and at least 26 credits (but no more than 34 credits) each academic year. Second- and third-year students choose from a selection of more than 190 courses and seminars.
In addition, students must meet the following requirements after the first year:
- Professional Responsibility Requirement: Students can satisfy this requirement by taking a 3-credit course in professional responsibility; a qualifying seminar; or a specified clinical or externship program.
- Upper-Class Writing Requirement: During the second or third year, students must complete an intensive research & writing project under faculty supervision.
- Experiential Course Requirement: Students must take at least 6 credits in experiential education through courses that offer substantial instruction in professional skills.
- Introduction to Business Fundamentals: Students must complete this self-paced online course, which provides foundational instruction in business, corporate finance, accounting, and related subjects.
Seventeen (17) non-graded credits may be applied to the JD, unless the Academic Standards Committee grants a petition to increase the number to the maximum of 21. (Non-graded credits include: journal credits; study abroad credits; non-law graduate course credits applied for JD credit; credits for courses taken at other law schools; fieldwork components of externships and the semester-in-practice program.) Students must maintain a GPA of 2.0 in second-year courses and seminars and a cumulative GPA of 2.3 at the end of the second year. Students must earn a final average of at least 2.3 to graduate, and they may not fail more than 5 credits after the first year.
BU Law offers students the opportunity to graduate with a certificate that demonstrates their concentrated study in one of seven fields:
- International Law
- Intellectual Property Law
- Health Law
- Litigation & Dispute Resolution
- Transactional Practice
- Risk Management & Compliance
- Public Interest Law
By pursuing an optional concentration, students can engage in advanced, in-depth study with the leading scholars and practitioners in a specific field, without having to pursue an advanced degree. Typically, students begin a concentration in the second year, but they may formally declare a concentration any time in their three years of study. A faculty advisor who has specialized expertise in a given area of the law is assigned to each concentration to offer students advice throughout their course of study. Students in each concentration must do a substantial paper. The School of Law website provides information on the requirements for each concentration.
Clinical and Externship Programs
BU Law’s clinical and externship programs provide opportunities for second- and third-year students to apply classroom learning to real-life lawyering. By participating in a clinic or externship, students can gain experience in such areas as representing real clients in civil cases or the prosecution or defense of criminal cases, drafting legislation, serving as interns for judges or legislators, or working for a government, public sector, or public interest agency. Our clinical and externship programs include:
- Civil Litigation Program (Individual Rights Litigation Clinic; Access to Justice Clinic; Employment Rights Clinic)
- Compassionate Release Practicum
- Consumer Debt Practicum
- Criminal Law Clinical Program (Adult and Juvenile Defense; Prosecution)
- Entrepreneurship, Intellectual Property & Cyberlaw Program (Startup Law Clinic, Technology Law Clinic)
- Environmental Law Practicum
- Externship Programs (Corporate Counsel; Judicial; Legal; Legislative; Small/Mid-Size Law Firm; Independent Proposal)
- Immigrants’ Rights & Human Trafficking Program
- International Human Rights Clinic
- Legislative Policy & Drafting Clinic
- Sex Crimes Practicum
- Wrongful Convictions Clinic
The Semester-in-Practice Program provides an opportunity for students to spend a semester working full-time for credit at an externship placement. Placements may be local or outside of Boston. The program is designed for students who want an intensive hands-on experience, furthering specific and well-defined career and academic goals.
The Semester-in-Practice Program offers three options:
- International Human Rights Externship—Work for an international human rights organization, either domestic or abroad. Past placements include the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva.
- Government Lawyering in Washington, D.C.—Students in the Government Lawyering Externship may spend a semester working at a government office in Washington. Examples include opportunities with the staff of a congressional committee or subcommittee, in the legal office of an administrative agency, or with a federal board/commission.
- Independent Proposal Externship—Students may develop their own proposal for a full-time externship.
Study Abroad Programs
BU Law offers 16 single-semester abroad opportunities at top universities in Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. In addition, students can choose to pursue an international dual degree program through one of five partner universities:
- JD/LLM in European Law at the Université Panthéon-Assas in Paris, France (Paris II)
- JD/LLM in International & European Business Law at the Universidad Pontificia Comillas (ICADE) in Madrid, Spain
- JD/LLM in Asian Legal Studies at the National University of Singapore
- JD/LLM in Chinese Law at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China
- JD/LLM in Finance at the Institute for Law and Finance in Frankfurt, Germany
Visit the Study Abroad page for a complete list of foreign-study opportunities.
In addition to our international dual degree opportunities, students can pursue a dual degree by combining law study with another BU graduate program. These dual degree opportunities enable students to earn both a JD and a master’s degree in less time than it would take if the degrees were pursued independently. Students can also pursue a combined JD/LLM degree in either tax or banking and financial law on an accelerated seven-semester basis. Visit the Programs page for a complete list of dual degree opportunities.
Pro Bono Program
BU Law’s voluntary Pro Bono Program gives formal recognition to students who provide meaningful law-related service to persons of limited means, to organizations that serve such persons, or to other organizations dedicated to underrepresented groups and/or social issues. Participating students make a pledge to perform a minimum of 35 hours of pro bono work during their three years in law school. (LLM students complete a minimum of 12 hours of pro bono work during their year at BU Law.) Upon completion of the pledged pro bono hours, students receive a notation on their law school transcripts attesting to their participation in the program and stating the number of hours volunteered.