The term “hidden curriculum” refers to an amorphous collection of “implicit academic, social, and cultural messages,” unwritten rules and unspoken expectations,” and “unofficial norms, behaviours and values” of the dominant-culture context in which all teaching and learning is situated. These “assumptions and expectations that are not formally communicated, established, or conveyed” stipulate the “right” way to think, speak, look, and behave in school. Since the hidden curriculum invisibly governs academic achievement, it is vital for every student to learn its lessons.

Guide to Inclusive Teaching in Writing Classrooms