The American Optometric Association states: “As primary eye care providers, doctors of optometry examine, diagnose, treat and manage diseases and disorders of the visual system, the eyes and associated structures as well as diagnose related systemic conditions. Optometrists examine the internal and external structure of the eyes to diagnose eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts and retinal disorders; systemic diseases like hypertension and diabetes; and vision conditions like nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. They also determine the patient’s ability to focus and coordinate the eyes, to judge depth and to see color accurately. They prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses, low vision aids, vision therapy and medications to treat eye diseases as well as perform certain surgical procedures. Optometrists work in private practices, multidisciplinary medical practices, hospitals, teaching institutions, research positions, community health centers and the ophthalmic industry. Optometrists can also build successful careers in the military, public health or government service.”

The AOA maintains a list of optometry schools in the United States and Canada.

Find a Doctor of Optometry to shadow in-person or virtually via the Eye Opener Session program. “This a matching service for potential and future optometry students to learn more about a day-in-the-life of an optometrist (OD). Communication can also be done via chat and/or email. Students will be matched with an OD based on geographical information, common interests, and goals.” – ASCO

For further information about optometry, visit:

Application service: Optometry Central Application Service

Standardized test: Optometry Admission Test