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OUR INITIATIVE

We seek to promote and advance the adaptive urban leadership strategies necessary to support cities as dynamic centers of economic growth and development in the 21st century.

Founded by a proven urban leader, the late former Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino, and a highly regarded academic, Professor Graham Wilson, the Initiative on Cities serves as a bridge between world-class academic research and the real-life practice of city governance.

RECENT NEWS

IOC Fellow Taylor Cain Reflects on Summer with City of Boston

September 14th, 2017 in Front Page, News, News and Events

Equitable Decision Making for Boston’s Streets: My Summer as a MONUM Fellow

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IOC Fellow Taylor Cain

When I applied for the summer fellowship with the Boston Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics I knew that I would be asked to do in addition to think.  While daunting, this shift in orientation was also exciting and I braced myself for a summer where I might bridge my world of scholarly contemplation with my desire to directly impact the city I had come to call home. However, nothing could prepare me for the wave of anxiety I was hit with when I heard my project for the summer: creating an equity framework with the Boston Transportation Department (BTD) for Vision Zero Boston. With the unveiling of my project came a sudden realization of the immense responsibility of my task, I immediately felt overwhelmed.

Click here to learn more about Taylor’s summer at MONUM.

Lessons from IOC and HTC Resilience and Racial Equity Summer Intern

September 12th, 2017 in Front Page, News, News and Events

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IOC Summer Intern Lara Adekeye

Working Towards a More Resilient Boston: My Summer as an IOC ‘MORRE’ Fellow

As the Boston University Initiative on Cities and Howard Thurman Center for Common Ground Summer 2017 Fellow in the Boston Mayor’s Office of Resilience and Racial Equity (MORRE), I worked with a team that pioneers Boston’s efforts to respond to and deal with catastrophes that may affect the City of Boston. When challenges arise in the city whether economic, environmental, or physical, racial inequity is a persistent factor that intersects all of these issues. The MORRE office recognizes that ensuring racial equity has to be a priority in efficiently addressing shocks and stresses for all Bostonians. Although I participated in various tasks throughout the summer, my main task was aiding the Resilience team with the completion of Boston’s first Resilience Strategy. Called ‘Resilient Boston,’ the Resilience Strategy includes the input of over 11,000 Bostonians.

Click here to read more about Lara’s summer.

Menino Survey Authors Publish Article in Publius

September 7th, 2017 in Affiliated Faculty list, Front Page, News

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Assistant Professor Katherine Levine Einstein

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Assistant Professor David Glick

Lead authors of the Menino Survey of Mayors and Assistant Professors of Political Science Katherine Levine Einstein and David Glick‘s article, Cities in American Federalism: Evidence on State–Local Government Conflict from a Survey of Mayors, was published in the acclaimed Publius: The Journal of Federalism. Their article, using data from the Menino Survey of Mayors research project, explores variations in local government attitudes towards their state government. Click here to access the article.

2017 Urban Research Awards: CO2 and Green Roofs

August 17th, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

CO2 Fertilization in an Urban Green Roof

Earth & Environment Ph.D. candidate Sarabeth Buckley will conduct a study on the impact of increased levels of CO2 on green roofs in urban areas. Specifically, Sarabeth will purposefully expose the plants on edible green roofs to increased CO2 by directing waste carbon dioxide (produced by human respiration) from the inside of buildings to the outside.

Buckley will conduct her experiments on the roof of the College of Arts & Sciences on the Boston University Charles River Campus. She will collect CO2 data from classroom CO2 monitors and use that data to determine how much carbon dioxide her green roof plants will be exposed to with the goal of determining if increased CO2 spurs positive growth on edible plants.

Research on climate change and in particular the dependence of urban communities on external sources of good inspired Buckley to find out a way in which cities can be designed to both be more sustainable and self-sufficient while addressing causes of climate change. In addition, Sarabeth hopes to work with the BU community to establish this study as part of a network of “living labs” across the University.

2017 Urban Research Awards: Diversity & Privilege

August 7th, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

Celebration of Diversity Amidst Privilege: A Study of the Suburbs

Ph.D. candidate Whitney Gecker

Ph.D. candidate Whitney Gecker

Sociology & Social Work Ph.D. candidate Whitney Gecker will conduct an ethnographic study of young people, beginning with members of the Newton youth council. Gecker seeks to understand how young people in an affluent suburb experience and respond to racial and economic insularity, and make sense of diversity and privilege.

She will use Newton MA as a case study to explore the relationship between socio-economic segregation and the promotion of diversity in the context of youth development.

2017 Urban Research Awards: Crime and Public Housing

August 4th, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

Crime and Public Housing: A General Equilibrium Analysis

Economics Ph.D. candidate Jesse Bruhn seeks to quantify the impact of ambitious public housing redevelopment projects—specifically the Plan for Transformation project in Chicago—on the distribution of criminal activity within city limits. The Plan for Transformation project was a part of the federal government’s shift in support for housing assistance in the 1970s from public housing to more market-oriented approaches such as section 8 vouchers and mixed-income communities.

Bruhn will examine existing literature through a new lens, using census-block time series variation in the sequence of public housing demolitions as well as within census-block cross-demolition variation in distance to treatment. This new analysis will create a more accurate picture of the costs and benefits of public housing revitalization. His results will also answer the following questions:

  • Did the demolition of 25,000 units of high rise public housing in 1970’s Chicago increase or decrease city-wide ambient crime levels?
  • To what extent did the concurrent relocation of public housing residents shift crime across neighborhood boundaries?
  • How has the displacement of crime differentially impacted neighborhoods of different racial and socioeconomic composition?

2017 Urban Research Awards: Hidden Problems in Secret Corals

August 2nd, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

Hidden Problems in Secret Corals: Exploring Microplastic Abundance in Local, Temperate Corals Along an Urban Gradient

Research Assistant Professor Randi Rotjan

Research Assistant Professor Randi Rotjan, Boston University

Associate Professor Juanita Urban-Rich, University of Massachusetts-Boston

Associate Professor Juanita Urban-Rich, University of Massachusetts-Boston

Assistant Professor Koty Sharp, Roger Williams University

Assistant Professor Koty Sharp, Roger Williams University

Associate Professor Sean Grace

Associate Professor Sean Grace

Research Assistant Professor Randi Rotjan, in collaboration with Associate Professor Juanita Urban-Rich from the University of Massachusetts-Boston, Assistant Professor Koty Sharp from Rogers Williams University and Associate Professor Sean Grace from Southern Connecticut State University, will study New England coral to determine the extent and impact of microplastics and microbial biofilms.

She and her team will study the impact of these microplastics in a temperate, coastal coral along an urban gradient—in other words, along the coast of New England.

Learn more about this project here.

2017 Urban Research Awards: Air Pollution & Pregnancy

August 1st, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

Impact of Air Pollution and Climate on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

Ph.D. candidate Lindsey Butler

Ph.D. candidate Lindsey Butler

School of Public Health Ph.D. candidate Lindsey Butler will investigate the the impacts of maternal exposure to traffic related air pollution (TRAP) and extreme ambient temperatures on the risk of structural birth defects and stillbirth, particularly those resulting from placental dysfunction.

Learn more about this project here.

2017 Urban Research Awards: Crime, Race, & Politics

July 31st, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

Examining the Role of Crime, Race, & Politics in City‐Level Crime Control Outputs

Assistant Professor Shea Cronin

Assistant Professor Shea Cronin

Assistant Professor Shea Cronin will develop and analyze a new data set on city‐level crime control outputs, primarily focused on expenditures, discretionary arrest activity levels and racial disparities in discretionary arrest levels, in the context of local economic inequality, racial segregation and constituent policy preferences.

2017 Urban Research Awards: Closing the Opportunity Gap

July 28th, 2017 in Front Page, News, Research Awards

Closing the Opportunity Gap in Early Education and Care by Recruiting and Training High Quality Literacy Teachers

Associate Professor Stephanie Curenton

Associate Professor Stephanie Curenton

Associate Professor Stephanie Curenton will evaluate Jumpstart, an early language and literacy program that trains AmeriCorps members to teach in under-resourced schools, to determine the impact of professional development training of volunteers, specifically regarding culturally responsive, anti-biased language, on children’s outcomes. Curenton will partner with Paul Leech, Chief Operating Officer of Nurtury, Inc., an advocacy and childcare organization operating in the Greater Boston area, which is working with Jumpstart as part of a career pathway partnership.

Learn more about her project here.