- The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural & Intellectual History
- The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History
- International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences
- Encyclopedia of Popular Culture
- Encyclopedia of Food & Culture
- AP Images
- Krasker Film/Video Catalog
- American Film Scripts Online
- Vanderbilt Television News Archive
- New York Times: ProQuest Historical Newspapers
- BU Libraries Search: Use the search box on the BU Libraries homepage to search for books in BU’s Libraries.
Find Journal Articles
Get Research Help
|Instructor: Professor James McCannSpring 2016For the handout or printable guide prepared for this class click here: HI 351-751 Environmental History of Africa|
This guide provide research tips and course specific lists of resources that explore environmental history of Africa in general or the various themes and topics studied in the course.
Keep in mind:
- African resources can be rare & difficult to locate.
- Resources may exist , but in other languages, such as French, Portuguese, Swahili, Arabic…
- Information may be biased depending on who the author or the publisher is.
- Try to research something you are genuinely interested in!
- It helps to start broadly. Consult general reference books on Africa to learn about the country and /or ethnic group you research. (Each African country has a unique history which continues to impact it today. Understanding the larger context will help as you narrow your research topic. )
- As you narrow your topic identify keywords that will help you in your research, such as names, events, and local terms.
When you find a good resource, be sure to note the author (did they write other works on this topic?) and consult the works cited and/or bibliography to see who they relied on for their research.
Find Reference Materials
Reference materials are very useful for finding background information or overview of topics and can be great starting points for learning, synonym terms, concepts or names related to your research.
Africa South of the Sahara. Europa Publications Limited. London, Europa Publications Ltd., 2016. Note: This reference book provides a great overview of each country south of the Sahara, including the most recent statistics available.
Reference guide to Africa : a bibliography of sources ; 2nd ed..
[By] Alfred Kagan. Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2005.
Directory of environmental information & organisations in southern Africa
Munyaradzi Chenje; Ida T Sibaya; Southern African Research and Documentation Centre.; IUCN Regional Office for Southern Africa.; International Environmental and Natural Resource Assessment Information Service Project.
Harare, Zimbabwe : IUCN Regional Office for Southern Africa, c1996
Directory of ecologists working in the African region = Repertoire des ecologistes travaillant dans la region africaine. ; Provisional issue.
Unesco. Regional Office of Science and Technology for Africa.
Nairobi : Unesco Regional Office of Science and Technology for Africa, 1975.
IUCN directory of afrotropical protected areas
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre.; IUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas.; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.; United Nations Environment Programme.; United Nations Environment Programme. Global Environment Monitoring System.
Gland, Switzerland : IUCN, 1987.
Africa : atlas of our changing environment.United Nations Environment Programme. Nairobi, Kenya : United Nations Environment Programme, 2008.
The conservation atlas of tropical forests. AfricaJeffrey Sayer; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. New York : Simon & Schuster, ©1992.
Africa water atlas. United Nations Environment Programme. ; United States. Dept. of State.; African Union. Commission.; African Ministers’ Council on Water.; European Union.; Geological Survey (U.S.) ; Nairobi, Kenya : United Nations Environment Programme, 2010.
Africa’s lakes : atlas of our changing environment.United Nations Environment Programme.; Belgium. Administration générale de la coopération au développement. ; Nairobi, Kenya : UNEP, c2006.
Use resources listed under BU Libraries Map Research Guide to find or generate specific interactive maps of specific region/country or locality in Africa.
Sub-Saharan Africa : an environmental history.
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, c2006
Climate change adaptation in Africa : an historical ecology (Online)
Oba, Peter Gufu ; Ebooks Corporation
Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2014.
Green land, brown land, black land : an environmental history of Africa, 1800-1990
Portsmouth, NH : Heinemann, ©1999
Social history & African environments
William Beinart; JoAnn McGregor
Oxford : James Currey ; Athens : Ohio Univesity Press ; Cape Town : D. Philip, 2003.
Different shades of green African literature, environmental justice, and political ecology (Online)
Caminero-Santangelo, Byron ; (author)
Charlottesville : University of Virginia Press, 2014.
Maize and grace Africa’s encounter with a New World crop, 1500-2000
McCann, James ; American Council of Learned Societies.
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2005
The Nile River Basin: water, agriculture, governance and livelihoods (Online)
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele ; Smakhtin, Vladimir ; Molden, David ; Peden, D
AgEcon Search: Research in Agricultural and Applied Economics, 2012.
Misreading the African landscape society and ecology in a forest-savanna mosaic
Fairhead, James ; Melissa Leach; American Council of Learned Societies.
Cambridge England ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Nature and empire in Ottoman Egypt : an environmental history (Online)
Cambridge England New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011
Conservation song : a history of peasant-state relations and the environment in Malawi, 1860-2000
Mulwafu, Wapulumuka Oliver.
Cambridge, U.K. : White Horse Press, 2011.
Natures of colonial change : environmental relations in the making of the Transkei (Online)
Tropp, Jacob Abram.
Athens : Ohio University Press, c2006
Search BU Libraries Catalog for more books The best way for finding books in environmental history of Africa in general is to do ‘Subject’ search using the following Subject terms/headings: For example: Environment* Africa history; “Human ecology” Africa history.
To find books on specific sub-topics such as desertification, land use, diseases, drought and famine etc.. ,look for associated terms or events around the sub-topic and try using them as keywords/subject terms in combination with ‘Africa’ or the specific region, country or locality you want to research.
For example: “soil degradation” AND Sahel; ecotourism AND Masai
* Use variations in spellings, names & keywords. Cities and countries are a good example: “Delagoa Bay” → “Lourenço Marques” → Maputo Tanganyika → Tanzania
*Use synonyms: “trypanosomiasis”,“nagana”, “sleeping sickness”
*Search acronyms and full spellings (You will get different results!)For example:
ART vs. “Anti-retroviral therapy” UN vs. “United Nations”
Use “quotation marks” when you search a phrase.
Find Articles using Databases & Periodical Indexes
To find articles on specific topics, you may want to start searching on specialized databases on Africa covering issues about the continent across wide subject areas. Since these databases are relatively new and their coverage can be limited you may have to search in discipline-specific databases adding ‘Africa’ or the specific country/locality along with search keywords or subject terms related to your topic.
- Description: "Africa-Wide Information, produced by NISC South Africa, combines bibliographic databases from around the world to form a multidisciplinary aggregation offering unique and extensive coverage of all facets of Africa and African studies. This includes content from South African Studies, African Studies, and African HealthLine, which focuses on all aspects of health relating to Africa and other developing nations. With over 3.5 million citations and abstracts dating back to the 16th century, this resource is essential for those with an interest in African research, and information on and about Africa."
- African newspapers from the World newspaper archive in partnership with the Center for Research Libraries.Description: Searchable collection of historical African newspapers. Includes newspapers published between 1800 and 1923 in Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Titles include: East African standard, Mombasa times and Uganda Argus (Kenya), Leselinyana la Lesutho (Lesotho), O Africano (Mozambique), Lagos standard (Nigeria), Cape Town gazette and African advertiser (South Africa), Ilanga lase Natal (South Africa), and Buluwayo chronicle (Zimbabwe).
- AGRICOLA (Online) (1970)Description: "AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access) serves as the catalog and index to the collections of the National Agricultural Library, as well as a primary public source for world-wide access to agricultural information. The database covers materials in all formats and periods, including printed works from as far back as the 15th century. The records describe publications and resources encompassing all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines, including animal and veterinary sciences, entomology, plant sciences, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries, farming and farming systems, agricultural economics, extension and education, food and human nutrition, and earth and environmental sciences. Although the NAL Catalog (AGRICOLA) does not contain the text of the materials it cites, thousands of its records are linked to full-text documents online, with new links added daily. The NAL Catalog (AGRICOLA) is organized into two bibliographic data sets: The NAL Online Public Access Catalog, and, The Article Citation Database. Each may be searched separately, or the two may be searched together."
- Publisher: Thousand Oaks, CA : Taylor & Francis
- GreenFILE (2008)Description: Searchable database of information covering all aspects of human impact on the environment. Scholarly, governmental, and general-interest titles dating back to the 1970s include content on the environmental effects of individuals, corporations and local/national governments, and what can be done on each level to minimize negative impact. Topics covered include global warming, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling, and more. GreenFILE is multidisciplinary and draws on the connections between the environment and a variety of disciplines such as agriculture, education, law, health and technology. The database provides indexing and abstracts, as well as open access full text.
- Waters & oceans worldwide (200-?]-)Description: Online equivalent of Marine, Oceanographic and Freshwater Resources (MOFR), The Freshwater Biological Association Library catalogue, The International Water management Institute database (IMWI), AQUAREF, ACQUIRE, Delft Hydro, Hydrotitles, and WATERLIT, providing indexing and abstracting of journals, conference proceedings, and other publications by universities, government agencies, and research establishments from around the globe. Areas of coverage: water resources and supply; engineering; hydrology; agriculture; water planning and management; and water pollution. Coverage: 1970 to present.
Find Audio-Visual Materials
There are films and podcasts produced by credible authoritative sources such as conservationists or non-governmental organizations. The selected and listed here below are some examples dealing with topics explored in the course. For more or to search on specific topics search in film and podcast archives provided below.
South African Collection at Kanopy. South Africa video collection spans such issues as government, history, ecology, culture, health and science, women’s issues, biography, and the apartheid period of South African history, among others.
The nature of South African environmental history. In this episode of the Exploring Environmental History Podcast professor Carruthers argues that the European settlers were not able to manage South Africa’s environment within its limits because they misinterpreted the nature of African nature and it created a legacy that still endures.
Gorongosa Park Rebirth of Paradise from PBS. The incredible and inspiring rebirth of Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. The fabric of life across this million-acre paradise was shredded during a long civil war. Now, teams of international and Mozambican scientists and conservationists have assembled to repair it. It’s one of the most ambitious wilderness restoration projects ever attempted.
EARTH A New Wild: Episode 2 – Plains The plains are home to the greatest gatherings of animal life on the planet. But today these wild grasslands — along with the iconic species that live here – are among the most endangered places on Earth. As we humans continue to fight for space with wildlife.
Ancient Egypt: The Gift of the Nile. Your introduction to Egypt reveals a civilization irrevocably shaped by geography. You learn how the Nile’s predictable annual flooding of its banks, though creating a fertile strip amounting to only 3% of Egypt, permitted civilization to thrive in what was otherwise an uninhabitable desert.
Environment: Wildebeest Migration Patterns. In East Africa, the Serengeti comes alive when wildebeests journey across treacherous terrain to find the best grazing locations. Every year, approximately 1.5 million wildebeests migrate over 1,800 miles or nearly 3,000 kilometers searching for rain ripened grass.
Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History. (interviews and talks). In one of the first environmental histories of the Ottoman Empire, he examines relations between the empire and its most lucrative province of Egypt.
Huntley Film Archives. Clips from one of the largest independent film libraries in the UK, with a collection of more than 80,000 titles and more added every day.
Journeyman Pictures. the world’s leading independent distributor of topical news features. We’re like a video encyclopaedia of the world, covering the latest breaking story, and every major world issue going back decades.
Some of the websites below deal with issues related to Africa or countries in Africa in general. You may or may not be able to find sites or resources specific to ‘Environment’ or ‘human ecology’ or the specific topic you are interested in. The main reason they are listed here is because they are quite useful for finding background information on the continent or the individual countries. Also some websites here deal on environmental history in general. In such cases look or search for ‘Africa’ or the specific region/locality you are interested to find specific resources.
- Africa South of the Sahara: Guide to Internet Resources. Guides to selected internet sites about Africa on a wide range of topics.
- The Directory of Environmental Organizations and Environmental Government Agencies in Africa. Environmental and Conservation Organizations of Africa compiled by U.S. Environmental Directories, Inc.
- Environmental History Websites. A compiled list maintained by the American Society for Environmental History.
- H-Environment. a general resource for people interested in environmental history. Mostly compiled from the discussion list H-Environment and includes book reviews, conference announcements, a course syllabus library, and a survey of films.
- Environmental History Resources. A customized search for ‘Africa’ related podcasts and other web resources.
- Indigenous Knowledge Responses to Climate Change in Africa.a scholarly platform for African scholars who do research on the use of indigenous knowledge in tackling climate change, to explore these concerns in grounded case studies of real experience from developing countries in Africa.
- Africa: Greening of the Sahara.
North Africa is a fascinating example of a hot spot of atmosphere-vegetation interaction. Theoryand model experiments suggest that this interaction is highly non-linear.
- Sources for Environmental History: Finding Your Way Back to the Past. Although there are many, many kinds of documents, some are so important that anyone doing historical research should be aware of their existence, know how to find them, and learn how to interpret them.
The search box below is a custom search created in Google; it can provide a useful starting point.
Find Special Collection Materials
Here below are some examples of types of materials collected at BU’s African Studies Library and will be useful especially for environmental history. Some of these materials are digitized and can be accessed online. Most of these rare & valuable materials are not digitized yet and can be accessed only by visiting ASL Library Monday to Friday 9am to 5pm. For outside office hours access contact ASL at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Interactive African Soil Map (African Soil Information Service) http://www.africasoils.net/data/digital-soil-mapping
- The Soil Maps of Africa (European Digital Archive of Soil Maps – EuDASM) http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/esdb_archive/eudasm/africa/
- Sources of the Nile: Explorers’ Maps 1856-1891 AD
- Africa: Cattle in Africa, Distribution, Types and ProblemsMap by Walter Deshler and Jean-Claude ThomasPublished by Litho A. Hoen & co., 1963Size: 32 x 29; Scale: 1: 750 milesNotes: insets of cattle types and the sources of data; 3 copies; one copy accompanies by an explanatory booklet
- East Africa: Mineral Resources, Forests, and Game ResourcesPublished by Oxford University Press, Nairobi. 1972Size: 16 x 21.5; Scale: 1: 100 kilometersNotes: part of “East Africa: Its Peoples and Resources” ed. W.T.W., 1967
- East Africa: Population, Tsetse fly, and RainfallPublished by Directorate of Colonial Surveys, 1960Size: 21 x 28; Scale: 1: 45 milesNotes: map covers 12S – 5N, 28E – 43E
- East Africa: Rainfall Probability, Population, and Main Drainage Basins.Published by Oxford University Press, 1967Size: 18 x 28; Scale: 1: 60 milesKeywords: East Africa/Weather/Climate/PopulationNotes: inset of the Drainage Basins; Rain data supplied by the East African Meteorological Department; Population as at 1962; shows international, provincial, and district boundaries; one of six maps which accompany East Africa: Its Peoples and Resources ed. W.T.W. Morgan 1967; map covers 12S – 5N, 28E – 43E
- East Africa: VegetationPublished by Oxford University Press, 1972Size: 16 x 21.5; Scale: 1: 100 kilometersKeywords: East AfricaNotes: part of “East Africa: Its Peoples and Resources” ed. W.T.W. Morgan, 1967
The Volta River Project. Gold Coast Department of Information Services.
Kaiser Builder -The Volta River Project in Ghana. March 1966. Kaiser Builders.
Hints to Cocoa Farmers. Ghana Cocoa marketing Board.
Cocoa in the Gold Coast: A study in the relations between African Famers and Agricultural Experiment. By R.H. Green and S.H. Hymer. Yale University. Economic Growth Center.
Kofi the Good Farmer. The Gold Coast Cocoa Marketing Board. 1950.
Hydro-Meteorologic Summary Abbay (Blue Nile) River Basin.
Republic of Tanganyika. Rural Settlement Planning. 1964.
Community Based Approach to the Management of Nyando Wetland, Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya. [In process material – POL- 208347]
Kenya National Human Development Report. 2013. Climate Change and Human Development: harnessing Emerging Opportunities.
Brief Provisional Review of the Recent Drought in Ethiopia. Civil Aviation Administration – Meteorological Service. November 1974.
Agricultural Meteorology Bulletin “Belg” season (February – May) 1975. Applied Meteorology Office. Agrohydrometeorology Division. Civil Aviation Administration – Meteorological Service. [Addis Ababa, Ethiopia]
Relief and Rehabilitation Commission Bulletin. Vol. 1 #4. Addis Ababa, [Ethiopia]. .
Consolidated Food and Nutrition Information System: Analysis of Data from the Ogaden – Harerghe Province. November 1975.
Summary of crop reporting survey 1971-72 (1964 Eth. C.) – Imperial Ethiopian Government, Ministry of Agriculture Planning & Programming Unit, Agricultural Statistics Division. February 1972.
Farming Systems Project Survey [of] Holetta Redsoil Mixed Farming Zone (dec. 1977 – Jan. 1978) By Tesfaye Zegeye, Mulugeta mekuria [and] John Dixon. Institute of Agricultural Research Research. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. J861 .A411t
Annual report 1968-1969. Department of Land Tenure – Ministry of Land Reform and Administration. Addis Ababa.
The Pardee Management Library has several databases for creating lists of companies by industry and geographic location. Two examples would be Reference USA and the Company Dossier database in LexisNexis Academic. These databases can be very helpful when you need to create a list of targeted companies for your job search or when you want to identify local competitors for your course projects. Reference USA is a U.S. company directory database that currently contains over 24 million business listings. The Company Dossier database in LexisNexis provides both U.S. and international company listings. Pardee librarians have also prepared online tutorials for these databases.
If you have any questions or need help searching these databases, please contact the Pardee Library Reference Desk.
WR 150 – Bozek – Mugar Library 2nd Floor Balcony 2/11/16
Search by keywords e.g. “race and Katrina”
- General Science Full Text / Social Sciences Full Text
- Google Scholar
- Lexis Nexis Academic – news and newspapers
- BU WorldCat Local- Books, journals and more owned by libraries around the world. Allows direct borrowing from our partner libraries.
EVALUATING YOUR SOURCES
- What are scholarly sources?
What are peer reviewed journals? A peer reviewed journal consists of articles that have been reviewed by a panel of subject experts before they are approved for publication.
- What are Primary sources? Primary sources are materials that provide direct evidence or firsthand testimony.
What are Secondary sources? Secondary sources interpret or analyze an event or subject.
- BEAM/BEAT (a method based on how writers use their sources)
- Background: Materials whose claims a writer accepts as grounding facts.
- Exhibit: Materials a writer offers for explication, analysis, or interpretation.
- Argument: Materials whose claims a writer affirms, disputes, refines, or extends in some way.
- Method or Theory: Materials from which a writer derives a governing concept or a manner of working.
DOCUMENTING YOUR SOURCES
- Citing your Sources
- Create Bibliographies
- RefWorks research management, writing and collaboration software
Please contact me with ANY library or research questions
The following are some examples of books by topic.
Research tip: Take note of the authors– who are they and what else have they written? Look at their bibliographies and sources cited to find related works.
Africa : facing human security challenges in the 21st century
Mentan, Tatah ; 2014
After the rebellion : black youth, social movement activism, and the post-civil rights generation
Franklin, Sekou M. ; 2014
Indigenousness in Africa : a contested legal framework for empowerment of ‘marginalized’ communities
Ndahinda, Felix Mukwiza ; c2011
Available at Law Library Annex (KQC572 .N33 2011 )
International human rights law in Africa ; 2nd ed..
Viljoen, Frans. ; 2012
Online Access (also available in the Law Library Annex KQC572 .V55 2012 )
Protecting human security in Africa
Ademola Abass ; 2010
Available online (also available in Mugar Memorial Library KQC572 .P76 2010 )
Ukweli : monitoring and documenting human rights violations in Africa : a handbook
Codesria.; Amnesty International. ; 2000
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (JC599.A36 U48 2000 )
American culture warriors in Africa : a guide to the exporters of homophobia and sexism
Kaoma, Kapya J. ; 2014
Available at Theology Library Open Stacks (HQ76.45.A35 K36 2014 )
Human rights and homosexuality in Southern Africa ; 2nd, expanded ed..
Dunton, Chris. ; Mai Palmberg ; 1996
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (HQ76.3.A356 D86 1996 )
Queer African reader
Hakima Abbas; Sokari Ekine ; 2013
Available at Theology Library Open Stacks (HQ76.3.A6 Q83 2013 )
Grace, tenacity and eloquence : the struggle for women’s rights in Africa
Patrick Burnett; Shereen Karmali; Firoze Madatally Manji ; 2007
Available Online (also available at Mugar Memorial Library HQ1236.5.A35 G73 2007 )
Women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa progress amid resistance ; 2010 ed..
Sanja Kelly; Julia Breslin ; 2010
Breathing life into the African Union protocol on women’s rights in Africa
Roselynn Musa; Faiza Jama Mohammed; Firoze Madatally Manji; Solidarity for African Women’s Rights.; African Union. Directorate of Women, Gender and Development. ; 2006
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (HQ1236.5.A35 B74 2006 )
International human rights : the protection of the rights of women and female child in Africa : theory and practice
Otiocha, Eleazar Echezonachi. ; c2011
Available at Law Library Annex (KQC145.W64 O85 2011 )
Children’s rights in Africa : a legal perspective
Julia Sloth-Nielsen ; c2008
Online Access. See Find Online for options. The library also has physical copies.
Do African children have rights? : a comparative and legal analysis of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Achilihu, Stephen Nmeregini ; 2010
Available at Law Library Annex (KQC145.M55 A28 2010 ) . See Find in Library for other locations
Children’s lives in an era of children’s rights the progress of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Africa
Afua Twum-Danso Imoh; Nicola Ansell ; 2014
Online Access. See Find Online for options
Children at work : child labor practices in Africa Kielland, Anne. ; Maurizia C Tovo ; 2006 Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (HD6250.A352 K54 2006 )
Gender, religion, & family law theorizing conflicts between women’s rights and cultural traditions
Lisa Fishbayn Joffe; Sylvia Neil ; 2013
Waltham, Mass. : Brandeis University Press
Muslims and global justice
Naʻīm, ʻAbd Allāh Aḥmad ; c2011
Available Online (also available at Fineman & Pappas Law Libraries Annex KBP2460 .N353 2011 )
Proselytization and communal self-determination in Africa
Naʻīm, ʻAbd Allāh Aḥmad, ; 1999
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (BL2400 .P76 1999 )
Here are some selected books that can help you get started with research on these controversial topics. Note who the authors are, what else have they written? Peruse bibliographies and sources cited. Also, be sure to look for journal articles for more current information.
Our library has a lot of literature concerning censorship and banning of books in apartheid-era South Africa. It will take a little more work to seek out materials on places where censorship currently occurs, such as in Eritrea. In such cases, academic journals are very helpful as they are likely to contain recent scholarship on such issues.
Some selected titles:
Popular music censorship in Africa. Michael Drewett; Martin Cloonan ; c2006
Available Online (also available at the Music Library ML3917.A4 P6 2006 )
Adewale-Maja Pearce. Who’s Afraid of Wole Soyinka? Essays on Censorship. Oxford: Heinemann, 1991.
(Law Annex JC599.N54 M35 1991).
The Internet in the Mideast and North Africa : free expression and censorship.
Goldstein, Eric. ; Human Rights Watch (Organization) ; c1999
Available at Law Library Annex (P96.C46 G65 1999 )
A good journal to search is Index on Censorship. (African Studies Library K9 N3)
The literature police : apartheid censorship and its cultural consequences. McDonald, Peter D. ; 2009.
Available Online (also available at Mugar Memorial Library Z658.S6 M34 2009)
The hidden history of South Africa’s book and reading cultures. Dick, Archie L. ; c2012
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (Z1003.5.S6 D53 2012)
Ideas Under Arrest: Censorship in South Africa. Kunene, Daniel P.; 2014.
Escape from Eritrea: Fleeing one of the world’s harshest regimes. Einashe, I
Index On Censorship, 2015 Spr, Vol.44(1), pp.46-49 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
Tip: Look for news items, such as the following:
Censorship in South Africa:
Examples of resources on the Internet:
***The South African Film and Publication Board (FPB) regulates cinema and video distribution.
NGO’s keeping an eye on censorship in South Africa:
- Freedom of Expression Institute
- Right To Know Campaign
- SOS Coalition
- Association for Progressive Communications
- Legalising land rights : local practices, state responses and tenure security in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Janine M. Ubink; A. J Hoekema; Willem Assies ; c2009
Available Online (also available at the Fineman & Pappas Law Libraries Annex K3871 .L44 2009 )
- Securing land rights in Africa
Tor Arve Benjaminsen; Christian Lund; European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes. ; 2003
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (HD966 .S43 2003 )
- Property and political order in Africa : land rights and the structure of politics
Boone, Catherine. ; 2014
Mugar Memorial Library Stacks . See Find in Library to Request
- Community rights, conservation and contested land : the politics of natural resource governance in Africa
Fred Nelson ; 2010
Available at Science & Engineering Library Stacks (QH77.A4 C56 2010 )
Librarians at Brigham Young University have created a video that nicely points out how students can learn to evaluate different types of information sources. This includes peer-reviewed and scholarly sources, which are often conflated as being one and the same.
You can also find more tips on how to evaluate sources in our guide entitled About the Research Process.
Scroll down the page for tips and resources for researching Refugees, Immigration and Xenophobia.
- Be sure to research the background history of the region or peoples of interest. It will provide you with valuable context for the current situation.
- You will notice that much of the best information is found in works that include world-wide treatments.
- The most recent reports and data often exist online, from sources such as the UNHCR, World Bank, etc. Pay attention to your sources.
- Searching BULS for “refugees Africa” yields over 14,000 results. Try to be as specific as you can.
Narrow your search to find information on individual countries, e.g. : “refugees Guinea”
|You will find that often the literature will discuss 5 kinds of activity:- flight / travel from a particular country
– flight / travel to another country
– internal displacement
– return of populations
– refoulement or forcible return of refugees
First, it is important to understand the context. These can help:
Africa South of the Sahara. Europa Publications Limited.
2016 edition available in African Studies Library Reference (DT351 .F71 )
Note: This book gives a great overview of each country south of the Sahara, including the most recent statistics available.
The Oxford handbook of refugee and forced migration studies ; First Edition.
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh; Gil Loescher; Katy Long; Nando Sigona ; 2014
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (HV640 .O94 2014 )
United Nations High Commission for Refugees. (UNHCR). The State of the World’s Refugees. Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Note: documents half a century of humanitarian assistance and the plight of refugees worldwide.
There are almost 15 million displaced people within Africa. Thousands travel north towards Europe, others head for South Africa. Today almost 2 million people of African-birth are immigrants in the (about 4% of the total number of immigrants) in the United States today. (Migration Policy Institute)
Much of this movement is prompted by war and political instability. Other motivators are desire for employment and education.
Contemporary migration to South Africa : a regional development issue
Aurelia Wa Kabwe-Segatti; Loren B Landau; World Bank.; Agence française de développement. ; c2011
Of myths and migration : illegal immigration into South Africa ; 1st ed.
Solomon, Hussein. ; c2003 Pretoria : University of South Africa
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (JV8825 .S65 2003 )
International migration within, to and from Africa in a globalised world
Aderanti Adepoju; Network of Migration Research on Africa. ; 2010
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (JV8790 .I64 2010 )
According the UNHCR’s Mid-Year Trends 2015 Report, the number of refugees, asylum-seekers, and internally displaced persons worldwide has likely risen to 60+ million and still grows.
Between 1969 and 1994, Africa’s refugee population grew from 700,000 to more than 7 million (see the 1994 report from an OAU/UNHCR Symposium). Africa has more refugees than any other continent.
Some Useful Books:
Refugee politics in the Middle East and North Africa : human rights, safety, and identity
Ullah, Ahsan ; Ebooks Corporation ; 2014
Asylum-seeker and refugee protection in sub-saharan Africa the peregrination of a persecuted human being in search of a safe haven
D’Orsi, Cristiano ; (author) ; 2015
Outcast : the plight of Black African refugees. Yilma Tafere Tasew ; 2011
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (HV640.5.A3 O98 2011 )
Some Useful Journals
Refugee survey quarterly (Online) (print also available)
Centre for Documentation on Refugees (United Nations); UNHCR Centre for Documentation and Research.; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Library.; Oxford University Press.
Journal of refugee studies (Online)
University of Oxford. Refugee Studies Programme
Data / Statistics
US – Africa Relations
U.S. Department of State, Bureau of African Affairs – See country profiles, news, and regional topics, particularly the Horn of Africa
Xenophobia in South Africa
Since the end of apartheid, South Africa has drawn immigrants from elsewhere in the continent. From that time on, tensions have occasionally resulted in episodes of violence. Mostly notably in 2008 and again in April/May of 2015, immigrants were brutally attacked.
Some Useful Books
The perfect storm: the realities of xenophobia in contemporary South Africa.
Southern African Migration Project.; Institute for Democracy in South Africa.; Queen’s University (Kingston, Ont.). Southern African Research Centre. ; 2008
Available at Mugar Memorial Library Stacks (JV8825.2 .P47 2008 )
From ‘foreign natives’ to ‘native foreigners’ explaining xenophobia in post-apartheid South Africa: citizenship and nationalism, identity and politics. Neocosmos, M. ; c2010
Online Access. See Find Online for options
Ethnic and racial studies.
London : Routledge
Check out their references and resources page:
The MRI+ database has a new upgraded platform and a new name: University Reporter. University Reporter still provides access to the same consumer product usage data, but has more options for creating reports and sorting data. In order to use this database, you will need to create an account with the registration code that is provided in the University Reporter tutorial. This tutorial includes instructions for creating an account, as well as how to create and read the reports.
If you need any assistance, please contact the Pardee Library Reference Desk.