Institute for the Classical Tradition
ANRW II.23.1, pp. 724-834
 
Christians and the Roman Army from Marcus Aurelius to Constantine
by John Helgeland, Fargo, N. D.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction 725
II. War, Violence, and Military Service in the Church Fathers 733

1. Tertullian

735

2. Clement of Alexandria

744

3. Origen

746

4. Hippolytus

752

5. Cyprian

752

6. Minucius Felix

755

7. Arnobins

756

8. Lactantius

757

9. Eusebius of Caesarea

760

10. Apocryphal Gospels

762

11. Conclusion

764
III. Christians in the Roman Army from A.D. 173-312 765

1. Legio XII Fulminata - The Thundering Legion

766

2. Marinus - Officer Candidate

774

3. The Theban Legion

774

4. Maximilian - The Recruit

777

5. Marcellus - The Centurion

780

6. Dasins

783

7. Tipasius - The Veteran

785

8. Julius - The Veteran

787

9. Persecution in the Army Before 303

789

10. Inscriptions

791

11. The Question of Christian Police

793

12. Recruitment

795

13. Summary

796
IV. Constantine, Christians, and Military Service 797

1. Constantine's Religious Background

798

2. Constantine's March on Rome

799

3. Church Councils During Constantine's Reign

805

4. Persecution in the Army under Licinius

808

5. The Forty Martyrs of Sebaste

812

6. Eusebius' View of Constantine as a Military Commander

812

7. Summary

815
V. Conclusion: Christians and Roman Army Religion 816
VI. Appendix: The Acts of the Military Martyrs 820

1. Andrew the Tribune

822

2. Callistratus and His Forty-Nine Companions

822

3. Fabius

823

4. Longinus the Centurion

824

5. Longinus the Soldier

824

6. Luxorius

824

7. Nereus and Achilleus

825

8. Polyeuctes

825

9. Procopius

826

10. Proculus the Soldier

826

11. The quattuor coronati

826

12. Sebastian

827

13. Sergius and Bacchus

828

14. Tarachus, Probus, and Andronicus

828

15. Theodore the Recruit

829

16. Theodore the Commander

829
Selected Bibliography 830
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