Earth & Environment

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  • CAS ES 483: Geodynamics II: Fluids and Fluid Transport
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS PY 211 ; CAS ES 360 ; CAS MA 124 or CAS MA 127 or CAS MA 129; or consent of instructor.
    Large- and small-scale phenomena in oceanic, atmospheric, and landsurface fluids. Properties of gases and liquids; surface body forces; statics; flow analysis; continuity and momentum conservation. Darcy's Law; potential, open channel, and geostrophic flow; dimensional analysis; diffusion, turbulence.
  • CAS ES 491: Directed Study in Earth Sciences
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: junior or senior standing, consent of instructor, and approval of CASRoom 105.
    Individual instruction and directed research of a selected topic.
  • CAS ES 492: Directed Study in Earth Sciences
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: junior or senior standing, consent of instructor, and approval of CASRoom 105.
    Individual instruction and directed research of a selected topic.
  • CAS ES 505: Plate Tectonics and Kinematics
    Structure and geometry of lithospheric plates and plate boundaries; mechanisms of divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries; orthogonal and oblique subduction; triple junctions; mantle plumes, nature and origin of large igneous provinces and sedimentary basin, Phanerozoic orogenic belts.
  • CAS ES 514: Dynamic Landsurface Hydrology
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123 or CAS MA 127 and CAS CH 101 or CAS CH 111 or CAS CH 131 or CAS CH 161 or CAS CH 171 or CAS PY 105 or CAS PY 211 or CAS PY 233 or CAS PY 251; CAS MA 121 or 123 or 127 and one course from CAS CH 101, 111, 131, 161, 171, or CAS PY 105, 211, 233, 251.
    Graduate Prerequisites: CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123 or CAS MA 127 and CAS CH 101 or CAS CH 111 or CAS CH 131 or CAS CH 161 or CAS CH 171 or CAS PY 105 or CAS PY 211 or CAS PY 233 or CAS PY 251.
    Land surface hydrology with emphasis on the unsaturated zone. Development and applications of physics governing transport of water, vapor, and heat in soils and the near surface atmosphere. Effects of vegetation, topography, and water table on runoff, evapotranspiration, and recharge. (Offered alternate years.)
  • CAS ES 534: Ice-Age Systems
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS ES 333 or CAS ES 351; or consent of instructor.
    Graduate Prerequisites: CAS ES 333 or CAS ES 351; or consent of instructor.
    Paleo-evironmental analyses of global climate change during cold-Earth periods, from Pre-Cambrian Snowball Earth to the last deglacial cycle; discussion of geochemical and geophysical proxies used in climate reconstructions. Readings from primary literature; occasional field trips. (Offered alternate years.)
  • CAS ES 535: Advanced Topics in Marine Geoscience
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: consent of instructor.
    Develops skills in critical scientific thinking through readings and discussions of classic and current literature in marine geosciences.
  • CAS ES 539: Coral Reef Dynamics: Shallow Waters, Deep Time
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: Admission to the BU Marine Semester.
    Tropical reefs-- diverse, complex, and ancient-- exhibit lawful cycles of growth, degradation, and regeneration. Explore these through observations on the Belize Barrier Reef in fossil reef environments and through laboratory experiments. Insights are applied to reef conservation in today's changing world. Also offered as CAS BI 539.
  • CAS ES 543: Estuaries and Nearshore Systems
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS ES 331 or CAS ES 440 or CAS ES 541; or consent of instructor.
    Physical and ecological processes interacting in estuarine and nearshore environments, including salt marshes, beaches, lagoons, deltas, and in wave- and tide-dominated regimes. Lectures complemented by extensive field work oriented toward individual and group research projects.
  • CAS ES 557: Oceanography of Stellwagen Bank and Surrounding Waters
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: enrollment in the BUMP Marine Semester, and CASES144, AND CASCH101 AND CASCH102 (or CASCH171 AND CASCH172), or consent of instructor.
    Nutrient distribution and physical oceanography of Stellwagen Bank and adjacent waters. Bathymetric influences and effects of ocean currents of biogeochemical parameters. Includes day-long cruises on NOAA research vessel. Taught as part of the BU Marine Program Semester.
  • CAS ES 561: Mechanics of Earthquakes
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS ES 360; and PY 211/212 or equivalent, or consent of instructor.
    Explores current understanding of many aspects of earthquake phenomena, including where and when earthquakes occur, how an earthquake begins, and the likelihood of reliable earthquake prediction. Multidisciplinary techniques used to study earthquakes are introduced, including geologic, geodetic, and seismological methods.
  • CAS ES 576: Aquatic Geochemistry
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS CH 101 or CAS CH 171; and CASES371, or equivalent, or consent of instructor.
    Graduate Prerequisites: .
    Fundamentals of water chemistry as applied to the evolution of surface, soil, and ground waters. Emphasis is on chemical equilibrium and kinetics, pH as a master variable, carbonate chemistry, mineral solubility, aqueous complexes, ion exchange, redox, and weathering reactions.
  • CAS ES 581: Solid Earth Geophysics
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS PY 211 ; CAS PY 212 or CAS PY 241 ; CAS PY 242 or CAS PY 251 ; CAS PY 252 ; CAS MA 124 or CAS MA 127 or CAS MA 129 ; CAS EC 360.
    Explores the methods and results of geophysical exploration into the solid earth. Topics include crustal and whole-earth seismology, the Earth's gravitational and magnetic fields, earthquake source phenomena, and structure of the planet.
  • CAS GE 100: Introduction to Environmental Science
    Introduction to basic physical, ecological, and environmental concepts underlying the relationship between human society and the natural environment. Evaluation of problems and options available in dealing with the areas of natural resources, pollution, environmental degradation, and population growth. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS.
  • CAS GE 101: Natural Environments: The Atmosphere
    An introduction to weather and climate. Topics include the controls of weather and climate, day-to-day variations in weather, severe storms, climates of the world, urban climate and air pollution, past climates and climatic change, and the impact of climatic variations on society. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS.
  • CAS GE 150: Sustainable Energy: Technology, Resources, Society, and Environment
    Examines the social, environmental, and technological aspects of renewable and nonrenewable energy systems. Discusses energy issues in context of globalization, climate change, and sustainable development. Explores lifestyle and policy decisions related to energy issues. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS.
  • CAS GE 201: World Regional Geography
    Overview of the special combination of environmental, historical, economic, and organizational qualities of the regions of the Old World, including Western and Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, East and South Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Emphasis on current issues of regional and global development. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS.
  • CAS GE 250: The Fate of Nations: Climate, Resources, and Institutions
    Relationships among environment (e.g. climate), natural resources (e.g. energy, water), and human societies (hunter-gatherers to industrial economies). Principles from thermodynamics, climatology, ecology, and economics used to evaluate the role of environment and resources in the success and failure of societies. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS.
  • CAS GE 302: Remote Sensing of Environment
    Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS GE 100 or CAS GE 101 or CAS GE 104 or CAS GE 110 or CAS ES 101 or CAS ES 105; or CASBI117 or CASPY105 or consent of instructor.
    Introduction to satellite remote sensing of the Earth environment. Examines the physical basis and methods of the remote sensing process, as well as basics of digital image processing and analysis. Applications in Earth system science and natural resource management are considered.
  • CAS GE 304: Environmentally Sustainable Development
    Traces the emergence of sustainable development as the defining environmental challenge of our times. Surveys and evaluates policies for balancing ecological sustainability and economic development in various parts of the world and at the global level. Also offered as CAS IR 304.