Medical Careers

What do medical professionals do?

Physicians diagnose and treat patients suffering from injury and disease. They perform physical exams, obtain medical and social histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They may administer treatments of different types, depending upon their specialty. Specializations include internal medicine, anesthesiology, general or family practice, orthopedics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, pediatrics, and surgery.

Where do medical professionals work?

  • private offices or clinics
  • larger health care organizations
  • hospitals
  • university, private, and government research labs
  • pharmaceutical companies
  • biotechnology industry

What will I like (or dislike) about this work?

  • hands-on work with patients
  • intellectual challenge
  • intense communication
  • analytic thinking
  • making life-and-death decisions
  • prolonged period of education and training
  • long, irregular hours
  • financial rewards

How is the job outlook?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook (2016-2017): “Overall employment of physicians and surgeons is projected to grow 13 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. The growing and aging population is expected to drive overall growth in the demand for physician services.”

What are the educational requirements?

  • Doctor of Medicine (MD)
  • Doctor of Osteopathy (OD)

Both require:

  • Four years of medical school
  • Three to eight years of internship and residency

Which Sargent College programs apply?