Category: 2013

BU professor adapting biology textbook for other countries

December 24th, 2013 in 2013, Boston Globe, College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Newsmakers, Richard Primack 0 comments

primack-thoreau1Boston Globe (subscription required)
Richard Primack, College of Arts & Sciences

English is the international language of science. Its near-universal use to communicate and disseminate new findings and results has arguably had real benefits, allowing people to gain access to the world’s scientific knowledge by learning a single language…

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LETTERS: Pastors’ courage offers hope that bigotry can be countered

December 24th, 2013 in 2013, Boston Globe, College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Newsmakers, OP-EDs by BU Professors, Robert Neville 0 comments

nevilleBoston Globe (subscription required)
By Robert Neville, College of Arts & Sciences

Bigotry against gays and other sexual minorities is deeply rooted in many of the cultures within which the United Methodist Church works, and the UMC is at grievous fault when it does not combat this bigotry…

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Japan’s Angkor art: Booty or fair exchange?

December 23rd, 2013 in 2013, College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Newsmakers, Ricardo Elia 0 comments

eliarjAsia Times
Ricardo Elia, College of Arts & Sciences

Museum authorities in Tokyo doubtless took note this month of an agreement by the Sotheby’s auction house in New York on December 16 to return to Cambodia a 10th century Khmer statue, known as the Duryodhana, said to have been looted in the 1970s during Cambodia’s civil war…

Expert quote:

“My impression is that the French school is not very eager to have this story come out. You have to remember this was not a complete military occupation by the Japanese. The French were collaborators with the Japanese … The French were desperate to retain that colony, so they made the deal with the Japanese.”

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Could Bitcoin’s frothy venture funding dry up?

December 23rd, 2013 in 2013, Bitcoin, Computerworld, Mark Williams, Newsmakers, School of Management 0 comments

williams11-150x150Computerworld
Mark Williams, School of Management

Bitcoin: What is it, really? A digital currency? An investment? An Xbox game? For many people it’s not clear, but that hasn’t stopped venture capitalists from going gaga over it…

Expert quote:

“Bitcoin is the standard bearer for the fledgling e-currency industry. The success or failure of Bitcoin will have a ripple effect on the many startups anticipating an e-currency revolution. … Bitcoin’s success is their success.”

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The anatomy of a hangover

December 23rd, 2013 in 2013, Jonathan Howland, Newsmakers, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, School of Medicine 0 comments

jhowlPittsburgh Post-Gazette
Jonathan Howland, School of Medicine

Hey, you, over 40: Take your hand off that second glass of chardonnay…

Expert quote:

“Older and younger people drink differently. Younger people may be chugging shots, with friends out at a bar, as opposed to having a cocktail before dinner and wine with dinner. Older people may be drinking as much as young people are but spreading it out over a longer period of time.”

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Disruptions: Betting on Bitcoin

December 22nd, 2013 in 2013, Bitcoin, Blogs, Mark Williams, New York Times, Newsmakers, School of Management 0 comments

williams11-150x150New York Times
Mark Williams, School of Management

This is the story of a $6 million pizza…

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The Devil Made Ex-Microsoft Exec Do Insider Trading

December 21st, 2013 in 2013, E-Commerce Times, Newsmakers, School of Law, Tamar Frankel 0 comments

frankel-2010E-Commerce Times
Tamar Frankel, School of Law

The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of Washington and the Securities and Exchange Commission have lodged criminal and civil enforcement actions against a former senior portfolio manager at Microsoft and his friend, alleging insider trading…

Expert quote:

“Habits, whether private or public, are not created in a minute. They take a long time to become ‘this is how we do things’ and gain the justification of ‘others are to blame, including the greedy investor.’”

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Bankers Say Clarification of CDOs Under Volcker Falls Short

December 21st, 2013 in 2013, Bloomberg, Mark Williams, Newsmakers, School of Management 0 comments

williams11-150x150Bloomberg
Mark Williams, School of Management

U.S. banking regulators provided advice on how banks should treat certain securities in a document quickly panned by industry groups for failing to address their concerns that the newly finalized Volcker Rule will force banks to take losses on the securities…

Expert quote:

“These instruments were enthusiastically embraced with the hopes of gaining generous tax treatment. One lesson learned from the recent financial crisis is that bankers need to be held accountable for their decision-making. When decisions go well, bankers expect to collect a profit, and on the downside they should also expect to pay a cost.”

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Not all is wrong in Pakistan

December 21st, 2013 in 2013, Adil Najam, College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Foreign Policy, Newsmakers, OP-EDs by BU Professors 0 comments

najam_adilThe International News
By Adil Najam, College of Arts & Sciences

Not all is wrong in Pakistan. Of course, this does not mean that all is right. Or even that most is right…

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Boston University Researchers Explore Possible Link between Cognitive Depressive Symptoms and Antiretroviral Therapy Uptake

December 20th, 2013 in 2013, News Releases, School of Medicine 0 comments

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Dec. 20, 2013

Contact: Gina Orlando, (617) 638-8490, gina.orlando@bmc.org

(Boston) – Researchers from Boston University’s School of Medicine (BUSM) and College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) found that among HIV-infected Russian drinkers, depressive symptom severity alone was not significantly associated with lower rates of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. However, when examining cognitive symptoms of depression, results showed that high levels of depressive symptoms may be associated with delayed ART initiation. The findings are published online in the journal AIDS and Behavior.

While depressive symptoms impact on adherence to ART is widely studied, there are few studies that have investigated the impact of these symptoms on initiating ART. According to the researchers, understanding factors associated with ART initiation may be particularly useful in locations where it is not as commonly prescribed, such as Russia, which has experienced a dramatic increase in HIV infection rates during the past decade.

Led by Jeffrey Samet, MD, chief and professor of internal medicine at BMC and BUSM and principal investigator of the study, the researchers enrolled participants from the HIV’s Evolution in Russia – Mitigating Infection Transmission and Alcoholism in a Growing Epidemic (HERMITAGE) study. The 133 eligible participants had their depressive symptom severity measured at the six- and 12-month marks.

Although the results did not provide evidence that depressive symptom severity alone had a statistically significant effect on ART initiation, findings suggested a potential role of cognitive depressive symptoms in decisions to initiate ART. According to the researchers, cognitive symptoms of depression are often considered to be an index of depression that is less influenced by HIV symptoms. Further, the study demonstrated findings consistent with existing studies that show participants with co-morbid heavy drinking and injection drug use appeared to have delayed ART initiation.

“Depressive symptoms have been shown to influence progression of HIV and have been associated with poor virologic response to treatment and increased immunologic failure,” said Tracie Goodness, a doctoral student in clinical psychology at CAS and corresponding author of the study. “Timely ART initiation has been associated with multiple positive health effects, such as lower mortality, increased immune functioning and lower rates of HIV transmission,” she added.

Although more research is needed, these results provide initial evidence of the role of depressive symptoms and may contribute to the understanding of ART initiation in HIV-infected populations

The study was supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: R01AA016059, U24AA020778, U24AA020779, and K24AA15674.

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