By conroynm

Professor Margrit Betke and PhD Students Danna Gurari, Diane Theriault, and Mehrnoosh Sameki win Best Paper Award

September 16th, 2014 in Recent News

Danna Gurari, Diane Theriault, Mehrnoosh Sameki, and Margrit Betke’s paper, “How to use level set methods to accurately find boundaries of cells in biomedical images? Evaluation of six methods paired with automated and crowdsourced initial contours,” won Best Paper Award for Innovative Idea at the Interactive Medical Image Computing Workshop (IMIC), held in Boston on September 14, 2014. IMIC was held in conjunction with MICCAI 2014.

Danna led this work as the first author, Diane helped with her expertise in cell image analysis, and Mehrnoosh ran the crowdsourcing experiments. Mehrnoosh gave an enthusiastic presentation, which had been perfected by the valuable feedback from the IVC research group.

Congratulations!

Mark Crovella and Evimaria Terzi awarded NSF grant

September 8th, 2014 in Recent News

Professors Mark Crovella (PI) and Evimaria Terzi (co-PI) of the Computer Science Department received a National Science Foundation award entitled “Structural Matrix Completion for Data Mining Applications.” Congratulations to Mark and Evimaria!

Abstract
A common problem arising in science and engineering is that a dataset may only be partially measured. Often the complete dataset is naturally expressed as a matrix – for example, traffic flows in a city, gene expression across a set of treatments, or ratings of movies for users. The matrix completion problem seeks to infer the missing entries of a matrix, under a low-rank assumption. To date, most matrix completion methods do not actually check whether the known entries contain sufficient information to complete the matrix. Recently, however, a new and very different class of “structural” methods have emerged, which analyze the information content of the visible matrix entries, and so can determine whether accurate completion is possible. From a data mining standpoint, the implications of structural matrix completion methods are largely unexplored. This project will investigate how to leverage structural matrix completion methods to attack a host of data analysis problems, including developing new methods for active matrix completion, new approaches to cross-validating matrix completion results, and new strategies for general matrix completion.

CS Major Dustin Vandenberg wins a Harold Case Scholarship

August 15th, 2014 in Recent News

CS Major Dustin Vandenberg has won a Harold Case Scholarship. This University-wide award goes to rising seniors and is awarded based on scholarship, extracurricular achievements, contributions to the University and scholarly potential. The Harold C. Case Scholarship was established by contributions from students, alumni, staff, faculty, Trustees, and friends of Boston University, in recognition of the achievements of Dr. Case during his tenure as the fifth President of Boston University from 1951 to 1967. The criteria for selection are scholarship, extracurricular achievements, contributions to the University and scholarly potential.

Congratulations, Dustin!

Ran Canetti and the MACS project team awarded NSF grant

July 31st, 2014 in Recent News

The National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace (SaTC) program announced a $10 million Frontier grant was awarded to Boston University’s Modular Approach to Cloud Security (MACS) project. MACS is one of two new center-scale “Frontier” awards to support large, multi-institution projects that address grand challenges in cybersecurity science and engineering with the potential for broad economic and scientific impact.

The goal of the MACS project is to develop methods for building information systems with meaningful multi-layered security guarantees. Arguably, reasoning about all the security aspects of systems “in one blow” is not feasible. The approach we take is thus modular: We aim at systems that are built from smaller and separable functional components, where the security of each component is asserted individually, and where security of the system as a whole can be derived from the security of its components.

The research team is comprised of experts in different aspects of information security and cryptography. The research is highly collaborative and pools together key areas of expertise in order to provide overall security guarantees. A key component of the project is the Massachusetts Open Cloud, which provides the research team with a test-bed for deploying and testing the developed mechanisms in a production cloud.

The leadership team includes the following Computer Science Department professors:
Ran Canetti, Project Lead
Azer Bestavros
Sharon Goldberg
George Kollios

MACS Project Description

NSF Press Release

BU Today article

Bostonia article

Margrit Betke awarded NSF grant

July 28th, 2014 in Recent News

Professor Margrit Betke of the Computer Science Department received a National Science Foundation award entitled “RI: Small: Using Humans in the Loop to Collect High-quality Annotations from Images and Time-lapse Videos of Cells.” Congratulations to Margrit!

Abstract:
Sequences of microscopy images of live cells are analyzed by cell biologists to understand cellular processes, for example, to prevent cancer or design bio-materials for wound healing. Research progress is slowed or compromised when scientists find the image analysis efforts too labor-intensive to do themselves and the automation methods too numerous, unreliable, or difficult to use. The project develops image-analysis software to leverage human and computer resources together, in particular on the internet, to create high-quality image interpretations. An expansive benchmark study of detection, segmentation, and tracking algorithms for analyzing images of live cells is conducted, followed by the development of computer-vision approaches to the algorithms. Methods are designed for quantifying annotations, and then a tool is built to use the expertise of cell biologists to judge and select methods that analyze cell images. Crowd-sourcing experiments in which internet workers analyze images are designed and conducted. The quality of these lay workers’ annotations is compared to the quality of annotations by cell biologists and automated methods. Finally, a machine learning system is developed that automatically determines which types of cell images or videos can be analyzed accurately with or without human involvement.

Award Info

Team that includes CS researchers wins the BU Social Entrepreneurship Award

July 17th, 2014 in Recent News

A cross-disciplinary team, including researchers from the BU School of Public Health (SPH), Department of Computer Science, and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering have won the BU Social Entrepreneurship Award at the BU Tech, Drugs, and Rock n’ Roll (TDRR) event yesterday.

Project SEARCH: Scanning Ears for Child Health
Ear biometrics’ potential for solving patient identification challenges in global field settings

SPH: Prof. Christopher Gill, Elizabeth Ragan, Courtney Johnson
CS: Sarah Adel Bargal
ECE: Cliff Chan, Samuel Howes, Alexander Welles

The idea, proof of concept, and obtaining funding for future work have been done by SPH team members.

The comparative study and development portion of this project has been done as a course project last spring for the courses:
CAS CS 585 Image and Video Computing taught by Diane Theriault
CAS CS 542 Machine learning taught by Prof. Peter Chin

Project Website
Project Video

The interesting background story: Christopher Gill, Elizabeth Ragan, and Courtney Johnson had the idea for the system and conducted initial feasibility studies using mouse clicks on images of ears. Fatih Cakir, a CS doctoral student, happened to hear about the project through Prof. Muhammad Zaman in BU Biomedical Engineering. Fatih subsequently followed up with a discussion of the past literature he had surveyed on ear biometrics. When Fatih served as the Teaching Fellow for CS 542 this past spring, he encouraged a team of students in CS 542 to develop the SEARCH ear scanning prototype for the iPhone in their course project. The result is promising, and the team plans to port it to the Android platform and conduct field testing soon.

Professor Leo Reyzin awarded a $500k grant by NSF

July 9th, 2014 in Recent News

The National Science Foundation has awarded a grant of $500K to fund Professor Reyzin’s research efforts. The three-year project, titled “Noisy Secrets as Alternatives to Passwords and PKI,” will explore innovative approaches to authentication.

Current approaches, which rely on passwords or trusted authorities, suffer from significant vulnerabilities. This project will investigate using other sources of information that communicating parties share. Many natural sources of such information (such as visual passwords or physical tokens) are noisy, and don’t give the same result each time they are accessed. The funded research will study how this noise can be overcome to give reliable authentication.

Sharon Goldberg’s paper covered by multiple news outlets

June 30th, 2014 in Recent News

Professor Sharon Goldberg (BU CS Department) and Axel Arnbak (IViR, University of Amsterdam and Harvard University, Berkman Center for Internet & Society) published a paper, “Loopholes for Circumventing the Constitution: Warrantless Bulk Surveillance on Americans By Collecting Network Traffic Abroad,” that has garnered media attention. The Boston Globe, CBS, CNET, ZDNET and others have all referenced the paper in recent articles.

Abstract:
In this multi-disciplinary paper, we reveal interdependent legal and technical loopholes that intelligence agencies of the U.S. government could use to circumvent constitutional and statutory safeguards for U.S. persons. We outline known and new circumvention techniques that can leave the Internet traffic of Americans as vulnerable to surveillance, and as unprotected by U.S. law, as the Internet traffic of foreigners.

The paper is accepted and will be presented at the Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium of July 2014, during the HOTPETS session.

Full paper

Boston Globe article

CBS article

CNET article

ZDNET article

Network World article

Reason.com article

CS 591 E1/ IR 500 D1: Cyber Conflict and Internet Freedom

June 26th, 2014 in Recent News

Timothy_EdgarComputer Science and International Relations are offering a new course in cyber conflict and privacy this Fall.

The cross-listed course examines the problems confronting the world in addressing network and computer insecurity while upholding privacy and civil liberties. While the U.S. has championed the “freedom-to-connect” as a human right, it has also established a new military command for cyberspace.

The course will be taught by Timothy H. Edgar, who served under President Obama as the first director of privacy and civil liberties for the White House National Security Staff, as the first deputy for civil liberties for the director of national intelligence from 2006-9, and as the national security and immigration counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union.

Enrollment for the course is full. Please email cs@bu.edu to be added to the waiting list.

Course Syllabus

Congratulations to the Class of 2014!

May 19th, 2014 in Recent News

graduation 2014