Quantitative Reasoning
Please note: Course lists on the Hub website show all of the courses approved to carry Hub units, but they do Â not Â indicate which Hub courses will actually be offered in a given semester. For up-to-date information on Hub course offerings for a specific semester, please visit the University Class Schedule on the Â Student LinkÂ or the Â BU Course Search . Â

Below you will find a list of all of the courses that carry Hub units.Â Hub units will continue to be added to some courses throughout the academic year, so be sure to confirm the Hub units for your courses prior to registration. ToÂ explore courses further, please see theÂ Bulletin . You can also use theÂ BU Course SearchÂ to search the entire database of Boston University courses by keywords, and you can filter your search by semester, by college, and/or by Hub area(s). In addition, you can find information about Hub courses offered during the summer on theÂ Summer Term website .

Quantitative Reasoning I
CAS AN 335
The Ape Within: Great Apes and the Evolution of Human Behavior
4 credits. Either sem. CAS AN 102 or CAS BI 107 or CAS BI 119; or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
Introduction to primate social behavior, focusing on the apes. Examines how great ape behavior helps us understand what is unique about human behavior and how we evolved. Topics include diet, juvenile development, social relationships, sexual behavior, aggression, culture, and cognition. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS AN 336
Primate Evolutionary Ecology
4 credits. CAS AN 102.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Creativity/Innovation
Introduction to the various theoretical approaches to understanding the diversity and evolutionary ecology of wild non-human primates. Using lemurs, marmosets, chimpanzees and more, this course delves into behavioral ecology, genetic approaches to mating systems, foraging theory, community ecology, and conservation. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Scientific Inquiry I, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS AN 518
Zooarchaeology
4 credits. CAS AR 101.

Introduction to the study of archaeological animal bones. Provides theoretical background and methodological skills necessary for interpreting past human- animal interactions, subsistence, and paleoecology. Laboratory sections focus on skeletal identification. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II.

CAS AR 307
Archaeological Science
4 credits. Either sem. CAS AR 101; or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Research and Information Literacy
Application of natural sciences, as an integral part of modern archaeology, to issues of dating, reconstructing past environments and diets, and analysis of mineral and biological remains. Laboratories concentrate on biological, geological, physical, and chemical approaches. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS AR 518
Zooarchaeology
4 credits. CAS AR 101.

Introduction to the study of archaeological animal bones. Provides theoretical background and methodological skills necessary for interpreting past human- animal interactions, subsistence, and paleoecology. Laboratory sections focus on skeletal identification. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS AS 100
Cosmic Controversies
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Teamwork/Collaboration
The goal of this course is to understand our place in the physical universe by examining three recent concepts that have revolutionized cosmic awareness. The observations that led to the proposals of Dark Matter and Dark Energy, the reclassification of Pluto to non-planet status, and the discovery of many planets orbiting other stars within life-sustaining regions called Habitable Zones radically change the human perspectives on origins and life. In each case, the roles of evidence, validation and conclusions are used to enhance students' capabilities and skills needed for our modern age. Carries natural science divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS AS 101
The Solar System
4 credits. Either sem.

The historical development of astronomy and the motion of the planets. The formation of the solar system. The sun and its effects on the earth. Description of the planets and the moons of our solar system including recent results from the space program. Use of the observatory. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS AS 102
The Astronomical Universe
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Teamwork/Collaboration
The birth and death of stars. Red giants, white dwarfs, black holes. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, and other galaxies. The Big Bang and other cosmological theories of our expanding universe. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS AS 107
Life Beyond Earth: A Consideration of Extraterrestrial Civilizations
4 credits. Either sem.

About 10% of the planets in our Milky Way galaxy are like Earth in size and material composition. The same physical laws operate everywhere so extraterrestrial life may be both common and technologically advanced. Where is Everybody? Carries natural science divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS AS 109
Cosmology
4 credits. Either sem.

The evolution of cosmological thought from prehistory to the present: Greek astronomy, Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, and Einstein. Motion, gravity, and the nature of space-time. The expanding universe. The early universe and Big Bang. Carries natural science divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS AS 202
Principles of Astronomy I
4 credits. 1st sem.

Astronomical observing and the night sky; optics and telescopes; birth of modern astronomy; atoms, spectra and spectroscopy; planetary motion and orbits; overview of solar system; uses observatory. Intended primarily for astronomy or physics majors. Lectures and laboratories. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 105
Introductory Biology for Health Sciences
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
Principles of biology; emphasis on cellular structure, genetics, microbiology, development, biochemistry, metabolism, and immunology. This course is appropriate for non-majors and students in the health and paramedical sciences (Sargent College). Students may not receive credit for CAS BI 105 if CAS BI 108 has already been passed. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS BI 107
Biology 1
4 credits. 1st sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Research and Information Literacy
For students who plan to major in the natural sciences or environmental science, and for premedical students. Required for biology majors. No prerequisite. High school biology is assumed. The evolution and diversity of life; principles of ecology; behavioral biology. Three hours lecture, three hours lab including several field studies. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS BI 203
Cell Biology
4 credits. Either sem. CAS BI 108 or CAS NE 102; and CAS CH 102 or equivalent.

Principles of cellular organization and function: biological molecules, flow of genetic information, membranes and subcellular organelles, and cell regulation. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion. Students may receive credit for CAS BI 203 or 213, but not both courses. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 213
Intensive Cell Biology
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS BI 108 and CAS CH 102; or equivalents.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
Recommended for students in BMB and the Specialization in Cell Biology, Molecular Biology & Genetics. Alternative to CAS BI 203 emphasizing experimental approaches and in-depth discussion. Molecular basis of cell biology, including genomics, subcellular organelles, cell signaling, stem cells, and cancer. Students may receive credit for CAS BI 213 or 203, but not both courses. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS BI 281
Fundamentals of Biology 1
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS CH 182; or equivalent, and consent of instructor.

Limited to seven-year medical students. Principles of cellular organization and function: biological molecules, flow of genetic information, membranes and subcellular organelles, and cell regulation. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, three hours lab. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 336
Primate Behavioral Ecology
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Creativity/Innovation
Introduction to the various theoretical approaches to understanding the diversity and evolutionary ecology of wild non-human primates. Using lemurs, marmosets, chimpanzees and more, this course delves into behavioral ecology, genetic approaches to mating systems, foraging theory, community ecology, and conservation. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Scientific Inquiry I, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS BI 349
Neurotoxins in Biology, Medicine, Agriculture and War
4 credits. 2nd sem. BI108 or NE102 or equivalent

Neurotoxins used as a lens to study the consequences of venom on mammalian physiological systems; potential clinical applications of neurotoxins; neurotoxins at cellular and molecular levels; mechanisms and possible impacts of neurotoxic pesticides; and physiological effects of neurotoxic chemical weapons. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS CC 111
Core Natural Science I: Origins- of the Big Bang, Earth, Life, and Humanity
4 credits. 1st sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Teamwork/Collaboration
The origins of the physical world, and a scientific parallel to CC 101. Explores how the fields of astronomy, earth science, biology, and anthropology help us to understand our place in the cosmos from a scientific perspective. Topics include the Big Bang, evolution of the stars and earth, evolution of life, and the origins of human life and society. Assignments include computer-based and experimental laboratory work as well as team-based investigation and original research. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS CH 101
General Chemistry 1
4 credits. Either sem. two years of high school algebra.

For science majors and minors who require a two-semester general chemistry course, but have little prior experience with chemistry. Topics include: atoms and molecules; quantum theory and atomic structure, chemical periodicity; bonding in diatomic and polyatomic molecules; stoichiometry and introduction to reactions in aqueous solutions; properties of gases; and thermochemistry and the first law of thermodynamics.Laboratory exercises include basic training in lab safety and handling of chemical and experiments complementing the lectures, such as investigations of the size of an atom, gas laws, thermochemistry, and quantum aspects. Students must register for the following four (4) course components: lecture, discussion, pre-lab lecture, and laboratory. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS CH 102
General Chemistry 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CH 101.

Undergraduate Prerequisites: CAS CH 101. Second semester general chemistry for students who have completed CAS CH101. Topics include: properties of solids and liquids; colligative properties; chemical kinetics; equilibrium; acids, bases, and buffers; solubility and precipitation; electrochemistry; and spontaneity, free energy, and the second law of thermodynamics. Laboratory exercises include experiments complementing the lectures, such as investigations of the freezing point of solutions, kinetics, acid-base titrations, and electrochemistry. Students must have completed CAS CH 101 prior to enrolling in CAS CH 102. Students must register for the following four (4) course components: lecture, discussion, pre-lab lecture, and laboratory. Carriers natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS CH 109
Advanced General Chemistry with Quantitative Analysis Lab 1
4 credits. 1st sem. one year of high school chemistry and two years of high school algebra, and online department placement exam.

First of an advanced two-semester general chemistry sequence for students in the sciences with a strong interest and prior preparation in chemistry. Students in CH109 must possess a good working knowledge of algebra and trigonometry as well as high school chemistry. Topics include: atomic structure and quantum theory; molecular connectivity; properties of gases and kinetic theory; and thermodynamics. The complementary laboratory emphasizes quantitative analysis. Three hours lecture, discussion, lab lecture, and four hours lab. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS CH 111
Intensive General Chemistry with Quantitative Analysis Lab 1
4 credits. 1st sem. at least one year of high school chemistry, two years of high school algebra, and departmental chemistry placement exam.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
First semester of an intensive sequence for well-prepared students concentrating in chemistry or other sciences. Students in CH111 have typically completed more than one year of high school chemistry and are expected to apply their high school chemistry knowledge. Additionally, they need a strong foundation in algebra and basic concepts from introductory calculus and physics. Topics include: quantum theory and atomic structure; theories of molecular bonding and interaction; and thermodynamics. The complementary laboratory experience emphasizes quantitative analysis, training in scientific communication, and brief review of stoichiometry and reactions. Three hours lecture, discussion, lab lecture, and four hours lab. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS CH 116
General Chemistry 2 with Integrated Science Experience 1 Lab
5 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 101.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Integration of general chemistry with biology and neuroscience, with an emphasis on how each discipline interacts experimentally. Laboratory focuses on projects relating to enzymes and their function. Lecture portion meets with CAS CH 102 lecture (3 hours), 1 discussion hour (meets with CAS CH 102 discussion), 3 hours lab, and 1 hour lab lecture. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Teamwork/Collaboration, Critical Thinking.

CAS CH 131
General Chemistry for the Engineering Sciences
4 credits. Either sem.

A one-semester, terminal general chemistry course for engineering students who do not require a two-semester general chemistry sequence. Lecture topics include stoichiometry; atomic and molecular structure; theories of bonding; chemistry of the solid, liquid, and gaseous states; properties of solutions; chemical thermodynamics; equilibrium; acids and bases; electrochemistry. Laboratory includes training in basic laboratory techniques such as data collection and recording, statistical interpretation of data, solution preparation, titrations, conducting chemical reactions, use of spectrophotometers, pH and voltmeters. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS CH 171
Principles of General Chemistry
4 credits. 1st sem.

Introduction to chemistry: separation and purification of matter, atomic theory, structure of atoms, molecules and chemical bonding, chemical formulas, equations, stoichiometry; water, solutions, concentration, acids, bases, pH and buffers; gases; reaction kinetics and equilibrium, and radioactivity. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, one hour prelab lecture, and three hours lab. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS CH 181
Intensive General and Physical Chemistry 1
4 credits. 1st sem. students in the Seven-Year Liberal Arts/Medical Education Program only.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
First semester of intensive two-semester sequence for well-prepared students concentrating in chemistry or other sciences. Priority given to chemistry concentrators. Students registering for CAS CH181 have typically completed more than one year of high school chemistry and will be expected to apply their high school chemistry knowledge. Additionally, students in CH181 need a strong foundation in algebra and basic concepts from introductory calculus and physics. Topics focus on quantum theory and atomic structure; theories of molecular bonding and interaction; and thermodynamics. Brief review of stoichiometry, chemical reactions, and gas laws. The complementary laboratory experience emphasizes quantitative analysis and training in scientific communication. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, four hours lab. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS CH 203
Organic Chemistry 1
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS CH 102 or CAS CH 110 or CAS CH 112.

Fundamentals of contemporary organic chemistry, including skeletal and electronic structure, stereochemistry, and reactions of important functional groups. Applications of organic reactions to important synthetic targets in materials and drug discovery will be highlighted, as will reactions pertinent to biochemistry. Laboratory includes training in basic organic chemistry skills, such as extraction, reaction performance, spectroscopy interpretation and chromatography. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS CH 204
Organic Chemistry 2
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 203.

Fundamentals of contemporary chemistry, including electronic structure, stereochemistry, and reactions of important functional groups. Laboratory includes extraction, distillation, and chromatography. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, one hour prelab lecture, three-and-a-half hours lab in alternate weeks. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS CH 211
Intensive Organic Chemistry 1
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS CH 102 or CAS CH 110 or CAS CH 112.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Recommended for Chemistry majors. Organic compounds and their reactions; functional groups, stereochemistry, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and laboratory methods including qualitative organic analysis. Industrial applications and relevance to biological systems. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, one hour prelab lecture, four hours lab. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS CH 214
Organic Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 203.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
Lecture and discussion shared with CAS CH 204. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion weekly, one hour prelab lecture, four hours lab. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS CH 218
Organic Chemistry 1 with Integrated Science Experience II Lab
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS CH 116, and either CAS BI 116 or CAS NE 116.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Research and Information Literacy
Integration of organic chemistry with cell biology and neuroscience, with emphasis on how each discipline interacts experimentally. Laboratory focuses on synthesizing compounds and testing in biological systems. 3 lecture hours (meets with CH 203 lecture), 1 discussion hour, 4 hours lab, 2 hour lab discussion. 4 Credits Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS CH 220
Organic Chemistry Laboratory with Qualitative Analysis
2 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 204.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
Laboratory methods in organic chemistry including multistep synthesis, organic qualitative analysis, and instrumental analysis. Equivalent to the laboratory part of CAS CH 214. One hour lecture, four hours lab. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS CS 108
Programming for Non-CS Majors
4 credits. Either sem.

A rigorous introduction to programming for students not majoring in computer science. Covers a broad set of topics about application development, including basic programming concepts, testing and debugging, abstraction and design, and an introduction to data analytics. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EC 203
Empirical Economics 1
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 and CAS EC 102.

First semester of a two-semester sequence of empirical techniques used in economic analysis. Statistical concepts are presented and applied to a variety of economics problems. Extensive use of the statistical software package STATA will be made. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EC 221
Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 ; CAS EC 102 ; CAS MA 225.

A mathematically rigorous approach to intermediate microeconomic theory. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 222
Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 ; CAS EC 102 ; CAS MA 225.

A mathematically rigorous approach to intermediate macroeconomic theory. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 223
Statistical Analysis
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 ; CAS EC 102 ; CAS MA 225.

This is an introductory mathematical statistics course, covering probability theory, statistical inference and an introduction to regression analysis. The course aims at providing students with the necessary background to progress to higher level econometrics and applied economics courses. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 303
Empirical Economic Analysis 1
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 and CAS EC 102.

First semester of a two-semester sequence of empirical techniques used in economic analysis (EC303/EC304). Statistical techniques are presented and applied to a variety of economics problems. Extensive use of the statistical software package STATA. This is a more theoretically advanced version of EC203. Note that students may not get credit for both EC203 and EC303. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EC 346
European Capital Markets
4 credits. Either sem.

Familiarizes students with the structure of the European financial system, covering the principal financial markets and institutions, and the analytical concepts and tools that help to explain the processes of price formation and the behavior of participants in these markets. Major financial markets covered are spot and foreign exchange dealings, the Eurocurrency and Eurobond markets, futures and options, and swaps and options. Essential background theory is combined with an emphasis on actual events and activities of the major players. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EC 365
Economic Institutions in Historical Perspective
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 and CAS EC 102.

Historical development and role of institutions underlying market economies. Topics include contract enforcement and trading institutions, financial institutions, property rights in land, environmental resources such as water management and fisheries, economic infrastructure, regulation of labor, and capital markets. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness , Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EC 387
Introduction to Health Economics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201.

Concepts of health economics for US and international settings. Topics include models and empirical analyses of moral hazard, adverse selection, health care systems, health insurance, hospital and physician behavior, pharmaceutical markets, consumer demand, alternative payment systems, risk, fairness, imperfect information, and topics in experimental and behavioral economics. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II.

CAS EC 445
Economics of Risk and Uncertainty
4 credits. CAS EC 201 ; CAS EC 202 ; CAS EC 203 ; CAS EC 204; and CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123 (or equivalent).

For advanced undergraduates. Economics of risk, with a focus on financial markets. Topics include expected utility, portfolio choice and the capital asset pricing model, interest rates and monetary policy, the relation between the real economy and the stock market. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II.

CAS EC 565
Economic Institutions in Historical Perspective
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101.CAS EC 101.

Historical development and role of institutions underlying market economies. Topics include contract enforcement and trading institutions, financial institutions, property rights in land, environmental resources such as water management and fisheries, economic infrastructure, regulation of labor, and capital markets.

CAS EE 101
Natural Environments: The Atmosphere
4 credits. Either sem.

An introduction to weather and climate. Topics include the controls of weather and climate, day-to-day variations in weather, severe storms, climates of the world, urban climate and air pollution, past climates and climatic change, and the impact of climatic variations on society. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EE 105
Crises of Planet Earth
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
After covering the origin of the universe, earth and life, the course examines two topics: natural hazards, including earthquakes and volcanoes; and human impacts on Earth, including climate change, ozone depletion, pollution, and increasing demands on mineral and energy resources. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 107
Introduction to Climate and Earth System Science
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy
Introduction to the Earth as an integrated system composed of interacting biosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere subsystems. Major themes include earth system stability, instability and capacity for change on all time scales, including human-induced climate change. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 270
Data, Models, and Analysis in Earth & Environment
4 credits. Either sem. ES/EE 107 or GE/EE 100 (or equivalent), or consent of instructor.

Introduces key questions, types and sources of data, and analytical methods in earth and environment, and introduces students to an array of quantitative methods from both the natural- and social-science disciplines. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 300
Earth's Rocky Materials
4 credits. Either sem.

Utilizing an Earth Systems approach, this course begins with the mineral phases of the core and mantle. Crustal mineralogy and petrology follow, examining how minerals and the rocks that contain them are produced by magmatic, metamorphic, hypothermal, and surface processes. Weekly two-hour labs and a required field trip. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS EE 317
Introduction to Hydrology
4 credits. Either sem. ES/EE 105 or ES/EE 107 or ES/EE 142 or ES/EE 144; MA 121, 123, or 127, or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Teamwork/Collaboration
Introduction to the science of hydrology and to the role of water as a resource, a hazard, and an integral component of the Earth's climatic, biological, and geological systems. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS EE 365
An Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
4 credits. Either sem. MA 115 or EC 203 or equivalent.

Practical hands-on computing experience using GIS for analyzing data from maps and other sources. Analytical functions unique to GIS are emphasized, as are applications in archaeology, land use planning, environmental monitoring, and other fields. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Scientific Inquiry II.

CAS IR 292
Fundamentals of International Economics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 and CAS EC 102.

Covers basic principles of international economics, including trade, international finance, exchange rates, currency markets, economic policy, the role of institutions, and financial crises. Examines both theoretical frameworks and applications, with an emphasis on analysis case studies and real world examples in different world regions. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS IR 295
Quantitative Methods for Global Policy
4 credits. 2nd sem. Applied math background, particularly in probability and stats, strongly encouraged, and completion of an intro stats or econometrics course (MA113, MA115, MA116, MA214, QM221, EC203/303) recommended.

Introduces the principal quantitative methods that are employed in core global studies disciplines, including political science, economics, and public policy. Students are exposed to a range of descriptive and inferential statistical methods and their applications in research and policy. Effective Spring 2024, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS IR 399
Fundamentals of Global Money
4 credits. CAS EC 101 and CAS EC 102.

Examines financial globalization through the lens of the "money view," focusing on the cash inflows and outflows of all private and public actors in the global economy. Applies this analysis to issues including development finance, shadow banking, and financial crises. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry I.

CAS LX 301
Phonetics & Phonology: Introduction to Sound Systems
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS LX 250; or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking
(Students must also register for required co-req CAS LX 302.) Introduction to the nature and patterning of sounds in human language. Presents articulatory and acoustic phonetics, and basic phonological analysis, focusing on cross-language typology and comparison. Hands-on development of practical skills, including IPA transcription, field techniques, and digital speech analysis. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 107
Mathematical Reasoning in the Elementary Grades: Number Systems
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning I Oral and/or Signed Communication Teamwork/Collaboration
Mathematical Reasoning in the Elementary Grades: Number Systems Required for undergraduates seeking licensure in elementary education, early childhood education,special education, or deaf studies. Focuses on number systems, whole number, decimal and fraction concepts and operations, and number theory. Non-Wheelock students by signed permission only. Does not satisfy CAS Divisional Studies or Math/Stat major. 4 cr. 1st sem. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Oral and/or Signed Communication, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS MA 118
College Algebra and Trigonometry
4 credits.

MA 118 may not be taken for credit by any student who has completed any MA course numbered 121 or higher. Functions and graphs. Linear and quadratic equations. Exponents; logarithms. Right and oblique triangles; trigonometric functions. Optimization. Specifically intended to prepare students with insufficient background in mathematics for the study of calculus. This course may not be used in fulfillment of the divisional studies requirement. Satisfies the mathematics requirement in the College program. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS MA 119
Applied Mathematics for Personal Finance
4 credits. Either sem.

Applications of mathematics for personal financial decision-making. Systems of equations, exponential functions, logarithms, probability, descriptive statistics, and numerical simulation, for modeling saving, borrowing, inflation, purchasing power, taxation, government benefits, risk management, insurance, annuities, and investments. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I. This course also fulfills the learning outcomes for Life Skills. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry I, Critical Thinking.

CAS NE 212
Introduction to MATLAB Programming for Research in Psychological & Brain Sciences
4 credits. Either sem. CAS NE 101.

Teaches computer programming concepts, core statistical concepts, and related skills via MATLAB. Programming examples that cover four steps of neuroscience research (experiment control; random samples; data analysis; brain process simulation) promote "constructive" understanding of the quantitative reasoning behind decisions based on descriptive and inferential statistics (e.g., confidence intervals, linear regression models, model- specific anovas). Explains numerical integration programs in two settings: probability distributions, and simulations of neural dynamics. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS NE 349
Neurotoxins in Biology, Medicine, Agriculture and War
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS BI 108 or CAS NE 102; or equivalent.

Neurotoxins used as a lens to study the consequences of venom on mammalian physiological systems; potential clinical applications of neurotoxins; neurotoxins at cellular and molecular levels; mechanisms and possible impacts of neurotoxic pesticides; and physiological effects of neurotoxic chemical weapons. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS NS 101
Integrated Science I
4 credits. 1st sem.

Laboratory-discussion course. Foundational concepts of elementary dynamics, conservation laws, thermal transport, introductory electricity and magnetism, properties of light, atoms and molecules, the chemistry and properties of materials are introduced through laboratory experiments and computer simulations. These concepts and models are used to explain climate change and understand electric power generation. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PH 261
Puzzles and Paradoxes
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Philosophical Inquiry and Life's Meanings Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking
Some of our most basic beliefs, when scrutinized, lead to absurd conclusions. For example, using only beliefs that seem uncontroversial, we can conclude that motion is impossible, that everyone is bald, and it is impossible to give a surprise exam. Carefully scrutinizing the reasoning that leads to these absurdities often yields substantial philosophical insight. In this course, we will examine a number of such puzzles and paradoxes in detail. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Philosophical Inquiry and Life's Meanings, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PH 360
Symbolic Logic
4 credits. Either sem. one philosophy course or sophomore standing.

BU Hub Learn More Philosophical Inquiry and Life's Meanings Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking
A survey of the concepts and principles of symbolic logic: valid and invalid arguments, logical relations of statements and their basis in structural features of statements, analysis of the logical structure of complex statements of ordinary discourse, and the use of a symbolic language to display logical structure and to facilitate methods for assessing the logical structure of arguments. We cover the analysis of reasoning with truth-functions ("and", "or", "not", "if ... then") and with quantifiers ("all", "some"), attending to formal languages and axiomatic systems for logical deduction. Throughout, we aim to clearly and systematically display both the theory underlying the norms of valid reasoning and their applications to particular problems of argumentation. The course is an introduction to first-order quantificational logic, a key tool underlying work in foundations of mathematics, philosophy of language and mind, philosophy of science and parts of syntax and semantics. It is largely mathematical and formal in character, but lectures situate these structures within the context of questions raised in contemporary philosophy of language and mind. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Philosophical Inquiry and Life's Meanings, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PO 399
Data Science for Politics
4 credits. Either sem. Any 100-level course in Political Science.

Data science is changing how we understand and study politics, policy, and decision-making. This course introduces students to the fundamental tools of data science, including collecting, modeling, and visualizing data, and how to apply these tools to study political and policy questions. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Digital/Multimedia Expression, Quantitative Reasoning I ).

CAS PO 599
Data Science for Politics
4 credits. Either sem. any 100-level course in political science and either enrollment in the PO Honors or BA/MA program, or consent of instructor.

Data science is changing how we understand and study politics, policy, and decision-making. This course introduces students to the fundamental tools of data science, including collecting, modeling, and visualizing data, and how to apply these tools to study political and policy questions. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Digital/Multimedia Expression.

CAS PS 211
Introduction to Experimental Design
4 credits. Either sem. CAS PS 101.

Introduction to the logic and processes involved in descriptive and inferential statistics for psychology. Topics include statistical inference, significance, t-tests, ANOVAs, correlation, regression, and statistical software analysis. This is a hybrid class - class time is reserved for hands on activities. Does not count toward the principal courses required for the major or minor. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I.

CAS PS 212
Introduction to MATLAB Programming for Research in Psychological & Brain Sciences
4 credits. Either sem. CAS NE 101.

Teaches computer programming concepts, core statistical concepts, and related skills via MATLAB. Programming examples that cover four steps of neuroscience research (experiment control; random samples; data analysis; brain process simulation) promote "constructive" understanding of the quantitative reasoning behind decisions based on descriptive and inferential statistics (e.g., confidence intervals, linear regression models, model-specific anovas). Explains numerical integration programs in two settings: probability distributions, and simulations of neural dynamics. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PY 104
Physics of Health Sciences
4 credits. some knowledge of algebra and trigonometry.

PY104 is a one semester introduction to the basic physics concepts that relate to the health sciences. Material covered is selected from a range of topics, such as include Kinematics and Dynamics, Newton's Laws, Statics, Momentum, Work and Energy, Mechanical Waves, Electric Charge and Force, Capacitance and Resistance, Electric Circuits, and Properties of Electromagnetic Waves, Atomic and Nuclear Physics, and Medical Imaging. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PY 105
Physics 1
4 credits.

The CAS PY 105/106 sequence satisfies premedical requirements. PY105 covers some of the basic principles underlying the physics of everyday life, including forces and motion, momentum and energy, harmonic motion, rotation, and heat and thermodynamics. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PY 107
Physics of Food and Cooking
4 credits. Either sem.

Physical science concepts of thermal / soft matter physics and molecular biophysics such as phase transitions and gelation, viscosity, elasticity illustrated via cooking. Labs and demos using molecular gastronomy methods of sous-vide cooking, pressure cooking, making desserts, cheese, emulsions, foams, gels, ice creams. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CAS PY 211
General Physics I
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 123; or consent of instructor for students concurrently taking MA 123.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Calculus-based introduction to basic principles of physics, emphasizing Newtonian mechanics, conservation laws, and thermodynamics. For science majors and engineers, and for premedical students who seek a more analytical course than CAS PY 105/106. Interactive, student-centered lectures, discussion, and laboratory. Carries natural science divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS PY 231
The Physics in Music
4 credits. Either sem. musical performance experience, or some familiarity with the notes onthe musical clef, or consent of instructor (no physics prerequisite).

An introduction to musical acoustics, which covers vibrations and waves in musical systems and sound production, intervals and the construction of musical scales, tuning and temperament, the percussion instruments, the piano, the string, woodwind and brass instruments, room acoustics, the human ear and psychoacoustical phenomena important to musical performance and perception. Examples from the musical literature that illustrate various acoustical effects are covered. Some aspects of electronic music are also discussed. Satisfies CAS natural science divisional credit. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Scientific Inquiry I.

CAS PY 251
Principles of Physics 1
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 123; or equivalent.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning I Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Introduction to mechanics, conservation laws, rotation, waves, and thermodynamics. Primarily for physics, mathematics, and astronomy majors, but open to other students with a strong background in mathematics. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS SO 238
Sociology of Aging and the Life Course
4 credits.

Examines the social, psychological, and biological factors that shape aging and human development. Considers how childhood conditions affect later-life experiences. Reviews life course theories and research methods. Explores the importance of race, gender, and social class in shaping human experiences. Effective Spring 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry I, Critical Thinking.

CAS SO 302
Social Networks
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning I Social Inquiry II Research and Information Literacy
Explores the mainstream theories in the field of social networks by sampling from empirical work across diverse fields such as social structure, culture, the economy, social media, and others. The course also focuses on the "how" of doing social network analysis including analyzing and interpreting properties of social networks quantitatively and learning to use software tools for analyzing social networks. Effective Spring 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

CFA AR 524
Business Information Design
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning I Research and Information Literacy Creativity/Innovation
A hybrid lecture and studio course that explores presenting information visually. Students learn to process, organize, symbolize, and structure complex quantitative information. The coordinated business aspect of the course addresses how data visualization drives effective business decisions. Graphics are designed and evaluated from a visual and strategic point of view. This course meets 2x/week during summer session 4cr. Effective Summer 1 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy, Creativity/Innovation.

CFA FA 520
Career Development in the Arts
4 credits. Either sem.

A blend of self-exploration and business skills that encourages arts leaders to "think like an entrepreneur" in defining their career and personal brand. Develop entrepreneurial skills like branding, networking, marketing, and budgeting. Learn financial basics, tools, and analysis. Apply quantitative reasoning skills to make informed decisions, and oral communication skills to be more persuasive and understood in everyday life. Students will apply these skills to all personal endeavors, from landing a dream job to building your own brand. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Oral and/or Signed Communication.

CFA MT 202
Music Theory 4
3 credits. 2nd sem.

BU Hub Learn More Aesthetic Exploration Quantitative Reasoning I Creativity/Innovation
Prerequisite: CFA MT201. Further study of chromatic music in the common-practice period is approached through listening, writing, and analytical work. The course explores the structure and usage of augmented-sixth chords, mode mixture/borrowed chords, the Neapolitan triad, and modulation to distantly related keys. Continued work in applying general voice-leading principles will be covered through figured-bass exercises and harmonization of melodies. Formal structures such as sonata and sonata hybrids will be introduced. A keyboard harmony component will be covered in separate weekly meetings. Effective Fall 2018, this course is part of a Hub sequence: when taken with CFA MT 201, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Quantitative Reasoning I, Creativity/Innovation.

CFA TH 173
2D DRAFTING & VISUAL COMMUNICATION 1
2 credits. 1st sem.

This course is designed to train students to read technical drawings and execute 2D Drafting & Visual Communication associated with theatrical design and production. Students will be introduced to various techniques that are often employed in this field with the end goal of becoming proficient in the language of graphic communication and quantitative reasoning tools and methodology utilized in theatrical drafting. This course will be a series of studio sessions that will expose you to the materials, techniques and procedures associated with scenic, lighting, properties and technical design. Required for BFA Design, Production & Management Core. 2.0 credits. Fall semester. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CFA TH 270
Technical Production 2
3 credits. 2nd sem.

Prereq: Hand or computer drafting. This course is designed to give students a working knowledge of stage rigging techniques, tools, and equipment. Course work, readings, field trips, and practical application will ensure the student can analyze loads, problem solve, and safely lead a rigging crew. 3.0 credits. Spring Semester Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CFA TH 279
Costume Production 1
3 credits. 1st sem.

This course is designed to give students a working knowledge of flat patterning and draping methods based on historical research. Course work, readings lectures and practical applica-tion will ensure that students are capable to lead a costume build team and successfully pro-duce costumes for an assigned production. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CFA TH 369
Technical Production 3
3 credits. 1st sem.

Prereq: CFA TH 269 or Permission of Instructor. This course is designed to give Technical Directors the engineering knowledge to design safe and efficient scenery. Through real conditions and a text, students will develop a vocabulary and a database of formulas to effectively engineer scenery. Students will discuss concepts typical to engineering, study the variables and formulas used to determine material strengths, typical and atypical loading conditions, and how to engineer scenery used in normal theatrical applications. 3.0 credits. Fall Semester. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CFA TH 670
Technical Production Studio 1
3 credits. 2nd sem.

Prereq: Hand or computer drafting. This course is designed to give students a working knowledge of stage rigging techniques, tools, and equipment. Course work, readings, field trips, and practical application will ensure the student can analyze loads, problem solve, and safely lead a rigging crew. 3.0 credits. Spring Semester. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

CGS NS 201
Biology I
4 credits. 1st sem.

Focuses on the major paradigms (and shifts) including the origin of life, molecular and cellular theories of life, human origins, genetics, evolutionary theory and biodiversity. Encourages use of quantitative and scientific tools required to explore scientific models and connects the scientific process with ethical and social concerns arising from our understanding of the origin, evolution and diversity of life including our own species. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

CGS NS 203
Astronomy
4 credits. 1st sem.

The planets and their motions are presented from an historical perspective. The birth, life and death of starts, the Milky Way and other galaxies are discussed. Big Bang cosmology is introduced. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

ENG EK 125
Introduction to Programming for Engineers
4 credits. Either sem.

An introduction to programming concepts and modern computational environments used to solve engineering problems. Basic procedural programming concepts including input/output, selection, looping, functions, data structures (arrays, strings, structures), pointers, and memory management. Introduction to statistics, data science, and machine learning. Emphasis on programming style, debugging, top-down design and modular code. Introduction to a command line interface and a high-level language. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Creativity/Innovation.

KHC BI 101
Climate Change Biology in Massachusetts: What Would Henry Say?
4 credits. Either sem.

This course will place Thoreau and Walden within the context of modern climate change biology research. Students will read Walden concurrently with papers on climate change and recent books to appreciate how Thoreau anticipated many modern climate change issues. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking.

KHC EK 103
Mechanics on the Charles River Esplanade
4 credits. Either sem.

An introduction to mechanics, the science of motion, using examples visible on the Charles River Esplanade. Introduction to the concept of force, and to the concepts of mass, momentum, and energy, and their conservation. Students will learn to apply these conservation laws together with dimensional analysis, scaling, and order of magnitude estimation, to a variety of physical systems in and around the Charles River Esplanade. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

KHC PH 104
Planning to Fix Health Problems
4 credits. Either sem.

U.S. health care suffers anarchy because market competition and competent government action fail. Costs rise. Coverage and quality fall. You'll learn to prepare a plan to ameliorate a health problem by analyzing both its real causes and the efficacy/cost/political feasibility of possible remedies. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

KHC SO 101
Social Networks and Culture
4 credits. 2nd sem.

This seminar will focus on the theories and applications of social network analysis to study culture. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I.

QST QM 221
Probabilistic and Statistical Decision-Making for Management
4 credits. Either sem. QST SM131; CAS MA120, MA121 or MA123 previous or concurrent.

Exposes students to the fundamentals of probability, decision analysis, and statistics, and their application to business. Topics include probability, decision analysis, distributions, sampling, estimation, hypothesis testing, and chi-square. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning I.

SED ED 540
Using Big Data to Address Educational, Social, and Economic Inequality
4 credits. Either sem.

This course will show how "big data" can be used to understand and address some of the most important educational, social and economic problems of our time. We will read current, peer-reviewed quantitative social science research with the goal of learning how data can be used to quantify current social issues and highlighting the potential for data analysis to inform policy. Students will complete a series of empirical problem sets, based on existing large-scale datasets, designed to put students in the shows of policy analysts. This course does not require prior coursework. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Social Inquiry II.

SED ME 363
Problem Solving in Mathematics
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning I Oral and/or Signed Communication Critical Thinking
Engages in collaborative problem solving and problem posing while exploring the role of productive struggle in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Effective Spring 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking. 4cr. Either sem.

SED ME 563
Problem Solving in Mathematics
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning I Oral and/or Signed Communication Critical Thinking
This course engages participants in collaborative problem solving and problem posing while exploring the role of productive struggle in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Effective Spring 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Quantitative Reasoning I, Critical Thinking. 4cr. Either sem.

Quantitative Reasoning II
CAS AN 333
Human Population Genetics
4 credits. Either sem. (CAS AN102 OR AN233 OR CAS BI108 AND either BI206 OR BI216).

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy
This course uses human genomic variation as a framework for better understanding our evolutionary history. Using hands-on population genetic analyses, we will analyze real human genomic data from the 1000 Genomes Project to investigate the evolutionary patterns underlying human diversity. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS AN 588
Project Design and Statistics in Biological Anthropology
4 credits. CAS AN 102 or CAS BI 107 or CAS BI 108 or CAS AR 101; or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Teamwork/Collaboration
This seminar teaches students project design and statistics using R and Rstudio. Students will become competent in coding, version control, data reports and commenting code, and implement both basic and advanced statistics to be used in student research projects. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS AN 595
Methods in Biological Anthropology
4 credits. Either sem. CAS AN 102 or CAS BI 107 or CAS BI 108; or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Teamwork/Collaboration
An exploration of field and laboratory methods used in biological anthropology, with students participating in hands-on exercises. Topics include health assessment, body composition, diet, energetics, morphological adaptations, reproductive status, habitat composition, spatial movements, and conservation. Professional skills are also developed. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS AR 516
Paleoethnobotany
4 credits. Either sem. CAS AR 101; or consent of instructor.

Introduces the theory and method of the study of archaeological plant remains and basic botanical and ecological concepts. Highlights relationships between people and environments and the roles of plants in past societies. Laboratory sessions concentrate on quantitative analysis. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS AS 203
Principles of Astronomy II
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Astronomical measurements; time and the celestial sphere; telescopes and observatories; the solar system, orbital motion; comparative planetology; the sun and solar-terrestrial effects; electromagnetic radiation; spectroscopy, stellar properties and stellar evolution; the Milky Way galaxy; galaxies; the universe. Lectures and laboratories. Intended primarily for astronomy or physics concentrators. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Spring 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS AS 312
Stellar and Galactic Astrophysics
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS MA 124; and CAS PY 212 or CAS PY 252.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Creativity/Innovation
Basic physics of radiation; radiative transfer; spectral analysis; distances, motions, and physical properties of stars; stellar interiors and atmospheres; stellar evolution; clusters of stars; the interstellar medium; content, structure, and rotation of the Milky Way Galaxy. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Teamwork/Collaboration. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS BI 108
Biology 2
4 credits. 2nd sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
For students planning to major in the natural sciences and for premedical students. Required for biology majors. It is strongly recommended students complete CAS CH 101 (or equivalent) before this course. High school biology is assumed. Biochemistry, cell & molecular biology, Mendelian & molecular genetics, physiology, and neurobiology. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS BI 114
Human Infectious Diseases
4 credits. 2nd sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Not for Biology major or minor credit. A study of the world's major human diseases, their causes, effects on history, pathology, and cures. Principles of immunology. Emphasis on present maladies such as AIDS, herpes, cancer, mononucleosis, tuberculosis, influenza, and hepatitis. This course is appropriate for non- majors and students in the health and paramedical sciences (Sargent College). Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 116
Biology 2 with Integrated Science Experience 1 Lab
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 101; First Year Writing Seminar (e.g., WR 100 or WR 120)

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Writing-Intensive Course
Integration of general chemistry with biology and neuroscience, with an emphasis on how each discipline interacts experimentally. Laboratory focuses on projects relating to enzymes and their function. 3 lecture hours (meets with CAS Bl 108 lecture), 3 hours lab. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Writing-Intensive Course, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 206
Genetics
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS BI 108 and CAS CH 203; or equivalent.

BU Hub Learn More Historical Consciousness Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Principles of classical, molecular, and evolutionary genetics derived from analytical, molecular, and whole genome cytological evidence in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion. Students may receive credit for CAS BI 206 or 216, but not both courses. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 216
Intensive Genetics
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS BI 108 and CAS BI 203; (or equivalents to both), and CASCH203, or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Historical Consciousness Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy
Advanced alternative to CAS BI 206, emphasizing depth of coverage, class discussion, and reading research papers. Principles of classical, molecular, and evolutionary genetics derived from analytical, molecular, and whole genome cytological evidence in animals, plants, and microorgansims. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion. Students may receive credit for CAS BI 216 or 206, but not both courses. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS BI 218
Cell Biology with Integrated Science Experience II Lab
5 credits. 1st sem. CAS BI 116 and CAS CH 116 (or equivalent); or consent of instructor. First Year Writing Seminar (e.g., WR 100 or WR 120)

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Teamwork/Collaboration Writing-Intensive Course
Integration of cell biology with organic chemistry and neuroscience, with emphasis on how each discipline interacts experimentally. Laboratory focuses on synthesizing compounds and testing in biological systems. 3 lecture hours, 1 discussion hour, 4 hours lab, 2 hour lab discussion. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Writing-Intensive Course, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS BI 282
Fundamentals of Biology 2
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 182; or equivalent, and consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Historical Consciousness Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Limited to seven-year medical students. Principles of classical, molecular, and evolutionary genetics derived from analytical, molecular, and whole genome cytological evidence in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 303
Evolutionary Ecology
4 credits. Either sem. CAS BI 107; ; CAS BI 206 and CAS MA121/123 recommended.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Digital/Multimedia Expression
Investigation of ecological processes and patterns at the individual, population, and community level. An evolutionary approach is emphasized. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. One research paper and one daylong field trip required. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression.

CAS BI 333
Human Population Genetics
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy
Human population biology and ecological adaptations: human demography, life history patterns, population genetics, and physiological adaptability. Topics: population dynamics of human societies, mortality and fertility schedules, evolution and genetics of human life history traits, physiological adaptability, and ecological correlates. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS BI 421
Biochemistry 1
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS CH 204 or CAS CH 212; or CASCH214 or equivalent. First Year Writing Seminar (e.g., WR 100 or WR 120).

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration Writing-Intensive Course
Introductory biochemistry. Protein structure and folding, enzyme mechanisms, kinetics, and allostery; nucleic acid structure; macromolecular biosynthesis with emphasis on specificity and fidelity; lipids and membrane structure; vitamins and coenzymes; introduction to intermediary metabolism. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, four hours lab. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Writing-Intensive Course, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS BI 519
Theoretical Evolutionary Ecology
4 credits. CAS BI 107 and CAS MA 121/123 (also recommended: CAS BI 225 or CAS BI303 or CAS BI 309); or consent of the instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Familiarizes students with the theory of evolutionary ecology. Students gain enough background to read theoretical evolutionary ecology literature, do simple modeling, and move on to more complex theory. Students gain experience through homework assignments and computer labs. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS BI 588
Project Design and Statistics in Biological Anthropology
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Teamwork/Collaboration
This seminar teaches students project design and statistics using R and Rstudio. Students will become competent in coding, version control, data reports and commenting code, and implement both basic and advanced statistics to be used in student research projects. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS CC 212
Core Natural Science II: Science, Reality, and the Modern World
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Studies the paradigm-shifting scientific theories of quantum theory and relativity that created a new world view and forced the 20th century into a new understanding of our relation to reality. Students parallel these theories with current debates about science, such as those concerning climate change and the phenomenon of "junk science." Considers the role of science in the modern world, how we know what we know, the roles of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and chaos theory, and the nature of truth in a 21st- century context. Effective Fall 2018, this course carries a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS CH 110
Advanced General Chemistry with Quantitative Analysis Lab 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CH 109.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Second of the advanced two-semester sequence for students concentrating in the sciences. Building on the foundation from the first semester, the second semester will cover equilibrium; acids, bases, and buffers; solubility; kinetics; electrochemistry; and selected chemical systems as case studies. The complementary laboratory experiments continue to emphasize quantitative analysis. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, one hour lab lecture, four hours lab. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS CH 225
Mathematical Methods for Molecular Science
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 123/124 or MA 127; and CAS CH 101, 109, or 111.

Select topics from multivariate calculus, ordinary differential equations, and linear algebra that are most relevant to physical chemistry, biophysical chemistry, and biophysics. Focus on the mastery of key mathematical concepts and methods important for the successful study of advanced molecular science. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS CH 351
Physical Chemistry I: Quantum Mechanics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CH 102 or CAS CH 110 or CAS CH 112; ; and CASPY212 and CASMA124.

Fundamentals of quantum mechanics for studying atomic and molecular systems. Schrodinger equation. Properties of waves and wave packets. Translations, rotations, and vibrations. One and many electron atoms. Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Valence bond, molecular orbital, and Huckel theories. Variational principle. Electronic, rotational, vibrational, and magnetic resonance spectroscopies. Spontaneous and stimulated emission. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS CH 421
Biochemistry I
4 credits. 1st sem. CAS CH 204 or CAS CH 212 or CAS CH 214; First Year Writing Seminar (e.g., WR 100 or WR 120).

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration Writing-Intensive Course
Introductory biochemistry. Protein structure and folding, enzyme mechanisms, kinetics, and allostery; nucleic acid structure; macromolecular biosynthesis with emphasis on specificity and fidelity; lipids and membrane structure; vitamins and coenzymes; introduction to intermediary metabolism. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, four hours lab. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Writing-Intensive Course, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS CS 101
Introduction to Computing
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Digital/Multimedia Expression Critical Thinking
The computer is presented as a tool that can assist in solving a broad spectrum of problems. This course provides a general introduction designed to dispel the mystery surrounding computers and introduces the fundamental ideas of programs and algorithms. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Digital/Multimedia Expression, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 103
Introduction to Internet Technologies and Web Programming
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Digital/Multimedia Expression Creativity/Innovation
Introduction to the basic architecture and protocols underlying the operation of the Internet with an emphasis on Web design, Web application programming, and algorithmic thinking. General familiarity with the Internet is assumed. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Digital/Multimedia Expression, Quantitative Reasoning II, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS CS 105
Introduction to Databases and Data Mining
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Creativity/Innovation
General introduction to computational methods for processing collection of data. Topics include databases and data modeling; writing simple programs to process data; data mining and data visualization. Applications are drawn from business, the arts, the life sciences, and social sciences. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Creativity/Innovation, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 111
Introduction to Computer Science 1
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Creativity/Innovation
The first course for computer science majors and anyone seeking a rigorous introduction. Develops computational problem-solving skills by programming in the Python language, and exposes students to variety of other topics from computer science and its applications. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Creativity/Innovation, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 112
Introduction to Computer Science 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CS 111; or equivalent.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Creativity/Innovation
Covers advanced programming techniques and data structures. Topics include recursion, algorithm analysis, linked lists, stacks, queues, trees, graphs, tables, searching, and sorting. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Creativity/Innovation, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 131
Combinatoric Structures
4 credits. Either sem.

Representation, analysis, techniques, and principles for manipulation of basic combinatoric structures used in computer science. Rigorous reasoning is emphasized. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 132
Geometric Algorithms
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CS 111 and CAS MA 123.

Basic concepts, data structures, and algorithms for geometric objects. Examples of topics: Cartesian geometry, transformations and their representation, queries and sampling, triangulations. Emphasis on rigorous reasoning and analysis, advancing algorithmic maturity and expertise in its application. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression.

CAS CS 210
Computer Systems
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CS 112.

Fundamental concepts of computer systems and systems programming. Hardware fundamentals including digital logic, memory systems, processor design, buses, I/O subsystems, data representations, computer arithmetic, and instruction- set architecture. Software concepts including assembly language programming, operating systems, assemblers, linkers, and systems programming in C. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS CS 235
Algebraic Algorithms
4 credits.

Basic concepts and algorithms for manipulation of algebraic objects, such as residues, matrices, polynomials; and applications to various CS areas, such as cryptography and fault-tolerance. Emphasis on rigorous reasoning and analysis. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS CS 237
Probability in Computing
4 credits. Either sem. CAS CS 131.

Introduction to basic probabilistic concepts and methods used in computer science. Develops an understanding of the crucial role played by randomness in computing, both as a powerful tool and as a challenge to confront and analyze. Emphasis on rigorous reasoning, analysis, and algorithmic thinking. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 330
Introduction to Analysis of Algorithms
4 credits. Either sem. CASCS112, CASCS131, and CASCS132; or CASCS235 or CASCS237

Examines the basic principles of algorithm design and analysis; graph algorithms; greedy algorithms; dynamic programming; network flows; polynomial- time reductions; NP-hard and NP-complete problems; approximation algorithms; randomized algorithms. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS CS 543
Algorithmic Techniques for Taming Big Data
4 credits. Either sem. exposure to basic data structures and algorithms or consent of instructor.

Growing amounts of available data lead to significant challenges in processing them efficiently. In many cases, it is no longer possible to design feasible algorithms that can freely access the entire data set. Instead of that we often have to resort to techniques that allow for reducing the amount of data such as sampling, sketching, dimensionality reduction, and core sets. Also explores scenarios in which large data sets are distributed across several machines or even geographical locations and the goal is to design efficient communication protocols or MapReduce algorithms. Includes a final project and programming assignments in which we explore the performance of our techniques when applied to publicly available data sets. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS EC 204
Empirical Economics 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 and CAS EC 102; and CAS EC203 (or equivalent).

Second semester of a two-semester sequence of empirical techniques used in economic analysis. Statistical concepts are presented and applied to a variety of economics problems. Extensive use of the statistical software package STATA will be made. Builds on the material in EC203, developing more complex statistical techniques and applications. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EC 224
Econometric Analysis
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 101 ; CAS EC 102 ; CAS EC 223 ; CAS MA 225 ; CAS MA 242.

Standard econometric methods for empirical economic research, developed in a mathematically rigorous framework using linear algebra. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 304
Empirical Economic Analysis 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 303; or equivalent.

Second semester of a two-semester sequence of empirical techniques used in economic analysis. Statistical concepts are presented and applied to a variety of economics problems. Builds on the material in CAS EC 303, developing more complex statistical techniques and applications. This is a more theoretically advanced version of EC204. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS EC 325
The Economics of Poverty and Discrimination in the United States
4 credits. CAS EC 201 and CAS EC 305; (or CASEC203 or CASEC303).

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II The Individual in Community Critical Thinking
Examines who is poor in the United States and how the evidence of poverty has changed over time. Various economic theories for the causes of poverty and discrimination are presented for examination and discussion. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: The Individual in Community, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 328
Urban and Regional Economics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201 and CAS EC 203.

Provides a broad introduction to modern regional and urban economics. In the first part of the course, we attempt to understand how and why cities grow and develop. In the second part of the course, we try to analyze why cities adopt different policies. In the third part of the course, we overview the issues of neighborhood inequality and segregation. If time remains, we will overview several other recent topics about urban and regional economics. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II.

CAS EC 332
Market Structure and Economic Performance
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201.

Structure of the American economy. The theory of imperfect competition. Topics include firm concentration and conglomeration, consumer ignorance and market failure, and advertising and technological change as part of market performance. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 356
Economics of the Labor Market
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201.

Application of current theories of labor supply and demand, wages, education and experience, immigration, labor efficiency, discrimination, and unemployment. Appraisal of the effects of government policies on labor markets. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II.

CAS EC 358
Economics of Education
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201 and CAS EC 204; or equivalent, or consent of the instructor.

Uses economic models to understand individuals' decision to invest in education, analyzes the effect of education, and examines policies impacting K-12 and higher education in the US. A variety of econometric methods are utilized throughout the course. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II.

CAS EC 367
Economics of the Public Sector
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201.

Basic principles of public finance; consideration of classical and modern attitudes toward government revenues and expenditures. Survey of problems related to public debt and budget making. Evaluation of fiscal policy as an instrument of control. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II.

CAS EC 403
Game Theory
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201 and (CASMA121 or CASMA123 or CASMA127); or consent of instructor.

Models of decision-making in which the choices of different individuals interact: basic equilibrium notions in normal-form and extensive-form games, including signaling games and repeated games. Applications may include oligopolies, auctions, foreign policy, takeover bids, entry deterrence, cooperation and conflict, financial markets, and public goods. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 404
Economics of Information
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC 201; and one of CAS MA 121, 122, 123, 124, 127 or 129, or consent of instructor. Recommended: CAS EC 403.

Introduction to the field of information economics and its applications. Covers a wide range of situations in which players have access to different private information and this private information differently affects their incentives and strategic behavior. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EC 405
Applied Econometrics: Time Series
4 credits. CAS EC 203 (or EC 303) and CAS EC 204 (or EC 304).

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy Writing-Intensive Course
Studies time series modeling and its applications. Covers estimation, inference and forecasting in univariate and multivariate models for times series data. The emphasis is on real data applications to finance markets, economic growth, and detecting recessions using Stata. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Writing-Intensive Course, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EC 406
Applied Econometrics: Cross-Sectional
4 credits. 2nd sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy Writing-Intensive Course
Studies cross-sectional modeling and its applications. Covers estimation, inference and forecasting in univariate and multivariate models for cross- sectional data. The emphasis is on data analysis using Stata. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Writing-Intensive, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 351
Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography
4 credits. Either sem. ES/EE 105 or ES/EE 107 or ES/EE 142 or ES/EE 144. GE/EE 101 recommended.

BU Hub Learn More Historical Consciousness Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy
Examines causes and effects of climate change throughout Earth's history. Topics include ice age climates and glaciations; oceanic history; linkages between Arctic and Antarctic ice sheets; tectonic effects; ice-core, coral, and marine sediment records; El Ni?o; terrestrial extinctions. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 375
Introduction to Quantitative Environmental Modeling
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EE 270 or MA 115 or MA 213; or equivalent.

Introduces students to quantitative models of environmental systems. Emphasizes application of quantitative models to environmental problem solving. Includes computer exercises with examples from current environmental issues such as population growth, pollution transport, and biodiversity. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Digital/Multimedia Expression, Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS EE 422
Aquatic Optics & Remote Sensing
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS ES/EE 107 and CAS GE/EE 270 (or CAS MA 213); or consent of instructor. CAS GE/EE 302 is recommended

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Oral and/or Signed Communication Research and Information Literacy
An introduction to the use of optical measurements and remote sensing to study the biogeochemistry and water quality of aquatic environments. Covers fundamental concepts and measurements in optics/remote sensing and provides hands-on experience with real data. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 446
Remote Sensing of the Lower Atmosphere
4 credits. GE/EE 302 and GE/EE 310 or consent of instructor

Remote sensing has transformed the study of Earth's atmosphere. Learn the principles of retrieving meteorological parameters (humidity, temperature, precipitation) and key atmospheric constituents (clouds, greenhouse gases, aerosol) from satellite observations. Explore applications to climate change, disaster monitoring, and public health. Meets with GRS EE 646. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CAS EE 483
Environmental and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
4 credits. Either sem. CASPY211 & (CASMA123 OR CASMA127 OR CASMA129) or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Large- and small-scale phenomena in oceanic, atmospheric, and landsurface fluids. Properties of gases and liquids; surface body forces; statics; flow analysis; continuity and momentum conservation. Darcy's Law; potential, open channel, and geostrophic flow; dimensional analysis; diffusion, turbulence. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS EE 508
Data Science for Conservation Decisions
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EE 270 or other intro to statistics; EE 375 or other intro to programming. Recommended: EE 365, EE 505, or other intro to geospatial data.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Digital/Multimedia Expression Research and Information Literacy
Application of quantitative methods to support conservation decisions. Ecosystem value mapping, systematic conservation planning, policy instrument design, rigorous impact evaluation, decision theory, data visualization. Implementations in state-of-the-art open-source software. Real-life case studies from the U.S. and abroad. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Digital/Multimedia Expression, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 511
Introduction to the Atmospheric Boundary Layer
4 credits. GE/EE 310, 2 semesters of calculus (MA 123 & 124, or 127, or 129), 1 semester of statistics (MA 213 or GE/EE 270, or equivalent), 1 semester of physics (PY211 or 251); or instructor consent.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy
Covers the basic dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), with a focus on the ABL processes and modeling. Introduces statistical descriptions of turbulent flows in the atmosphere and the connection between the ABL and other environment/climate system processes. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS EE 533
Quantitative Geomorphology
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123 or CAS MA 127 or CAS MA 129.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Oral and/or Signed Communication Creativity/Innovation
Quantitative analyses of surface processes that lead to landform evolution and landscape change. Emphasizes study of analytical techniques in understanding specific depositional and erosional processes; models of global landscape change; tectonic and climatic geomorphology. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Oral and/or Signed Communication, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS EE 540
Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Change
4 credits. 2nd sem. CAS CH 101 or CH 109 or CH 111 or CH 171; MA 123 or MA 127 or MA 129;GE/EE 270 or equivalent statistics course.

An introduction to the chemistry and physics of atmospheric pollution, and the impacts of air pollution on human welfare and the environment. Highlights the interactions between air quality, the biosphere, climate, and sustainable development. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II.

CAS EE 545
Methods of Environmental Policy Analysis
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 121 or MA 123 or MA 124, or equivalent; EC 101, or equivalent;or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Social Inquiry II Research and Information Literacy
A rigorous introduction to the economic analysis of environmental policy, and to the implications of the special character of environmental problems for public decision making. Introduces the tools available to environmental policy makers, and develops quantitative frameworks for analyzing their effectiveness, advantages, and disadvantages. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS IR 480
Political Economy of Human Development
4 credits. Either sem. junior standing or consent of instructor.

Examines human development in low- and middle-income countries from applied economics perspective. Topics include: (1) economic growth, inequality, and poverty; (2) health, nutrition, and education; (3) agriculture, environment, and resource management; and (4) social and political factors in economic development. Also offered as GRS IR 680 A1. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS LX 394
Introduction to Programming for Computational Linguistics
4 credits.

Introduction to computational techniques to explore linguistic models and test empirical claims. Serves as an introduction to programming, algorithms, and data structures, focused on modern applications to Natural Language Processing (NLP). Topics include tagging and classification, parsing models, meaning representation, and information extraction. (Not intended for students with a background in programming or computer science.) Carries MCS divisional studies credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS LX 433
Experimental Pragmatics
4 credits. CAS LX 331 (formerly CAS LX 502), or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Digital/Multimedia Expression Creativity/Innovation
Covers recent developments in the theory of pragmatics and related empirical findings obtained through a variety of experimental methods. Topics include scalar implicature and its relation to vagueness and imprecision, hyperbole, metaphor, irony, politeness, and the pragmatics of reference to objects in visual scenes. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course entitled "Topics in Pragmatics" that was previously numbered CAS LX 504. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS LX 496
Computational Linguistics
4 credits. CAS LX 250; and CASCS112 or CASLX394); or consent of instructor.

Introduction to computational techniques to explore linguistic models and test empirical claims. Serves as an introduction to concepts, algorithms, data structures, and tool libraries. Topics include tagging and classification, parsing models, meaning representation, corpus creation, information extraction. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS MA 108
Mathematical Reasoning in the Elementary Grades: Algebra, Geometry, and Statistics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 107 or SED ME 503.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Oral and/or Signed Communication Teamwork/Collaboration
Required for undergraduates seeking licensure in elementary education, special education, or deaf studies. Focuses on topics in algebra, geometry, measurement, and statistics. Non-SED students by signed permission only. Does not satisfy CAS Divisional Studies or Math/Stat major. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Oral and/or Signed Communication, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS MA 111
Mathematical Explorations
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Oral and/or Signed Communication Creativity/Innovation
Students explore challenging mathematics problems chosen from an array of topics that can be solved in multiple ways. Includes making, testing, and modifying conjectures; constructing proofs; posing new problems; extensive classroom interaction; reflective and other writing. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Oral and/or Signed Communication, Creativity/Innovation.

CAS MA 113
Elementary Statistics
4 credits. Either sem.

CAS MA 113 may not be taken for credit by any student who has completed any MA course numbered 300 or higher. Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 113, MA 115, or MA 213. Basic concepts of estimation and tests of hypotheses, ideas from probability; one-, two-, and multiple-sample problems. Applications will be in social sciences and students will be able to understand the basics of using a sample to predict uncertainty. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 115
Statistics I
4 credits. Either sem.

CAS MA 115 may not be taken for credit by any student who has completed any MA course numbered 300 or higher. Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 113, MA 115, or MA 213. Numerical and graphical summaries of univariate and bivariate data. Basic probability, random variables, binomial distribution, normal distribution. One- sample statistical inference for normal means and binomial probabilities. Primarily for students in the social sciences with limited mathematics preparation. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 116
Statistics II
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 115; or equivalent.

CAS MA 116 may not be taken for credit by any student who has completed any MA course numbered 300 or higher. Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 116, MA 214, or MA 614. This course introduces basic statistical modeling techniques. One- or two- sample inference for unknown means, proportions and variances, categorical data analysis, introduction to design of experiments and analysis of variance, analysis of simple and multiple linear regression models, non- parametric methods. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 120
Applied Mathematics for Social and Management Sciences
4 credits. Either sem.

MA 120 may not be taken for credit by any student who has completed any MA course numbered 124 or higher. Topics chosen from Linear equations, systems of linear equations, matrix algebra, exponential functions and logarithms, elements of differential calculus, optimization, probability. Some sections focus on applications in economics, finance, and management. Satisfies both mathematics requirement and divisional studies requirement. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 121
Calculus for the Life and Social Sciences I
4 credits. Either sem.

Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123. Differentiation and integration of functions of one variable. Same topics as CAS MA 123, but with less emphasis on mathematical generality and more on applications. Especially suitable for students concentrating in the biological and social sciences. Carries MCS Divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 122
Calculus for the Life and Social Sciences II
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123.

Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 122, MA 124, or MA 129. Continuation of CAS MA 121. Review of univariate calculus, calculus of the elementary transcendental functions, elementary differential equations, elementary multivariate calculus. Applications to exponential growth, optimization, equilibrium, and dynamic modeling problems. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 123
Calculus I
4 credits. Either sem.

Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123. Limits; derivatives; differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions. Applications to maxima, minima, and convexity of functions. The definite integral; the fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 124
Calculus II
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 121 or CAS MA 123.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 122, MA 124, or MA 129. Logarithmic, exponential, and trigonometric functions. Sequences and series; Taylor's series with the remainder. Methods of integration. Calculus I and II together constitute an introduction to calculus of a function of a single real variable. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 150
Investigations in Geometry
4 credits.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Writing, Research, and Inquiry Research and Information Literacy
An immersion experience in mathematical thinking and mathematical habits of mind. Students investigate topics in Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry starting from basic elementary material and leading to an overview of current research topics. Does not satisfy MCS Divisional requirement. Does satisfy CAS WR 150 requirement. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Writing: Research & Inquiry, Research and Information Literacy.

CAS MA 213
Basic Statistics and Probability
4 credits. Either sem. good background in high school algebra.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 113, MA 115, or MA 213. Elementary treatment of probability densities, means, variances, correlation, independence, the central limit theorem, confidence intervals, and p-values. Students will be able to answer questions such as how can a pollster use a sample to predict the uncertainty of an election? Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Teamwork/Collaboration. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS MA 214
Applied Statistics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 213; or consent of instructor.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 116, MA 214, or MA 614. Inference about proportions, goodness of fit, student's t-distribution, tests for normality; two-sample comparisons, regression and correlation, tests for linearity and outliers, residual analysis, contingency tables, analysis of variance. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Teamwork/Collaboration. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS MA 225
Multivariate Calculus
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 124 or CAS MA 129.

Vectors, lines, planes. Multiple integration, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Partial derivatives, directional derivatives, scalar and vector fields, the gradient, potentials, approximation, multivariate minimization, Stokes's and related theorems. (Cannot be taken for credit in addition to CAS MA 230.) Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 242
Linear Algebra
4 credits. Either sem.

Cannot be taken for credit in addition to CAS MA 442 or ENG EK 103. Matrix algebra, solution of linear systems, determinants, Gaussian elimination, fundamental theory, row-echelon form. Vector spaces, bases, norms. Computer methods. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, canonical decomposition. Applications. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Fall 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS MA 575
Linear Models
4 credits. Either sem. CAS MA 214 ; CAS MA 242 ; CAS MA 581; or consent of instructor.

Post-introductory course on linear models. Topics to be covered include simple and multiple linear regression, regression with polynomials or factors, analysis of variance, weighted and generalized least squares, transformations, regression diagnostics, variable selection, and extensions of linear models. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS PO 501
Formal Political Theory
4 credits. Either sem. PO 111, 141, 151, or 171. Calculus (MA 121,123, or 127) and probability (MA 113, 115, or 213) are helpful, but not required.completion of BU Social Science Math Boot Camp. Some additional familiarity with calculus and microeconomics is helpful, but not required.

A course on formal theory, covering decision theory, game theory, and social choice theory. Topics include spatial models, electoral competition, bargaining, deterrence, and signaling models. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS PO 502
Political Analysis
4 credits. Either sem. CAS PO 399; or consent of instructor. Familiarity with algebra and calculus are helpful, but not required.

The logic and methods of empirical analysis in political science. Introduces research design for a variety of social science applications, as well as data analysis, data visualization and statistical software. Effective Fall 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II.

CAS PY 106
Physics 2
4 credits. CAS PY 105; or equivalent.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
The CAS PY 105/106 sequence satisfies premedical requirements. PY106 covers some of the basic principles underlying the physics of everyday life, including electricity and magnetism, direct-current circuits, waves, optics, and modern physics. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

CAS PY 212
General Physics 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS PY 211 and CAS MA 124; or consent of instructor for students concurrently taking MA 123.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Calculus-based introduction to basic principles of physics, emphasizing electromagnetism, circuits, and optics. For science majors and engineers, and for premedical students who seek a more analytical course than CAS PY 105/106. Interactive, student-centered lectures, discussion, and laboratory. Carries natural science divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS PY 252
Principles of Physics 2
4 credits. Either sem. CAS PY 251; or equivalent.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking Teamwork/Collaboration
Introduction to electric and magnetic fields, circuits, electromagnetic waves, and optics. Primarily for physics, mathematics, and astronomy majors, but open to other students with a strong background in mathematics. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking, Teamwork/Collaboration.

CAS PY 355
Methods of Theoretical Physics
4 credits. Either sem. CAS PY 251 ; CAS PY 252 ; CAS MA 225 or CAS PY 211 ; CAS PY 212 ; CAS MA 225; or consent of instructor.

Survey of mathematical and computational methods used in modern theoretical physics. Vectors, fields, differential and integral vector calculus. Matrices, matrix transformations, rotations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Function spaces, orthonormal functions, Fourier analysis, bras and kets. Basics of ordinary and partial differential equations with solutions by series and numerical methods. Complex variables and analytic functions. Scientific programming in python, computational visualization and numerical methods complementing each of the analytic topics. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression.

CFA FA 350
Arts By The Numbers
2 credits. 2nd sem.

Students will examine challenges encountered by freelance producers and theatre administrators in the profession. These challenges relate to data trends, budgeting, financial management, and producing. Students will utilize quantitative tools, including analytical and statistical methodologies, to interpret research, build budgets, and make producorial decisions for real-world scenarios. They will learn analytical and statistical practices to, first, gather, and then, process data to define historical trends in theatre. 2 credits Effective Spring 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CFA MT 301
Music Theory 5
2 credits. 1st sem.

Prerequisite: CFA MT202. Analytical and theoretical concepts of post-tonal music will be explored in music of the 20th and 21st centuries. Major stylistic trends and approaches, such as free atonality, centricity/scale-based music, neo-classicism, twelve- tone/serial music, experimentalism, and new approaches to tonality will be covered. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CFA MT 472
Music Perception and Cognition
4 credits. 2nd sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Social Inquiry II Research and Information Literacy
Covers selected topics in empirical research on music perception and cognition. These may include the cognitive processing of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre, the connection of music to emotion, computational study of musical corpora, the quantitative study of music performance, and the connection of music to other areas of human intelligence. Students learn to evaluate research articles, apply statistical models to musical and behavioral data, and propose their own studies. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CFA MT 772
Music Perception and Cognition
3 credits. 2nd sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Social Inquiry II Research and Information Literacy
This course is designed to introduce students to scientific literature on music preparation, music performance, and related topics. It is designed as a readings course in selected topics with an introduction to statistical methods and methods of experimental design, flexible in response to the background of students and subjects of interest to them. Previous offerings have enrolled only music students from a variety of degree programs (Performance DMAs, Composition DMAs, Theory MMs, and undergraduates). This version of the course may be cross-listed with the new undergraduate HUB course in Music Perception and Cognition, MT472, and therefore will only enroll graduate students and remains a three-credit course to best fit into current graduate programs. 3cr Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

CFA TH 280
Costume Production 2
3 credits. 2nd sem.

Prereq: CFA TH 279 or permission of instructor. Continuation of CFA TH 279, this class covers historical information dating from early Renaissance to the Regency Period of women's dress. Clothing of various stages in the evolution of this broad period are discussed in lectures and explored by students using a method of radial projection draping or flat patterning. Draping assignments and in class exercises supplement the historical information and provide the student with draping/ flat patterning knowledge of more elaborate garment elements. Students will produce a corset and underpinnings for a chosen period, petticoat and bodice. Upon completion of the class students will have the knowledge to Drape, Flat Pattern and Radial Project period specific garments. 3.0 credits. Spring semester. Effective Fall 2022, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CFA TH 370
Technical Production 4
3 credits. 2nd sem.

Prereq: CFA TH 369. This course is designed to give Technical Directors an in-depth look into engineering safe and efficient scenery. Through real conditions and a text, students will learn how to engineer wood and steel elements used in theatre. The primary focus of study will be beam and column design. 3.0 credits. Spring Semester. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CFA TH 492
Stage Management 4
3 credits. 2nd sem.

Pre-req: CFA TH 399. Advanced exploration into the role of the Stage Manager within the design, production, and rehearsal process. Discussions will include freelancing, negotiation, networking, how to support a professional career, and contemporary issues in American Stage Management. This course requires additional work outside of class time for engagement in practice-based exercises and rehearsal/performance observations. 3.0 credits. Spring semester. Effective Spring 2023, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CGS MA 113
Elementary Statistics
4 credits. Either sem.

MA 113 may not be taken for credit by any student who has completed any MA course numbered 300 or higher. Students may receive credit for not more than one of the following courses: CAS MA 113, MA 115, or MA 213. Basic concepts of estimation and tests of hypotheses, ideas from probability; one-, two-, and multiple-sample problems. Applications in social sciences. Primarily for students in the social sciences who require a one-semester introduction to statistics; others should consider CAS MA 115 or MA 213. Carries MCS divisional credit in CAS. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

CGS MA 121
Calculus
4 credits. Either sem.

Differentiation and integration of functions of one variable. Same topics as CAS MA 123, but with less emphasis on mathematical generality and more on applications. Especially suitable for students concentrating in the biological and social sciences. Carries MCS Divisional credit in CASv Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

ENG EK 381
Probability, Statistics, and Data Science for Engineers
4 credits. Either sem. ENG EK 103 and CAS MA 225.

Provides a strong foundation in probability and an introduction to statistics and machine learning. Includes experience with translating engineering problems into probabilistic models, and working with these models analytically and algorithmically. Prepares students for upper-level electives that use probabilistic reasoning. Cannot be taken for credit in addition to ENG ME 366, CAS MA 381 or CAS MA 581. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

KHC AS 101
The Pluto Saga: Interactions Between Science, Society, Art and Religion
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry II Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
The change in Pluto's status as a planet generated controversies within the non-science community that far exceeded those among astronomers. This seminar explores the science behind the decision and the varied roles of evidence in reaching conclusions. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

KHC EC 103
Housing Policy: An Economic Perspective
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Social Inquiry II Research and Information Literacy
This course introduces students to economic analysis through the study of housing policy. The course covers both microeconomic issues related to housing affordability and macroeconomic issues related to the stabilization of the housing market and the Great Recession. Throughout, the course will teach students economic principles and how use data to assess economic arguments. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy.

KHC EK 104
Appreciation of music in a STEM context
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Aesthetic Exploration Quantitative Reasoning II Creativity/Innovation
This course leverages the relationship that students, who are not averse to STEM fields, have with music in order to turn them into GEEKS! It uses the electric guitar as a gateway to musical acoustics, electroacoustics, psychoacoustics and hands-on projects. No formal music training is required; the only prerequisites are the ability to appreciate music in some vaguely defined sense, and to try understand this appreciation with precise terms. The course will be supported by field trips, demos and projects. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Quantitative Reasoning II, Creativity/Innovation.

KHC HC 401
Epistemologies and the Process of Inquiry
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Quantitative Reasoning II Research and Information Literacy Teamwork/Collaboration
This course introduces students to a variety of research methodologies, including qualitative and quantitative research techniques, data analysis and visualization, and interdisciplinary strategies relevant to students in all disciplines. The course material will be couched in a provocative current issue, such as urban development or gun violence in an effort to engage students in robust conversation. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Research and Information Literacy, Teamwork/Collaboration.

KHC PY 102
Chance, Fluctuations and Their Relevance to Our Daily Lives
4 credits. Either sem.

BU Hub Learn More Scientific Inquiry I Quantitative Reasoning II Critical Thinking
Randomness is ubiquitous in our lives, from attending an outdoor concert when there is a 40% chance of rain to understanding the role of chance in income inequality. The purpose of this course is to introduce concepts and methods that will foster an understanding of chance and to provide the tools to draw informed conclusions from incomplete information. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning II, Critical Thinking.

QST BA 222
Modeling Business Decisions and Market Outcomes with Spreadsheets and Statistical Programming
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC101, QST QM221, and QST SM131

Examines the use of economic and statistical tools for making business decisions at an advanced level, and prepares students for future study in business analytics. Introduces programming for data analysis (no previous programming knowledge required) and links data analysis to decision making using both spreadsheet modeling and statistical programming. Topics include multiple regression, causal inference, forecasting, predictive analytics, machine learning, demand modeling, and optimization. Case studies apply advanced concepts to practical business problems. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

QST QM 222
Modeling Business Decisions and Market Outcomes
4 credits. Either sem. CAS EC101, QST QM221, and QST SM131

Examines the use of economic and statistical tools for making business decisions. The course emphasizes linking data analysis to spreadsheet modeling of decision making. Topics include multiple regression, causal inference, forecasting, demand modeling, and optimization. Case studies apply concepts to practical business problems. Effective Fall 2018, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Quantitative Reasoning II.

SAR HS 300
Epidemiology I
4 credits. Either sem. none

Examines the distribution of health and diseases across the population, and the factors that impact health. Which group of people is more likely to experience a heart attack or develop diabetes? Do our level of education, race or income impact our health and our life expectancy? This course studies how we approach understanding disease distribution within the population. Through in class presentations, real world examples, exercises and discussions students become proficient in research methods, disease screening, and infectious disease outbreak investigation. Effective Fall 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Scientific Inquiry II. (Effective Fall 2023: Section A1 is a Problem Based Learning Model with students working in teams. Section A2 is a traditional lecture model with in-class practice problems and a small group project)