Distinguished Advisory Board
Ian Hodder was trained at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London and at Cambridge University where he obtained his Ph.D. in 1975. After a brief period teaching at Leeds, he returned to Cambridge where he taught until 1999. During that time he became professor of archaeology and was elected a fellow of the British Academy. In 1999 he moved to teach at Stanford University as Dunlevie Family Professor in the Department of Anthropology and director of the Stanford Archaeology Center. His main large-scale excavation projects have been at Haddenham in the east of England and at Çatalhöyük in Turkey where he has worked since 1993. He has been awarded the Oscar Montelius Medal by the Swedish Society of Antiquaries, the Huxley Memorial Medal by the Royal Anthropological Institute, has been a Guggenheim Fellow, and has Honorary Doctorates from Bristol and Leiden Universities. His main books include Spatial Analysis in Archaeology, Symbols in Action, Reading the Past, The Domestication of Europe, The Archaeological Process, and The Leopard’s Tale: Revealing the Mysteries of Çatalhöyük.

William B. Hurlbut is a physician and ethicist. He is a consulting professor in the Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences at Stanford University Medical Center. After receiving his undergraduate and medical training at Stanford, he completed postdoctoral studies in theology and medical ethics, studying with Robert Hamerton-Kelly, the Dean of the Chapel at Stanford, and subsequently with the Rev. Louis Bouyer of the Institut Catholique de Paris.

Dr. Hurlbut's primary areas of interest involve the ethical issues associated with advancing biomedical technology, the biological basis of moral awareness, and studies in the integration of theology and philosophy of biology. He was instrumental in establishing the first course in biomedical ethics at Stanford Medical Center and subsequently taught bioethics to over six thousand Stanford undergraduate students in the Program in Human Biology. Dr. Hurlbut is the author of numerous publications on science and ethics including the co-edited volume Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue (Oxford University Press, 2002), and “Science, Religion and the Human Spirit,” in the Oxford Handbook of Science and Religion (2008). He has organized and co-chaired two multi-year interdisciplinary faculty projects at Stanford University, “Becoming Human: The Evolutionary Origins of Spiritual, Religious, and Moral Awareness” and “Brain, Mind, and Emergence.”

Dr. Hurlbut has testified to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Embryonic Stem Cell Research Guidelines Committee and the U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee's Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and has made presentations to UNESCO, the Pan American Health Organization and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars as well as at major medical centers and universities around the world. He has worked with NASA on projects in astrobiology and has been a member of the Chemical and Biological Warfare working group at the Center for International Security and Cooperation. From 2002-2009 Dr. Hurlbut served on the President’s Council on Bioethics. He is the author of Altered Nuclear Transfer, a proposed technological solution to the moral controversy over embryonic stem cell research. In January 2010 this project received funding from the National Institutes of Health for continuing studies on primates in anticipation of research with human cells.

David N. Livingstone is professor of geography and intellectual history at Queen’s University Belfast. He was educated at Banbridge Academy and Queen’s University Belfast (B.A., Ph.D.). He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (1995), a Member of the Royal Irish Academy (1998), a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (2001), a Member of the Academia Europaea (2002), and a Member of the Academy of the Social Sciences (2002). He received the Back Award, Royal Geographical Society (1997), the Centenary Medal, Royal Scottish Geographical Society (1998), and the OBE for services to Geography and History (2002). Professor Livingstone’s research interests congregate around several related themes: the histories of geographical knowledge, the spatiality of scientific culture, and the historical geographies of science and religion. He has written and edited several important books, including most recently Putting Science in its Place: Geographies of Scientific Knowledge (University of Chicago Press, 2003) and Adams Ancestors: Race, Religion and the Politics of Human Origins (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). He is currently involved in two writing projects. The first focuses on the role of space and place in the circulation of Darwinism and the construction of Darwinian meaning. The second, under the working title “The Empire of Climate,” is a social history of environmental determinism from Herodotus to global warming.

Wilfred M. McClay holds the SunTrust Bank Chair of Excellence in Humanities at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. He is also a professor of history at UTC. He is a senior fellow at the
Ethics and Public Policy Center in Washington, DC, a member of the Society of Scholars at the James Madison Program of Princeton University, and vice chair of the Jack Miller Center’s academic council. He has served since 2002 as a member of the National Council on the Humanities, the advisory board for the National Endowment for the Humanities.

His book The Masterless: Self and Society in Modern America (University of North Carolina Press, 1994) won the 1995 Merle Curti Award of the Organization of American Historians for the best book in American intellectual history. Among his other books are The Student's Guide to U.S. History (ISI Books, 2001), the edited volume Figures in the Carpet: Finding the Human Person in the American Past (Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2007), and the co-edited volume Religion Returns to the Public Square: Faith and Policy in America (Woodrow Wilson Center/Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003). He is working on a biographical study of the American sociologist David Riesman under contract to Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

He has been the recipient of fellowship awards from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Academy of Education, the Howard Foundation, the Earhart Foundation, and the Danforth Foundation. He was a coeditor of Rowman and Littlefield's book series American Intellectual Culture; is serving or has served on the editorial boards of First Things, The Wilson Quarterly, The Public Interest, American Quarterly, Society, Touchstone, Historically Speaking, American Political Thought, and University Bookman; and is a member of the Board of Governors of the Historical Society. He was educated at St. John's College (Annapolis) and the Johns Hopkins University, where he received a Ph.D. in history in 1987.

Patrick K. O’Brien is professor of global economic history and principal investigator for the European Research Council’s URKEW Research Project: “Regimes for the Production, Development and Diffusion of Useful and Reliable Knowledge in the East and the West from the Accession of the Ming Dynasty (1368) to the Opium War (1839-1842).” He is a fellow of several academies including the British Academy, the Academia Europaea, the Royal Historical Society, and the Royal Society of Arts. He served as President of the British Economic History Society (1999-2001), and was director of the Institute of Historical Research at the University of London (1990-1998), where he edited Historical Research and founded the online journal Reviews in History. Professor O’Brien is the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor of more than 20 books (including The Economic Effects of the American Civil War and The New Economic History of Railways) and scores of articles, chapters, essays, and reviews.

A graduate of the University of Cambridge and a former fellow of Harvard University, William R. Shea taught at the University of Ottawa, McGill University in Montreal, and the University of Strasbourg before becoming Galileo professor of history of science at the University of Padua in Italy in 2003. He was chairman of the standing committee for the humanities of the European Science Foundation, an association of 65 major research councils from 22 countries in Europe, and he belongs to several academies including the Academia Europaea, the Royal Society of Canada, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which awards the Nobel Prizes. He is past president of both the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science and the International Academy of the History of Science, and he has served on various evaluation committees in Europe and North America. He is the author, co-author, or editor of 30 books, including Galileo’s Intellectual Revolution, The Magic of Numbers and Motion: The Scientific Career of René Descartes, and Designing Experiments & Games of Chance. His Galileo in Rome: The Rise and Fall of a Troublesome Genius, written with Mariano Artigas (Oxford University Press, 2003), has been translated into German, Spanish, Korean, and Japanese. He has published over 160 scholarly articles, which have appeared in 10 languages.

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