Special Collections archival holdings tell the story of our time
Max Ascoli (1898-1978) created The Reporter in 1949, a magazine that
became a leading voice for liberalism in America for the next 20 years.
Special Collections contains the editorial files of the widely respected
journal among its many historical treasures.
Ascoli was born into a Jewish family in the northern Italian city of
Ferrara, which he later referred to as the "cradle of Fascism."
Trained in political philosophy and law, he did not practice much law
but instead taught in Italian law schools. In 1928, he was arrested after
his name was found in the address book of another intellectual charged
with carrying on clandestine political activities. With his university
career in Italy over, Ascoli immigrated to the United States in 1931 after
the offer of a fellowship from the Rockefeller Foundation.
In an essay entitled "Max Ascoli: A Life Remembered," Rosario
Tosiello (CAS'63, GRS'64, GRS'71), a professor of history at Pine Manor
College, writes, "In correspondence with a fellow exile of Italy,
Ascoli observed that there were two currents among Italians in America:
those exiles (esuli) who did not intend to become Americans and who live
like pilgrims (pellegrini) in expectation of returning to Italy, and those
American citizens of Italian origin, including himself, who did not think
about returning to Italy."
In the United States, Ascoli became involved in the efforts to rescue
scholars from the ravages of European fascism -- especially those Italian
scholars who had been kicked out of Fascist Italy. His rescue work solidified
his growing role as one of America's leading anti-Fascist spokesmen.
In 1949, Ascoli started publishing The Reporter. The journal of liberal
opinion, which Ascoli said he wanted to create to appeal to a large section
of "the intelligent adult reading audience, far beyond the little
ghettos of professional liberals clustered around the so-called journals
of opinion," represented his greatest success. "The Reporter
became the leading voice for liberalism and political thinking,"
writes Tosiello. "Its issues and ideas reached into the highest levels
of government as well as the intellectual and general reading public.
Every president from Truman to Nixon received Ascoli himself."
Over time, however, The Reporter alienated many of its liberal readers,
perhaps reflecting Ascoli's disenchantment with public developments. He
opposed student demonstrations and the growing opposition to America's
involvement in the Vietnam War. When Lyndon Johnson announced in 1968
that he would not seek reelection to the presidency, Ascoli closed down
The Reporter. "There were, however, other factors," asserts
Tosiello -- "a declining readership, the continuing unprofitability
of the magazine, and Ascoli's health and age."
Despite its ending, The Reporter helped shape American intellectual thinking.
Ascoli's contributions, writes Tosiello, "both intellectual and practical,
are testimony to his importance as a thinker, an Italian, and an American."
The Department of Special Collections at Boston University, located
in the Mugar Memorial Library, is one of the largest repositories of documents,
memorabilia, and books chronicling the lives and careers of important
writers, artists, performers, and public figures of the past century.
The collection, which was started in 1963, includes archival material
and rare books dating back to the 16th century. Contemporary archives
now contain private papers and artifacts of 1,700 notable 20th-century
These vast holdings offer a rich portrait of our time -- a living history
as revealed through the accomplishments and passions of the century's
great thinkers, politicians, and personalities -- as well as provide a
rich source of research material for future articles, dissertations, and
books of history and scholarship. Individual collections include manuscripts
and typescripts in all states and drafts, galleys, notes, notebooks, journals,
diaries, scrapbooks, reviews, photographs, and personal and professional
correspondence, as well as various editions of published works.