Permissive Concealed-Carry Laws Linked to Higher Homicide Rates

Posted on: October 19, 2017 Topics: gun safety, gun violence

thumbnail-concealed-weaponEasier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study led by a School of Public Health researcher.

The study, published in the American Journal of Public Health, suggests that current trends towards more permissive concealed-carry laws are inconsistent with the promotion of public safety.

“Some have argued that the more armed citizens there are, the lower the firearm homicide rate will be, because the feared or actual presence of armed citizens may deter violent crime,” said lead author Michael Siegel, professor of community health sciences. “Our study findings suggest that this is not the case.”

Currently, all states allow certain people to carry a concealed handgun, but there are variations in permitting policy. Nine states have “may issue” laws, in which law enforcement officials have wide discretion over whether to issue concealed carry permits; police chiefs can deny a permit if they deem the applicant to be at risk of committing violence even if there is not a criminal history. In 29 states, there is little or no discretion; these are referred to as “shall issue” states. No permit is necessary to carry a concealed handgun in 12 states.

Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting Systems database, the researchers mapped out the relationship between changes in state concealed-carry permitting laws over time and total firearm-related homicide rates between 1991 and 2015. They also examined the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reports Supplemental Homicide Reports (SHR) to differentiate between handgun and long-gun homicides. Previous studies have only examined homicide by all firearms.

The researchers found that “shall issue” laws were associated with a 6.5 percent higher total homicide rate than “may issue” laws, as well as an 8.6 percent higher firearm homicide rate and a 10.6 percent higher handgun homicide rate. The researchers found no impact of shall-issue laws on long-gun shootings.

The findings are particularly relevant, the researchers said, because Congress is currently considering “national concealed carry reciprocity” legislation. The legislation would allow anyone to carry a gun in any state as long as they have a concealed carry permit in their own state of residence. The researchers argue that adopting such a policy could lead to significant public health risks.

“The trend toward increasingly permissive concealed carry laws is inconsistent with public opinion, which tends to oppose the carrying of guns in public,” the authors wrote. “Our findings suggest that these laws may also be inconsistent with the promotion of public safety.”

Other SPH authors include: Ziming Xuan, associate professor of community health sciences; Craig Ross, research assistant professor of epidemiology; Sandro Galea, dean and Robert A. Knox Professor; and Bindu Kalesan, assistant professor of community health sciences and assistant professor of medicine at the School of Medicine. Other authors include: Eric Fleegler, specialist in emergency medicine at Children’s Hospital Boston; and Kristin A. Goss, associate professor of public policy at the Duke University Sanford School of Public Policy.

The study was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Salma Abdalla

 

 

3 comments

  1. Give up on this stuff guys. It’s getting old. Just like higher levels of CO2 are the RESULT of – not the CAUSE of – increased temperatures during periods of natural (non-anthropogenic) climate change, higher homicide rates are the CAUSE, not the RESULT of more law-abiding CC citizens. The world is laughing at you. Just stop it.

    1. The comment above makes absolutely no sense. The fact that this person doesn’t believe CO2 causes earth temperatures to increase makes it clear that he disregards science and evidence based research.

  2. This is laughable and infuriating at the same time.

    If there are more people carrying firearms for personal protection then there’s a greater chance that a criminal will pick the wrong “victim”. Some of those unlucky criminals will die as a result of bad luck and poor life choices. If homicide rates stay the same year over year when law abiding citizens are at the mercy of armed criminals, what would you expect to happen when those same law abiding citizens are given the means to effectively fight back? Here’s a hint: Take the old homicide rate, now add to it the number of criminals who met their demise at the hands of a law abiding citizen who chose to defend themselves. Mystery solved.

    You, and the authors of the report seem to assume that all firearm homicides are criminal. It seems you do not account for the fact that sometimes criminals die when they try to visit violence upon others. If someone is killed (with a firearm) when they’re trying to kidnap, rape, mug, or murder another person it goes in with the tally for “firearm related homicides”. Then you lot act as if it’s a tragedy just because the number got bigger. Shameful.

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