Walter Clemens

Professor Emeritus

Phone: 978-579-4122
Education: Ph.D., Columbia University, 1961; M.A. and Certificate of the Russian Institute, Columbia University, 1957; A.B., Notre Dame University, 1955 (Magna Cum Laude.)  Research years at University of Vienna and Moscow State University
Areas of Specialization: Negotiation, International Relations, American Foreign Policy, East Asia, Post-Soviet Studies, the Baltic Region, Culture and Human Development

Professor Clemens has written or edited more than twenty books including North Korea and the World, Complexity Science and World Affairs, Dynamics of International Relations: Conflict and Mutual Gain in An Era of Global Interdependence; Getting to Yes in Korea, America and the World, 1898-2025, Achievements, Failures, Alternative Futures; and The Baltic Transformed: Complexity Theory and European Security. He has written many book chapters, scholarly articles, and newspaper articles in the areas of international relations and comparative politics. He is now working on Three Revolutions That Shape Our World: Literacy, Free Thought, and Human Development.


For more information:

Curriculum Vitae




North Korea and the World: Human Rights, Arms Control, and Strategies for Negotiation (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2016), xv + 443 p.
(available online here)

Complexity Science and World Affairs, Foreword by Stuart A. Kauffman (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 2013). xxii + 266 p. Nominated for Los Angeles Times Book Prize in Science and Technology.

Getting to Yes in Korea, Foreword by Gov. Bill Richardson (Boulder, Co.: Paradigm Publishers, 2010), x + 262 p. Korean language edition (Seoul: Hanul, 2010),

Ambushed! A Cartoon History of the George W. Bush Administration, with Jim Morin (Boulder, Co.: Paradigm Publishers, 2008), xiv + 209 p.

Dynamics of International Relations: Conflict and Mutual Gain in An Era of Global Interdependence. 2d ed. (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004). xxv + 646 p. (1st ed., 1998, xxv + 575 p.).

Study Guide to Accompany Dynamics of International Relations, with James P. Davis. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 81 p.

Bushed! What Passionate Conservatives Have Done to America and the World, with Jim Morin. Skaneateles, N.Y.: Outland Books, 2004. xix + 242 p.

The Baltic Transformed: Complexity Theory and European Security, Foreword by Jack F. Matlock, Jr. (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001), xxix + 281 p.


Dynamics of International Relations: conflict and Mutual Gain in an Era of Global Interdependence (Rowman & Littlefield, 1998), 575 p.

Baltic Independence and Russian Empire (New York: St. Martin’s, 1991), 346 p. Reviewed in Foreign Affairs, Bulletin, American Association of Baltic Studies, Problems of Communism, International Affairs.

Can Russia Change? The USSR Confronts Global Interdependence (New York: Rutledge, 1990), 384 p. Reviewed in Foreign Affairs, Soviet Studies, Choice, Slavonic and East European Review, American Political Science Review.

The U.S.S.R. and Global Interdependence: Alternative Futures (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1978), 113 p.

The Superpowers and Arms Control: From Cold War to Interdependence (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1973), xxvi + 181 p.

The Prospects for Peace, 1973-1977, computer file at International Relations Archive, Inter-University Consortium for Political Research, University of Michigan (1973), ICPSR 5803.

“Die Tschechoslowakei unter Husak,” Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Supplement, Das Parlament (Bonn) B24/70 (June 13, 1970), 38 p.

The Arms Race and Sino-Soviet Relations (Stanford, Calif.: The Hoover Institution, 1968), 335 p.

Outer Space and Arms Control (Cambridge: The M.I.T. Center for Space Research, 1966), 124 p.

Principal investigator, with Lincoln P. Bloomfield and Franklyn Griffiths, Khrushchev and the Arms Race: Soviet Interests in Arms Control and Disarmament, 1954-1964 (Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1966), 338 p.

Ed. and Introduction, Toward a Strategy of Peace, Foreword by Robert F. Kennedy, (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1965), 264 p.

Ed. and Introduction, World Perspectives on International Politics (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1965), 481 p.

Soviet Disarmament Policy, 1917-1963: An Annotated Bibliography of Soviet and Western Sources (Stanford, California: The Hoover Institution, 1965), 151 p.

“Origins of the Soviet Campaign for Disarmament: The Soviet Position on Peace, Security, and Revolution at the Genoa, Moscow, and Lausanne Conferences, 1922-23” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1961), 343 p.

“Bolshevik Expectations of a German Revolution During War Communism,” Russian Institute Certificate Essay, Columbia University, 1957, 201 p.

“Soviet Policy Toward the League of Nations” and “Soviet Policy Toward Disarmament,” in Thomas T. Hammond, (ed)., Soviet Foreign Relations and World Communism (Princeton University Press, 1965), pp. 1035-1039, 1050-1076.

“Peking, Moscow and the West in a Warless World,” and “Implications for U.S. Policy,” in Toward a Strategy of Peace, op. cit., pp. 131-142, 191-201.

The Soviet Union and Disarmament, Alexander Dallin and others (New York: Praeger, 1965), 282 p.

Contributor, Recommendations on Arms Control and Disarmament, National Citizens Commission for the International Cooperation Year, 1965.

Co-author, Report of the Conference to Plan a Strategy for Peace, Seventh Conference (Muscatine, Iowa: The Stanley Foundation, 1966).

“The Nuclear Test Ban and Sino-Soviet Relations,” Orbis, X, No. 1 (Spring 1966) pp. 152-183, and in Morton H. Halperin (ed.), Sino-Soviet Relations and Arms Control (Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1967), pp. 145-167.

“Multipolarization and Arms Control,” in Thomas B. Manton, comp., Background Papers: The United Nations in 1975 (Muscatine, Iowa: The Stanley Foundation, 1967).

“TEMPER and International Relations Theory: A Critical Inventory,” Systematics (London), Vol. V, No. 4 (March 1968), pp. 279-318, published also as “A Propositional Analysis of the International Relations Theory of TEMPER—A Computer Simulation of Cold War Conflict,” in William D. Coplin, (ed)., Simulation in the Study of Politics (Chicago: Markham, 1968), pp. 59-101.

“Government by White House Conference: Two Views,” in Thomas E. Cronin and S. D. Greenberg, The Presidential Advisory System (New York: Harper and Row, 1969), pp. 144-149.

Robert E. Osgood, Alliances and American Foreign Policy (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1969).

Institute for Defense Analyses, Future Soviet Interest in Arms Control, Report to U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1969.

Biographies for World Book Encyclopedia in 1969-89 of: Ceaucescu, N.; Dubceck, A.; Hoxha, E.; Husak, G.; Tito; Zhikov, T.; Andropov, Y.V.; Grechko, A.A.; Ilichev, L.F.; Katushev, K.F.; Podgorny, N.V.; Polyansky, D.S.; Pomonarev, B.N.; Sakharov, A.D.; Semichastny, V.; Shelpin, A.N.; Shelest, P .Y.; Suslov, M.A.; Yepishev, A.A.; Brezhnev, L.I.; Kosygin, A.N.

“Military Technology in the 1970’s,” in Abdul A. Said, (ed.), America’s World Role in the 70’s (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1970) pp. 161-173.

“Soviet Policy in the Third World in the 1970’s: Five Alternative Futures,” in W. Raymond Duncan, (ed.), Soviet Policy in Developing Countries (Waltham, Mass.: Ginn-Blaisdell, 1970), pp. 313-343. Also published in Korean in Non Dan (Seoul), VI, No. 4 (January-February, 1971), pp. 121-148. Earlier version in Orbis, XIII, No. 2 (Summer 1969), pp. 476-501. Reprinted in Erik P. Hoffmann and Frederick J. Fleron, Jr., (eds.), The Conduct of Soviet Foreign Policy (Chicago-New York: Aldine-Atherton, 1971), pp. 426-447.

“Soviet Policy Toward Europe,” in Roman Kolkowicz et al., The Soviet Union and Arms Control: A Superpower Dilemma (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1970), pp. 149-180.

“Toward a Theory of Preventative Arms Control,” in Challenges from the Future, Proceedings of the International Future Research Conference. (Tokyo: Kodansha, Ltd., 1971), III, pp. 404-420.

Foreign Affairs 50-Year Bibliography (New York: Bowker Co., 1971).

“Arms Control as a Way to Peace,” in World Affairs, Vol. 135, No. 3 (Winter, 1972), pp. 197-219; also in R. Weiler and V. Zsifkovits, (eds.), Unterwegs zum Frieden (Vienna, Freiburg, Basel: Herder, 1973), pp. 369-390.

Walter Hollitscher (ed.), Aggressionstrieb und Krieg (Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1973), 164 p.

“American Policy and the Origins of the Cold War in Central Europe, 1945-1947,” in Peter J. Potichnyj and Jane P. Shapiro (eds.), From the Cold War to Detente (New York: Praeger, 1976), pp. 3-25.

“The European Alliance Systems: Exploitation or Mutual Aid?” in Charles Gati(ed.), The International Politics of Eastern Europe (New York: Praeger, 1976), pp. 217-238.

Co-author, Statement of the American Committee on U.S.-Soviet Relations (Dec. 8, 1976) in Congressional Record — Senate, February 21, 1977, S 2785.

“Independence and/or Security: Dilemmas for the Kremlin, the White House and Whitehall,” 1977 Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations (Alpen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff & Noordhoff for Institute of International Relations, University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago), pp. 27-57.

“Disarmament and Arms Control,” Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History , IX (1979), pp. 145-151.

Co-author, Strategy for Peace: Twenty-First Annual US Foreign Policy Conference, October 10-12, 1980 (Muscatine, Iowa: The Stanley Foundation, 1980), pp. 17-23.

“Interdependence and/or Security: Soviet Dilemma,” in W.R. Duncan, (ed.), Soviet Policy in the Third World (N.Y.: Pergamon, 1980), pp. 295-311.

Contributor, Environmental and Economic Implications of Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes—An Overview (Los Angeles: D.A. Campbell Co., 1980); also in Environmental Conservation (Lausanne), VIII, No. 1 (Spring 1981), pp. 5-18.

Co-author, Strategy for Peace, The Stanley Foundation U.S. Foreign Policy Conference, October 16-18, 1981. (Muscatine, Iowa: The Stanley Foundation, 1981), pp. 59-66.

“The Superpowers and the Third World: Aborted Ideals and Wasted Assets,” in C.W. Kegley and P.J. McGowan (eds.), Sage International Yearbooks in Foreign Policy Studies, Vol. VII: Foreign Policy: USA/USSR (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1982), pp. 111-135.

National Security and U.S.-Soviet Relations, Occasional Paper 26 (Muscatine, Iowa: The Stanley Foundation, 1981 and Rev. ed., 1982), 39 p. Reprinted in Australian Outlook, XXXVI, No. 2 (August 1982), pp. 1-11 and in Burns H. Weston, (ed.), Toward Nuclear Disarmament and Global Security (Boulder, CO. Westview Press, 1984),. pp. 344-358.

“Nonalignment and/or Interdependence?” in U.S. Bajpai (ed.), Non-alignment: Perspectives and Prospects (New Delhi: Lancers, 1983), pp. 39-50 and (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1983).

“The Changing Balance of Power and Implications for Other States,” Papers, Golden Jubilee Conference, Australian Institute of International Affairs, Canberra, August 26-28, 1983.

“Intellectual Foundations of Reagan’s Soviet Policies,” in Bernard Rubin (ed.), When Information Counts (Lexington, MA.: Lexington Books, 1985), pp. 155-172, 227-231.

“Soviet Nationalism: Controlled or Spurred by Glasnost,” in Ladislav Bittman, (ed.), Gorbachev’s Glasnost: Challenges and Realities (Boston: Boston University College of Communications, 1989), pp. 37-52.

“Baltic Communism and Nationalism: Kto Kovo ?” in Uri Ra’anan (ed.), The Soviet Empire: The Challenge of National and Democratic Movements (Lexington: Lexington Books, 1990), pp. 95-121.

“Soviet-U.S. Relations: Confrontation, Cooperation, Transformation?” in Michael Klare and Daniel C. Thomas, (eds.), World Security: Trends and Challenges at Century’s End (New York: St. Martin’s, 1991), pp. 25-44.

Usage Panel, American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (3d ed.; Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1992) [credits, p. xii].

“China and Arms Control,” in Richard D. Burns, (ed.), Encyclopedia of Arms Control and Disarmament (3 vols.; New York: Scribner’s, 1993), 1, 59-74.

Preface to Jun Zhan, Ending the Chinese Civil War: Power, Commerce and Conciliation between Beijing and Taipei (New York: St. Martin’s, 1993), pp. xvi-xxi.

“Are East Asian Models Relevant to the Baltic?” Issues and Studies , 28, 10 (October 1992), pp. 71-89 and in Bih-jaw Lin (ed.), Contemporary China and the Changing International Community (Taipei: Institute of International Relations, 1993), pp. 369-84.

“Arms Control and Disarmament in the Gorbachev Era,” in Joseph L. Wieczynski, (ed.), The Gorbachev Encyclopedia: Gorbachev, the Man and His Times (Los Angeles: Center for Multiethnic and Transnational Studies, 1994), pp. 41-47.

“‘Breathing Space’ or Interdependence? How to Make the Most of Vulnerability,” in Joseph L. Wieszynski, (ed.), The Gorbachev Reader (Los Angeles: Center for Multiethnic and Transnational Studies, 1994), pp. 153-61.

“Baltic Identities in the 1990s: Renewed Fitness,” in Roman Szporluk, (ed.), National Identity and Ethnicity in Russia and the New States of Eurasia (Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994), pp. 185-205.

The American Heritage Book of English Usage (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1996).

Article on the Baltic in Christopher Krueger et al. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action (New York: Garland Publishers, 1996.)

Automated Inspection of Underground Nuclear Testing, Santa Barbara, California: General Electric Defense Programs Operation, December 20, 1962 (TAAO 62-5), 39 p.

“Soviet Disarmament Proposals and the Cadre-Territorial Army,” Orbis, VII, No. 4 (Winter, 1964), pp. 778-799.

“The First World Conference on World Peace Through World Law,” One World, XI, No. 6 (January, 1964), pp. 2-7.

“Ideology in Soviet Disarmament Policy,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, VIII, No. 1 (March, 1964), pp. 7-22; and excerpted in Science and Human Survival, Proceedings of the Second National Conference, Scientists on Survival, 1963 (New York: H. Gantt, 1964), pp. 2-7.

“The Soviet Militia in the Missile Age,” Orbis, VIII, No. 1 (Spring, 1964), pp. 81-105.

“Lenin on Disarmament,” The Slavic Review, XXIII, No. 3 (September, 1964), pp. 504-525.

“The Sino-Soviet Dispute: Dogma and Dialectics on Disarmament,” International Affairs (London), XLI, No. 2 (April, 1965), pp. 204-222.

“Arms Control for Outer Space,” Disarmament (Paris), No. 12 (December, 1966), pp. 5-11.

“A World of Nuclear Powers?” War/Peace Report, VII, No. 4 (April, 1967), pp. 12-14.

“Outer Space, Strategy, and Arms Control,” Technology Review, Vol. 69, No. 8 (June, 1967), pp. 18-21.

“Arms Control in 1975—the Utility of a Modernist Approach,” Review of International Affairs (Belgrade, editions also in French, German, Russian, Serbo-Croat, and Spanish), No. 418 (September 5, 1967), pp. 19-20 and No. 419 (September 20, 1967), pp. 16-19.

“China’s Nuclear Tests: Trends and Portents,” China Quarterly, (October-December 1967), pp. 111-113, reprinted Military Digest (New Delhi), No. 80 (January, 1969), pp. 9-26.

“Outer Space, Strategy, and Arms Control,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists XXIII, No. 9 (November, 1969), pp. 24-28.

“The Future of the Warsaw Pact,” Orbis, XI. No. 4 (Winter, 1968), pp. 996-1033.

“The Changing Warsaw Pact,” East Europe, XVII, No. 6, (June, 1968), pp. 7-12.

“Great and Small Power Collaboration to Enforce the Status Quo: France and Czechoslovakia Against the Vienna Protocol,” East European Quarterly, II, No. 4 (January, 1969), pp. 385-412.

“Taganka: The Scene for Moscow’s Avant-Garde Drama,” Boston University Journal, XVII, No. 1 (Winter, 1969), pp. 45-50.

“Czechoslovakia and U.S. Policy: All or Nothing at All?” War/Peace Report, X, No. 1 (January, 1970) pp. 14-19.

“Soviet European Policy in the 1970’s,” Military Review, L, No. 4 (April, 1970), pp. 52-64 (editions in English, Portuguese, and Spanish). Awarded Military Review Award for Outstanding Achievement.

“The Soviet World Faces West: 1945-1970,” International Affairs (London), Vol. 46, No. 3 (July, 1970), pp. 475-489.

“SALT, the NPT, and U.S. Japanese-Security Relations,” Asian Survey, X, No. 12 (December, 1970), pp. 1037-1045. Published in Japanese as “Strategic Weapons Limitation Negotiations and Japanese Security.” in Jiyu (Tokyo), No. 9 (September, 1970), pp. 77-85.

“How the U.S.S.R. Brought Peace to the Middle East in 1972,” and “Bibliographical Note on Recent Literature on the Middle East,” War/Peace Report, X, No. 6 (June/July, 1970), pp. 14-23.

“Ecology of Weaponry,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, XXVI, No. 7 (September, 1970), pp. 27-31. Reprinted as “The Dynamics of the Arms Race” in Current, No. 123 (November, 1970), pp. 57-62.

“The Soviet Alliance After Czechoslovakia,” Military Review, L, No. 10 (October, 1970), pp. 20-29. (Editions in English, Portuguese, and Spanish.)

“Maintaining the Status Quo in East Central Europe: The 1930’s and 1960’s,”World Affairs, Vol. 133, No. 2 (September, 1970), pp. 98-105.

“Gustav Husak: The ‘King of Prussia’ Returns from Prison,” Boston University Journal, XIX, No. 1 (Winter, 1971), pp. 49-56.

“Shifts in Soviet Arms Control Posture,” Military Review, LI, No. 7 (July, 1971), pp. 28-36.

“Evening with a ‘T’ Group,” Dissent, (August, 1971), pp. 396-398.

“Mutual Balanced Force Reductions,” Military Review, LI, No. 10 (October, 1971) pp. 3-11.

“Sakharov: A Man for Our Times,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists , XXVII, No. 10 (December, 1971), pp. 4-6, 51-56. Earlier version published in Korean in Non Dan (Seoul), VI, No. 3 (November-December, 1970), pp. 137-145.

“European Arms Control: How, What, and When?” International Journal, XXVII, No. 1 (Winter, 1971-72), pp. 45-72.

“‘Misperception’ vs. ‘Realism’ in Superpower Relations: A Problem for Statesmen and Scholars,” (Ulam, The Rivals and Rapport, The Big Two ) in Journal of International Affairs, XXVI, No. 1 (1972), pp. 106-112.

“The Arms Race,” (SIPRI Yearbook, 1969-70 ) in Problems of Communism (March-April 1972), pp. 85-86.

“Militias in the Missile Age,” Military Review, LII, No. 8 (August, 1972), pp. 28-47.

“Behind Sadat’s Eviction Order,” The New Leader (October 2, 1971), pp. 6-8.

“Ecology and International Relations,” International Journal, XXVIII, No. 1 (Winter, 1972-73), pp. 1-27.

“The USSR and the Arms Race,” Worldview, XVI, No. 2 (February, 1973), pp. 40-47.

“How and Why We Can Do Business With Nixon,” by Genry Kissingirsky, War/Peace Report, XII, No. 3 (March/April, 1973), pp. 18-24.

“GRIT at Panmunjom: Conflict and Cooperation in Divided Korea,” Asian Survey, XIII, No. 6 (June, 1973), pp. 531-559.

“Nicholas II to SALT II: Change and Continuity in East-West Diplomacy,” International Affairs (London), IL, No. 3 (July, 1973), pp. 385-401.

“The Impact of Detente on Chinese and Soviet Communism,” Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 28, No. 2 (1974), pp. 133-157.

“NATO and the Warsaw Pact: Comparisons and Contrasts,” Parameters, IV, No. 2 (1974), pp. 13-22.

“Simulation in Soviet Studies,” Soviet Union, 3, Pt. 1 (1976), pp. 109-126.

“Lujos de superpotencia,: interview in Ercilla (Santiago de Chile) August 11, 1976, p. 77.

“So a detente pode salvar o mundo de uma guerra,” interview in Manchete (Rio de Janeiro), September 4, 1976, pp. 46-49.

“Games Sovietologists Play,” Teaching Political Science, III, No. 2 (January 1976), pp. 140-160.

“The Fight Over Status: New Decision on Puerto Rico,” Worldview , XIX, No. 11 (November 1976), pp. 22-26.

“Bomba nos raios da morte,” Manchete (Rio de Janeiro), July 23, 1977, pp. 28-30.

“Kto Kovo? The Present Danger, as Seen from Moscow,” Worldview, XX, No. 10 (September, 1977), pp. 4-9.

“An Open Letter to Leonid Brezhnev,” Worldview, XX, No. 10 (October 1977), pp. 19-30.

“A Balance Sheet on Sixty Years of Soviet Foreign Policy,” Worldview, XX, No. 12 (December, 1977), pp. 15-19 and XXI, Nos. 1-2 (January, 1978), pp. 44-51.

“Alexander Yanov—Writing Between the Lines,” Problems of Communism, XVII, No. 3 (May-June, 1978), pp. 65-68.

“How the Russians Look at SALT,” Worldview XXII, No. 9 (September 1979), pp. 13-18.

“Freedom and Fidelity,” Worldview, XXIII, No. 4 (April 1980), pp. 18-19.

“Russia’s Critical Intelligentsia,” Worldview, XXIII, No. 8 (August 1980), pp. 5-8.

“The U.S. and the USSR: Dilemmas of Power and Peace,” Worldview, XXIV, No. 1 (January 1981), pp. 23-25.

“Time for Moscow to Turn Right?” Worldview, XXIV, No. 5 (May 1981), pp. 15-16.

“The Legacy of Eric Williams,” Worldview, XXIV, No. 6 (June 1981), p. 14; also in Sunday Guardian (Trinidad) June 7, 1981, p.9.

“The Third World in V.S. Naipaul,” Worldview, XXV, No. 9 (September 1982), pp. 12-14.

“A Strategic Precedent,” Worldview, XXVI, No. 8 (August 1983), pp. 15-16.

“A Five-Power Nuclear Pact,” Worldview, XXVII, No. 3 (March 1984), p. 17.

“Cold Light on Cold War: Enlightenment versus Dezinformatsiia,”, Worldview, XXVII, No. 3 (March 1985), pp. 7-10 and correspondence, ibid., No. 5 (May 1985), p. 31.

“The Price of Intervention,” Superpower Rivalry in the Third World, Harvard International Review, VIII, No. 3 (January/February 1986), pp. 20-21, 25.

“Estonia, A Place to Watch,” The National Interest, No. 13 (Fall 1988), pp. 85-92.

“Soviet Foreign Policy Since 1917: Achievements and Failures,” Survey, XXX, No. 4 (June 1989), pp. 87-112.

“Inside Gorbachev’s Think Tank,” World Monitor [hereafter WM ], II, 8 (August 1989), pp. 28-36.

“Remembering Stalin’s Victims,” WM, III, 3 (March 1990), pp. 54-55.

“The Baltic Way,” WM, III, No. 5 (May 1990), pp. 56-60.

“Foreign Policy Implications of Nationality Unrest,” Nationalities Papers [hereafter NP ], XVIII, 1 (Spring 1990), pp. 21-23.

Review of Voices of Glasnost and other books in Christianity and Crisis, L, 8 May 28, 1990), pp. 177-78.

“How Commuting Has Changed!” WM, III, 7 (July 1990), pp. 14-16.

“Why Gorbachev Has Georgia on His Mind,” WM, III, 9 (September 1990), pp. 52-58.

“The Republics as International Actors,” NP, XIX, No. 1 (Spring 1991), pp. 73-76.

“The Superpowers” (in English with Estonian summary) in Acta et commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis, 923 (Tartu, 1991), pp. 5-27 and “Toward Complex Interdependence,” ibid., pp. 34-52.

“Why Crusoe’s Island Is Still Special,” WM, IV, 2 (February 1991), pp. 74-77.

“Honolulu Isn’t the Half of It,” (with Ali Ho Clemens), WM, IV, 10 (October 1991), pp. 70-78.

“Negotiating a New Life: Burdens of Empire and Independence,” NP , 20, 2 (Fall 1992), pp. 67-78.

“Gorbachev’s Role in International Détente: True GRIT?” Soviet and Post-Soviet Review, 20, 1 (1993), pp. 51-76.

“Soviet Centrifugalism: Republics as Independent Actors,” NP, 21, 2 (Fall 1993), pp. 9-24.

“Privileged Sources: Insider Accounts of Soviet Politics At Home and Abroad,” Soviet and Post-Soviet Survey, 20, 2-3 (1993), pp. 233-39.

“Eesti Redux,” Harriman Institute Forum, 7, 1-2 (September-October 1993), pp. 17-21.

“Can outsiders help? Lessons for third-party intervention in Bosnia,” International Journal, 48, 4 (Autumn 1993), pp. 687-719.

“Chiang Ching-kuo’s Role in the ROC-PRC Reconciliation,” with Jun Zhan, American Asian Review, 12, 1 (Spring 1994), pp. 140-63.

“Estonia Rebuilds: The Second Year of Independence,” Nationalities Papers, 22, 2 (Fall 1994), pp. 393-403.

“The Military under Tsar, Commissar, and Prezident : Professionals and Politicians,” Mershon International Studies Review, 38, Supplement 2 (October 1994), pp. 321-325.

“Jerome B. Wiesner, 1915-1994,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists , 51, 1 (January-February 1995), p. 10.

“Why Russia in the 1990s Is Not Germany After World War II,” Problems of Post-Communism, 42, 2 (February-March 1995), pp. 54-61.

“Harmony vs. Self-Destruction: Switzerland and Yugoslavia,” Emphasis: A Journal of Hellenic Issues, 1, 1 (April- June 1995), pp. 48-58.

“Was/Is Conflict Inevitable between Moscow and Washington? Comparing Individuals and Forces,” Soviet and Post- Soviet Review , 22, 2 (1995), pp. 1-13.

“The Burden of Defense: Soviet Russia in the 1920s,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 9, 4 (December 1996).

Articles on Eastern and Western Europe in the Herald Tribune (Paris), Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Cincinnati Times Star, Santa Barbara News-Press, Science, and the North American Newspaper Alliance, 1952-62.

“Lexington and Vietnam: Environments in Danger,” Lexington Minuteman, August 26, 1971.

“Sakharov: Why He Deserves the Peace Prize,” Christian Science Monitor [hereafter CSM ], September 26, 1973.

“SALT II: Who’s Got What,” CSM, October 2, 1973.

“SALT II: Can It Succeed?” CSM , October 5, 1973.

“Mid-East War Game Provides Possible Peace Plan,” North American Newspaper Alliance, November 1, 1973.

“Of Troops and Europe,” CSM, December 4, 1973.

“Volunteer Army Succeeding,” North American Newspaper Alliance, June 19, 1974.

“Integrity in the Armed Forces,” North American Newspaper Alliance, July 10, 1974.

“Meaningful Therapy Needed for Peace and Prosperity,” North American Newspaper Alliance, October 24, 1974.

“What is Détente?” CSM , November 22, 1974.

“The Pressures on Israel,” North American Newspaper Alliance, December 17, 1974.

“Initiatives for Peace,” North American Newspaper Alliance, March 18, 1975.

“Arms Control by Example,” CSM, March 25, 1974.

“The Lessons of Cuba,” CSM, April 4, 1974.

“Must U.S. Do what Russia Does?” CSM, July 28, 1975.

“Nuclear Energy: America’s Aswan?” Washington Post, op-ed, April 20, 1975.

“U.S.: Self-defeating prophecies,” CSM, May 3, 1976.

“The Kremlin has its European defence headaches, too,” The Times (London), May 18, 1976.

“Return of the Native 1976,” CSM, June 16, 1976, p. 27.

“Chile’s Dismay at U.S. Brush-off,” CSM, September 24, 1976, p. 31.

“America Already is ‘Second to None’,” Washington Post, op-ed, November 15, 1976, p. A23.

“Behind Brazil’s Boom,” CSM, November 24, 1976, p. 35.

“Does Yugoslavia Need U.S. Protection?” CSM, November 29, 1977, p. 27.

“Soviet Inefficiencies and the Lesson for American Priorities,” The New York Times, op-ed, December 11, 1976, p.23.

“Arms Control: how both sides can win,” CSM, March 9, 1977, p. 27.

“It’s a game to win or lose,” Seattle Times, May 7, 1977.

Translation from the Russian: Alexander Yanov, “Economic Colonialism in the Soviet,” The New York Times, August 11, 1977, op-ed, p. 27.

“Czechs and Chileans–lessons for the U.S.,” CSM, September 9, 1977, p. 35.

“When Diplomacy Dallies,” CSM, November 11, 1977), p. 27.

“The ‘Dangerists’: Whipping the Arms Race,” Newsday, January 9, 1978.

“The Caribbean in an Interdependent World,” Sunday Guardian (Trinidad), February 12, 1978, p. 7.

“No Tango in the Middle East,” Sunday Guardian, February, 19, 1978, p. 9.

“A Play for All Seasons,” Sunday Guardian, May 21, 1978, p. 6, 9.

“U.S.-Soviet Detente —Trojan Horse or Road to Peace?” American Enterprise Institute Syndicate, November 1978, e.g., Oklahoma Herald, November 26, 1978.

“How the Generals–On Each Side–Come to SALT,” CSM, June 23, 1978.

“How to Harvest Soviet Cooperation,” CSM, July 24, 1978.

“SALT and Moscow’s ‘Old Buddy’ System,” Washington Post, December 1, 1978.

“Remember What Happened to Moscow’s ‘China Card’,” CSM, February 13, 1979.

“The U.S.–Still Second to None,” CSM, December 10, 1979, p. 27.

“Before It’s Too Late,” Just for the Press (American Committee on East-West Accord) III, No. 1 (April-May 1980), p. 7.

“Let Us Not Fear to Negotiate,” CSM, May 27, 1980, p. 27.

“How Much Terror for Deterrence?” The New York Times, op-ed, July 28, 1980 p. A21.

“Waltzing with Moscow: Republicans Do It Better,” CSM, January 26, 1981, p. 23.

“A Quiz for a Peaceful Sunday,” Los Angeles Times, op-ed., March 22, 1981, cited also in Fortune, October 19, 1981, p. 142.

“Will the Soviet Empire Survive 1984?” CSM, July 10, 1981.

“Strategic Arms: Fewer is Better,” CSM, October 9, 1981, p. 23.

“The Fulbright Program: It’s A Bargain,” CSM, November 18, 1981.

“‘Good Faith’ Bid to Europeans,” interview in Boston Herald, November, 19, 1981, p. 5.

“All Quiet on Moscow’s Western Front?” CSM, April 13, 1982, p. 23.

“What the World Owes Britannia,” CSM, April 28, 1982, p. 23, reprinted in Canberra Times, June 17, 1982.

“Nepal: A Yam Between Two Stones,” CSM, January 4, 1983, p. 23.

“Realigning the nonaligned,” CSM, February 23, 1983.

“From enlightened compassion,” CSM, March 15, 1983.

“In Search of Peace,” interview, The Times of the Deccan (Bangalore), April 3, 1983.

“‘Forward policy’ endangers the globe,” interview, The Muslim (Pakistan), April 10, 1983.

“The Kremlin’s global dilemmas,” CSM, February 16, 1984.

“What if the Whole Fleet Sank?” CSM, August 14, 1984, p. 14.

“How not to develop Lexington,” Lexington Minute-Man,” September 20, 1984, p. 5.

“The USSR may be willing to work with the West on global problems,” CSM, February 6, 1985, p. 15.

“US and USSR: an agenda for a new detente,” CSM, March 21, 1985, p. 16.

“Good Offense Beats a Good (Star Wars) Defense,” Wall Street Journal [hereafter WSJ ], April 24, 1985, op. ed., and Asian Wall Street Journal, May 8, 1985; correspondence in WSJ, May 9, 1985; reprinted East-West Outlook, IX, No. 2 (March 1986), p. 3.

“Disarmament by stages: Is Gorbachev serious?” CSM, February 25, 1986, p. 13.

“Of generations, experience, and peace,” CSM, August 7, 1986, p. 18.

“Government by whim,” CSM, October 14, 1986, p. 14.

“Nuclear arms cuts: 50% ‘da’; 100%, ‘nyet’, CSM, November 13, 1986, p. 17.

“Open covenants–a strategy for truth,” CSM, December 15, 1986, p. 18.

“A second ‘revolution’ in the Soviet Union,” CSM, January, 15, 1987, p. 16.

“Is the West afraid of arms control?” CSM, April 30, 1987, p. 17.

“America’s greatest achievement in foreign affairs,” CSM, June 4, 1987, p. 17.

“Goliath and the Exocet,” CSM, August 18, 1987.

Glasnost on the arms front,” CSM, September 24, 1987, p. 13.

“70 years of Soviet power,” CSM, November 5, 1987, p. 16.

Soviet citizens, too, question the INF Treaty,” CSM, May 11, 1988, p. 13.

“As Khrushchev Found Out, the China Card Doesn’t Work,” WSJ, June 8, 1989, p. A 17.

“Complexities of European arms control,” CSM, June 22, 1989, p. 19.

“An Austrian Solution for Eastern Europe,” The New York Times, July 10, 1989, p. A18, reprinted in International Herald-Tribune (Paris), July 11, 1989 and summarized “Österreich als Vorbild f_r Ost- Staaten,” Der Standard (Vienna), July 12, 1989; translated and critiqued in Sovetskaia Estoniia, November 22, 1989, p. 3.

“Will Russia Make Another Historic Switch?” CSM, August 8, 1989, p. 19.

“Communism’s Milestones of Failure,” CSM, October 27, 1989.

“All Germans Have the Right to Be Free,” CSM, November 15, 1989, p. 18.

“Perestroika Needs a Work Ethic to Work,” WSJ, December 5, 1989, p. A22, also in Asian WSJ and broadcast by Voice of America; reprinted in Sheridan Baker, Practical Stylist with Readings (7th ed.; New York: HarperCollins, 1991).

“Bush’s Bankrupt Realism,” CSM, February 2, 1990, p. 19.

“Straddling Cultures: An Azeri in Moscow,” CSM, March 12, 1990, p. 18.

“Promoting Baltic Independence,” CSM, April 5, 1990, p. 18.

“Russia Should Let ‘Its’ People Go,” CSM, May 25, 1990, p. 18; translated and critiqued in Karagandiskii Universitet.

“A Soviet Melting Pot? Nyet,” WSJ, June 8, 1990, p. A10.

“Babies, Armies, and Mideast Politics,” CSM, November 26, 1990, p. 18.

“Sakharov’s Legacy,” CSM, December 19, 1990, p. 19.

“Can a Poet Stop Nuclear Testing?” CSM, December 26, 1990, p. 19.

“In Moscow, a Pendulum Swings,” CSM, February 4, 1991, p. 18.

“The Rights of Nations,” CSM, April 24, 1991, p. 19.

“The Soviet Crackup,” CSM, May 30, 1991, p. 18.

“Baltics Sang Their Way to Independence,” CSM, September 5, 1991, p. 19.

“Why Israel Is in a Strong Position to Bargain,” CSM, November 6, 1991, p. 19.

“Independence for Slovenia and Croatia,” CSM, December 24, 1991, p. 19.

“If Not a Marshall Plan for the East, What?” CSM, February 25, 1992, p. 19

“Yeltsin’s Ominous Move to Resume Nuclear Testing,” CSM, May 11, 1992, p. 18.

“Mapping Path for China-Taiwan Relations,” with Jun Zhan, CSM, July 13, 1993, p. 19.

“Don’t Recognize Change by Force,” Washington Post, August 4, 1993, p. A 17, published also as “The World Can’t Afford to Allow Gain by Conquest,” in International Herald-Tribune, August 6, 1993.

“Americans in the Dark on Defense,” CSM, August 31, 1993, p. 20.

“It’s High Time to Embrace Havana,” CSM, October 21, 1993, p. 19.

“Ungerechtfertige Verweigerung der Rechthilfe,” Neue Zürcher Zeitung, March 18, 1994, p. 69.

“What the World Needs Now: A Genocide Court,” CSM, July 26, 1994, p. 17.

“Russia Has No Business Holding Chechnya,” International Herald-Tribune, February 28, 1995, p. 8; also published as “Mengapa Chechnya Harus Tetar Menjadi Bagian Rusia?” Suara Pemearuan (Jakarta), February 8, 1995, p. 2.


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Arthur Freud, Of Human Sovereignty in American Political Science Review, LX, No. 4 (December 1966), pp. 1020-1021.

Harold J. Berman and Peter B. Maggs, Disarmament Inspection and Soviet Law in Slavic Review, XXVII, No. 4 (December 1968), pp. 667-668.

David W. Wainhouse et al., Arms Control Agreements: Designs for Verification and Observation in American Political Science Review , LXIII, No. 2 (June 1969), pp. 615-616.

Andrew W. Cordier and Wilder Foote, The Public Papers of the Secretaries-General, I: Trygve Lie, in American Political Science Review, LXIII, No. 2 (December 1969), pp. 460-461.

John Gittings, Survey of the Sino-Soviet Dispute in Pacific Affairs , XLIII, No. 2 (Summer 1970), pp. 285-287.

SIPRI Yearbook of World Armaments and Disarmament, 1968-1969 and Walter Wentz, Nuclear Proliferation in Western Political Quarterly, XXIII, No. 3 (September 1970), pp. 659-661.

SIPRI Yearbook of World Armaments, 1969-70; To End War ; and Impact of New Technologies on the Arms Race in Western Political Quarterly, XXIV, No. 3 (September 1971), pp. 599-602

Suny, The Baku Commune, 1917-1918: Class and Nationality in the Russian Revolution, in Perspective, I, No. 5 (May 1972), p. 93.

World Armaments and Disarmament: SIPRI Yearbook 1972 in World Affairs, Vol. 135, No. 4 (Spring 1973), pp. 358-360.

H. Kovaly and E. Kohak, The Victors and the Vanquished in Perspective, July/August 1973, pp. 137-138.

Gallagher and Spielmann, Soviet Decision-Making for Defense in Perspective, II, No. 3 (March 1973), pp. 56-57.

Logue, The Fate of the Oceans in Perspective, I, No. 8 (August 1972), pp. 157-158.

Review of Foreign Policy (Fall 1972) in Foreign Policy, No. 10 (Spring 1973), pp. 182-185.

Foreign Relations of the U.S., 1946, I, in American Historical Review, April 1974.

Handbook of Soviet Social Science Data, E. Mickiewicz (ed.), in Perspective, II, 9 (October 1973), p. 201.

Dodd and Ciccoritti, U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space in Perspective (September 1974), p. 168.

“Controlling Nuclear Spread” (review of Quester, The Politics of Nuclear Proliferation and Jensen, Return from the Nuclear Brink ) in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, XXX, No. 7 (September 1974), p. 63-64.

Hingley, Joseph Stalin: Man and Legend in Perspective, Vol. 3, No. 2 (November/December 1974), p. 32.

“Proceeding in a Disgraceful Way” (review of Schurmann, The Logic of World Power and Kolko, America and the Crisis of World Capitalism ) in Worldview, Vol. XVIII, No. 4 (April 1975), pp. 49-51.

King and Dean ( eds.), East European Perspectives and Mensonides and Kuhlman (eds.), The Future of Inter-Bloc Relations, in East European Quarterly, X, 1 (1976), pp. 133-135.

Willrich, Energy and World Politics in Perspective (January/February 1976), pp. 19-20.

Ishi in Two Worlds and various other works in Wilson Quarterly, 1976-77.

H. Nau, Technology Transfer and U.S. Foreign Policy (1976) in Perspective, VI, No. 2 (March 1977), p. 37.

Edward Wegener, The Soviet Naval Offensive in Slavic Review, XXXV, No. 4 (December 1976), p. 742.

Arthur M. Cox, Dynamics of Detente (1976) in Russian Review, XXVI, No. 2 (April 1977), p. 229.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Warning to the West (1976) in Slavic Review, XXXVI, No. 4 (October 1978), pp. 506-507.

D. Jones (ed.), Soviet Armed Forces Review Annual, I, in Russian Review, XXXVII, No. 4 (October 1978), p. 468.

“The Caribbean in an Interdependent World,” in Caribbean Yearbook of International Relations (1978).

K. Knorr and F. Trager, Economic Issues and National Security in Perspective, VIII, No. 1 (January/February 1979), p. 10.

W. Berner, The Soviet Union, 1976-1977 in Slavic Review, XXXVIII, No. 1 (March 1979), pp. 122-123.

Thomas B.Larson, Soviet-American Rivalry in American Political Science Review, LXXIII, No. 3 (September 1979), p. 948.

Ali Al’amin Mazrui, A World Federation of Cultures in Worldview , XXII, No. 3 (March 1979) pp. 55-57.

Richard Pipes (ed.), Soviet Strategy in Europe (New York: Crane, Russak & Co., 1976), and Joseph I. Coffey, Arms Control and European Security: A Guide to East-West Negotiations (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1977) in Slavic Review, XXXVIII, No. 2 (June 1979), pp. 309-311.

Christen Jonsson, Soviet Negotiating Behavior in International Journal, XXX, No. 3, p. 603-604.

Lawrence Freedman, U.S. Intelligence and the Soviet Strategic Threat in Slavic Review, XXXVIII, No. 4 (December 1979), p. 685.

Hugh Seton-Watson, The Imperialist Revolutionaries in Slavic Review, XXXIX, No. 3 (September 1980), p. 502.

F.A. Long and J.Reppy, The Genesis of New Weapons in Perspective, No. 2 (March 1981), p. 43.

Honore M.Catudal, Kennedy and the Berlin Wall in American Political Science Review, LXXV, No. 4 (December, 1981), pp. 1035-1036.

Stephen S. Kaplan, Diplomacy of Power, “Feature Review” in Perspective, X, No. 7 (September 1981), pp. 122-123.

S. Bialer, Domestic Context of Soviet Foreign Policy in Russian Review, XLI, No. 1 (January 1982), pp. 90-91.

A.G. Arbatov, Bezopasnost’ i iadernyyi vek i politika Vashingtona in Slavic Review, XLI, No. 1 (Spring 1982), pp. 145-146.

O. Sik, The Communist Power System and S. Bialer, Stalin’s Successors in Journal of Politics, XLIV, No. 4 (November 1982), pp. 1113-1114.

R. Pipes, U.S.-Soviet Relations in the Era of Detente in Slavic Review, XLII, No. 1 (Spring 1983), pp. 117-118.

J.L. Nogee and R.H. Donaldson, Soviet Foreign Policy Since World War II in Russian Review, XLI, No. 1 (January 1982), pp. 90-91.

J.B. Barton, The Politics of Peace in Perspective, XI, No. 2 (March 1982), p. 37.

M. Nincic, The Arms Race in Perspective, XI, No. 8 (October 1982), p. 165.

E. Valkenier, The Soviet Union and the Third World in Slavic Review, XLIII, No. 3 (Fall 1984), pp. 485-486.

V.S. Naipaul, Finding the Center in Worldview, XXVIII, No. 6 (June, 1985), pp. 26-27.

Carol Fink, The Genoa Conference in Slavic Review, XIVL, No. 4 (Winter 1985), pp. 723-724.

Three books on Ukraine and the Soviet periphery in Conflict Quarterly, VII, 3 (Summer 1993), pp. 94-96.

Marion Gräfin Dönhof, Namen die keiner mehr nennt: Ostpreussen–Menschen und Geschichte, reviewed in Journal of Baltic Studies, 25, 4 (Winter 1994), pp. 363-64.

David M. Crowe, The Baltic States and the Great Powers in Russian Review, 54, 3 (July 1995), p. 477.

James Kurth, “America’s Grand Strategy,” The National Interest, No. 44 (Summer 1996), pp. 120-21.