Instability dynamics and decay of the pi-mode in coupled quantum wires
- Starts: 2:00 pm on Friday, October 4, 2024
- Ends: 3:00 pm on Friday, October 4, 2024
We study the dynamics of quantum phase coherence for Bose-Einstein condensates in tunnel-coupled quantum wires. The two elongated Bose-Einstein condensates exhibit a wide variety of dynamic phenomena where quantum fluctuations can lead to a rapid loss of phase coherence. We investigate the phenomenon of self-trapping in the relative population imbalance of the two condensates, particularly pi-trapped oscillations that occur when also the relative phase is trapped. Though this state appears stable in mean-field descriptions, the pi-trapped state becomes dynamically unstable due to quantum fluctuations. Nonequilibrium instabilities result in the generation of pairs excited from the condensate to higher momentum modes. We identify tachyonic instabilities, which are associated with imaginary parts of the dispersion relation, and parametric resonance instabilities, which are triggered by oscillations of the relative phase and populations. At early times, we compute the instability chart of the characteristic modes through a linearized analysis and identify the underlying physical process. At later times, the primary instabilities trigger secondary instabilities due to the build-up of non-linearities. We perform numerical simulations in the Truncated Wigner approximation to observe the dynamics also in this non-linear regime. Furthermore, we discuss realistic parameters for experimental realizations of the pi-mode in ultracold atom setups.
- Location:
- SCI 352
- Speaker
- Laura Batini
- Institution
- Heidelberg University
- Host
- Anatoli Polkovnikov