The company will expand the development of its Staphylococcus aureus vaccine to facilitate use in the developing world.
CARB-X, a global partnership led by Boston University, is awarding Integrated Biotherapeutics (IBT) of Rockville, Maryland, USA, $1.6 million to expand the development of its vaccine against Staphylococcus aureus, including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) superbugs, so that it can be used to prevent infections in developing nations, as well as in the developed world. Under this initiative, IBT will expand its R&D to evaluate the efficacy of its vaccine, IBT-V02, against strains of the bacteria found in developing nations, and will also explore development of a freeze-dried version of the vaccine so that it can be used where cold storage systems are not available.
This funding is in addition to an award of up to $8.5 million announced by CARB-X in 2017 to support the development of the IBT’s innovative vaccine. The extra support announced today by CARB-X is possible because of funds from CARB-X partners—UK government’s Global Antimicrobial Resistance Innovation Fund (GAMRIF) for antibacterial products, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation earmarked specifically for the development of antibacterial preventative approaches that can be used in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
“A vaccine to prevent infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, including drug-resistant strains, could save the lives of thousands, including infants, and curb the spread of the bacteria and drug resistance,” said Kevin Outterson, executive director of CARB-X and professor of law at Boston University School of Law. “IBT’s plan to develop its vaccine to prevent these infections in all corners of the world reflects the kind of creative thinking we need in the global fight against drug resistance.”
“Effective vaccines can prevent life-threatening bacterial infections and help reduce overuse and misuse of antibiotics, which is a particular problem in many developing nations and a threat to global health security as it fuels the spread of antibiotic resistance,” said M. Javad Aman, IBT president and CSO. “CARB-X’s vision and new funding opens up new doors to better global approaches and solutions to battle drug resistant bacterial infections. We would not be able to develop this new vaccine without the support of CARB-X, its funders, as well as National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).”
The science of preventing bacterial infection is challenging. Vaccines have been developed to prevent bacterial infections such as diphtheria and tetanus. But past efforts to develop a vaccine to prevent S. aureus have failed. S. aureus bacteria secrete a wide range of toxins that can destroy tissue, disable the patient’s immune system and help bacteria spread through the body. IBT-V02 is the first multivalent S. aureus vaccine entirely based on rationally designed toxoids that collectively enable the body to neutralize and provide protection against major families of toxins secreted by the S. aureus pathogen.
MRSA bacteria a growing global threat
MRSA bacteria cause a range of serious illnesses, from skin and wound infections to pneumonia and serious bloodstream infections that can cause sepsis and death. Sepsis, which occurs when the body’s response to an infection injures its own tissues and organs, is a leading cause of death, particularly in the developing world among infants and children. It is estimated that 3 million newborns and 1.2 million children suffer from sepsis globally every year. Recently published studies indicate that resistant pathogens, including MRSA, are increasingly common causes of newborn sepsis in particular, and likely contribute to excess mortality in this most vulnerable population.
Global data on the impact of S. aureus bacteria is lacking. In the US alone, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 80,461 MRSA infections and 11,285 related deaths occurred in 2011.
Expansion of IBT’s research
The IBT team is focusing on two main areas of research to expand its current vaccine development activities.
- Collaborate with health research organizations active in LMICs in Africa, Southeast Asia and South America to collect circulating strains of aureus for testing and also to potentially collaborate on future clinical trials in LMICs.
- Develop a freeze dried version of the vaccine for use in regions where temperature-controlled supply chains are unreliable or do not exist. This involves developing a freeze dried powder formulation for distribution that would not be affected by changes in room temperature. The formulation would be mixed with a saline-type liquid prior to administration to patients.
Driving innovation to address the growing global superbug crisis
According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 700,000 people die each year worldwide from drug-resistant bacterial infections. The CARB-X portfolio is the world’s largest antibacterial development portfolio. It currently has 30 active projects in five countries, and is expected to grow significantly this year.
Since its launch in 2016, CARB-X has announced 45 awards exceeding $130.5 million, with the potential of additional funds if project milestones are met, to accelerate the development of antibacterial products. These funds are in addition to investments made by the companies themselves. The CARB-X pipeline will continuously evolve, as projects progress and graduate from CARB-X and others fail for a variety of reasons.
Partnership driving antibacterial innovation
CARB-X is investing more than $500 million in antibacterial R&D between 2016-2021. The goal is to support therapeutic projects in the early phases of development through Phase 1, and diagnostic development from feasibility through development and into the early phases of product verification and validation, so that they will attract additional private or public support for further clinical development and approval for use in patients. CARB-X funding is restricted to projects that target drug-resistant bacteria highlighted on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s 2013 Antibiotic Resistant Threats list, or the Priority Bacterial Pathogens list published by the WHO in 2017 – with a priority on those pathogens deemed Serious or Urgent on the CDC list or Critical or High on the WHO list.
CARB-X is led by Boston University and funding is provided by the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) in the US Department of Health and Human Services , the Wellcome Trust, a global charity based in the UK working to improve health globally, Germany’s Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the UK Department of Health and Social Care’s Global Antimicrobial Resistance Innovation Fund (GAMRIF), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and with in-kind support from National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). CARB-X is headquartered in the Boston University School of Law.
This news release is supported by the Cooperative Agreement Number IDSEP160030 from ASPR/BARDA and awards from Wellcome Trust, the German and UK governments and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, as administrated by CARB-X. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, other funders, or CARB-X.