New Paper by IOC Director that Traces Gentrification Induced Displacement in London

Initiative on Cities’ Director Loretta Lees published a new paper in the journal Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space that investigates and quantifies the displacement of residents due to new development and gentrification of council estates in London. This paper was co-authored with Jonathan Reades (Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London), Phil Hubbard (King’s College London), and Guy Lansley (Consumer Research Data Centre, University College London).

Paper Abstract:

Quantifying state-led gentrification in London: Using linked consumer and administrative records to trace displacement from council estates

Over the past 20 years, increasing land values, a rising population and inward investment from overseas have combined to encourage the demolition and redevelopment of many large council-owned estates across London. While it is now widely speculated that this is causing gentrification and displacement, the extent to which it has forced low-income households to move away from their local community remains to a large degree conjectural and specific to those estates that have undergone special scrutiny. Given the lack of spatially disaggregated migration data that allows us to study patterns of dispersal from individual estates, in this article, we report on an attempt to use consumer-derived data (LCRs) to infer relocations at a high spatial resolution. The evidence presented suggests that around 85% of those displaced remain in London, with most remaining in borough, albeit there is evidence of an increasing number of moves out of London to the South-East and East of England.

Read the Paper