Course Inventory

HI 098 – Advanced Standing in European History
For students with score of 4 or 5 on Advanced Placement exam in European History, confers 4 credits toward total credits required for graduation. Does not count for major or minor in History. Does not count toward fulfillment of Divisional Studies requirement in CAS.

HI 099 – Advanced Standing in United States History
For students with score of 4 or 5 on Advanced Placement Exam in United States History, confers 4 credits toward total credits required for graduation. Does not count for major or minor in History. Does not count toward fulfillment of Divisional Studies requirement in CAS.

HI 101 – The Dawn of Europe: Antiquity to the Renaissance
Ancient and medieval Europe was a world of empires, kingdoms, and religious factions in conflict with each other. This course explores the ideologies, institutions, and texts that shaped these civilizations and continue to hold meaning in the modern world.

HI 102 – The Emergence of Modern Europe: Renaissance to the Present
What is Europe? This course explores the emergence of Europe as an idea and place. Draws on literature and art from Machiavelli to Russian ballet to explain Europe's changing meaning; focuses on nation- and state-building to explain Europe's shifting boundaries.

HI 151 – The Emerging United States to 1865
Explores how the United States, at first only a series of borderland outposts, became a sprawling national republic. Investigates factors that brought Americans together and those that tore them apart, as they struggled passionately over racial, religious, and sectional values. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I.

HI 152 – The Emerging United States Since 1865
After the Civil War, Americans created a new urbanizing and industrializing landscape, flush with immigrants, growing class conflict, and racial divisions. This course explores how, through times of prosperity, depression, and war, Americans transformed the United States into one of the world's leading nations. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area(s): Historical Consciousness, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 175 – World History to 1500
Explores historical and environmental factors influencing how cultures take shape and impact each other. Examines early global connections and conflicts between people of different continents as well as between humans, other species, the natural environment, and the planet as a whole. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 176 – World History 1500-Present
Examines the religious encounters, economic rivalries, and military battles produced by European imperialism in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia since 1500. Analyzes how European colonialism came to dominate the world and nationalist movements succeeded in gaining independence. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy.

HI 190 – History of Boston: Community and Conflict
Explores the history of Boston and the city's changes over time. Students work with archival objects, maps, and manuscripts. Topics include Native American history, colonial settlement, revolution, immigration, urban development, and race. Students visit nearby historical sites and museums. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, The Individual in Community, Teamwork/Collaboration.

HI 191 – What Is Europe?
Explores key moments in history when cultural contact prompted Europeans to reconsider how they defined themselves culturally and geographically. Lectures and discussions are combined with trips to local museums/archives to analyze the material remains of this process of self-definition.

HI 199 – Tpcs: History

HI 200 – The Historian's Craft
Required workshop for majors, normally taken in the sophomore year. Gives students the opportunity to analyze original sources and engage with leading works of historical scholarship. Explores how historians reconstruct and interpret the past using creativity, deduction, and contextual analysis.

HI 201 – History of Medieval Europe
Traces the evolution of medieval civilization from the fourth to the fourteenth centuries. Emphasizes three main themes: the political and social development of western Europe, the evolution of Latin Christianity, and the role of popular culture.

HI 203 – Magic, Science, and Religion
Boundaries and relationships between magic, science, and religion in Europe from antiquity through the Enlightenment. Explores global cultural exchange, distinctions across social, educational, gender, and religious lines, the rise of modern science, and changing assumptions about God, Nature, and humanity. Carries humanities divisional credit in CAS. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Philosophical Inquiry and Life's Meanings, Critical Thinking.

HI 204 – History of the Crusades
The origin and development of the Crusade movement in Western Christendom: the first four Crusades, their cause and results; crusader finance, preaching, and military recruitment; changing focus of Crusade movements from the Holy Land to other areas.

HI 208 – Renaissance Europe
The main political, socioeconomic, intellectual, and artistic currents in Italy (c. 1350-1530) and northwestern Europe (c. 1500-1560); emphasis on leading thinkers (Petrarch, Bruni, Machiavelli, Erasmus, More, and Montaigne) as creators of the modern Western mind.

HI 209 – The Reformation: Religious Conflict in Early Modern Europe
Examines religious change in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe, particularly the origins and causes of the Protestant Reformation, the parallel Catholic Reformation, and the consequent military conflicts in Germany, France, and the Netherlands. Also offered as CAS RN 310.

HI 210 – Europe between Renaissance and Revolution
Surveys the key movements that transformed European culture, politics, and intellectual life between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries: the Renaissance, Protestant and Catholic Reformations, new age of science and exploration, absolutism and constitutional monarchy, Enlightenment, and French Revolution.

HI 213 – Sacred and Secular Power in Christianity and Islam
Explores the relationship between sacred and secular power within the Christian and Islamic traditions, with a focus on how their foundational texts and earliest communities established models for negotiating the porous boundary between the sacred and the secular. Also offered as CAS RN 208.

HI 214 – History of Piracy
Examines piracy in European history from ancient time to the present, focusing on its economic and social causes, and its consequences. Addresses too the modern permutations of piracy as a form of social protest and a technique of terrorism.

HI 215 – The European Enlightenment
How Europe became modern. The rise of science, critique of religion, and struggle for rights. The public sphere emerges: newspapers, Freemasons, coffee, salons, smut. The invention of a cosmopolitan republic of letters; Voltaire, Diderot, Kant, Adam Smith, Benjamin Franklin. Also offered as CAS PO 393.

HI 218 – Power and Authority in Europe since World War I
Explores the breakdown of traditional authority, the rise of authoritarianism, and the triumph of democracy in twentieth-century Europe. Examines changing notions of power and legitimacy through major events, including communist revolutions, fascist takeovers, wartime occupations, and the fall of the Berlin Wall. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness.

HI 221 – Catastrophe & Memory
Examines the ways in which catastrophes, both natural and social, enter into cultural memory. Goal is to understand how events that seem to defy comprehension are represented in works of art and given a place in the memory of a culture. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Historical Consciousness, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 226 – Cities and Cultures
Examines the relationship between cultural expression and political, social, and economic change by focusing on cities such as Boston, Paris, London, Casablanca, and Johannesburg during times of intense creativity and upheaval.

HI 227 – Living in the City
Gateway to international urban history. Case studies of selected cities -- from ancient Uruk to modern Shanghai -- through scrutiny of histories and documents. Discussion of important themes for our urban future: justice, health, worship, entertainment, human rights, city planning, beauty. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Teamwork/Collaboration.

HI 229 – The Great Powers and the Eastern Mediterranean
The Eastern Mediterranean as center of Great Power confrontation. Its impact on wider international relations, the domestic political results, the role of sea power, and the origins, conduct, and resolution of wars. Also offered as CAS IR 325.

HI 230 – Special Topics in the History of Media
Examines how newspapers, television, social media, tourism campaigns, textbooks, and other forms of media shape national identities, political goals, and cultural values over time. Topic for Spring 2019: Media Revolutions in the Modern Middle East. Examines how media revolutions in the modern Middle East have helped to garner state support and foment rebellions. Sources range widely from Lebanese civil war posters and state radio broadcasts to tourist campaigns, Turkish soap operas, and reality television competitions.

HI 231 – Media and Politics in Modern America
Examines how mass media have shaped the modern American political landscape, including electoral campaigns, voter attitudes, social movements, and war mobilization, as well as the ways public policy has structured both the news and entertainment media. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Research and Information Literacy.
Leventhal.

HI 234 – Introduction to India and South Asia
A survey of South Asian history from antiquity to the present. Considers pre- modern empires, the rise of the British Empire in South Asia, and the struggle for independence. Explores the modern politics and culture of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 237 – Reconstructing the African Past
Explores the richness and diversity of a continent where oral histories and environmental settings have shaped society as much as written records. Considers Africa's critical place in the world from ancient Egypt and Ghana to the Asante and Ethiopian empires. Carries social science divisional credit in CAS.

HI 243 – Britain and the European Question: The Confluence of History and Politics
(Meets with CAS IR 392 E.) Historical and political overview of Britain's evolving relationship with Europe between 1945 and 1992 in the context of ongoing debates concerning national sovereignty and national modernization, losing an empire and maintaining a world role, and the "special relationship" with the United States.

HI 244 – England in the Middle Ages
England's development from the Celtic Age to the Tudor dynasty. Emphasizes social and religious/intellectual changes within the broader context of England's unique political evolution from a strife-torn backwater to a leading European power.

HI 245 – Tudor England, 1485-1603
A survey of that turbulent and volatile century that witnessed the apprenticeship of England for a role of world importance. Special attention to the development of state power, the growth of religious diversity, the major economic and social transformations, as well as the resulting cultural development.

HI 246 – London: Imperial City to World City
Social, economic, and cultural history of London since 1666. How London developed from the modest- sized capital of England to the capital of the British Empire and the world's largest city, to the modern multicultural city of today's European Union and globalizing world. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 303 E.

HI 247 – The Making of Modern Britain
How did a small island nation develop into a global superpower, and at what costs? This course charts Britain's ascendancy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, with a focus on industrialization, colonial expansion, democratic institution building, and enlightenment thought. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 248 – Modern Britain, 1867 to Present
A political, social, and cultural history of England with emphasis on the impact of the two world wars, the emergence of the welfare state, the loss of empire, and Britain's relations with Europe. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 249 – London Women's Social History from Aphra Behn to The Blitz
Examines the lives of women in London over the past three centuries from a social history perspective. Students work with primary source materials. Also offered as CAS WS 310 E.

HI 250 – British Youth Culture from 1950 to the Present
The impact of black and white cultures of America and Britain; also, the influence of Europe, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, and British folk traditions in the context of social change in the second half of the twentieth century.

HI 251 – Cultural Capital: The History of Popular Culture in London
Traces the historical development of popular culture in London from the late seventeenth century to the present day. Concerned with texts (visual, aural, written) and sites. Organised chronologically and thematically, engages with theoretical perspectives. Engages with wider history of Britain. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 252 – Class, Power, and the Making of British Identity
This course explores shifts in power over a 500-year period, and considers the cultural effects of these changes. The impact of empire is also assessed. An understanding of the 'invented' and contested nature of British identity is the outcome. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy.

HI 253 – London at War: From the Home Front to the Frontline
Examines ways in which the two world wars influenced British society and changed social identities. Explores and evaluates English war experiences through dimensions of gender, race/ethnicity, and class. Includes lectures, field study visits, and discussion.

HI 254 – The History of Ireland
Examination of four themes: Ireland's relationship with England; Ireland and the Catholic Church; Ireland during the Union with Great Britain (especially the famine); and the emergence of the modern Irish nation. Emphasis on economic, political, and religious developments. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 325.

HI 255 – History of Spain, 711-1898
A survey of Spanish history from 711 to 1898, examining the political, social, and economic, and cultural events that shaped Spain in its modern form. Places Spain in a European context. Includes field trips around Madrid. Also offered as CAS LS 340 E.

HI 256 – History of Spain, 711-1898
A survey of Spanish history from 711 to 1898, examining the political, social, economic, and cultural events that shaped Spain in its modern form. Places Spain in a European context. Includes field trips around Madrid. Taught in English.

HI 259 – Italian Emigration and Immigration
Overview of the history of migration in and out of Italy since the mid-nineteenth century and its impact on contemporary Italian society. Section A1 taught in Italian. Section B1 taught in English. Students may only take one section for credit.

HI 260 – The Venetian Republic
Traces the rise of Venice from its scattered settlements to the height of its imperial glory. Lectures and detailed guided visits to sites in and around the city illuminate the history of Venice through its rich cultural heritage. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 324 E.

HI 261 – The Venetian Republic: 697-1797
Traces the rise of Venice from its scattered settlements to the height of its imperial glory. Lectures and detailed guided visits to sites in and around the city illuminate the history of Venice through its rich cultural heritage.

HI 262 – Modern Italian History
From Unification (1860-1870) to the founding of the Republic (1947-1948). Enlightenment, Restoration, the Risorgimento; nation-building and the liberal parliamentary government; the Great War; Fascism; Resistance; fall of the monarchy; founding of the Republic. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 330.

HI 263 – Modern Italian History
History of Italy's rapid transformation from agricultural economy to an industrial and post-industrial country. Starting from Italy's "liberal" period of the 1870s, through WWI, to Fascism and the Mussolini era; post-war republicanism to the 1970s, and current economic crises and issues.

HI 266 – French Revolution and Napoleon
The French Revolution began with high ideals of liberty and equality but quickly dissolved into civil war, the Terror, and Napoleon's expansionist ambitions. From the fall of the Bastille to Waterloo, this course traces the revolution's successes, failures, and legacy. Effective Spring 2020, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness.

HI 268 – Postcolonial Paris
Study of Paris's contemporary history as the center of French colonialism and immigration. Emphasis on the representation of colonial and postcolonial memory in French cinema. Includes guided visits to important sites around the city. Also offered as CAS LF 344 E. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 270 – Twentieth-Century Germany
Examines democracy and dictatorship in modern Germany. From World War I and the rise of the Nazis to division and reunification, this course explores problems of authority and governance in a key economic and military power of the twentieth century.

HI 271 – The Nazis
Explores the rise and fall of Europe's most notorious mass movement through film, diaries, party documents, and other sources. Considers the impact of Nazi rule on art, finance, politics, and family life. Analyzes the mass murder and destruction caused by Nazi rule.

HI 272 – The History of Imperial Russia
Focuses on the history of Russia under the Romanov Dynasty and its establishment as a Eurasian power and empire. Emphasizes issues of religious, ethnic, and cultural diversity, modernization, reform and revolt, and the vexed question of Russian identity. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course that was numbered CAS HI 272 and previously entitled "Russia and Its Empires until 1900. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Creativity/Innovation.

HI 273 – The History of the Soviet Union
Examines the tumultuous history of Russia's revolutions and its 74-year experiment with socialism. Explores the new revolutionary state's attempt to create a utopia by re-engineering human bodies, behaviors, and beliefs, and the successes and failures of that project. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same number that was previously entitled "Russia and Its Empires Since 1900." This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 276 – Jewish Culture
What is "Jewish," or not, about "Jewish culture?" Examines how urbanization, Jewish assimilation, cosmopolitanism, and Jewish nationalism can be seen in music, art, literature, and theater. Looks at how cultural exchange between Jews and non-Jews helped shape our world today.

HI 277 – War: Myths and Realities
The past may tell us about the future of war. Study the lessons of wars past to correct current falsehoods and persistent myths about war in the wider culture. Learn to separate popular myths from the realities of war. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness.

HI 278 – Central Europe
Intellectual, cultural, political, diplomatic, and military history of the region between Germany and Russia, from the end of the Middle Ages to the present. Also offered as CAS IR 341.

HI 279 – Experiencing Total War
Analyzes how soldiers and civilians experienced WWI and WWII, which brutally penetrated their everyday lives and affected their bodies, vocabularies, and world-views. Major sources include combat accounts, diaries, letters, songs, material culture, food, and more. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course entitled "Intimate Histories of War" that was previously numbered CAS HI 279. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Historical Consciousness, Creativity/Innovation.

HI 280 – Special Topics in American History
Topic for Fall 2017: Music and Civil Rights in America. Investigates the relationship between musical trends and campaigns for civil rights from the late nineteenth century to the present. Explores the social and cultural contexts in which distinct musical styles emerged and analyzes their broader political impact.

HI 281 – American Governance: Foreign Affairs, Politics, and Presidents in the Twentieth Century
Meets with CAS IR 356 E and CAS PO 201 E. Overview of American presidencies of the late twentieth century, specifically considering how politics relates to foreign policy in America. Concepts including isolationism, manifest destiny, moralism, rule of law, national self-interest, and terrorism are discussed. Special focus on Iraq and Afghanistan. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 356 E.

HI 282 – The Modern American Consumer
Do we control consumer culture or does it control us? Explores the rise of mass marketing, advertising, branding, department stores, commercial amusements, and shoppertainment, with attention to gender, ethnicity, youth, and social class. Examines critiques and the politics of consumerism.

HI 283 – The Twentieth-Century American Presidency
Examines the shifting role of the presidency in American politics, especially over the course of the twentieth century. Considers not only the accomplishments of individual presidents and institutional changes in the executive branch but also the evolving place of the presidency in American popular culture.

HI 284 – History of War
Why do we make war? Nothing else so engages the human genius for creative destruction. From crossbows to nuclear fire, this course traces five centuries of war to uncover depths of depravity and cruelty and heights of sacrifice and suffering.

HI 287 – History of American Foreign Relations since 1898
Analysis of the history of American foreign policy from the perspective of the changing world and regional international systems; emphasis on the effect of these systems and the impact of America on the creation and operation of international systems. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry II.

HI 290 – Topics in History
May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

HI 291 – Politics of the American Environment
When have Americans addressed declining resources and environmental deterioration? Why hasn't every problem provoked a policy response? This course surveys how Americans perceived, developed, and governed the country's natural and ecological resources from its beginning to the present. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry I, Individual in Community.

HI 292 – Capitalism in America: Economic History of the US
Surveys the history of corporations and private enterprise since the Civil War, disentangling the evolving relationships between business and government and tracing the influence of money, markets, and their managers in American communities from factories to the frontiers. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the title "Money, Markets & Managers: Economic History of the United States" that was previously numbered CAS HI 377.

HI 295 – Religious Controversies and the Law
Explores a major challenge faced by modern states, namely the regulation of religion. Case studies from Europe, North America, and Israel demonstrate the ways in which governments have weighed religious freedom against other social and legal values, rights, and needs. Also offered as CAS RN 295.

HI 297 – African American Women's History
Survey of African American women's history from the slave trade to the present, investigating its critical role in shaping the meaning of race, gender, and sexuality during slavery, Jim Crow, and the civil rights era. Also offered as CAS AA 297 and CAS WS 297.

HI 298 – African American History
Surveys the history of African Americans from their African origins to the present, investigating their critical role in shaping the meaning of race, rights, freedom, and democracy during slavery, reconstruction, Jim Crow, and the civil rights era. Also offered as CAS AA 371.

HI 299 – History of the Civil Rights Movement
Through historical scholarship, oral history, documentary film, and excursions to local historic sites, this course explores how African Americans created a dynamic and multifaceted movement for civil and human rights from the 1950s to the present. Also offered as CAS AA 310.

HI 300 – American Popular Culture
Examines how Americans have changed (and haven't) since the nineteenth century by exploring their curious beliefs, social and sexual practices, and changing understandings of selfhood. Topics include Victorian etiquette, modern city pleasures, racial stereotyping, dating rituals, family dynamics, and more. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Historical Consciousness, Critical Thinking.

HI 301 – Women and Gender in US History
Examines the ideas and experiences of women in the United States from the 1600s through the late twentieth century. Considers the common factors that shaped women's lives as well as women's diverse class, ethnic, and regional experiences. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Critical Thinking.

HI 302 – Science and American Culture
Examines the rise of the natural and human sciences as influential forces in American society. Considers why they gained considerable authority in realms of medicine and technology but have proven far more limited in their impact on morality and religion This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I.

HI 303 – Sex, Love, Family: Relationships in Recent American History and Pop Culture
Explores modern American romance and family dynamics, especially since the 1970s. Follows the life cycle from birth to death, surveying common milestones and rituals such as coming of age, coming out, getting married, or having a midlife crisis, and more. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Digital/Multimedia Expression.

HI 304 – Science and Religion: Dialogue and Debate
Challenges conventional wisdom that science and religion have always been at war in Europe and North America. Explores their interactions, mutual existence, and conflict from Copernicus' claim that the earth revolved around the sun to contemporary debates about evolution. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I.

HI 305 – American Thought and Culture, 1776-1900
History 305 examines how major American thinkers and intellectual movements of the "long nineteenth century" constructed an "exceptional" national identity by adjusting their culture's provincial Protestant and Enlightenment traditions to the challenges of transnational democratic, Romantic, and secular modes of thinking. Specific topics include Transcendentalism, evangelical and liberal Protestantism, pro- and anti- slavery arguments about "freedom," race and gender theory, philosophical idealism, literary realism, scientific Darwinism, and evolutionary social science. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Ethical Reasoning, Critical Thinking.

HI 306 – American Thought and Culture, 1900 to the Present
History 306 examines American thought in the 20th century when thinkers anointed their times "modern" and themselves "modernists" in revolt against the moral certainties and progressivist faiths of the 19th century. Four discourses driving this turn are spotlighted in the course's first half: philosophical pragmatism, social science relativism, non-rational modern art, and debates over America's role in the world. In the second half we consider post-World II conservative, multicultural, and postmodernist challenges to modernist norms in science, religion, liberal politics, and popular culture. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Ethical Reasoning, Critical Thinking.

HI 308 – Religious Thought in America
Surveys many of the strategies that American religious thinkers have adopted for interpreting the cosmos, the social order and human experience, and the interaction of those strategies with broader currents of American culture. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry II.

HI 309 – Americans in the World: The United States in Transnational Perspective
Examines how artists, activists, migrants, tourists, and other travelers have connected United States society with people and cultures around the world. Considers how foreign criticism, popular wartime experiences, global integration, and more have shaped American culture and the modern nation-state.

HI 311 – The South in History and Literature
Explores the experience and culture of the U.S. South by focusing on its history and literature to understand how and why the South continues to be seen as a unique component of the larger American experience.

HI 312 – Modernism and Modernity: History and Literature of the United States between the World Wars
Modernism and modernity in America from the 1920s to the 1940s: two world wars, Jazz Age, Harlem Renaissance, Great Depression. Team-taught with both professors leading discussions on literature and history of the times, Historical readings alongside Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, Hurston, others. Also offered as CAS EN 546.

HI 313 – Internships in Public History
Students undertake supervised work in Boston-area institutions dedicated to the public presentation of America's past. Students meet with the instructor to discuss themes in public history theory and practice that, together with the internship experience and related readings, inform a final research project and class presentation. Also offered as CAS AM 313.

HI 315 – The American West
We will examine the American West--the mythical landscape of adventure, freedom, and individual opportunity--as a region of unusual violence, cultural conflict, environmental challenge, and political ferment. We will also explore its distinctive regional trajectory while considering its history in relationship to the nation as a whole. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness.

HI 316 – American Urban History
Examines cities in America, from colonial era forward, focusing on Boston, New York, Chicago, New Orleans, Detroit, and San Francisco in national and transnational context. Focus on social, political, and environmental change to understand present and past urban landscapes.

HI 320 – Understanding Revolution: France and Algeria
Freedom! Liberty, equality, fraternity! National liberation! These slogans have inspired violent revolutions around the world. What do they really mean, and what have they really led to? We will investigate these questions by role-playing and historical analysis of two case studies: the French Revolution (1789-1794) and the Algerian Revolution (1954-62). Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Writing-Intensive Course.

HI 321 – The American Revolution, 1750-1800
Examines America's dramatic war for independence, situating the colonies' struggles within a series of broader challenges in the Atlantic world. Also shows how Americans struggled, often violently, to create a stable republic in the aftermath of these truly revolutionary upheavals.

HI 325 – History of Ireland
Examination of four themes: Ireland's relationship with England; Ireland and the Catholic Church; Ireland during the Union with Great Britain (especially the famine); and the emergence of the modern Irish nation. Emphasis on economic, political, and religious developments.
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HI 326 – Historical Roots of the British Genius
Roots of Britain's special character and eminence in world history. Topics include the emergence of political liberties, industrial revolution, and the overseas empire. Artistic reflections of political and economic history in the British novel and in lyric poetry before Tennyson.

HI 327 – The Modern US Senate: From Collaboration to Confrontation
Examines the history of the US Senate with a special focus on increasing partisanship since WWII. Addresses major policy issues and landmark pieces of legislation as well as the lives and legacies of prominent individual Senators. Includes guest lecturers. Also offered as CAS PO 204E.

HI 328 – The Civil War Era
What led to the US Civil War and how did Americans, North and South, black and white, male and female, experience this central cataclysm? What were its consequences and what has been its legacy? This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness.

HI 329 – The Gilded Age, 1877-1914
Examines the economic, social, cultural and political transformation from the end of the Reconstruction until 1914. Specific focus on the industrial revolution, foreign policy, the nation state, the metropolis, and conflicts that emerged in American society during the Gilded Age.

HI 330 – Modern Italian History
From Unification (1860-1870) to the founding of the Republic (1947-1948). Enlightenment, Restoration, the Risorgimento; nation-building and the liberal parliamentary government; the Great War; Fascism; Resistance; fall of the monarchy; founding of the Republic.

HI 331 – Drugs and Security in the Americas
(Meets with CAS ir 290). Drug trafficking is one of the greatest threats to security and stability in the Americas. In this class, we study how drug trafficking became such an immense problem and why it has been so difficult to solve. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Ethical Reasoning.

HI 335 – Nuclear Governance
Examines how states administer their nuclear weapons and energy programs at the domestic and international levels. Explores the bureaucracies, military services, and government officials responsible for creating and maintaining nuclear weapons and energy. Also offered as CAS IR 315 and CAS PO 358. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I, Writing- Intensive Course.

HI 336 – World War I
Covers the causes, course, and consequences of the Great War. Topics include nationalism, imperial ideologies, propaganda, mass mobilization, genocide, grand strategy, operational history, and convergent construction of "war states" capable of waging total war. Also explores the rich literature of World War I.

HI 337 – America in Depression and War, 1890 to 1945
Examines how the modern United States was forged in the economic depressions of the 1890s and 1930s, and shaped by imperial and global ambitions beginning with the Spanish-American War and culminating with World War I and World War II.

HI 338 – Cold War America, 1945-68
Investigates how the ideological and strategic Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union shaped American society. Emphasis on the consensus in domestic opinion, the civil rights movement, political and cultural dissent, and the road to Vietnam.

HI 339 – A History of the Present: The United States since 1968
Analyzing the recent experience of the United States and its people in historical perspective, the course allows students to explore important developments in US politics, race relations, economy, and popular culture, investigate diverse social science approaches to contemporary problems, and develop an independent research project. Topics include war, politics, religion, and popular culture as well as changing notions about race, gender, and selfhood. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 343 – Taste, Culture, and Power: The Global History of Food
An exploration of the global history of food from prehistory to the present, considering the birth of agriculture, food in nations and empires, hunger and nutrition, and the future of eating, including examples from Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Digital/Multimedia Expression, Creativity/Innovation.

HI 344 – Greece& Eu Zone
An approach to Greece's current position in the Eurozone and the current economic crisis through analysis of Greece's economic history since independence and of the institutions and structures controlling or influencing current relations between Greece and the Eurozone. Also offered as CAS CG 344, EC 344, and CAS IR 301.

HI 345 – Greece and the Greeks: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern
Examines Greece and the Greek-speaking world from antiquity to the present day, investigating the ways the Hellenic world has interacted with, influenced, and been influenced by those with whom it has enjoyed contact, with special attention to international relations. Also offered as CAS CG 358, CAS CL 358, and CAS IR 326.

HI 346 – History of International Human Rights
Meets with CAS IR 348. History of international human rights since the eighteenth century. Examines political, social, economic rights, the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and related international conventions, enforcement, regionalism, globalization, and NGOs. Analyzes tensions between national sovereignty and human rights.

HI 347 – Bodies, Drugs, and Healing: A Global History of Medicine
An introduction to the history of medicine in global contexts, offering a broad perspective on the ways that bodies, healers, drugs, and health have been conceptualized, from antiquity to the present day, in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Ethical Reasoning.

HI 348 – Colonialism in Africa: Impact and Aftermath
Uses case studies of particular African societies or nations to examine patterns of European conquest and African resistance; forms of colonial administration and socioeconomic consequences of colonial rule; decolonization and contemporary African liberation movements; economic and political developments since independence; and contemporary social and cultural change.

HI 349 – History of Religion in Precolonial Africa
The study of the development of religious traditions in Africa during the period prior to European colonialism. An emphasis on both indigenous religions and the growth and spread of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in the continent as a whole. Also offered as CAS AA 382 and CAS RN 382.

HI 350 – Atlantic History
Examines the various interactions that shaped the Atlantic World, connecting Europe, Africa, and the Americas between 1400 and 1820. Begins by defining the political interaction, then emphasizes cultural exchange, religious conversion, and the revolutionary era.

HI 351 – Environmental History of Africa
Focus on the African environment and ecological systems over the past 150 years. Topics include climate change, hydrography, agriculture, deforestation, soil erosion, disease, conservation, famine, and the role of colonialism and government policy in environmental change. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 352 – Power, Leadership, and Governance in Africa and the Caribbean
Haitian Revolution; British Caribbean, leadership, governance, and power in Africa during the period of legitimate trade; visionaries, dictators, and nationalist politics in the Caribbean; chiefs, western elites, and nationalism in colonial Africa; road to governance in post-colonial Caribbean and Africa. Also offered as CAS AA 395 and IR 394.

HI 353 – Atlantic Africa and the Slave Trade
Examines--both by region and across the larger Atlantic area--the ways that overseas commerce, in particular the slave trade, interacted with and was shaped by African politics and economic variables. Also offered as CAS AA 396.

HI 354 – History, Islam, and Politics in the MENA
Explores how the colonial experience shaped North African culture and society, and how the North African postcolonial state negotiated the legacy of colonialism and responded to the dynamics underpinning global politics. Also offered as CAS RN 346 E. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course entitled "History and Religion: North African Issues" that was previously numbered CAS HI 384 E.

HI 358 – Twentieth-Century European Thought and Culture
This course treats artistic, musical, literary, political, and philosophical works historically. Among its large themes are modernism and the discovery of the unconscious, the cultural effects of both World Wars, democracy and its critics, totalitarian culture, existentialism, and postmodernism. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Historical Consciousness.

HI 360 – European Dimensions of the Black Diaspora
Explores writings about the Black experience in Europe since the 1800s through examinations of historical and literary works, artistic and folkloric depictions, as well as politics and sports in England, France, Germany, Russia, and the Netherlands. Also offered as CAS AA 380.

HI 361 – Black Radical Thought
Black radical thought in America, Europe, and Africa since the eighteenth century through writings of abolitionists, leaders of revolutions and liberation movements, Black nationalists, and Black socialists. Emphasizes the global nature of the "Black World" and its role in world history. Also offered as CAS AA 388.

HI 363 – Early Chinese History
From the Bronze Age to the seventeenth century, China changed dramatically yet maintained political and cultural cohesion, unlike any other civilization. This course explores both diversity and unity in early Chinese society as well as their historical legacies. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area(s): Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 364 – Modern Chinese History
Since 1600, China experienced Manchu imperial expansion, conflict with the West, two revolutions, and the construction of a socialist society now dominated by authoritarian capitalism. Explores the interplay between enduring traditions, upheaval and modernity, and their consequences for our world.

HI 365 – Shanghai: The Key to Modern China?
The social, cultural, political, and economic history of Shanghai is used as a lens to understand the making of modern China. Themes include the role of the city's colonial past in shaping its history. Students visit significant sights and museums. Also offered as CAS IR 371 E.

HI 367 – The Odd Couple: China and the USA, 1776 to the present
The USA, a bastion of capitalism, and China, the largest communist state on earth, are the two major global powers today. It was not always this way, and the course will map three centuries of this complex historical relationship, filled with mutual admiration and misunderstanding. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Creativity/Innovation.

HI 369 – Introduction to Modern Japanese History
Developments from late Tokugawa Japan and the Meiji Restoration (1868) to the present. Focus on Japan's economic, political, and social adjustment to modern times, the evolution of twentieth century Japanese imperialism, and Japan's growth after World War II.

HI 372 – Asian American History
Historically follows experiences of Asian and Pacific Islander groups from circumstances of departure to arrival and adjustment to the United States. Covers themes such as similarities and dissimilarities, images and stereotypes, discrimination and oppression, resistance and adaptation, community and family.

HI 377 – The Sword, the Cross, and the Crescent: Byzantium and the Near East
Examines Byzantine society and culture, focusing on conflicts and cooperation with the Islamic East until 1453, when Muslim Ottomans captured Constantinople and radically altered life and politics in the eastern Mediterranean. Explores lessons from Byzantine-Muslim relations for the twenty-first century.

HI 378 – Armenia from Antiquity to the Middle Ages
Introduction to Armenian history from antiquity to the medieval period. Themes include geopolitical competition for regional hegemony, the conversion to Christianity, adoption of the Armenian alphabet, quality of leadership under the five kingdoms, and the national struggle for survival.

HI 379 – Modern Armenian History and Literature
Introduction to modern Armenian history and literature from the nineteenth-century "cultural renaissance" to the upheavals of the twentieth century--genocide, independence, and Sovietization--and the literatures of Soviet Armenia and the diaspora.

HI 380 – The Armenian Genocide
Examines the emergence of the Armenian Question in the Ottoman Empire as a national and international issue. Analysis of Armenian-Turkish relations after the Young Turk revolution in 1908. Focuses on the processes of genocide, survivor memory, and international responses.

HI 381 – History of Modern Iran, 1900-Present
Geographical/historical background; social structure, ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversities; Anglo-Russian interventions; consequences of tobacco concession; constitutional revolution and reform; Qajar legacy; centralization, secularization, modernization under Pahlavis; oil and Mossadeg; autocracy and revolution; liberals, communists, fundamentalists, and Islamic revolution. Also offered as CAS IR 397.

HI 382 – Turko-Persia in the Twentieth Century
The twentieth-century history of the non-Arab Muslim Middle East, i.e., Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia. Analysis of the constitutional revolutions in Turkey and Iran, Kemalism, the Islamic revolution in Iran, and communism in the Soviet Union and Afghanistan. Also offered as CAS IR 328.

HI 383 – Modern History and Geopolitics of the Caucasus
Surveys history of the Caucasus with a focus on Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, from the early nineteenth century to the post-Soviet period. Explores advantages and problems of modernization, nationalism, and major power geopolitics within the context of international political economy.

HI 384 – History of Genocide
History and comparative analysis of genocidal mass murder with focus on the twentieth century. Hereros, Armenians, holomodor, Holocaust, Cambodia, Rwanda, Darfur. Attention to political leaders, state ideology, dehumanization of victim groups, geopolitical competition, war, empire building and decline.

HI 385 – History of Premodern Iran
History of Iran from the Muslim conquest to 1900. Examines political developments; Persian literature, visual arts, and culture; Iranian Islam, and religious minorities. Also offered as CAS IR 329.

HI 387 – Introduction to the Middle East
General introduction to the history, culture, and current development in the Middle East. Objective is to introduce students to a specific geographical and historical experience, as well as to acquaint them with some of the literature in the field.

HI 388 – Foundations of Jewish Politics
A foundational course for the study of Jewish political history. Students gain a broad understanding of central aspects of the "Jewish political tradition" from biblical times until today -- in Europe, the Americas, and the modern Middle East. Also offered as CAS RN 332.

HI 389 – Americans and the Middle East
Examines the intersecting histories of America and the Middle East from the late eighteenth century to the present, focusing first on American missionary and educational efforts in the region and then on American political and military involvement after World War II.

HI 390 – Mecca to Dubai: Cities in the Middle East
Examines Middle Eastern history through the lens of its cities because cities have always been pivotal sites of governance, religious life, cultural development, architectural legacies, and political protest. Today, they are the epicenter of neoliberal globalization.

HI 392 – Israel: History, Politics, Culture, Identity
Using a broad array of readings, popular music, documentaries, film and art, this course explores Israel's political system, culture, and society, including the status of minorities in the Jewish state; post-1967 Israeli settlement projects; and the struggle for Israel's identity. Meets with CAS LH 284.

HI 393 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
History of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, analysis of conflicting narratives through primary sources and film. Students present their own reflections on the conflict and debate possibilities of resolution. Counts toward majors and minors in History, International Relations, Middle East & North Africa Studies, and Jewish Studies. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy.

HI 395 – Experiencing Cuba: History, Culture, and Politics
Expeditionary course, team taught by BU and local faculty in Havana, Cuba. Firsthand study of the island's history, culture, and politics, toward understanding of the local, international, and transnational processes that shaped and continue to shape this unique society. Also offered as CAS AA 306 E and CAS IR 246 E.

HI 396 – Introduction to Latin American History
Analysis and discussion of the historical and cultural antecedents of Latin America; the influence of geographic, cultural, and economic forces on the land, people, and patterns of social change during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

HI 397 – Modern Latin America
Struggles for equality and inclusion in Mexico, Argentina, Peru, Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, and Bolivia from the 19th to the 21st centuries.

HI 399 – Introduction to Latin American Politics and International Relations
(Meets with CAS IR 367 and CAS PO 360.) Introduction to the patterns and complexities of Latin American politics and foreign policies. Focuses on the distinctive Latin American political experience and alternative explanation for it, including colonization, the international economy, and human and material resource capacity and utilization.

HI 400 – Tpcs: History

HI 401 – Senior Honors Seminar 1
The first of a two-semester seminar that guides students through the research and writing of an honors thesis grounded in primary historical research. Students participate in a workshop environment and are matched with an additional faculty advisor.

HI 402 – Senior Honors Seminar 2
The second of a two-semester seminar that guides students through the research and writing of an honors thesis grounded in primary historical research. Students participate in a workshop environment and are matched with an additional faculty advisor.

HI 406 – Monks, Friars, and Saints
Examines various aspects of the concept of holiness in medieval society. Principal focus on the monastic and mendicant orders, tracing the changing ideals of Christian sanctity and the impact of those ideals on social movements, economic developments, and state policies.

HI 407 – Topics in Medieval Religious Culture
Topic for Fall 2017: Magic, Witchcraft, and the Demonic in Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean. Magic, witchcraft, and the demonic as understood, employed, and feared in medieval Christian, Jewish, and Muslim communities. Exploration of religious world views; visual culture; healing and medical practices; matters of gender, power, and social control, including counter-magic, legal prohibitions, and inquisition. Also offered as CAS RN 470.

HI 408 – War in Film and Literature
This course explores, through works of film and literature, human experiences of combat, suffering, and death. Topics range from medieval Japan to Africa, the Americas and Europe, WWI, WWII, and various "small wars" from the 19th through 21st centuries.

HI 410 – Religion, Community, and Culture in Medieval Spain
Interactions between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in medieval Europe's most religiously diverse region -- from the establishment of an Islamic al-Andalus in 711 CE to the final Christian "reconquest" of the peninsula and expulsion of the Jews in 1492 CE. Also offered as CAS RN 410.

HI 412 – Popular Culture in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
An exploration of the various expressions of culture among the commoners of Europe, ca. 400-1600. Topics include religion, storytelling, material life, social and political organization, law and justice, gender roles, witchcraft and popular crusades, and the impact of the printing press.

HI 414 – Society and Culture in Early Modern Europe
Examines selected topics in the history of Europe between the Renaissance and the Age of Revolution. The current offering focuses on the persecution of religious dissents, minorities, and witches; Wars of Religion; and the slow spread of ideas of toleration.

HI 417 – England from Reformation to Revolution
Transformation of English society in the period between 1520 and 1660, and the origins of England's global expansion in the seventeenth century. Topics include the English Reformation, the Elizabethan settlement, the reign of James I and Charles I, civil war.

HI 426 – Music and Ideas from Mozart to the Jazz Age
Studies masterpieces of music alongside relevant works of fiction, philosophy, criticism, and cultural history to situate compositions in their larger context. The course includes music by such artists as Beethoven, Wagner, and Schoenberg, as well as Davis, Coltrane, and Ellington.

HI 430 – Comparative European Fascism
Analyzes fascism as a political and social movement in Mussolini's Italy, Hitler's Germany, and beyond. Emphasizes the creation of popular dictatorships through propaganda, repression, and racism, and ends with the fascist attempt to remake Europe through violence and genocide.

HI 432 – Research Seminar and Tutorial in English History
Considers the relationship between the past and the present, and surveys the evolution of key historiographical trends in modern English--and British--history, and how various types of sources have illuminated different aspects of the past.

HI 434 – Monarchy in Modern Britain
A seminar probing seminal moments in the history of modern British sovereignty, when the politics of the court intersected with the politics of the people. Particular consideration is given to how monarchy has survived as an institution. Also offered as CAS WS 434. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 435 – Histories of Human Rights
Traces Westerners' development of a humanitarian sensibility in the eighteenth century and considers how this sensibility was deployed in struggles over the rights of various groups during the modern period. Emphasis on Anglo-American contributions. Also offered as CAS WS 435.

HI 436 – The Great War and the Fragile Peace
Exploration of the military, political, social, economic, and cultural consequences of the First World War and the peace conference of 1919. Focuses on technological innovations, the expanded role of the state, and the long-range impact of the Versailles settlement. Also offered as CAS IR 436.

HI 440 – Refugee Hollywood (1933-1950)
Examines the flight of artists, writers, and intellectuals from Germany to Los Angeles in the wake of Hitler's rise to power with a focus on accounts by the emigres themselves, their works, and their influence on American culture.

HI 443 – Jews and Germans
Explores German-Jewish history as a failure of nation-states to integrate minorities. The course examines German-Jewish encounters from the Enlightenment until today, focusing on emancipation, demographic shifts, minority identity-formation, neo-Orthodoxy, anti-Semitism, Zionism, and responses to the Holocaust.

HI 449 – The History of Soviet Terror
Examines how terror became a tool of revolutionary transformation in the USSR, one which first strengthened, then unseated Soviet state power. Explores how Soviet people experienced and participated in such violence as a part of their everyday lives.

HI 450 – Topics in the History of Popular Culture
May be repeated for credit if topic is different. Two topics are offered Fall 2019. Section A1: Blood Libel. Explores accusations of Jewish plotting, ritual murder, and other malfeasance from 12th-century England to the present day. Looks at how myths and conspiracies--however implausible--gain traction and the origins, manifestations, and persistence of anti-Judaism over the past millennium. Section B1: Race, Gender, and Representation. From abolitionism and women's suffrage to workers' rights and the Movement for Black Lives, this seminar examines marginalized and minoritized peoples' mobilization of visual and print media to clapback and correct pervasive stereotypes and misrepresentations in popular culture.

HI 451 – Fashion as History
This course covers the history of Switzerland through its art and architecture, from the Romans to the twentieth century, setting the country's development in a wider European context and covering the main movements in art and architecture over that period. Also offered as CAS WS 451 A1. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Critical Thinking.

HI 454 – War and American Society, 1607-2001
Although committed to democracy, individual liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, Americans have frequently found themselves waging war. This course examines how war mobilization and the experience of combat since the settling of Jamestown have fundamentally changed American society.

HI 456 – Religion and American Culture
Selected topics on the interaction of religion and American history from the colonial period to the present.

HI 461 – The Civil War in American Memory
Examines the ways in which Americans have thought about the experiences of the Civil War, from the immediate postwar period through the later years of the twentieth century. Effective Spring 2021, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 465 – The United States and the Cold War
Examination of U.S. Cold War foreign policy from its origins at the end of World War II to the collapse of the Berlin Wall and of the Soviet Union. Also offered as CAS IR 465.

HI 467 – Postwar America: Issues in Political, Cultural, and Social History, 1945-69
Explores how, after the upheavals of World War II, American fought over and refashioned new norms and ideals in politics, daily life, and the home, Topics include youth rebellion, the African American freedom movement, antiwar activism, and the sexual revolution.

HI 468 – American Society since 1970: Issues in Domestic Political, Cultural, and Social History
A historical investigation of the United States at the end of the American century, including Watergate and the imperial presidency, stagflation, the "New Politics" and the "Me Decade," conservatism, feminism, race relations, religion, politics, culture, community and family life.

HI 475 – American Consumer History
The history of consumerism in modern America. Topics include origins and critiques of the culture of consumption; the development of national markets; advertising and commercial amusements; and the relationship of consumer society to religion, gender, ethnicity, and class.

HI 480 – The Theater of History
A practical workshop in the uses of history as source for theatrical productions including narrative films, television and other forms of performance arts, including dance, and the uses of such creative engagement as modes of historical imagination.

HI 482 – Merchants, Pirates, Missionaries, and the State in Maritime Asia, 600-2000
Oceans connected the peoples of coastal Asia, Africa, and Oceania long before the arrival of Europeans in the 1500s. This course examines how commerce, piracy, religious contact, and imperialisms shaped maritime Asia, and how oceans facilitated our own era's global connections.

HI 484 – Revolutionary Change in North Africa and the Middle East
Analysis of problems of revolutionary change and development theories as they apply to North Africa and the Middle East.

HI 485 – Selected Problems in the Modern Middle East
Major events in recent history of the Middle East: emergence of nationalism and intellectual awakening of the Ottoman Empire, impact of western economic penetration, effect of partition, and the seeds of conflict and Egyptian transformation under Nasser.

HI 487 – The Making of Modern China, 1600 to the present
Explores continuity and change between later imperial China and the Republican and Communist eras. Examines family and gender structures, ethnic classifications, and military traditions in late dynastic times and how revolution brought change from within and abroad.

HI 489 – The African Diaspora in the Americas
History of peoples of African descent in the Americas after end of slavery from an international framework. Examines development of racial categories, emergence of national identities in wake of the wars of independence, diverse Black communities in the twentieth century. Also offered as CAS AA 489.

HI 490 – Blacks and Asians: Encounters Through Time and Space
Exploration of historical encounters between Africans and people of African descent, and Asians and people of Asian descent. How such people imagined themselves, interacted with each other, viewed each other, influenced each other, and borrowed from each other. Also offered as CAS AA 490.

HI 491 – Directed Study

HI 492 – Directed Study

HI 493 – History of Science
Topic for Spring 2009: The role of science within American culture from the colonial period to the present. Examines science and race, the secularization of science, science and "pseudo-science," science and sexuality, and the morality of science.

HI 497 – Oxford Tutorial in History
Students meet regularly with individual tutors to explore a specific subject based on the special interests of the student. Guided by the tutor, students prepare written work culminating in a major work of research, study, and analysis for this advanced tutorial.

HI 500 – Tpcs: History

HI 502 – Drafts of History: Journalism and Historical Revisionism
Considers episodes from U.S. history, comparing the "draft" of journalists to subsequent historical accounts. Analyzes how new evidence alters understanding of events, but also how different eras ask questions about the past, interrogate different sources, and appeal to different audiences. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Oral and/or Signed Communication.

HI 505 – The American South in History, Literature, and Film
Explores the American South through literature, film, and other sources. Considers what, if anything, has been distinctive about the Southern experience and how a variety of Americans have imagined the region over time. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 462. Also offered as CAS AM 505. Effective Fall 2012, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Historical Consciousness.

HI 506 – The Transformation of Early New England: Witches, Whalers and Warfare
Explores how religious schisms and revival, warfare with native Americans, political revolution, and commercial development transformed New England from a Puritanical agricultural society into an urbanized, industrial society by the outbreak of the American Civil War. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I.

HI 507 – Three Revolutions
Examines how the English Civil Wars, the Glorious Revolution, and the American Revolution altered Anglo-American political thought and changed governance practices. Writers from Milton to Hamilton and Jefferson grappled with these transformations that created modern understandings of government. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course with the same title that was previously numbered CAS HI 453.

HI 510 – Topics in Legal History
Seminar examining current debates in American and international legal history alongside current legal controversies. Students explore legal history through theory and case-studies. Annual topics include religious tolerance, refugees, and sovereignty. Topic for Fall 2016: Global History of Tolerance.

HI 514 – Enlightenment and Its Critics
Explores how eighteenth-century criticisms of the Enlightenment have been taken up by twentieth-century thinkers such as Heidegger, Horkheimer, Adorno, Gadamer, and Foucault; discusses recent defenses of Enlightenment ideals of reason, critique and autonomy by Habermas and others. Also offered as CAS PO 592 and CAS PH 412.

HI 518 – Histories of Food and Society
Introduces themes of the history of food-production, consumption, aesthetics, and ritual through specific historical examples of food and culture(s) and food diasporas of the modern era.

HI 524 – The Cold War in Latin America
Meets with CAS IR 524. Examines Cold War in Latin America through chronological examination of "hot- spots" in Latin America. Examines government policies, social movements, economic conditions and power struggles. Compares direct and indirect intervention by U.S. and local efforts to resist or exploit intervention.

HI 525 – Development in Historical Perspective
A critical investigation of modern "development" practices and projects in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Explores the rise of development paradigms in the nineteenth century and key twentieth-century transformations; interrogates challenges to, critiques of, and reaffirmations of global development schemes.

HI 526 – Poverty and Democracy: Modern India and the United States in Comparative Perspective
Through an examination of historical, empirical, and journalistic evidence, students examine the peculiar and pernicious nature of modern and contemporary poverty in the context of two large democracies, India and the United States.

HI 533 – Empire and Power: British Foreign Policy, 1782-Present
Examines the evolution of British foreign policy over time as well as the nature of Great Power rivalry. Key themes include formulation of national diplomatic strategies, policy coordination, diplomatic vs. military considerations, alliance politics, and policy over-stretch. Also offered as CAS IR 514.

HI 537 – World War II: Causes, Course, Consequences
Hitler, Mussolini, Tojo, Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin, and 75 million ordinary and extraordinary dead. From 1939-1945, the whole world waged total war in cruel ways unknown to any history before or since. Explore the causes, course, and consequences of these events.

HI 539 – Nazis on Film
Explores changing representations of Nazis on the silver screen, from celebrations of the "Third Reich" to post-1945 depictions of Nazis as evil. Focuses on the longing for strong leadership, pleasure at inflicting pain on enemies, fear of others, and racism. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub areas: Aesthetic Exploration, Historical Consciousness.

HI 541 – Comrades & Competitors: US and Soviet Cultural Exchange
Many of attitudes that color US-Russia relations today come from their history of friendship and enmity in the 20th century. This seminar investigates US-Soviet culture wars, which shaped not only each society's "way of being," but also international relations.

HI 543 – The Prevention of Genocide
(Meets with CAS IR 437.) Examines various approaches to and challenges in prevention of genocide, including ability of existing international institutions to develop early warning systems. Evaluation of effectiveness of unilateral military action and multilateral options at the UN and regional levels to stop genocide.

HI 546 – Places of Memory: Historic Preservation Theory and Practice
Covers key aspects of the history, theory, and practice of historic preservation. Preservation is discussed in the context of cultural history and the changing relationship between existing buildings and landscapes and attitudes toward history, memory, invented tradition, and place. Also offered as CAS AM 546 and CAS AH 546.

HI 549 – Nationalism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Explores the origins of modern nationalism as a major force, molding identity and motivating politics. Examines the relationship between nationalism, revolution, and war, as well as the challenges presented by ethnic revivalism, ethnonational conflicts, and globalization.

HI 550 – Jews in Modern Culture
Examines the role and impact of Jews as producers and brokers of modern culture, with focus on fields ranging from psychoanalysis to movies. Considers whether Jews' cultural activities were distinctive and, if so, how and why.

HI 552 – Topics in Jewish History
Examines various aspects of Jewish culture, politics, and society. Topics vary from year to year.

HI 560 – The American Transcendentalists
Led by Emerson, Thoreau, Bronson Alcott, Margaret Fuller, and others, the Transcendentalists constituted the first "counter-cultural" movement in American history. Seminar focuses on how and why they did so within the philosophical, religious, literary, antislavery, communitarian, and ecological currents they inhabited.

HI 568 – The Modern Metropolis: Approaches to Urban History
Cities such as New York, Paris, London, and Shanghai captured the worst problems and most exciting possibilities of the late-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This course investigates how urban spaces facilitated commerce, social life, and the forging of modern identities. Effective fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Writing-Intensive Course, Research and Information Literacy.

HI 569 – Boston Architectural and Community History Workshop
This course focuses on class readings, lectures, and research on a single neighborhood or community in Boston (or Greater Boston). Greatest emphasis is on using primary sources-- land titles and deeds, building permits, fire insurance atlases and other maps. Also offered as CAS AH 554 and CAS AM 555.

HI 580 – The History of Racial Thought
Study of racial thinking and feeling in Europe and the United States since the fifteenth century. Racial thinking in the context of Western encounters with non-European people and Jews; its relation to social, economic, cultural, and political trends. Also offered as CAS AA 580.

HI 582 – Protest and Resistance in the Americas
How do ordinary people rise up to challenge economic exploitation, racism, police violence, and environmental harm? This course examines protest movements in Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, Guatemala, Mexico, and the US from the Mexican Revolution to Black Lives Matter.

HI 584 – Labor, Sexuality, and Resistance in the Afro-Atlantic World
The role of slavery in shaping the society and culture of the Afro-Atlantic world, highlighting the role of labor, the sexual economy of slave regimes, and the various strategies of resistance deployed by enslaved people. Also offered as CAS AA 514.

HI 587 – U.S.-Mexican Borders
Examines the geographic border, as well as political and cultural boundaries inside Mexico and the U.S., from 1848 to the present. Topics include the Chicano movement, maquiladora assembly plants, the Zapatista rebellion, youth gangs, free trade, and music and art.

HI 588 – Women, Power, and Culture in Africa
Understanding the role of women in African history. Topics include the Atlantic slave trade, power, religion, the economy, resistance movements, health, the state, and kinship. Emphasis on the period before independence. Also offered as CAS AA 588.

HI 589 – Nature's Past: Histories of Environment and Society
Explores approaches in environmental history and asks how non-human actors, together with human agents, determined historical outcomes and shaped ecological, technological, demographic, political, and cultural change. Cases are selected from North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Africa.

HI 590 – The World and the West
Explores relations between the West and the Third World from 1850, focusing on national and cultural movements in the Third World, and places the African American struggle for freedom in the United States in global and comparative perspective. Also offered as CAS AA 590.

HI 595 – Morocco: History on the Cusp of Three Continents
Explores the range and limits of social mixture - cultural, political, economic - as three civilizations met at the northwest corner of Africa and influenced one another from the eighth to the twenty-first centuries.

HI 596 – Muslim Societies: An Interdisciplinary History
Examines the states, empires, faiths, and ideologies of the Muslim world over a 1500-year period, including states from North and West Africa, through the Middle East, to Turkey, Iran, and then to Central and Southeast Asia. Also offered as CAS AH 539, AN 548, IR 515, and RN 563.

HI 597 – Diasporas and Identity
History of diasporan commercial networks during the past four centuries in the West and other parts of the world, and emergence of modern global political economy. Focuses on transformation from exilic nationalism to diasporization, transnationalism, and deterritorialization of diasporic identity.

HI 606 – Heresy and Persecution in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries
Around the millennium radical Christian movements appeared in and outside the Church, which, despite sharing ideals, became mutually antagonistic. The course studies multiple sources of the conflict and traces the emergence of Crusade and Inquisition to combat this "popular heresy."

HI 608 – Renaissance Europe
The main political, socioeconomic, intellectual and artistic currents in Italy (c. 1350--1530) and northwestern Europe (c. 1500-1560); emphasis on leading thinkers (Petrarch, Bruni, Machiavelli, Erasmus, More, Montaigne) as creators of the modern Western mind.

HI 609 – Christendom Divided: Reformation and Religious Conflict in Early Modern Europe
Religious change in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; the origins and causes of the Protestant Reformation; the Catholic Reformation; the resulting civil wars in the Germanies, France, and the Netherlands; and pertinent aspects of Tudor and Stuart England.

HI 625 – Communications Revolutions from Language to Cyberspace
History of communications revolutions from the origin of human language through writing to current global revolutions. Focus on the western socio-political matrix of communications technology, implications for both cognitive and social relations, and dilemmas created for cultures by the increased flow of information.

HI 649 – The Making of Modern Britain
Political, social, and intellectual developments; emphasis on evolution of cabinet government and the party system; the industrial revolution and social problems; political reform and the emergence of democracy.

HI 650 – Twentieth Century Britain
A political, social, and cultural history of England with emphasis on the impact of the two world wars, the emergence of the welfare state, the loss of empire, and Britain's relations with Europe.

HI 664 – French Feudal Society: 496-1339
A new society based on landholding and personal loyalties developed after the barbarian invasions. Examination of its social tensions and warfare, the role of women, chivalry, the growth of towns and universities, and the centralism of Capetian and Valois kings.

HI 666 – French Revolution and Napoleon
Origins of the revolution; principal events in terms of political, social, and cultural impact on France and Europe; Napoleon's restructuring of France and Europe; the settlements of 1815.

HI 670 – Germany, 1914-Present
German History from the beginning of World War I to the present with emphasis on the politico-social developments, the Nazi attempt to control Europe, the growing division of Germany, the integration of West and East Germany into power blocs, and German reunification.

HI 672 – History of Russia, 1689-1917
Political, socioeconomic, diplomatic, cultural, and intellectual history of Russia from the reign of Peter the Great through the revolutions of 1905 and 1917.

HI 673 – History of the Soviet Union and Post-Communist Russia, 1917-Present
Evolution of Soviet Russia from the outbreak of World War I to the present.

HI 674 – Topics in Modern Russian and Soviet History, 1861?1956
Focuses on nineteenth- and twentieth-century Russian and Soviet history with attention to political, socioeconomic, and cultural transformations as well as war, religion, thought, and ideology. Topics vary from year to year.

HI 689 – History of International Relations, 1900-45
The causes and consequences of the First World War; the search for postwar reconstruction and stability during the twenties; economic collapse, revolutionary nationalism, and fascism during the 1930s; the Second World War and the advent of the bipolar world.

HI 690 – History of International Relations since 1945
The causes and consequences of the Soviet-American Cold War from its origins in Europe to its extension to Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The rise of the multipolar international system, the emergence of the nonaligned blocs, and inter- and intra-alliance conflicts.

HI 698 – African American History
Surveys the history of African Americans from their African origins to the present, investigating their critical role in shaping the meaning of race, rights, freedom, and democracy during slavery, reconstruction, Jim Crow, and the civil rights era. Also offered as GRS AA 871.

HI 699 – Teaching College History
The goals, contents, and methods of instruction in history. General teaching-learning issues. Required of all teaching fellows.

HI 702 – Science and American Culture
From the colonial period to the present. Such topics as the American reception of Copernicus and Newton, scientific exploration, the interaction of science and religion, the impact of science on social theory, the rise of "big science," and contemporary "science wars."

HI 704 – Science and Religion: Dialogue and Debate
Challenges conventional wisdom that science and religion have always been at war in Europe and North America. Explores their interactions, mutual existence, and conflict from Copernicus' claim that the earth revolved around the sun to contemporary debates about evolution. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I.

HI 705 – American Thought and Culture, 1776 to 1900
Examines how intellectuals constructed an "exceptional" American identity by adjusting provincial Protestant and Enlightenment traditions to the challenges of transnational democratic, Romantic, and secular thought. Topics include Transcendentalism, pro- and anti-slavery movements, philosophical idealism, literary realism, and Darwinian theories. Effective Fall 2019, this course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Ethical Reasoning, Critical Thinking.

HI 706 – American Thought and Culture, 1900 to the Present
Investigates how American thinkers brought about an intellectual revolution in three challenging moments: the naturalist revolt in pragmatic philosophy and modern art; progressive liberals' confrontations with radicalism and new conservatisms; and post-structuralists' uncertain leap beyond modernist science, religion, and humanities. This course cannot be taken for credit in addition to the course entitled "Intellectual History of the United States, 1900 to the Present" that was previously numbered GRS HI 706. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Ethical Reasoning, Critical Thinking.

HI 708 – Religious Thought in America
Surveys many of the strategies that American religious thinkers have adopted for interpreting the cosmos, the social order and human experience, and the interaction of those strategies with broader currents of American culture. Also offered as GRS RN 614. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry II.

HI 710 – Religion, Community, and Culture in Medieval Spain
Interactions between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in medieval Europe's most religiously diverse region -- from the establishment of an Islamic al-Andalus in 711 CE to the final Christian "reconquest" of the peninsula and expulsion of the Jews in 1492 CE. Also offered as GRS RN 710.

HI 721 – The American Revolution, 1750-1800
The political, economic, and ideological causes of the American War for Independence; the construction of a new political system amid the passions of a revolutionary upheaval; and the gradual emergence of a new economic and cultural order in the United States.

HI 737 – The United States, 1900-1945
Industrialization; Progressivism; science; religion; expansion and World War I; immigration; the women's movement; Jim Crow; the Great Depression and New Deal; World War II; politics, culture, and diplomacy.

HI 745 – Seminar in Early American History and Culture
Readings and research in colonial and early national history and culture. Research topics vary from year to year.

HI 746 – History of International Human Rights
History of international human rights since the eighteenth century. Examines political, social, economic rights, the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and related international conventions, enforcement, regionalism, globalization, and NGOs. Analyzes tensions between national sovereignty and human rights.

HI 749 – History of Religion in Pre-Colonial Africa
Study of the development of religious traditions in Africa during the period prior to European colonialism. An emphasis both on indigenous religions and on the African roots and the growth and spread of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in the continent as a whole. Also offered as GRS AA 882 and GRS RN 682.

HI 750 – History of the Atlantic World
Examines the various interactions that shaped the Atlantic World, connecting Europe, Africa, and the Americas between 1400 and 1800. Begins by defining the political interaction, then emphasizes cultural exchange, religious conversion, and the revolutionary era. Also offered as GRS AA 885.

HI 751 – Environmental History of Africa
Focus on the African environment and ecological systems over the past 150 years. Topics include climate change, hydrography, agriculture, deforestation, soil erosion, disease, conservation, famine, and the role of colonialism and government policy in environmental change.

HI 760 – European Dimensions of the Black Diaspora
Relates the Black experience in modern Europe to that in the Americas by exploring religion, art, folklore, and politics in such places as England, interwar France, Nazi Germany, and Soviet Russia. Explicates racism, for example in European soccer. Also offered as GRS AA 880.

HI 761 – Black Radical Thought
Black radical thought in America, Europe, and Africa since the eighteenth century through writings of abolitionists, leaders of revolutions and liberation movements, Black nationalists, and Black socialists. Emphasizes the global nature of the "Black World" and its role in world history. Also offered as GRS AA 888.

HI 777 – The Sword, the Cross, and the Crescent: Byzantium and the Near East
History of Byzantium and its arts and sciences, culture and religion, economy and commerce from the 300s to 1453, when Muslim Ottomans captured Constantinople. Examines the impact of Iconoclasm, the Crusades, cultural relations, and military conflicts with the Islamic East.

HI 780 – The Armenian Genocide
Examines the emergence of the Armenian Question in the Ottoman Empire as a national and international issue. Analysis of Armenian-Turkish relations after the Young Turk revolution in 1908. Focuses on the processes of genocide, survivor memory, and international responses.

HI 800 – European Historiography
Examines historical writing about Europe through changing trends in method and approach.

HI 801 – The Historian's Craft
Intensive training in the best practices of historical research, writing, publication, and oral presentation. Culminates in the production of a publishable journal article.

HI 807 – Topics in Medieval Culture
Topics vary. Also offered as GRS RN 770.

HI 813 – Gender in Medieval Christian Mysticism
Study of the Christian mystical traditions of medieval Europe, both orthodox and heretical, with particular emphasis on the role of gender and authority in mystical writing, practicing, and teaching. Also offered as GRS RN 713.

HI 814 – The European Enlightenment
Survey of the intellectual and social transformation of Europe from the 1680s to the French Revolution. Readings draw on both eighteenth-century sources (including Voltaire, Diderot, Condorcet, Lessing, Smith, and Hume) and recent work by historians.

HI 819 – Readings in European History
Introduces graduate students to new and recent work in European history. Readings are tailored to students' particular needs and special emphasis is placed on strategies to prepare for oral exams.

HI 827 – Early Medieval Spain
History of Spain from the fifth through thirteenth centuries: late Roman Spain, Visigoths, Islamic conquest, society and culture of Islamic Spain, rise of Christian kingdoms; conquest and settlement of Andalusia, social relations and cultural exchange among Christians, Muslims, and Jews.

HI 843 – Problems in Twentieth-Century History
An international and comparative approach to major problems of the twentieth century. Readings on such topics as modernization, urbanization, revolution, and war and its consequences. Topics change annually.

HI 849 – United States History 1830 to 1900
Historiographic investigation of various central themes in nineteenth century US history, covering the years 1830-1900. Introduces students to scholarship on such issues as plantation slavery; abolition; Civil War; Reconstruction; and race relations after the Civil War.

HI 850 – American Historiography
Examines the methodological and professional development of American historians since the 1880s, changes in the field since the founding period, and new directions in U.S. history.

HI 851 – Recent American History
Advanced graduate seminar that investigates significant problems in the history of the United States since 1900. The specific focus of the seminar changes from year-to-year. Topics have included "Politics and Popular Culture in Twentieth Century America" and "State and Society."

HI 852 – Readings in American History
Introduces graduate students to new and recent work in United States history. Readings are tailored to students' particular needs and special emphasis is placed on strategies to prepare for oral exams.

HI 854 – Economic History of the United States
American economic development, the role of industry and agriculture, changes in economic structure and institutions, and the historical evolution of roles played by government and business enterprises.

HI 855 – American Immigration History
The experience of immigrants to the United States including the study of pre-migration cultures, theories of adaptation, perspectives on race, ethnicity and gender, questions of inclusion and exclusion, transnationalism, and the second generation; training in the methods of oral history.

HI 857 – Topics in American Cultural History
Readings seminar focusing on American culture, broadly defined, in various periods of American history. Readings consist of both primary documents and secondary sources relevant to the specific topic. Topic for Fall 2019: Race, Gender, and Representation. From abolitionism and women's suffrage to workers' rights and the Movement for Black Lives, this seminar examines marginalized and minoritized peoples' mobilization of visual and print media to clapback and correct pervasive stereotypes and misrepresentations in popular culture.

HI 859 – The United States as a World Power
Meets with CAS PO 578. The course material is organized along a debate format. Although the course is primarily concerned with twentieth-century U.S. foreign policy, attention is also given to eighteenth- and nineteenth-century issues.

HI 861 – The Civil War Era
Examines the Civil War experience in a broad social and cultural context, looking at Northern and Southern society in antebellum, war-time, and post-war years. Emphasizes issues of slavery, race, and emancipation, as well as political crises of the era.

HI 862 – The Gilded Age, 1877-1914
Examines the economic, social, cultural and political transformation from the end of the Reconstruction until 1914. Specific focus on the industrial revolution, foreign policy, the nation state, the metropolis, and conflicts that emerged in American society during the Gilded Age.
Ferleger.

HI 863 – Topics in American Intellectual History
Introduces graduate students to major methods and themes in the field of U.S. intellectual history. Topic for Spring 2017: Exceptional, National, Transnational: Comparativist Approaches to American History. This seminar examines the challenges posed to nation-centered American historical scholarship by recent transnational methods and interpretations.

HI 865 – The United States Since 1968
Recent political, economic, social, and cultural history. Includes Nixon, Carter, and Reagan presidencies; stagflation; Watergate; "Me Decade"; end of the Cold War.

HI 866 – History of American Foreign Relations Since 1898
Analysis of the history of American foreign policy from the perspective of the changing world and regional international systems: emphasis on the effect of these systems and the impact of America on the creation and operation of international systems.

HI 870 – African Historiography
Examines historical writing about the African continent through key trends in the study of themes and regional historiographies. Also highlights recent works in the field.

HI 872 – The Twentieth-Century American Presidency
Focuses on the alterations in the institution of the presidency during the twentieth century. Consideration of Theodore Roosevelt and Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson, Nixon, and Reagan.

HI 875 – A History of Women in the United States
This course examines the ideas and experiences of women in the United States from the 1600's through the late twentieth century. The course considers the common factors that shaped women's lives as well as women's diverse class, ethnic, and regional experiences.

HI 877 – Problems in African History
A research seminar in comparative urban history which focuses on, but will not be limited to, cities in Africa. Each student is our resident expert on the history of a city of his or her choice.

HI 880 – The History of Food
A comparative perspective on issues of human subsistence through time. Changing patterns of nutrition and health, agricultural production, methods of coping with famine and organizing feasts, origins and impact of culinary and dietary innovations.

HI 881 – Readings in Food History
Survey of food history: how food influences, and is influenced by, politics, economics, climate, geography, technology, and culture. Considers the ways food history interconnects with other disciplines and raises important issues for an era of globalized food production, processing, and consumption.

HI 886 – Modern Latin America
Political, economic, and cultural evolution of Latin American republics. Nineteenth century conflicts over "civilization" vs "barbarism," liberalism vs conservatism, and slavery. Democracy and military rule in the twentieth century and efforts to create new forms of politics and citizenship.

HI 889 – Early Chinese History
The development of Chinese civilization through the traditional, medieval, and early modern periods; emphasis on intellectual history and political, social, and economic institutions.

HI 890 – Modern Chinese History
History of China from the Opium War through the Chinese cultural revolution to the post-Mao era. Analysis of the traditional continuities and political, economic, social, and intellectual changes stimulated by modernization and revolution.

HI 892 – The Middle East
General introduction to the history, culture, and current development of the Middle East. Objective is to introduce students to a specific geographical and historical experience as well as to acquaint them with some of the literature in the field.

HI 900 – Dissertation Writing
A workshop designed for students writing a dissertation that provides them with critical responses to their work and addresses important issues associated with becoming a professional historian.

HI 901 – Directed Study: American History
Directed Study on a topic in American History.

HI 902 – Directed Study: European History
Directed study on a topic in European History

HI 903 – Directed Study: African History
Directed study on a topic in African history.

HI 904 – Latin American History
Directed Study on a topic in Latin American history.

HI 905 – Directed Study: Middle Eastern History
Directed study on a topic in Middle Eastern history.

HI 906 – Directed Study: East Asian History
Directed study on a topic in East Asian history.

HI 907 – Directed Study: Slavic History
Directed study on a topic in Slavic history.

HI 908 – Directed Study: English History
Directed study on a topic in English history.

HI 909 – Directed Study in Armenian History
Graduate-level directed study in a topic in Armenian history.

HI 910 – Directed Study: History of Science
Directed study on a topic in the history of science.

HI 957 – Directed Study: American Economic History
Directed study on a topic in American economic history.

HI 959 – Directed Research: American History
Directed research on a topic in American history.

HI 961 – Directed Research: Latin American History
Directed research on a topic in Latin American history.

HI 963 – Directed Research: English History
Directed research on a topic in English history.

HI 965 – Directed Research: Slavic History
Directed research on a topic in Slavic history.
Geifman.

HI 967 – Directed Research: European History
Directed research on a topic in European history.

HI 973 – Directed Research: African History
Directed research on a topic in African history.

HI 975 – Directed Research: Middle Eastern History
Directed research on a topic in Middle Eastern history.

HI 977 – Directed Research: Islamic History
Directed research on a topic in Islamic history.

HI 978 – Directed Study: South Asian History
Directed study on a topic in South Asian history.

HI 979 – Directed Research: East Asian History
Directed research on a topic in East Asian history.

HI 980 – Directed Research: History of Science
Directed research on a topic in the history of science.

HI 981 – Cert Ft Study

HI 982 – Cert Ft Study

HI 983 – Cont Study Pt

HI 984 – Cont Study Pt

HI 985 – Cont Study Cft

HI 986 – Cont Study Cft