Latin America and the Caribbean

Since the turn of the century China has become the first or second largest trading partner for many countries in Latin America, and the largest source of development finance. This significant increase in trade and investment helped the region achieve economic growth rates that had not been seen since the 1970s and helped roll back some of the increases in poverty and inequality that had risen during the tumultuous 1980s and 1990s. These growth benefits are have been important, but Chinese demand for Latin American economic activity has largely been concentrated in extractive industries that exacerbate the resource curse that can trigger macro-economic instability, accelerate de-industrialization, and accentuate social and environmental conflict. The GDP Center’s work on China and Latin America examines the economic, social, and environmental impacts of Chinese trade and investment in the region and proposes policy solutions that can help Latin American steer Chinese trade and investment toward structural change in a manner that is lower carbon and socially inclusive.

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  • Rio de Jaineiro at night
  • Michel Temer and Xi Jinping

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