China is, by far, the world’s largest source of bilateral official finance. China’s two main policy banks that lend to governments overseas – the China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China – together issued about as much in sovereign finance commitments as the World Bank in the last global business cycle (2008-2019). At that scale, it is crucial for policymakers and stakeholders at all levels to understand the environmental and social implications of this finance.

The Global China Initiative’s FAIR-BRI (Forestry, Agriculture and Indigenous Rights in the Belt and Road Initiative) program examines these aspects, with a special focus on land use, biodiversity and natural resources critical for Indigenous communities worldwide.

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