The Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection
This series consists of two sets of artwork sent to MLK: a group of Chinese watercolors sent by the Hong Kong Refugee Handcraft Production and Sales Promotion Service and a cartoon drawn by artist Tom Feelings.
Material in this series consists of correspondence to and from Martin Luther King, Jr. from various individuals and carbon copies of King's responses (if any), as well as letters specifically pertaining to the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and the Young Men's Christian Association. King's responses usually were written by one of his several secretaries (usually Maude Ballou and Dora McDonald, sometimes Hilda Proctor or James Wood). Several letters to King came with material enclosed, including newspaper clippings, photographs, flyers, pamphlets, business cards, manuscripts, and other material. Some of this material will be found in Writings by Other Authors, Printed Material, or other series as indicated. Notable correspondents in this series include Saul Alinsky, Maya Angelou, Harry Belafonte, Eleanor Blangstead, L. Harold DeWolf, Lyndon B. Johnson, Kivie Kaplan, Stanley Levison, E. D. Nixon, Richard M. Nixon, Rosa Parks, Linus Pauling, Adam Clayton Powell, Eleanor Roosevelt, Dean Rusk, Bayard Rustin, Sargent Shriver, Fred Shuttlesworth, Adlai Stevenson, Gardner C. Taylor, Norman Thomas, Howard Thurman, Melvin Watson, Harris Wofford, Malcolm X, and others.
This series consists of correspondence and enclosures pertaining to educational institutions and/or organizations, primarily colleges and universities, but also including several elementary, secondary, and other schools. For correspondence specifically pertaining to religious, civic, or other institutions, refer to their respective series. Significant correspondence is present for Talladega College (Ala.), the Tuskegee Institute (Ala.), University of Bridgeport (Conn.), Wesleyan University (Conn.), Yale University (Conn.), Howard University (D.C.), Morehouse College (Ga.), Northwestern University (Ill.), Goshen College (Ind.), Morgan State College (Md.), Boston University (Mass.), Brandeis University (Mass.), Harvard University (Mass.), University of Michigan (Mich.), Dartmouth College (N.H.), Princeton University (N.J.), Syracuse University (N.Y.), Wake Forest College (N.C.), Crozer Theological Seminary (Pa.), Dickinson College (Pa.), Lycoming College (Pa.), Brown University (Rhode Island), Erma Hughes Business College (Tex.), Hampton Institute (Va.), and the University of Wisconsin (Wis.).
This series consists of correspondence and enclosures from various individuals and organizations, sent from locations outside the boundaries of the United States. Notable individuals represented in this series include Eric Baker (England), Anthony Brooke (Sarawak/Malaysia), Ramdas Gandhi (India), Oscar A. Guinn, Jr. (Malaysia), C. L. R. James (England), Julius Gikonyo Kiano (Kenya), Heinz Kraschutzki (West Germany), Edward Obedi Lichenga (Kenya), Tom Mboya (Kenya), Morton F. Meads (The Philippines), A. J. Muste (England), Jawaharlal Nehru (India), Ngumbu Njururi (England), N. Oluwole Olaku (Nigeria), Moses Popoola (Ghana), Deolindo Rodrigues (Brazil), Bertrand Russell (England), Margrit de Sablonière (The Netherlands), Donald Ogden Stewart (England),and Oliver Tambo (South Africa). Also present are letters from several members of the International Fellowship of Reconciliation, mostly from England. Several of the letters ask MLK for financial assistance; regular correspondence as a "pen pal;" assistance with emigrating to and/or attending school in the United States; or to attend an event (and usually to give a speech).
This series consists of correspondence and enclosures pertaining to organizations and other institutions. For correspondence specifically pertaining to educational or religious institutions, refer to their respective series. There is significant correspondence from The Adult Education Council of Greater Chicago (Illinois), the AFL-CIO (Washington, D.C.), Ajaye Clarke Associates (California), Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, The American Baptist Convention (New York), The American Baptist Convention (Pennsylvania), The American Civil Liberties Union (New York), The American Jewish Congress (New York), The American Lutheran Church (Minnesota), Artists and Speakers Bureau, Inc. (New York), The Atlanta All-Citizens Registration Committee (Georgia), The Beth Emet Forum (Illinois), The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (New York), Centenary Methodist Church (Minnesota), The Chicago Sunday Evening Club (Illinois), The Christian Century (Illinois), The Citizens Committee to Preserve American Freedoms (California), The Committee to Secure Justice for Morton Sobell (New York), The Detroit Council of Churches (Michigan), Evangelical and Reformed Church, Board of Christian Education and Publication (Pennsylvania), Fellowship House and Farm (Pennsylvania), Florida Open Forum of the Palm Beaches, The Ford Hall Forum (Massachusetts), Harper and Brothers (New York), The Harry Walker Agency (Massachusetts), Hotel and Club Employees Union, Local 6 (New York), The International Union, United Auto, Aircraft and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (Michigan), Let's Abolish Boxing Association (New York), "Meet the Press" (New York), The Methodist Church (Tennessee), Minnesota State Pastors Conference, Modern Community Developers, Inc. (New Jersey), National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. (New York), National Student Christian Federation (New York), National Sunday School and B.T.U. Congress (New York), The National Urban League (New York), The Ohio Pastors Convention, The Phelps-Stokes Fund (New York), The Pittsburgh Courier (Pennsylvania), Promoting Enduring Peace, Inc. (Connecticut), The Sunday Evening Forum (Arizona), United Citizens Committee for Freedom of Residence (Illinois), The United Negro College Fund (New York), The Urban League of Portland (Oregon), Utility Club, Inc. (New York), and The Virginia Teachers' Association.
Several organizations are represented in the Subject Files series. For correspondence and other material regarding the American Committee on Africa, the American Friends Service Committee, the Baptist World Alliance, the Congress of Racial Equality, the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, the Ebenezer Baptist Church, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Henderson Travel Service, the Montgomery Improvement Association, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom (Washington, D.C., 1957), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the Southern Conference Educational Fund, the Southern Negro Leaders Conference on Transportation and Nonviolence, the Southern Regional Council, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and the United Packinghouse Workers of America, please refer to the Subject Files.
This series consists of correspondence and enclosures pertaining to religious institutions and/or organizations, primarily Christian churches of various Protestant denominations but also including several Jewish synagogues and Catholic parishes. For correspondence specifically pertaining to religious, educational, or other institutions, refer to their respective series. Significant correspondence is present for Abyssinian Baptist Church (New York), Antioch Baptist Church (Ohio), The Central Methodist Church (Detroit, Mich.), The Community Church of Boston (Mass.), The Congregation Mishkan Israel (Conn.), Greater Macedonia Baptist Church (Mich.), New Hope Baptist Church (Conn.), Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims (New York), The Riverside Church (New York), Temple Isaiah (Calif.), Trinity Baptist Church (Mich.), and Woodland Hills Community Church (Calif.). Some religious organizations are represented in the Subject Files series. For correspondence and other material regarding the American Friends Service Committee, the Baptist World Alliance, the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church (Montgomery, Ala.), the Ebenezer Baptist Church (Atlanta, Ga.), and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, refer to the Subject Files.
This material consists of letters that did not belong among the Alphabetical or Geographic correspondence, for various reasons. These letters include: correspondence from and about African students; correspondence received by King after his Sep. 3, 1958 arrest in Montgomery, Alabama; correspondence received after the Sep. 20, 1958 assassination attempt against King by Izola Ware Curry, as well as some financial and printed material related to that incident; correspondence from incarcerated individuals; hate mail; letters opposing King's politics, religious beliefs, social activism, and so forth; letters labeled "unique" by King's secretaries, mainly from religious zealots or mystics; and letters in support of King.
Items in this series are divided into two sections: material pertaining to MLK's years as a student (dated 1949-1955) and items regarding a seminar MLK co-taught at Morehouse College in 1962. The first section consists of a handful of documents from MLK's matriculation at Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, dated 1947-1948. Considerably more material dates from MLK's graduate studies at Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania (dated 1948-1951) and from his doctoral studies at Boston University in Boston, Massachusetts (1951-1955). Material in this series includes: class handouts, including syllabi, bibliographies, and course requirements; class notes; assignments, including some by classmates; examination questions and answers, including blue books; research notes and notecards, many dealing with his dissertation; correspondence related to education matters; printed items, including research for his dissertation; drafts of his dissertation, entitled "A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman"; a handout and notecards prepared for the Dialectical Society, a social group MLK ran while a student at Boston University; and a group of unidentified school papers, some of which were written by various unidentified individuals. A separate group of items relates to a Seminar in Social Philosophy which MLK co-taught at Morehouse College in 1962. These items include correspondence with Morehouse president Dr. Benjamin Mays regarding the position; a class list, which includes Julian Bond; and a notebook in which MLK handwrote ideas for lectures.
The series is arranged into thirteen subseries: Banking, Insurance, and Investments; Transportation; Appearances; Telegram/Telephone Expenses; Lodging; Pledges; Mail Material; Book Purchases/Subscriptions; Taxes; Medical; Utilities; Department Stores; and Miscellaneous Expenditures. Banking, Insurance, and Investments is arranged alphabetically by corporation. Transportation is organized by type. These sections contain such categories as correspondence, ephemera, printed material, and individual items. Appearances is arranged by state, and then alphabetically by appearance site within each state. Telegram/Telephone Expenses is arranged by telephone number, with a subgroup for the Western Union Telegraph Company. The materials included within these subgroups are correspondence, statements, and summaries of charges. The Lodgings subseries has seven subgroups for individual hotels around the world, arranged chronologically by hotel name, and includes correspondence. There is a separate section for Receipts and Statements, as well as a subseries for Printed Material. Subgroups in Pledges are in alphabetical order by name of the organization/institution, and includes correspondence, printed material, receipts, and statements. Mail material is arranged alphabetically by business name, and includes receipts and statements. Book Purchases/Subscriptions is arranged alphabetically by business name, and includes correspondence, printed material, receipts, and statements. Taxes is arranged by taxing body and includes correspondence, printed material, statements, and certificates. Medical has been organized alphabetically by name of physician/hospital, and includes correspondence, ephemera, and statements. Utilities is arranged alphabetically by company name and includes correspondence and statements. Department Stores is arranged alphabetically by store name and includes receipts, statements, and other individual materials. Miscellaneous Expenditures is arranged by type of material, with a subgroup on miscellaneous businesses. It includes correspondence, ephemera, printed material, statements, a notebook, and receipts.
Material in this series includes: summons, subpoenas and correspondence relating to particular cases, including the State of Alabama's tax case against MLK; MLK's suit to halt the release of an unauthorized recording of his "I Have a Dream" speech; and Martin Luther King, Sr.'s case involving an accident with a taxi cab. There is also correspondence relating to other cases which do not have court documents, including several incidents in which MLK was refused service at various airport restaurants.
This series consists of memorabilia presented to MLK, including plaques and award citations, educational material, such as his Alpha Phi Alpha certificate of membership, and miscellaneous items.
This series consists of black and white photographs primarily of MLK. There are several groups taken at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church events, including a concert by CSK, a bon voyage party for the Kings and the "Prettiest Baby Contest." Photographs sent to MLK with correspondence have been retained with the letters.
This series is divided into eight groupings: 1) published writings that carry MLK's by-line, including articles, speeches and sermons as well as his column "People in Action" that appeared in New York Amsterdam News in the early 1960s; 2) correspondence and a transcript from MLK's appearance on the television program "The Nation's Future" during which he engaged in a debate with columnist James Kilpatrick; 3) published writings by authors who sent material to MLK, including articles, poems, and nonfiction; 4) articles about MLK, including the three Time magazines on which he was featured on the cover; 5) programs, flyers and posters advertising appearances by MLK; 6) newspaper and magazine clippings that were maintained by MLK's offices, many from African American newspapers; 7) subscriptions, periodicals and various printed items that were sent to MLK or CSK; and 8) ephemera. Except for the published writings by other authors, which are arranged by author's name, the groupings of printed material are arranged chronologically. MLK's writings and those by other authors are interfiled with the manuscript material. The other items are housed separately.
Material in this series consists of letters written to MLK and/or CSK while they were traveling, informing them of correspondence, telephone calls and other items received. There is a section of correspondence returned to the office by the post office (for most of which there are carbon copies in this collection). There are date books for the years 1961 and 1962 maintained by Dora McDonald and noting MLK's speaking engagements and travel. Also included are ten telephone logs from August 1961 through October 1963, MLK's schedules and itineraries, and miscellaneous material including Maude Ballou's office filing procedures prepared for her maternity leave.
This grouping consists of various versions of articles, speeches, sermons and books by MLK, including holograph drafts, as well as typescript and carbon typescript drafts. Items related to Stride Toward Freedom, MLK's book about the Montgomery Bus Boycott, are particularly rich and include editorial correspondence, including letters from Hermine Popper who helped MLK shape the manuscript; drafts of the book in various forms from outline to dummy pages; photographs and captions; and designs for the book jacket. There is also a grouping of professional correspondence, including letters from MLK's agents, publishers (Harper & Brothers), and reviewers. There are general letters from fans of the book and those who received author's inscribed copies, including Dwight D. Eisenhower, Earl Warren, Richard M. Nixon, and Reinhold Niebuhr. The drafts for Strength to Love, MLK's book of sermons published in 1963, are arranged by chapter and contain handwritten drafts, typescript and carbon typescript drafts and photocopies with corrections returned from his publisher Harper & Brothers. Interfiled with original manuscripts are published copies of articles, speeches and sermons by MLK. For bound volumes, see the book catalog.
Items in this subseries consist of letters and original manuscripts sent to MLK by various admirers and friends. There are poems, sermons, articles, and speeches. Published material sent to MLK is interfiled but listed separately under Printed Material.
The Martin Luther King, Jr. Collection Addenda
Audio recordings in the collection consist of mixed media. There are LP recordings, cassette tapes, reel-to-reel tapes, and compact disks. The material is arranged by title of the recording. Other pertinent information is included in the description and notes fields.
The Joan Daves Agency Files consist primarily of correspondence relating to the various posthumous publications of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s books and major speeches, including requests for foreign translations, as well as film and theatrical rights to his life and work. Ms. Daves also represented projects undertaken by various members of the King family, including the memoirs of both Coretta Scott King and Martin Luther King, Sr. In addition to correspondence, this addendum contains copies of contracts, printed publicity items, legal briefs, reviews and other promotional material.
Many of the photographs are copies of well-known images that have appeared in print. Photographs are arranged by the date of the event depicted. Unless otherwise noted, all photographs are in black and white and measure 8" x 10".