Current Research and Publications


Glenn, E.S., Moon, S.H., Krier, J., Paine, D.R., Wolff, E., & Sandage, S.J. (in press). Self-forgiveness in couple and family therapy. Chapter invited for L. Woodyatt, M. Wenzel, B. Griffin, E.L. Worthington, Jr. (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of self-forgiveness. New York, NY: Routledge.

Worthington, E.L., Jr., Sandage, S.J., & Ripley, J.S. (in press). Strategies to facilitate forgiveness: REACH forgiveness model. In J.C. Thomas (Ed.), Counseling techniques: A comprehensive resource for Christian counselors. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Griffin, B. J., Lavelock, C. R., Greer, C. L., Sandage, S. J., & Rye, M. S. (2016). Forgiveness intervention: When negative transgressions are dealt with by a positive intervention. In J. Johnson & A. Wood (Eds.), Handbook of positive clinical psychology (pp. 365-380). New York: Wiley.

Sandage, S.J., Long, B., Moen, R., Jankowski, P.J., Worthington, E.L., Jr., Wade, N.G., & Rye, M.S. (2015). Forgiveness in the treatment of borderline personality disorder: A quasi-experimental study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71, 625-640. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22185

Worthington, E.L., Jr., & Sandage, S.J. (2015). Forgiveness and spirituality in psychotherapy: A relational approach. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Hainlen, R., Jankowski, P.J., Paine, D.R., & Sandage, S.J. (2015). Attachment predicting forgiveness, well-being, and social justice commitment: Mediator effects for differentiation of self. Contemporary Family Therapy. doi: 10.1007/s10591-015-9359-1

Jankowski, P.J., Sandage, S.J., & Hill, P.C. (2013). Differentiation-based models of forgivingness, mental health, and social justice commitment: Mediator effects of differentiation of self and humility. Journal of Positive Psychology, 8, 412-424.

Nsamenang, S.A., Williamson, I.T., Nsamenang, B. and Sandage, S. J. (2013). Cross-cultural forgiveness processes in Cameroonian and American young citizens. In T.M.S. (Ed.), Cross-cultural psychology: Africentric perspectives. International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology.



Paine, D.R. (in press). Psychology, faith, and training: Humility and mature alterity for graduate study. Journal of Psychology and Christianity.

Paine, D.R., Moon, S.H., Hauge, D.J., & Sandage, S.J. (in press). Cultural and racial perspectives on positive psychologies of humility. In T. Lomas, N. Brown, & F. Eiroa-Orosa (Eds.), Critical positive psychology: A Synthesis for social change. New York, NY: Routledge.

Sandage, S.J., Paine, D.R., Rupert, D., Bronstein, M., & O’Rourke. (2017). Humility in psychotherapy. In E.L. Worthington, Jr., D.E. Davis, & J. Hook (Eds.), Handbook of humility (pp. 301-315). New York: Routledge.

Davis, D.E., McElroy, S., Choe, E., Westbrook, C.J, DeBlaere, C., Van Tongeren, D.R., Hook, J, & Sandage, S.J. (2017). Development of experiences of humility scale. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 45, 3-16.

Wolfteich, C., Keefe-Perry, C., Sandage, S.J., & Paine, D.R. (2016). Humility: Empirical psychological research in dialogue with practical theology, Part II. International Journal of Practical Theology, 20, 184-202.

Hill, P.C., & Sandage, S.J. (2016). The positive and cultural psychology of humility as a virtue. Journal of Moral Education, 45, 132-146.

Sandage, S. J., Jankowski, P. J., Bissonette, C. D., & Paine, D. R. (2016). Vulnerable narcissism, forgiveness, humility, and depression: Mediator effects for differentiation of self. Psychoanalytic Psychology. Advance online publication.

Paine, D.R., Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2016). Humility as a predictor of intercultural competence: Mediator effects for differentiation of self. The Family Journal, 24, 15-22.

Paine, D.R., Sandage, S.J., Rupert, D., Devor, N.G., & Bronstein, M. (2015). Humility as a psychotherapeutic virtue: Spiritual, philosophical, and psychological foundations. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 17, 3-25.

Sandage, S.J., Paine, D.R., & Hill, P.C. (2015). Spiritual barriers to humility: A multidimensional study. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 18, 207-217.

Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2014). Attachment to God and dispositional humility: Indirect effect and conditional effects model. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42, 70-82.


Relational Spirituality

Boettscher, H.T., Sandage, S.J., Latin, H.M. & Barlow, D.H. (in press). Transdiagnostic treatment for enhancing positive affect and well-being. In J. Gruber (Ed.), Positive Emotion and Psychopathology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Paine. D.R. & Sandage, S.J. (2016). Religious involvement and depression: The mediating effect of relational spirituality. Journal of Religion and Health. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0282-z

Salimi, B., Sandage, S.J., & Stavros, G.S. (2016). Spiritual transcendence in therapy: A pragmatic, relational, and semiotic approach. Open Theology, 2, 581-594.

Sandage, S.J., Jankowski, P.J., Crabtree, S., & Schweer, M. (2015). Attachment, spirituality pathology, and God images: Mediator and moderator effects. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture.

Tomlinson, J., Glenn, E.S., Paine, D.R., & Sandage, S.J. (2016). What is the “relational” in relational spirituality? A review of definitions and research directions. Journal of Spirituality and Mental Health, 18, 55-75.

Paine, D.R., & Sandage, S.J. (2015). More prayer, less hope: Empirical findings on spirituality instability. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 17, 223-238.

Stavros, G., & Sandage, S.J. (Eds.). (2014). The skillful soul of the psychotherapist: The link between spirituality and clinical excellence. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Stavros, G., & Sandage, S.J. (2014). The skillful soul of the psychotherapist. In G. Stavros & S.J. Sandage (Eds.), The skillful soul of the psychotherapist: The link between spirituality and clinical excellence (pp. 1-16). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Sandage, S.J., & Jensen, M.L. (2013). Relational spiritual formation: Reflective practice and research on spiritual formation in a seminary context. Reflective Practice: Formation and Supervision in Ministry, 33, 95-109.

Sandage, S.J. (2013). Attachment theory, relational spirituality, and varieties of evangelicals. Religion, Brain, and Behavior. doi:10.1080/2153599X.2013.768539


Intercultural Competence and Social Justice

Hague, D.J., Glenn, E., Paine, D.R., & Sandage, S.J. (in press). Spirituality and intercultural development. In L. Zsolnai & B. Flanagan, Handbook of spirituality and society. New York: Routledge.

Morgan, J., & Sandage, S.J. (2016). A developmental model of interreligious competence. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 38, 129-158.

Sandage, S.J., Jankowski, P.J., Crabtree, S.A., Schweer-Collins, M.L. (2017). Calvinism, Arminianism, gender views, and relationality: An empirical investigation of worldview differences. Paper under review with the Journal of Psychology and Theology, 45, 17-32.

Hydinger, K., Sandage, S.J., Rambo, S., & Jankowski, P.J. (2017). Penal substitutionary atonement and concern for suffering: An empirical study. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 45, 33-45.

Sandage, S.J., Li, J., Jankowski, P.J., Frank, C., & Beilby, M. (2015). Spiritual predictors of change in intercultural competence in a multicultural counseling course. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 34, 168-178.

Johnson, K.A., Hook, J.N., Davis, D.E., Van Tongeren, D.R., Sandage, S.J., & Crabtree, S.A. (2015). Moral foundation priorities reflect U.S. Christians’ individual differences in religiosity. Personality and Individual Differences.

Sandage, S.J., & Morgan, J. (2014). Hope and positive religious coping as predictors of social justice commitment. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 17, 557-567.

Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2014). Meditative prayer, gratitude, and intercultural competence: Empirical test of a differentiation-based model. Mindfulness, 5, 360-372. doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0189-z

Sandage, S.J., Crabtree, S., & Schweer, M. (2014). Differentiation of self and social justice commitment mediated by hope. Journal of Counseling and Development, 92, 67-74.

Sandage, S.J., & Jankowski, P.J. (2013). Spirituality, social justice, and intercultural competence: Mediator effects for differentiation of self. International Journal for Intercultural Relations, 37, 366-374.


Relational Integration of Psychology and Theology

Sandage, S.J., & Brown, J.K. (2015). Relational integration, Part I: Differentiated relationality between psychology and theology. Journal of Psychology & Theology, 43, 165-178.

Brown, J.K., & Sandage, S.J. (2015). Relational integration, Part II: Relational integration as developmental and intercultural. Journal of Psychology & Theology, 43, 179-191.

Sandage, S.J., Paine, D.R., & Devor, N.G. (2014). Psychology and spiritual formation: Emerging prospects for differentiated integration. Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care, 7, 229-247.


Relational Ecology

Kehoe, L.E., Hassen, S.C., & Sandage, S.J. (2016). Relational ecologies of psychotherapy: The influence of administrative attachment on therapeutic alliance. Psychodynamic Practice.


Group Psychotherapy

Paine, D.R., Moon, S.H., Sandage, S.J., Langford, R., Patel, S.,Hollingsworth, A., Bronstein, M., & Salimi, B. (in press). Group therapy for loss: Intersubjectivity and attachment in healing. International Journal of Group Therapy.


Couples Therapy

Bell, C.A., Denton, W.H., Coffey, A., Cornwell, C., Martin, G., Hanks, C., & Priest, J.P. (in press). Learning emotionally focused couple therapy: Four therapist perspectives. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy.


Psychological Assessment

Dumitrascu, N. (in press). A neuropsychological evaluation of a high-functioning adult patient with depression, anxiety, and a relational trauma history. In J. L. Mihura, G. J. Meyer, & P. Erdberg (Eds.). Applications of the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS) (pp. XX-XX). Guilford Press. 

Mihura, J. L., Dumitrascu, N., Roy, M., & Meyer, G. J. (2017). The centrality of the response process in construct validity: An illustration via the Rorschach space response. Journal of Personality Assessment. (Online edition published April 27, 2016). 

Mihura, J. L., Meyer, G. J., Dumitrascu, N., & Bombel, G. (2016). On conducting construct validity meta-analyses for the Rorschach: A reply to Tibon Czopp and Zeligman (2016). Journal of Personality Assessment, 98, 343-350. 

Mihura, J. L., Meyer, G. J., Bombel, G., & Dumitrascu, N. (2015). Standards, accuracy, and questions of bias in Rorschach meta-analyses: Reply to Wood, Garb, Nezworski, Lilienfeld, and Duke (2015). Psychological Bulletin, 141, 250-260.  

DumitrascuN., & Mihura, J. L. (2015). Review of Brainwashed: The seductive appeal of mindless neuroscience, by S. Satel & S. O. Lilienfeld. Rorschachiana, 36. 

Mihura, J. L., Meyer, G. J., Dumitrascu, N., & Bombel, G. (2013). The validity of individual Rorschach variables: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the Comprehensive System. Psychological Bulletin139, 548-605.