Insomnia

Insomnio en español

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder. With insomnia, you may have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or getting good quality sleep. This happens even though you have the time and the right environment to sleep well. Insomnia interferes with your daily activities and may make you feel unrested or sleepy during the day.

Short-term insomnia may be caused by stress or changes in your schedule or environment and co-occurs with several mental health diagnoses. It can last for a few days or weeks. Chronic (long-term) insomnia occurs three or more nights a week, lasts more than three months, and cannot be fully explained by another health problem or a medicine.

If you have insomnia, you may:

  • Lie awake for a long time before you fall asleep. This is more common in younger adults.
  • Sleep for only short periods. You may wake up often during the night or be awake for most of the night. This is the most common symptom and affects mostly older adults.
  • Wake up too early in the morning and not be able to get back to sleep.
  • Have poor-quality sleep. You may wake up feeling unrested, and you may feel sleepy during the day. You may also have trouble focusing on tasks. Insomnia can cause you to feel anxious, depressed, or irritable.

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    References

    American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

    National Institute of Mental Health. (2021). Health Topics: Insomnia. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/insomnia