The Enduring Legacy of 1619

2019 marked 400 years since the first enslaved Africans arrived in Britain’s North American colonies at Jamestown. The enslavement of Africans and their descendants continued in what we now know as the United States from then through the next 250 years and the aftershocks are still felt to this day in the form of systemic racism and inequality. The New York Times’ 1619 Project suggests that 1619 should be acknowledged because “the consequences of slavery and the contributions of black Americans [are] at the very center of the story we tell ourselves about who we are as a country.”

We share the list of resources below as a selection of opportunities to learn more about 1619 and related events. This list is meant to be a starting point and is not an endorsement of any website or organization; there are many resources available online or through local libraries and we encourage visitors to continue exploring and researching on their own.

Web Resources:

Some websites that may be of interest:

• 400 Years of Inequality:
• 1619 Project by The New York Times:
• Association for the Study of African American Life and History:
• National Museum of African American History and Culture:
• National Park Service’s Fort Monroe:
• National Geographic, “400 years ago, enslaved Africans first arrived in Virginia”:
• Time magazine, “The First Africans in Virginia Landed in 1619. It Was a Turning Point for Slavery in American History—But Not the Beginning”:

Audio/Visual Resources:

Podcasts or archived radio shows and events:

• The New York Times 1619 podcast is available from multiple sources, including apple podcasts, iheartradio, tunein, and or search your favorite podcast platforms
• Since 1619: Lingering Imprint Of Slavery On American Public Health (a podcast from the American Journal of Public Health) is available on soundcloud

Visual media that address the history and legacy of slavery:

• “400 Years of Inequality: Breaking the Cycle of Systemic Racism” Symposium at Boston University School of Public Health, October 18, 2019. View the event including speakers Marita Rivero, Cornell William Brooks, Neera Tanden, and Bob Fullilove and event panel discussions.

Books to Read:

Books related to this topic include:

• 1619: Jamestown and the Forging of American Democracy by James Horn
• Suggested reading lists from Penguin Random House and Beacon Press
• Book series based on the New York Times 1619 Project is in development:1619 Book Series