Minor in Earth & Environmental Sciences

The minor in Earth & Environmental Sciences provides students with a framework for understanding the Earth’s natural science systems and the environmental forces that shape human populations and society. Students will gain knowledge of fundamental concepts in the physical, life, and interdisciplinary natural sciences that inform society about the environment in which we live. Graduates might combine the minor with a wide range of majors in the natural sciences (biology, chemistry, marine science), social sciences (anthropology, archaeology, economics, history, international relations), humanities (English, foreign languages and literatures), and engineering; many other combinations are possible. A minor in Earth & Environmental Sciences also helps prepare students for graduate study in one of the following fields: earth sciences, biogeosciences, ocean sciences, or earth observations. Graduation with the minor equips students with excellent background for entry-level professional employment in areas such as environmental consulting, ecosystem management, private and nongovernmental science agencies, science journalism, and environmental law.


The minor in Earth & Environmental Sciences requires five courses, as specified below. All required courses are 4 credit hours and must be completed with a grade of C or higher.

Required Courses

Foundational Courses (3)
  • CAS ES 107 Introduction to Climate and Earth System Science
  • CAS GE 100 Environmental Change and Sustainability
  • CAS GE 270 Data, Models, and Analysis in Earth & Environment

ES 107 and GE 100 may be taken in either order; both must be taken before GE 270. Students who have previously completed CAS MA 213 (Introduction to Statistics & Probability) may substitute that course for GE 270.

Electives (2)

Two additional courses selected from electives listed within one of the following groups:

  • Ecosystems
  • Earth & Climate
  • Earth Observations

At least one of these electives must be at the 400 level or above.

For a full list of electives, please see the BA in Earth & Environmental Sciences.