An Analysis of the Two Theories of Recognition Memory
A Review by Danielle Miller
Recognition memory is a particular aspect of memory that provides the ability for an individual to identify a previously encountered stimulus. There are two theories as to how recognition memory operates. One theory proposes that there are two distinct processes involved in the recognition of a stimulus, called recollection and familiarity (Eichenbaum et al. 2007). Another theory, however, denies the independence of the two processes within recognition memory. In this theory, familiarity is primarily thought of as a weak memory, whereas recollection is considered to be a type of strong memory (Squire et al. 2007).
This paper aims to take a closer look at both theories by exploring evidence that supports each one. A deeper evaluation of the dual process model and single process model will be made in order to explore all aspects of recognition memory. The paper will provide the reader with a background sufficient for understanding all aspects that are currently proposed about recognition memory.