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Students Push Recycling

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solar Panels Installed

loreLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim […]

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Paper: Risks for Host States of the Entwining of Investment Treaty and Contract Claims: Dispute Resolution Clauses, Umbrella Clauses, and Forks-in-the-Road

Fiona Marshall – This paper is part of IISD’s series entitled “The Best Practice Advisory Bulletin” which aims at making publicly available “best practice” analyses based on actual treaty texts, in order to provide developing and developed country negotiators with state-of-the-art options and approaches to address the new issues and controversies in investment negotiations.

The Best Practice Advisory Bulletin aims to uncover the defects in IIA drafting that enable investors to forum-shop, to initiate multiple proceedings and to internationalize their contractual and administrative disputes. Second, it aims to show how IIA provisions can be simply drafted so as to minimize involuntary host state exposure to this triple threat. The Bulletin finds that the majority of IIAs surveyed utilize a very broad definition of “dispute” in their dispute resolution clauses, that they contain some form of umbrella clause and lack an effective fork-in-the-road clause. This leaves capital-importing States that are party to these IIAs highly exposed.

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Paper: Fair and Equitable Treatment

Mahnaz Malik – This paper is part of IISD’s series entitled “The Best Practice Advisory Bulletin” which aims at making publicly available “best practice” analyses based on actual treaty texts, in order to provide developing and developed country negotiators with state-of-the-art options and approaches to address the new issues and controversies in investment negotiations.

This bulletin on Fair and Equitable Treatment (FET) examines the main approaches for defining fair and equitable treatment in international investment agreements (IIAs), and their implications for development policy space. It also identifies best practice approaches in recent IIAs for including FET. The rapid rise of investor-state arbitrations challenging state violations of IIAs has revealed the complexity behind the FET obligation. In fact, the FET standard has emerged as “the most relied upon and successful basis for a treaty claim” for investors.

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Paper: International Investment Agreements

Mahnaz Malik – This paper is part of IISDs series entitled “The Best Practice Advisory Bulletin” which aims at making publicly available “best practice” analyses based on actual treaty texts, in order to provide developing and developed country negotiators with state-of-the-art options and approaches to address the new issues and controversies in investment negotiations.

This bulletin on the Definition of Investment examines the main options for defining investment in international investment agreements (IIAs), and their legal implications in view of evolving case law. It also discusses the best practices in recent treaties that allow host states to preserve development policy space in the definition of investment.

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Welcome to WordPress. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start blogging!

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Living on Earth: September 25, 2009

China’s Climate Fan Fare / Survivaball of the Fittest / Fossil Fuel Subsidies / Laos’ Sticky Situation / Green Intelligence / Emerging Science Note Polar Bears / Vanishing Aspens / Language of Landscape / A Tale of Two Seals

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Paper: Measuring Energy Subsidies Using the Price-Gap Approach: What does it leave out?

Doug Koplow – Subsidies to fossil fuels are common worldwide, despite increasing pressures to control energy-related emissions of greenhouse gases. Multi-country studies of subsidies normally use a “price gap” approach comparing domestic prices to world reference prices. Price-gap measures form a lower bound estimate of subsidies, and therefore understate the magnitude of the subsidy problem. This paper examines specific strengths and weaknesses of the price gap metric and identifies potential systematic biases in the measure based on type of fuel, type of subsidy, or type of country. Recommendations focus on ways to improve tracking of price gaps and on alternative subsidy measurements needed to provide an adequate informational base for addressing climate change challenges.

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The Recession and Short Term Trends In Energy Demand

The global economy and energy system are interdependent strands where changes in one will often cause fluctuations in the other. This relationship was highlighted by the recent economic crisis which saw cumulative effects in other spheres including world energy demand.

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Paper: Innovation in the Governance of Technology and Society: Progress on Internet Governance

Tony Vetter, Maja Andjelkovic, Heather Creech – This report explores progress on the evolution of Internet policy and decision-making, the key institutions involved, and the importance of the debate to developing countries. The continuation of the Internet Governance Forum will be key to ensuring the open and candid exchange of ideas and best practices among all Internet stakeholders–including governments, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, industry, the private sector, civil society, academia and the Internet technical community–continues at the international level. Further, lessons learned from finding new approaches to decision-making around the Internet and its related technologies have relevance for the governance of technology in other domains, in particular the central concept of “shared responsibility.”

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