Citing Your Sources

At the end of each research paper is the Reference page- the place where you give credit where credit is due. The School of Theology Library is happy to help in any way possible to ensure you correctly cite your paper. Need a refresher on when to cite something? Check out our slideshow here or the resources below under Plagiarism Workshops.

Citation Resources

Professors require that you use a particular citation style when submitting papers. There are several style manuals available in BU Libraries. These include:

Chicago Manual of Style. Available online and (Theo Ref Z253 .U69 2003).

The SBL handbook of style : for ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and early Christian studies. Available online and (Theo Ref PN147 .S26 1999)

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). (Theo Ref BF 76.7 .P83 2001). Quick Style Guide is also available online for free through Purdue OWL.

Style Guide / American Sociological Association (ASA). (Mugar HM73 .A54 2007)

MLA Formatting and Style Guide. (Mugar LB2369 .G53 2009) and Purdue OWL quick guide available online.

Turabian Quick Guide. University of Chicago Press. (Theo Ref LB2369 .T8 2013) and quick guide available online.

 Vyhmeister, N., & Robertson, Terry Dwain. (2014). Your guide to writing quality research papers for students of religion and theology (Third ed.). (Theo Ref BL41 .V94 2014)

Plagiarism Workshops

Plagiarism is a serious concern and one that the university takes very seriously. Plagiarism involves using the work of someone else and failing to give proper credit or acknowledgment, thereby claiming the information as your own. While professors will expect you to use outside sources when doing your research, they will also expect you to acknowledge the work of those authors you have chosen to use in your paper. At Boston University, all students are expected to have read or be familiar with the university policy on plagiarism. Check out our following resources below and our slideshow here.

Representing the work of another as one’s own. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to the following: copying the answers of another student on an examination, copying or restating the work or ideas of another person or persons in any oral or written work (printed or electronic) without citing the appropriate source, and collaborating with someone else in an academic endeavor without acknowledging his or her contribution. Plagiarism can consist of acts of commission-appropriating the words or ideas of another-or omission failing to acknowledge/document/credit the source or creator of words or ideas (see below for a detailed definition of plagiarism). It also includes colluding with someone else in an academic endeavor without acknowledging his or her contribution, using audio or video footage that comes from another source (including work done by another student) without permission and acknowledgement of that source. -From the BU School of Theology Code of Academic Conduct

Any attempt by a student to represent the work of another as his or her own. This includes copying answers of another student on an oral or written examination or copying or substantially restating the work of another person or persons in any oral or written work without citing the appropriate source, or collaborating with someone else in an academic endeavor without acknowledging that person’s contribution. -From the BU Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Academic Conduct Code

Avoiding Plagiarism: Scholarly Conversation as Dinner Party Prepared for the STH Library – Created with Haiku Deck, presentation software that inspires

Twice each semester the School of Theology Library hosts a workshop on plagiarism. Can’t make it to one of these workshops or need a refresher? No problem! We are happy to provide a recording of one of Stacey Battles’ plagiarism workshops right here!

My Words or Theirs? Citing References Correctly to Avoid Plagiarism: Plagiarism Workshop slides.

If you are having difficulty deciding when or how to cite sources, please contact your professor or the Reference staff at the School of Theology Library.

Citation Managers

Citation managers help you organize the citations you use in your research. Most citation managers have browser add-ons to collect bibliographic data out of library catalogs and databases, in addition to serving as a citation database organizing that information for you. Most also have add-ons for Microsoft Word or other popular word processing software like OpenOffice. Some will even let give you cloud storage space to store documents attached to each citation, like a Word document with notes or even the PDF. We host workshops each semester introducing users to citation managers; consult our library workshops and tutorials page for more!

RefWorks is provided to all BU students, staff, faculty, and alumni.  Click here to log-in.

Zotero is free and can be downloaded at

EndNote can be purchased and downloaded at

If you have any questions, click here or email