Steven Sandage

Title
Albert and Jessie Danielsen Professor of Pastoral Psychology and Theology
Office
312
Email
ssandage@bu.edu
Education
Ph.D. Virginia Commonwealth University
M.S. Virginia Commonwealth University
M.Div. Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
B.S. Iowa State University

Dr. Steven J. Sandage is the Albert and Jessie Danielsen Professor of Pastoral Psychology and Theology at Boston University and Director of the Danielsen Research Center at the Danielsen Institute.  He is co-author of three books, To Forgive is Human, The Faces of Forgiveness: Searching for Wholeness and Salvation, and Transforming Spirituality: Integrating Theology and Psychology and has a forthcoming book with American Psychological Association Books on Forgiveness and Relational Spirituality.  He and theologian LeRon Shults received the Narramore Award for the Integration of Psychology and Theology from the Christian Association of Psychological Studies.  He has also authored articles and chapters in areas such as forgiveness and related virtues (e.g., hope, humility, gratitude, and justice), spiritual development, marriage and family therapy, relational development (e.g., attachment, differentiation of self), narcissism, intercultural competence, and suicidology.  Dr. Sandage has recently been collaborating with researchers and clinicians at the University of Minnesota Medical School in studying forgiveness in the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder.  His research has been funded by grants from the Lilly Endowment, the John Templeton Foundation, and the Fetzer Institute, and he is a research member of the Fetzer Forgiveness Research Network and the Institute for Research on Psychology and Spirituality.

Dr. Sandage is a Licensed Psychologist in practice at the Danielsen Institute, where he specializes in couples and family therapy, multicultural therapy, and spiritually-integrative therapy with twenty years of clinical experience in a variety of settings (e.g., private practice, prisons, community mental health centers, university counseling center, inpatient mental health). He also provides diversity consultation and training to leaders in education, business, therapy, and ministry.

Publications

Books

(Forthcoming) Worthington, E.L., Jr., & Sandage, S.J. Relational spirituality and forgiveness. Book manuscript under contract and in preparation with American Psychological Association Books.

Shults, F. L., & Sandage, S. J. (2006). Transforming spirituality: Integrating theology and psychology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.
Shults, F. L., & Sandage, S. J. (2003). The faces of forgiveness: Searching for wholeness and salvation. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. [in English and Portugese] -Winner of first Narramore Award for excellence in the integration of psychology and theology by the Christian Association for Psychological Studies (2005).

McCullough, M. E., Sandage, S. J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1997). To forgive is human. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press. [in English, Chinese, and Hungarian]

 

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Sandage, S.J., & Morgan, J. (in press). Hope and positive religious coping as predictors of social justice
commitment. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture.

Sandage, S.J., Crabtree, S., & Schweer, M. (2014). Differentiation of self and social justice commitment
mediated by hope. Journal of Counseling and Development.

Jankowski, P.J., Sandage, S.J., & Hill, P.C. (2013). Differentiation-based models of forgivingness, mental health, and social justice commitment: Mediator effects of differentiation of self and humility. Journal of Positive Psychology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2013.820337

Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2013). Meditative prayer, gratitude, and intercultural competence: Empirical test of a differentiation-based model. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0189-z

Sandage, S.J., & Jensen, M.L. (2013). Relational spiritual formation. Reflective Practice: Formation and Supervision in Ministry, 33, 95-109.

Sandage, S.J. (2013). Attachment theory, relational spirituality, and varieties of evangelicals. Religion, Brain, and Behavior. doi:10.1080/2153599X.2013.768539

Sandage, S.J., & Jankowski, P.J. (2012). Spirituality, social justice, and intercultural competence: Mediator effects for differentiation of self. International Journal for Intercultural Relations. Advance online publication. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2012.11.003

Rye, M.S., Fleri, A.M., Moore, C.D., Worthington, E.L., Jr., Wade, N.G., Sandage, S.J., & Cook, K.M. (2012). Evaluation of an intervention to help divorced parents forgive their ex-spouse. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 53, 231-245.

Sandage, S.J. (2012). The tragic-ironic self: A qualitative case study of suicide. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 29, 17-33.

Sandage, S.J., & Brown, J.K. (2012). Converging horizons for relational integration: Differentiation-based collaboration. Journal of Psychology & Theology, 40, 72-76. [Special issue on forty years of the integration of psychology and theology.]

Jankowski, P.J., Hooper, L.M., Sandage, S.J., & Hannah, N.J. (2011). Parentification and mental health symptoms: Mediating effects of perceived unfairness and differentiation of self. Journal of Family Therapy. Advance
online publication. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6427.2011.00574.x

Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2011). Meditative prayer, hope, adult attachment, and forgiveness: A proposed model. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3, 115-131. doi: 10.1037/a0021601

Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2011). Spiritual dwelling and well-being: The mediating role of differentiation of self in a sample of distressed adults. Mental Health, Religion, & Culture. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2011.579592

Sandage, S.J., & Crabtree, S. (2011). Spiritual pathology and religious coping as predictors of forgiveness. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/13674676.2011.613806

Sandage, S.J., & Harden, M.G. (2011). Relational spirituality, differentiation of self, and virtue as predictors of intercultural development. Mental Health, Religion, & Culture, 14, 819-838.

Sandage, S.J., Hill, P.C., & Vaubel, D.C. (2011). Generativity, relational spirituality, gratitude, and mental health: Relationships and pathways. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 21, 1-16.

Cook, K.V., Sandage, S.J., Hill, P.C., & Strawn, B.D. (2010). Folk conceptions of virtue among Cambodian-American Buddhists and Christians: A hermeneutic analysis. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 83-103.

Heiden Rootes, K.M., Jankowski, P.J., & Sandage, S.J. (2010). Bowen family systems theory and spirituality: Exploring the relationship between triangulation and religious questing. Contemporary Family Therapy, 32, 89-101. doi: 10.1007/s10591-009-9191-y

Jensen, M.L., Sanders, M., & Sandage, S.J. (2010). Women’s well-being in seminary: A qualitative study. Theological Education, 45, 99-116.

Majerus, B., & Sandage, S.J. (2010). Differentiation of self and Christian spiritual maturity: Social science and theological integration. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38, 41-51.

Sandage, S.J. (2010). Intergenerational suicide and family dynamics: A hermeneutic phenomenological case study. Contemporary Family Therapy, 32, 209-227. doi: 10.1007/s-10591-009-9102-x

Sandage, S.J., & Brown, J.K. (2010). Monarchy or democracy in relational integration? A reply to Porter. Journal of Psychology & Christianity, 29, 20-26.

Sandage, S.J., & Jankowski, P.J. (2010). Forgiveness, spiritual instability, mental health symptoms, and well-being: Mediation effects of differentiation of self. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 168-180.

Sandage, S.J., Link, D.C., & Jankowski, P.J. (2010). Quest and spiritual development moderated by spiritual
transformation. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38, 15-31.

Sandage, S.J., & Williamson, I.T. (2010). Relational spirituality and dispositional forgiveness: A structural equations model. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38, 255-266.

Sandage, S. J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2010). Comparison of two group interventions to promote forgiveness: Empathy as a mediator of change. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32, 35-57.

Worthington, E.L., Jr., Hunter, J.L., Sharp, C.B., Hook, J.N., Van Tongeren, D.R., Davis, D.E., Miller, A.J., Gingrich, F.C., Sandage, S.J., Lao, E., Bubod, L., Monforte, M.V. (2010). A psychoeducational intervention to promote forgiveness in Christians in the Philippines. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32, 75-93.

Cook, K.V., Sandage, S.J., Hill, P.C., & Strawn, B.D. (2009). Hermeneutic analysis of virtuous exemplar
narratives of Cambodian-American Buddhists and Christians. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 12, 315-338.

Williamson, I., & Sandage, S.J. (2009). Longitudinal analyses of religious and spiritual development among
seminary students. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 12, 787-801.

Sandage, S.J. (2008). Intercultural development and relational integration: Translating diverse psychologies. Edification, 2, 41-43.

Sandage, S.J., Cook, K.V., Hill, P.C., Strawn, B.D., & Reimer, K.S. (2008). Hermeneutics and psychology: A review and dialectical model. Review of General Psychology, 12, 344-364.

Sandage, S.J., Jensen, M., & Jass, D. (2008). Relational spirituality and transformation: Risking intimacy and alterity. Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care, 1, 182-206.

Sandage, S.J., & Shults, F.L. (2007). Relational spirituality and transformation: A relational integration model. Journal of Psychology & Christianity, 26, 261-269.

Williamson, I., Sandage, S. J., & Lee, R. M. (2007). How social connectedness affects guilt and shame: Mediated by hope and differentiation of self.  Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 2159-2170.

Sandage, S. J. (2005). Intersubjectivity and the many faces of forgiveness: Commentary on paper by Stephen Wangh. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 15, 17-32.

Sandage, S. J., Hill, P. C., & Vang, H. C. (2003). Toward a multicultural positive psychology: Indigenous forgiveness and Hmong culture. The Counseling Psychologist, 31, 564-592.

Sandage, S. J., & Hill, P. C. (2001). The virtues of positive psychology: The rapprochement and challenges of an affirmative postmodern perspective. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 31, 241-260.

Sandage, S. J., & Wiens, T. W. (2001). Contextualizing models of humility and forgiveness: A reply to Gassin. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 29, 201-211.

Sandage, S. J., Wiens, T. W., & Dahl, C. M. (2001). Humility and attention: The contemplative psychology
of Simone Weil. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 20, 360-369.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Sandage, S. J. (2001). Religion and spirituality. Psychotherapy, 38, 473-478.

Sandage, S. J., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hight, T. L., & Berry, J. W. (2000). Seeking forgiveness: Theoretical context and an initial empirical study. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 25, 21-35.

Aubrey, C. J., & Sandage, S. J. (1999). The work of William J. Doherty: A selected annotated bibliography. Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal, 2, 367-368.

Johnson, E. L., & Sandage, S. J. (1999). A postmodern reconstruction of psychotherapy: Orienteering, religion, and the healing of the soul. Psychotherapy, 36, 1-15.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). Power, knowledge, and the hermeneutics of selfhood: Postmodern wisdom for Christian therapists. Mars Hill Review, 12, 65-73.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). The meaning and morality of community: An interview with William J. Doherty. Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal, 2, 355-366.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). An ego-humility model of forgiveness: Theoretical foundations. Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal, 2, 259-276.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). The ego-humility model of forgiveness: Implications for couple and family dynamics and therapy. Marriage and the Family: A Christian
Journal, 2,
277-292.

Sandage, S. J., Aubrey, C. J., & Ohland, T. K. (1999). Weaving the fabric of community: A model for
counselors and therapists. Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal, 2, 381-398.

McCullough, M. E., Rachal, K. C., Sandage, S. J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr., Brown S. W., & Hight, T. L. (1998). Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships II : Theoretical elaboration and measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1586-1603.

Sandage, S. J. (1998). Therapeutic ethics and HIV: Competence, confidentiality, and Christian practice. Marriage and the Family: A Christian Journal, 1, 319-335.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Kurusu, T. A., McCullough, M. E., & Sandage, S. J. (1996). Empirical research on
religion and counseling: A ten-year update and prospectus. Psychological Bulletin, 119, 448-487.

J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1995). Charles Williams’ theology of forgiveness: Theory and therapy. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 14, 355-364.

Sandage, S. J., Wibberly, K., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1995). Multi-cultural resources for Christian
counseling and understanding. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 23, 30-36.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., McCullough, M. E., Shortz, J. L., Mindes, E. J., Sandage, S. J., & Chartrand, J. M. (1995). Can couples assessment and feedback improve relationships? Assessment as a brief relationship enhancement procedure. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42, 466-475.

 

Chapters and Handbook/Encyclopedia Entries

Nsamenang, S.A., Williamson, I.T., Nsamenang, B. and Sandage, S. J. (in press). Cross-cultural forgiveness processes in Cameroonian and American young citizens. In T.M.S. (Ed.), Cross-cultural psychology: Africentric perspectives. International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology.

Ripley, J., Sandage, S. J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2013). Ethics in marital therapy and premarital
counseling. In R. K. Sanders (Ed.), Christian counseling ethics: A handbook for therapists, pastors & counselors (2nd ed.), pp. 158-185. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Sandage, S.J., & Moe, S. (2013). Spiritual experience: Conversion and transformation. In K.I. Pargament, J.J. Exline, J.W. Jones (Eds.), APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality (Vol 1): Context, theory, and research (pp. 407-422). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Hill, P.C., Smith, E., & Sandage, S.J. (2012). Religious and spiritual motivations in clinical practice. In J.D. Aten, K. O’Grady, & E.L. Worthington, Jr., & (Eds.), The psychology of religion and spirituality for clinicians: Using research in your practice (pp. 69-100). New York: Routledge.

Sandage, S.J. (2012). Relational spirituality, virtue, and psychotherapy: Pathways for integration. In P.J.
Hampson, O.D. Crisp, G. D’Costa, & M. Davies (Eds.), Christianity and the disciplines: The transformation of the university. Religion and the university series: Vol 2, pp. 135-150. New York: Continuum Press.

Sandage, S.J. (2012). The transformation of happiness: A response from counseling psychology. In B.A. Strawn (Ed.), The bible and the pursuit of happiness, pp. 263-286. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sandage, S.J., Dahl, C.M., & Harden, M.G. (2012). Psychology of religion, spirituality, and diversity. In P.C. Hill & B. Dik (Eds.), Psychology of religion and workplace spirituality (pp. 43-62). Information Age Publishing.

Sandage, S.J. (2011). Spirituality in relationship to psychology and therapy. In G.G. Scorgie (Ed.), Dictionary of Christian spirituality (pp. 191-197). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

Sandage, S.J., & Jankowski, P.J. (2011). Forgiveness, differentiation of self, and mental health. In M.M. Maamri, N. Nevin, & E.L. Worthington, Jr. (Eds.), A journey through forgiveness (pp. 87-98). Oxford, England: Inter-Disciplinary Press.

Sandage, S.J., & Moe, S.P. (2011). Narcissism and spirituality. In W.K. Campbell & J. Miller (Eds.), The handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical approaches, empirical findings, and treatment (pp. 410-420). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Worthington,  E.L., Jr., Davis, D.E., Hook, J.N., Gartner, A.L., Webb, J.R., Toussaint, L., & Sandage, S.J. (2011). Forgiveness. In T.G. Plante (Ed.), Religion, spirituality, and positive psychology: Understanding the psychological fruits of faith (pp. 70-88). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger/Greenwood.

Sandage, S.J., & Naicker, M.S. (2009). Indigenous positive psychology. In S.J. Lopez (Ed.), The encyclopedia of positive psychology (Vol. 1) (pp. 514-517). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Worthington, E.L., Jr., Sandage, S.J., Davis, D.E., Hook, J.N., Miller, A.J., Hall, M.E., & Hall, T.W., (2009). Training for spirituality in clinical practice and research. In J.D. Aten & M.M. Leach (Eds.), Spirituality and the therapeutic process: A guide for mental health professionals (pp. 267-291). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Sandage, S. J., & Williamson, I. (2005). Forgiveness in cultural context. In E. L. Worthington, Jr. (Ed.). Handbook of Forgiveness. New York: Brunner-Routledge (pp. 41-56).

Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Sandage, S. J. (2002). Religion and spirituality. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work: Therapist contributions and responsiveness to patients (pp. 383-399). New York: Oxford University Press.

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Sandage, S. J., & Berry, J. W. (2000). Group interventions to promote forgiveness: What researchers and clinicians ought to know. In M. E. McCullough, K. Pargament, & C. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 228-253). New York: Guilford.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). Religious values scale. In P. C. Hill & R. W. Hood, Jr. (Eds.), Measures of religiosity (pp. 108-112). Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). Spiritual and religious concerns questionnaire. In P.C. Hill & R. W. Hood, Jr. (Eds.), Measures of religiosity (pp. 115-117). Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). Analytical psychology. In D.G. Benner & P. C. Hill (Eds.), Baker encyclopedia of psychology (2nd ed.) (pp. 77-79). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). Being/becoming relationship. In D. G. Benner & P. C. Hill (Eds.), Baker encyclopedia of psychology (2nd ed.) (pp. 131-132). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

Sandage, S. J. (1999). Juvenile delinquency. In D. G. Benner & P. C. Hill (Eds.), Baker encyclopedia of Psychology (2nd ed.) (pp. 660-662). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

Sandage, S. J., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1997). Ethics in marital therapy and premarital counseling. In R. K. Sanders (Ed.), Christian counseling ethics: A handbook for therapists, pastors & counselors (pp. 119-138). Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.