Rady Roldan-Figueroa

Title
Director of Research & Associate Professor of the History of Christianity
Email
roldan@bu.edu
Phone
(617) 358-6704
Education
B.A. University of Puerto Rico
M.Div. New Brunswick Theological Seminary
Th.D. Boston University

As a historian of Christianity, Dr. Roldán-Figueroa specializes in early-modern global Christianity, global Catholicism, Baptists, and the history of Christian spirituality. He is the author of The Ascetic Spirituality of Juan de Avila (1499-1569)(Brill, 2010), co-editor of Collected Works of Hanserd Knollys: Pamphlets on Religion, Early English Baptist Texts (Macon: Mercer University Press, 2017), and co-editor of Exploring Christian Heritage – A Reader in History and Theology (Baylor University Press, 2nd rev. ed. 2017). His articles have appeared in European History Quarterly, Sixteenth Century JournalArchiv für Reformationgeschichte/Archive for Reformation HistoryThe Seventeenth Century, and History of European Ideas among others. He has been the recipient of several awards including a Lilly Theological Scholar Grant, a Lilly Teaching Fellowship in Religion and Philosophy, numerous awards from the Hispanic Theological Initiative and a Greenleaf Visiting Scholar award from the Latin American and Iberian Institute of the University of New Mexico. He is the Theology Track Director of the distinguished Sixteenth Century Society and Conference and is in the editorial board of the Journal of Early Modern Christianity, published in Berlin by Walter de Gruyter as part of Refo500 (the international consortium celebrating the 500th anniversary of the European Reformations). He is also part of the steering committee of the Roman Catholic Studies group of the American Academy of Religion (2015-2017). In addition, Roldán-Figueroa is a core faculty member of BU’s Latin American Studies Program (http://www.bu.edu/las/faculty/). He is the recipient of the Sixteenth Century Society and Conference’s Harold J. Grimm Prize, for the best article published in 2015 in Reformation studies.

Roldán-Figueroa CV

  • Rady Roldán-Figueroa, The Ascetic Spirituality of Juan de Ávila (1499-1569), Studies in the History of Christian Traditions 150 (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010).
  • C. Douglas Weaver and Rady Roldán-Figueroa, Exploring Christian Heritage: A Reader in History and Theology,  2nd rev. ed. (Baylor University Press, 2017).
  • William Pitts and Rady Roldán-Figueroa, eds., Collected Works of Hanserd Knollys, Early English Baptist Texts (Macon: Mercer University Press, 2017).

PUBLISHED ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS:

  • “Martin Luther in Latin America: From the Counter-Reformation Myth of Latin American Catholicism to Luther as Religious Caudillo,” in Martin Luther. A Christian between Reforms and Modernity (1517-2017), ed. Alberto Melloni, Federica Meloni, and Stefania de Nardis (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017).
  • “Martin Luther in Lateinamerika: Vom Mythos der Gegenreformation des lateinamerikanischen Katholizismus bis zu Luther als religiösem Caudillo,” in Martin Luther. A Christian between Reforms and Modernity (1517-2017), ed. Alberto Melloni, Federica Meloni, and Stefania de Nardis (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017).
  • “Martin Lutero in America Latina: Dal mito controriformistico del cattolicesimo latinoamericano a Lutero come caudillo religioso,” in Lutero: Un cristiano tra riforme e modernità (1517-2017), ed. Alberto Melloni, Federica Meloni, and Stefania de Nardis (Torino: Unione tipografico-editrice torinese, 2017).
  • “Religious Literature and its Institutional Contexts: Prelude to the Study of Spanish Accounts of Christian Martyrdom in Tokugawa Japan,” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte/Archive for Reformation History (Special Issue: “The Global Impact of the Reformations: Long-Term Influences and Contemporary Ramifications” / “Die Weltwirkungen der Reformation: Zeitgenössische und langfristige Folgen der religiösen Reformbewegungen des 16. Jahrhunderts”), 108 (2017).
  • “The Mystical Theology of Luis de la Puente (1554-1624),” in Brill’s Companion to Jesuit Mystical Spirituality, ed. Robert Maryks (Brill, 2017).
  • “Excerpts from Luis de la Puente, Spiritual Guide That Deals with Prayer, Meditation, and Contemplation of the Divine Visits and Extraordinary Graces as well as of Mortification and the Heroic Deeds That Come with It (1609, 1614),” in Brill’s Companion to Jesuit Mystical Spirituality, ed. Robert Maryks (Brill, 2017).
  • “Pedro de Ribadeneira, Literary Culture, and the Vida del P. Ignacio de Loyola (1583),” in Exploring Jesuit Distinctiveness: The Ways of Proceeding within the Society of Jesus, ed. Robert A. Maryks (Leiden: Brill, 2016).
  • “Literacy, Spirituality of Reading, and Catholic Literary Culture in Sixteenth-Century Spain,” Journal of Early Modern Christianity 2/2 (2015): 159-188.
  • “Martín de Roa, S.J. (1559-1637) and the Consolidation of Catholic Literary Culture in Spain,” European History Quarterly 45.1 (2015).
  • “Ignatius of Loyola and Juan de Ávila on the Ascetic Life of the Laity,” in Companion to Ignatius of Loyola: Life, Writings, Spirituality, ed. Robert A. Maryks (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014), 159-178.
  • Martin Luther, Commentarius in Apocalypsin ante 100 annos editus/Preface to A Commentary on the Apocalypse, Published One Hundred Years Ago (1528). Introduction and notes by Rady Roldan-Figueroa, Luther’s Works: American Edition 59 (Concordia Publishing House, 2012).
  • Tomás Carrascón, Anti-Roman Catholic Propaganda, and the Circulation of Ideas in Jacobean England,” History of European Ideas (2012) (Edited by Richard Whatmore, Director, Sussex Centre for Intellectual History, University of Sussex).
  • “Father Luis Piñeiro, S.J., the Tridentine Economy of Relics, and the Defense of the Jesuit Missionary Enterprise in Tokugawa Japan,” Archiv für Reformationgeschichte/Archive for Reformation History 101 (2010), pp. 207-230.
  • “Religious Propaganda and Textual Hybridity in Tomás Carrascón’s 1623 Spanish Translation of the JacobeanBook of Common Prayer,” The Seventeenth Century 25.1 (2010), pp. 49-74.
  • “Antonio del Corro and Paul as the Herald of the Gospel of Universal Redemption,” in Paul in the Reformation, ed., R. Ward Holder (Leiden: Brill, 2009), pp. 389-425.
  • “Translation, Guided Reading, and Anti-Roman Catholic Propaganda in the Reina-Valera Bible (1602): The Rendering of Deuteronomy 23,17[18],” in Infant Milk or Hardy Nourishment? The Bible for Lay People and Theologians in the Early Modern Period, ed. W. François and A. A. den Hollander, (Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium, 221) (Louvain: Peeters Publishers, 2009), pp. 411-438.
  • “ ‘Espirituación’: Juan de Ávila’s Doctrine of Union with the Holy Spirit,” Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Réforme 2-3 (2005): 65-96 [Date of Issue: May 2007].
  • “La relación de 1625 por Francisco Crespo sobre los mártires  de Japón: Introducción, edición y comentarios,”Encuentros en Catay 20 (2006), 64-85. [Fu Jen University, Taipei, Taiwan] [Date of Issue: 2007]
  • Filius Perditionis: The Propagandistic use of a Biblical Motif in Spanish Evangelical Biblical Translations of the Sixteenth Century.” Sixteenth Century Journal 4 (2006): 1027-1055.
  • “Reina’s Vision of the Reformed Ministry: A Reconstruction from the Fringes of the 1569 Spanish Translation of the Bible,” in Lay Bibles in Europe1450-1800, ed., M. Lamberigts and A. A. den Hollander, Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium, 198 (Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2006), p. 159-81.
  • “ ‘Justified Without the Works of the Law’: Casiodoro de Reina on Romans 3:28,” in The Formation of Clerical and Confessional Identities in Early Modern Europe, ed., Wim Janse and Barbara Pitkin, Dutch Review of Church History85 (2005): 205-224.
  • “Contemporary Anabaptists Historiography and Theology, and the Broadening of Baptist Identity,” in Truett Journal of Church and Mission 1 (2006): 5-11.
  • “B.F. Stockwell, Protestant Mentality, and the Missionary Appropriation of Sixteenth Century Spanish Reformers.”Apuntes 23/3 (Fall 2003): 84-99.
  • “The Christologies of Luther and Sobrino and Pastoral Care.” Apuntes (Spring 2001): 15-29.
  • “Latin American Women through Missionary Eyes: The Work of the Women Commission of the Panama Congress.”  Apuntes (Winter 1998): 112-124.

Book Reviews:

  • Herman J. Selderhuis. Calvin’s Theology of the Psalms. (Texts and Studies in Reformation and Post-Reformation Thought.) Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2007. 304 pp. Renaissance Quarterly 61.1 (2008), 210-211.
  • Randall C. Zachman. Image and Word in the Theology of John Calvin. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007. 548 pp. Renaissance Quarterly 61.4 (2008), 1310-12.
  • Miguel Servet, Obras completas. Vol. 3, Primeros escritos científicos, ed. Ángel Alcalá (Zaragoza: Prensas Universitarias de Zaragoza, 2005). Renaissance and Reformation Review (2009).
  • Randall C. Zachman, ed. John Calvin and Roman Catholicism: Critique and Engagement, Then and Now (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2008). Renaissance Quarterly (2009).
  • Kathy Ehrensperger and R. Ward Holder, eds. Reformation Readings of Romans (New York: T & T Clark International, 2008). Religious Studies Review 36 (2010).

DICTIONARY AND ENCYCLOPEDIA ARTICLES

New Westminster Dictionary of Church History (2008)

  • “Acosta, Joseph (c. 1540-1600),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Alumbrados,” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Bañez, Dominic (1528-1604),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Bible, Translation (Renaissance and Reformation),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Corro, Antonio del (1527-1591),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Díaz, Juan (c. 1515-1546),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Jiménez de Cisneros, Francisco (1436-1517),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Juan de Avila (1499?-1569),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Juan de la Cruz,” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Marranos,” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Patronato Real,” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Pedro de Alcántara (1499-1562),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Pérez de Pineda, Juan (c.1500-1568),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Ponce de la Fuente, Constantino (1502-1559),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Quiñones, Francisco de los Angeles (1475-1540),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Reina, Casiodoro de (c.1520-1594),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Salmeron, Alfonso (1515-1585),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés de (1490-1573),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Torquemada, Tomás de (1420-1498),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed. (Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).
  • “Torquemada, Juan de (1388-1468),” in New Westminster Dictionary of Church History, Robert Benedetto, gen. ed.(Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008).

International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest (2009)

  • “Comunero Movement,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “Farga Pellicer, Rafael,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “González Prada, Manuel” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “Guillén, Abraham,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “Lorenzo, Anselmo,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “Mella, Ricardo” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “Moravian Brothers,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).
  • “Reformation,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, Immanuel Ness, gen. ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009).

The Westminster Handbook to Reformation Theology (2010)

  • “Alcalá, University of,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Alumbrados,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Bañez, Domingo,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Cajetan, Thomas de Vio Cardinal,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Celibacy,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Corro, Antonio de,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Enzinas, Francisco de,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “John of the Cross,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Leo X, Pope,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Moral Conjecture,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Pérez de Pineda, Juan,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Practical Syllogism,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Reina, Casiodoro de,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Scotus, John Duns,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Suarez, Francisco,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Valdés, Juan de,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Vives, Juan Luis,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).
  • “Zanchi, Girolamo,” in The Westminster Handbook of Reformation Theology, ed. Ward Holder (Westminster John Knox Press, 2010).

Encyclopedia of Martin Luther and the Reformation (2017) [Forthcoming]

  • “Catholic Reformation,” Encyclopedia of Martin Luther and the Reformation (2017).
  • “Christian Humanism,” Encyclopedia of Martin Luther and the Reformation (2017).
  • “Marsilius of Padua,” Encyclopedia of Martin Luther and the Reformation (2017).
  • “Medieval Papacy,” Encyclopedia of Martin Luther and the Reformation (2017).

ACADEMIC PRESENTATIONS:  

  • “The Episcopal Office and the Defense of Humanity: Bartolomé de las Casas’s Theory of the Power of the Bishops,” Bartolomé de las Casas: History, Philosophy, and Theology in the Age of European Expansion, Providence College, Providence, Rhode Island (October 7-8, 2016).
  • “Baltasar de Medina (1634-1697) and His Martyrology of St. Felipe de Jesús (1572-1597),” Sixteenth Century Society and Conference, Bruges, Belgium (August 2016).
  • “Race in Bartolomé de las Casas’ De unico vocationis modo.” Sixteenth Century Society and Conference, Vancouver, BC, Canada (22 October 2015).
  • “Anticlericalismo, filosemitismo e identidad protestante en el Carrascón.” Conversion, Overlapping Religiosities, Polemics, Interaction: Early Modern Iberia and Beyond. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain. 19 June 2015.
  • “Pedro de Ribadeneira and the Definition of Jesuit Distinctiveness in Vida del P. Ignacio de Loyola (1583): How to Read the First Spanish Biography of the Founder of the Society of Jesus.” International Symposium on Jesuit Studies, Boston College (13 June 2015).
  • Guest Speaker, “Spanish Accounts of Christian Martyrdom in Japan: Towards a Literary History,” sponsored by Boston University Center for the Study of Asia, Romance Studies Department, and Latin American Studies Program, at the Pardee School of Global Studies (24 October 2014).
  • “Protestant Women Martyrs of Sixteenth-Century Spain and their Afterlife: A Topos in anti-Roman Catholic Literature.” Reformation Studies Colloquium, University of Cambridge (10 September 2014).
  • “Enlisting Saints for the Cause of Catholic Missions: Marcelo de Ribadeneyra’s Historia de las Islas del Archipiélago Filipino (Barcelona, 1601).” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, San Juan, PR (October 2013).
  • “Spanish Accounts of Christian Martyrdom in Tokugawa Japan, c. 1597-c. 1945: Ideational Representations and their Circulation in Spain, the Philippines, and New Spain,” Wednesday, Center for Southwest Research and Latin American and Iberian Institute, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico (12 June 2013).
  • “Father Luis de Guzmán, S.J. (1543-1605) and his Historia de las misiones (Alcalá, 1601) as a Defense of the Society of Jesus,” Renaissance Society of America, San Diego, California (6 April 2013).
  • “Neither did we think much to consult […], neither did we disdain to revise”: The Translators of the King James Bible and their Use of Cypriano de Valera’s Spanish Bible.” International Colloquium, “Vernacular Bible and Religious Reform,” Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 30 November 2012.
  • November 2-3, 2012: Guest Speaker at the Eastern Fellowship of the American Society of Missiology Annual Meeting (New York). Subject: “Bartolomé de las Casas and the Spirituality of De unico vocationis modo.”
  • “Martín de Roa, S.J. and the degrees and offices of Catholic women in his  Vida de Doña Ana Ponce de León (1604, 1615), Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Cincinnati, Ohio (October 2012).
  • “London Baptists and the Theological Defense of Believer’s Baptism by Immersion c. 1645,” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Forth Worth, TX (October 2011).
  • “La Oración de Recogimiento: Historia y Práctica,” New Brunswick Theological Seminary, New Brunswick, NJ(October 2011).
  • “Hanserd Knollys and Baptist Religious Radicalism,” Reformation Studies Colloquium, University of St Andrews,Scotland, UK (September2010).
  • Organizer of three panels for the 2010 meeting of the Renaissance Society of America, Venice, Italy. Subject: “Early Modern Spanish Spirituality.”
  • “Juan de Ávila and the Spirituality of Reading.” Renaissance Society of America, Venice, Italy (April 2010).
  • “Preaching the Death of the King: Funeral Sermons on the Occasion of King Philip II’s Death.” Centre for Seventeenth-Century Studies: Twelfth International Conference (13-16 July 2009), Durham University, Durham, UK.
  • “Tomás Carrascón y su traducción castellana de le versión jacobina del Libro de oración pública Liturgia inglesa(1623).” I Congreso Internacional Reforma Protestante y Libertades en Europa,” (30 March – 1st April 2009), Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain.
  • “Juan de Ávila and the Criticism of Old Christian Spirituality in his Audi, filia of 1556,” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, St Louis (October 24, 2008).
  • “Reading, Intellectual Capital, and the Religious Exile Tomás Carrascón,” Early Modern Reading Conference, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon TyneUK (April 10-12, 2008).
  • “The Economy of Relics of Martyrs According to Spanish Sources (1614-1663),” Renaissance Society of America,Miami (2007).
  • Chair, Panel: “The Reception of the Apostle Paul in the Sixteenth Century,” Renaissance Society of America, Miami(2007).
  • “ ‘Relaciones de Martirios’: Or, the Literary Representation of Christian Martyrs in Japan.” Renaissance Society of America, San Francisco (March, 2006).
  • “ ‘Los Someticos’: Biblical Glosses Against Sodomyin the Reina-Valera Bible (1602),” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Atlanta (October, 2005).
  • Francisco de Osuna y el contenido, valor y límites de la experiencia religiosa,” Seminario Teológico Unión Evangélica Bautista Española, Madrid (June 2005).
  • Teresa de Ávila y el contenido, valor y límites de la experiencia religiosa,” Seminario Teológico Unión Evangélica Bautista Española, Madrid (June 2005).
  • “Casiodoro de Reina on Romans 3: 28.” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Toronto (2004).
  • “Reina’s Vision of the Reformed Ministry: A Reconstruction from the Fringes of the 1569 Spanish Translation of the Bible.” Lay Bibles in Europe 1450-1800 – International Conference, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam (April 22-23, 2004).
  • “Canon and Identity in the Spanish Protestant Bible (1569, 1602).” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference,Pittsburgh (2003).
  • “The Demonic and Political Power According to the Spanish Exile Casiodoro de Reina.”  Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Pittsburgh (2003).
  • “The Ecclesiology of a Refugee Church: The Case of the Confession de Fe Christiana.” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, San Antonio (2002).
  • “The Catechisms of Luther and Valdés: A Comparative Study of their Main Ideas and Theological Assumptions.” Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Denver (2001).
  • “B.F. Stockwell, Protestant Mentality, and the Missionary Appropriation of Sixteenth Century Spanish Reformers.” Paper read at the Seminary Scholar Research Forum, Boston University School of Theology (2001).