Research

ED Alcohol Education Project

Grant that develops and implements a curriculum of workshops and interactive website in Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for emergency health care providers.

Brief Intervention to Reduce STDs in ER Drug Users

Proposal tests a motivational intervention implemented by peer-educators with cocaine and heroin users in an emergency department to reduce the rate of STDs.

Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention

Project to operate a national training, publications, and technical assistance program on substance-use prevention for US colleges and universities. N.B. project is based at Education Development Center, Inc., in Newton, Massachusetts.

Low-Dose Alcohol, Cold Medicines, and Maritime Safety

Study provides information on the effects of low-dose alcohol exposure and three over-the-counter cold medicines on simulated merchant-ship handling performance. Findings could influence regulators at the Department of Transportation to consider adopting zero tolerance to alcohol for the operation of all commercial vehicles and develop standards for exposure to certain over-the counter medications, if antihistamines affect performance.

Hangover, Congeners, Sleep, and Occupational Performance

Competing continuation application follows up on our studies of the residual effects of heavy drinking on next-day occupational performance.

HIV Prevention with Latinas

Goals for this project are twofold:

  1. To evaluate an HIV prevention program for Latinas;
  2. To conduct a safer-sex needs assessment with a predominantly Latino sample of men attending a primary care clinic.

Denormalizing Smoking via Policy and Media Interventions

Investigates the effectiveness of three major types of public health interventions being used by the Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program: local clean indoor air policies, local policies to restrict youth access to tobacco products, and televised anti-tobacco media campaigns.

Protecting Workers and the Public from Secondhand Smoke: The Impact of Clean Indoor Air Funder: Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute

Assesses the impact of clean indoor-air policies for bars, restaurants, and worksites on the protection of workers and the public from secondhand smoke exposure, and on youth smoking initiation and adult smoking cessation.

Evaluation the Youth In Action Program

Evaluates MADD’s Youth-in-Action program designed to reduce youth access to alcohol and increase police officers’ enforcement of underage drinking laws.

Evaluation of Children’s Mental Health Initiative

Evaluates the Connecticut Health Foundation’s Children’s Mental Health Initiative, which is designed to foster 12 community-based partnerships in Connecticut to improve children’s mental health services.

Gene-Diet Effect on Plasma Lipoprotein Levels

Proposal to:

  1. Evaluate whether polymorphisms at the proposed candidate genes [Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARA and PPARG), Estrogen Receptor (ESRA), Estrol Regulatory Element-Binding Proteins (SREBP1 and SREBP2), SREBP cleavage-activating protein (SCAP), 3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Reductase (HMGCR), Scavenger Receptor Class B-I (SRBI), Intestinal Fatty Acid-Binding Protein (FABP2), and ATP-Binding Cassette 1 (ABC1)] are associated with plasma lipid variability and CHD in a free-living population; and
  2. examine interactions between those gene variants and dietary factors.