Slone Survey™

Slone SurveyThis telephone survey of medication use in the U. S. population was conducted from February 1998 through April 2007. Participants were identified by random digit dialing and completed a brief confidential interview. Information was obtained on the use of prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins and herbal preparations/natural supplements during the previous week. Details such as frequency and duration of use were recorded for each product. A brief medical history was also obtained. This unique resource provides a basis for comprehensive evaluation of medication use in the U.S.; because the survey was conducted continuously, it is possible to study time trends and seasonality of medication use. More than 25,000 subjects were interviewed during the course of the survey. The database remains available for analysis of topics of interest.

Annual Reports on Medication Use in the U.S.
2004 2005 2006

Investigators and Study Staff

Investigators:

Allen A. Mitchell, M.D., Principal Investigator
David W. Kaufman, Sc.D., Co-Investigator
Lynn Rosenberg, Sc.D., Co-Investigator

Study Staff:

Judith Kelly, M.S., Epidemiologist
Theresa Anderson, R.N., Project Coordinator

Study Details

Source of Funding:

Major support for this study has been provided by Slone Epidemiology Center internal funds. Special projects have been requested and supported by the Food and Drug Administration, pharmaceutical companies, private foundations, and other researchers.

A grant from NCCAM supported an analysis of alternative medicine use in minority populations using the Survey data.

Data Collection:

February 1998 through April 2007

Analysis:

Ongoing

Presentations

  • A comprehensive ongoing population-based survey of medication use in the United States: the adult population. DW Kaufman, JP Kelly, TE Anderson, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Barcelona, 2000).
  • Traditional and nontraditional medications: reasons for use. DW Kaufman, JP Kelly, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Toronto, 2001).
  • Is use of herbal medicines increasing? It depends. JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Edinburgh, 2002).
  • The Slone Survey: population-based information from consumers of Rx, OTC, and herbal use … and more. DW Kaufman, AA Mitchell. (FDA Visiting Professor Lecture Series, 2003).
  • Patterns of herbal and natural supplement use in the U.S. adult population: results from the Slone Survey. DW Kaufman. (ICPE, Philadelphia, 2003).
  • Do OTC analgesic users know the ingredients of the products they are taking? DW Kaufman, JP Kelly, L Rosenberg, T Anderson, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Bordeaux, 2004).
  • Multivitamin use among children aged 2-11 years. JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Bordeaux, 2004).
  • How has the use of postmenopausal hormone therapy changed since the Women’s Health Initiative findings? JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Bordeaux, 2004).
  • Can we be satisfied with lower participation rates? JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (AAPOR, Phoenix, 2004).
  • Aspirin use among U.S. adults for primary and secondary prevention of myocardial infarction and stroke: results from the Slone Survey. DW Kaufman, JP Kelly, TE Anderson, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Nashville, 2005).
  • Patterns of medication use in U.S. adults and children, 2005: a report from the Slone Survey. DW Kaufman, JP Kelly, L Rosenberg, TE Anderson, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Lisbon, 2006).
  • Use of herbal/natural supplements according to racial/ethnic group. JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Lisbon, 2006).
  • Accuracy of recall of recent medication use. C Louik, JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, TE Anderson, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Lisbon, 2006).
  • Patterns and correlates of opioid use in the U.S. adult population. JP Kelly, DW Kaufman, L Rosenberg, AA Mitchell. (ICPE, Quebec City, 2007).
  • Medication use among U.S. children, 1998-2006, with special attention to over-the-counter medications: results from the Slone Survey. Vernacchio L, Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Mitchell AA. (PASM, Honolulu, 2008).
  • Cough and cold medication use by U.S. children, 1999-2006: results from the Slone Survey. Vernacchio L, Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Mitchell AA. (PASM, Honolulu, 2008).

Publications

  • Vernacchio L, Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Mitchell AA. Vitamin, fluoride, and iron use among US children younger than 12 years of age: results from the Slone Survey 1998-2007. J Am Diet Assoc 2011;111(2):285-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2010.10.046.
  • Vernacchio L, Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Mitchell AA. Medication use among children < 12 years of age in the United States: results from the Slone Survey, 1998-2007. Pediatrics 2009;124(2):446-54. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-2869.
  • Willy M, Kelly JP, Nourjah P, Kaufman DK, Budnitz D, Staffa J. Emergency department visits attributed to selected analgesics, United States, 2004-2005. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2009;18(3):188-95. doi: 10.1002/pds.1691.
  • Vernacchio L, Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Mitchell AA. Pseudoephedrine use among U.S. children, 1999-2006: results from the Slone Survey. Pediatrics 2008;122(6):1299-304. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-0284.
  • Vernacchio L, Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Mitchell AA. Cough and cold medication use by U.S. children, 1999-2006: results from the Slone Survey. Pediatrics 2008;122(2):e323-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-0498.
  • Kelly JP, Cook SF, Kaufman DW, Anderson TE, Rosenberg L, Mitchell AA. Prevalence and characteristics of opioid use in the U.S. adult population. Pain 2008;138(3):507-13. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2008.01.027.
  • Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Kelley K, Rosenberg L, Mitchell AA.  Use of herbal/natural supplements according to racial/ethnic group.  J Altern Complement Med 2006;12(6):555-61.
  • Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Rosenberg L, Kelley K, Cooper SG, Mitchell AA. Use of postmenopausal hormone therapy since the Women’s Health Initiative findings. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2005;14(12):837-42.
  • Kaufman DW, Kelly JP, Rosenberg L, Anderson TE, Mitchell AA. Are cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors being taken only by those who need them? [commentary]. Arch Intern Med 2005;165(9):1066-7.
  • Kelly JP, Kaufman DW, Kelley KE, Rosenberg L, Anderson TE, Mitchell AA. Recent trends in use of herbal and other natural products. Arch Intern Med 2005;165:281-6.
  • Kaufman DW, Kelly JP, Rosenberg L, Anderson TE, Mitchell AA. Recent patterns of medication use in the ambulatory adult population of the United States: the Slone Survey. J Am Med Assoc 2002;287:337-44.

Contact Information

E-mail David Kaufman at dwk@bu.edu