United Methodist Clergywomen Retention Study

Results Tables

Table 1.  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
Frequency
(N=1369; None Listed=17)
Percent
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
934
68%
Call to the Local Church
75
5%
Call to Preach
109
8%
Required for Priestly Duties
48
4%
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
19
1%
Talked Into It
6
0.4%
Natural/Logical Progression
142
10%
Other
36
3%

Table 2.  Primary Appointment Intended After Receiving Elders’ Orders

Primary Appointment Intended After Elders’ Orders
Frequency
(N=1361; None Listed=25)
Percent
Local Church Pastor
1113
82%
Counseling
48
4%
Chaplain
69
5%
Campus Ministry
27
2%
Missions (with Missions Board)
7
0.5%
Youth Ministry
7
0.5%
Teaching
26
2%
Social/Community Service
18
1%
Other
46
3%

Table 3.  Primary Reason the Local Church is Best Place of Service

Primary Reason Local is Best Place of Service
Frequency
(N=1007; None listed=376,
27% of total)
Percent
Enjoy; Comfortable; Home
126
13%
Committed to the Church as an Institution
59
6%
Doing God’s Call
619
61%
Priestly Duties are Important
57
6%
Appreciate Parish Relationships
61
6%
Appointment System Secure
7
0.7%
Have Not Found Anything Else Yet
19
2%
Financial Security
8
0.8%
Hours Good for Family
10
1%
Too Invested to Leave
2
0.2%
Other
39
4%

Table 4.  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination:  Ethnic Background of Participants

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
Ethnic Minority Women
(N=111; None listed=2, 2% of total)
White Women
(N=1250; None listed=13, 1% of total)
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
73 (66%)
856 (68%)
Call to the Local Church
2 (2%)
72 (6%)
Call to Preach
15 (14%)
94 (8%)
Required for Priestly duties
7 (6%)
40 (3%)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
0
19 (2%)
Talked Into It
0
6 (0.5%)
Natural/Logical Progression
11 (10%)
130 (10%)
Other
3 (3%)
33 (3%)

Table 5.  Primary Appointment Intended After Elders’ Orders:  Ethnic Background of Participants

Primary Appointment Intended After Elders’ Orders
Ethnic Minority Women
(N=105; None listed=6, 5% of total)
White Women
(N=1248; None listed=15, 1% of total)
Local Church Pastor
85 (81%)
1021 (82%)
Counseling
3 (3%)
44 (4%)
Chaplain
4 (4%)
65 (5%)
Campus Ministry
4 (4%)
23 (2%)
Missions (with Missions Board)
1 (1%)
6 (0.5%)
Youth Ministry
0
7 (0.6%)
Teaching
2 (2%)
24 (2%)
Social/Community Service
1 (1%)
17 (1%)
Other
7 (7%)
40 (3%)

Table 6.  Primary Reason the Local Church is Best Place of Service:
Ethnic Background of Participants

Primary Reason Local is Best Place of Service
Ethnic Minority Women
(N=76; None listed=37, 33% of total)
White Women
(N=925; None listed=338, 27% of total)
Enjoy; Comfortable; Home
6 (8%)
119 (13%)
Committed to the Church as an Institution
7 (9%)
52 (6%)
Doing God’s Call
53 (70%)
560 (61%)
Priestly Duties are Important
3 (4%)
54 (6%)
Appreciate Parish Relationships
3 (4%)
57 (6%)
Appointment System Secure
0
7 (0.8%)
Have Not Found Anything Else Yet
1 (1%)
18 (2%)
Financial Security
0
8 (0.9%)
Hours Good for Family
1 (1%)
9 (1%)
Too Invested to Leave
0
2 (0.2%)
Other
1 (1%)
39 (4%)

Table 7.  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination:  Marital Status of Participants

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
Never Married (N=217; None listed=5, 2% of total)
Ever Separated/
Divorced/Widowed (N=256; None listed=1, 0.4% of total)
Currently Married
(N=840; None listed=8, 0.9% of total)
In Committed Relationship
(N=52; None listed=0)
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
136 (63%)
168 (66%)
591 (70%)
35 (67%)
Call to the Local Church
8 (4%)
16 (6%)
49 (6%)
2 (4%)
Call to Preach
20 (9%)
27 (11%)
60 (7%)
2 (4%)
Required for Priestly Duties
12 (6%)
6 (2%)
29 (3%)
1 (2%)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
5 (2%)
2 (0.8%)
10 (1%)
2 (4%)
Talked Into It
0
3 (1%)
3 (0.4%)
0
Natural/Logical Progression
28 (13%)
28 (11%)
80 (10%)
6 (12%)
Other
8 (4%)
6 (2%)
18 (2%)
4 (8%)

Table 8.  Primary Appointment Intended After Receiving Elders’ Orders:
Marital Status of Participants

Primary Appointment Intended After Elders’ Orders
Never Married
(N=216; None listed=6, 3% of total)
Ever Separated/ Divorced/ Widowed
(N=250; None listed=7, 3% of total)
Currently Married
(N=839; None listed=9, 1% of total)
In Committed Relationship
(N=52; None listed=0)
Local Church Pastor
168 (78%)
208 (83%)
695 (83%)
37 (71 %)
Counseling
3 (1%)
14 (6%)
28 (3%)
3 (6%)
Chaplain
12 (6%)
9 (4%)
45 (5%)
3 (6%)
Campus Ministry
6 (3%)
4 (2%)
14 (2%)
3 (6%)
Missions (with Missions Board)
5 (2%)
0
2 (0.2%)
0
Youth Ministry
1 (0.5%)
0
4 (0.5%)
2 (4%)
Teaching
7 (3%)
4 (2%)
14 (2%)
1 (2 %)
Social/Community Service
3 (1%)
2 (0.8%)
12 (1%)
1 (2%)
Other
11 (5%)
9 (4%)
25 (3%)
2 (4%)

Table 9.  Primary Reason the Local Church is Best Place of Service:
Marital Status of Participants

Primary Reason Local Church is Best Place of Service
Never Married
(N=156; None listed=66, 30% of total)
Ever Separated/ Divorced/Widowed
(N=197; None listed=60, 23% of total)
Currently Married
(N=633; None listed=215, 25% of total)
In Committed Relationship
(N=23; None listed=29, 56% of total)
Enjoy; Comfortable; Home
12 (8%)
17 (9%)
90 (14%)
5 (22%)
Committed to the Church as an Institution
10 (6%)
11 (6%)
38 (6%)
0
Doing God’s Call
94 (60%)
137 (70%)
379 (60%)
9 (39%)
Priestly Duties are Important
15 (10%)
8 (4%)
30 (5%)
3 (13%)
Appreciate Parish Relationships
13 (8%)
7 (4%)
38 (6%)
3 (6%)
Appointment System Secure
0
2 (1%)
5 (0.8%)
0
Have Not Found Anything Else Yet
3 (2%)
5 (3%)
10 (2%)
1 (5%)
Financial Security
1 (0.6%)
3 (2%)
3 (0.5%)
1 (5%)
Hours Good for Family
0
2 (1%)
8 (1%)
0
Too Invested to Leave
0
0
2 (0.3%)
0
Other
5 (3%)
4 (2%)
30 (5%)
1 (5%)

Table 10.  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination:  Participants with a Clergy Partner

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
Clergy Partner
(N=389; None listed=4, 1% of total)
No Clergy Partner
(N=982; None listed=13, 1% of total)
Nonspecific call to Ministry
272 (70%)
664 (68%)
Call to the Local Church
22 (6%)
53 (5%)
Call to Preach
22 (6%)
87 (9%)
Required for Priestly duties
22 (6%)
26 (3%)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
3 (0.8%)
16 (2%)
Talked Into It
1 (0.3%)
5 (0.5%)
Natural/Logical Progression
41 (11%)
101 (10%)
Other
6 (2%)
30 (3%)

Table 11.  Primary Appointment Intended After Receiving Elders’ Orders:
Participants with a Clergy Partner

Primary Appointment Intended After Elders’ Orders
Clergy Partner
(N=390; None listed=3, 0.8% of total)
No Clergy Partner
(N=973; None listed=22, 2% of total)
Local Church Pastor
332 (85%)
782 (80%)
Counseling
10 (3%)
38 (4%)
Chaplain
16 (4%)
53 (5%)
Campus Ministry
6 (2%)
21 (2%)
Missions (with Missions Board)
2 (0.5%)
5 (0.5%)
Youth Ministry
0
7 (0.7%)
Teaching
7 (2%)
19 (2%)
Social/Community Service
6 (2%)
12 (1%)
Other
11 (3%)
36 (4%)

Table 12.  Primary Reason the Local Church is Best Place of Service: Participants with a Clergy Partner

Primary Reason Local Church is Best Place of Service
Clergy Partner
(N=299; None listed=94, 24% of total)
No Clergy Partner
(N=710; None listed=285,  29% of total)
Enjoy; Comfortable; Home
42 (14%)
84 (12%)
Committed to the Church as an Institution
24 (8%)
35 (5%)
Doing God’s Call
169 (57%)
451 (64%)
Priestly Duties are Important
18 (6%)
39 (5%)
Appreciate Parish Relationships
19 (6%)
42 (6%)
Appointment System Secure
5 (2%)
2 (0.3%)
Have Not Found Anything Else Yet
7 (2%)
12 (2%)
Financial Security
1 (0.3%)
7 (1%)
Hours Good for Family
3 (1%)
7 (1%)
Too Invested to Leave
1 (0.3%)
1 (0.1%)
Other
10 (3%)
30 (4%)

Table 13.  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination:  Denominational Background of Participants

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
Reared Methodist
(N=923; None listed=13, 1% of total)
Reared Non-Methodist
(N=417; None listed=1, 0.2% of total)
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
616 (67%)
295 (71%)
Call to the Local Church
54 (6%)
21 (5%)
Call to Preach
74 (8%)
32 (8%)
Required for Priestly Duties
26 (3%)
21 (5%)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
15 (2%)
4 (1%)
Talked Into It
4 (0.4%)
2 (0.5%)
Natural/Logical Progression
108 (12%)
32 (8%)
Other
26 (3%)
10 (2%)

Table 14.  Primary Appointment Intended After Receiving Elders’ Orders:
Denominational Background of Participants

Primary Appointment Intended After Elders’ Orders
Reared Methodist
(N=921; None listed=15, 2% of total)
Reared Non-Methodist
(N=412; None listed=6, 1% of total)
Local Church Pastor
748 (81%)
343 (83%)
Counseling
33 (4%)
13 (3%)
Chaplain
44 (5%)
24 (6%)
Campus Ministry
19 (2%)
7 (2%)
Missions (with Missions Board)
3 (0.3%)
3 (0.7%)
Youth Ministry
6 (0.7%)
1 (0.2%)
Teaching
16 (2%)
10 (2%)
Social/Community Service
16 (2%)
2 (0.5%)
Other
36 (4%)
9 (2%)

Table 15.  Primary Reason the Local Church is Best Place of Service:
Denominational Background of Participants

Primary Reason Local Church is Best Place of Service
Reared Methodist
(N=680; None listed=256, 27% of total)
Reared Non-Methodist
(N=306; None listed=112, 27% of total)
Enjoy; Comfortable; Home
90 (13%)
35 (11%)
Committed to the Church as an Institution
40 (6%)
19 (6%)
Doing God’s Call
402 (59%)
202 (66%)
Priestly Duties are Important
38 (6%)
18 (6%)
Appreciate Parish Relationships
46 (7%)
14 (5%)
Appointment System Secure
6 (0.9%)
1 (0.3%)
Have Not Found Anything Else Yet
13 (2%)
5 (2%)
Financial Security
4 (0.6%)
2 (0.7%)
Hours Good For Family
8 (1%)
2 (0.7%)
Too Invested to Leave
2 (0.3%)
0
Other
31 (5%)
8 (3%)

Table 16.  Participants In/Out of Local Church Ministry:  Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction
In Local Church Ministry
Out of Local Church Ministry
North Central
(N=427)
313 (73%)
114 (27%)
Northeastern
(N=338)
233 (69%)
105 (31%)
Western
(N=168)
126 (75%)
42 (25%)
South Central
(N=195)
125 (64%)
70 (36%)
Southeastern
(N=258)
172 (67%)
86 (23%)

Table 17.  Frequency of Participants In/Out of Local Church Ministry:
Ethnic Background of Participants

Ethnicity
In Local Church Ministry
Out of Local Church Ministry
Asian
(N=20)
13 (65%)
7 (35%)
Black
(N=61)
36 (59%)
25 (41%)
Hispanic
(N=8)
6 (75%)
2 (25%)
Native American
(N=0)
0
0
Pacific Islander
(N=1)
1 (100%)
0
White
(N=1262)
890 (71%)
372 (29%)
Multiracial
(N=21)
15 (71%)
6 (29%)

Table 18.  Temporary Exit from Local Church Ministry:  Ethnic Background of Participants

Ethnicity
Have Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Have Not Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Ethnic Minority Women
(N=113)
13 (12%)
100 (88%)
White Women
(N=1263)
215 (17%)
1048 (83%)

Table 19.  Participants In/Out of Local Church Ministry:  Marital Status of Participants

Marital Status
In Local Church Ministry
Out of Local Church Ministry
Never Married
(N=222)
154 (69%)
68 (31%)
Ever Separated/Divorced/ Widowed
(N=257)
188 (73%)
69 (27%)
Currently Married
(N=848; None listed=2, 0.2%of total)
600 (71%)
246 (29%)
In Committed Relationship
(N=52)
21 (40%)
31 (60%)

Table 20.  Temporary Exit from Local Church Ministry:  Marital Status of Participants

Marital Status
Have Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Have Not Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Never Married
(N=222)
29 (13%)
193 (87%)
Ever Separated/Divorced/ Widowed
(N=257)
36 (14%)
221 (86%)
Currently Married
(N=848; None listed=2, 0.2%of total)
154 (18%)
694 (82%)
In Committed Relationship
(N=52)
8 (15%)
44 (85%)

Table 21.  Participants In/Out of Local Church Ministry:  Participants with a Clergy Partner

In Local Church Ministry
Out of Local Church Ministry
Clergy Partner
(N=390)
287 (73%)
106 (27%)
No Clergy Partner
(N=993; None listed=2, 0.2% of total)
682 (69%)
311 (31%)

Table 22.  Temporary Exit from the Local Church:  Participants with a Clergy Partner

Have Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Have Not Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Clergy Partner
(N=393)
78 (20%)
315 (80%)
No Clergy Partner
(N=995)
151 (15%)
844 (85%)

Table 23.  Participants In/Out of Local Church Ministry:  Denominational Background of Participants

In Local Church Ministry
Out of Local Church Ministry
Reared Methodist
(N= 935; None listed=1, 0.1% of total)
657 (70%)
278 (30%)
Reared Non-Methodist
(N=417; None listed=1, 0.2% of total)
290 (70%)
127 (30%)

Table 24.  Temporary Exit from Local Church Ministry:  Denominational Background of Participants

Denominational Background
Have Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Have Not Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Reared Methodist
154 (16.5%)
782 (83.5%)
Reared non-Methodist
70 (17%)
348 (83%)

Table 25.  Participants In/Out of Local Church Ministry:  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
In Local Church Ministry
Out of Local Church Ministry
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
(N=934; None listed=2, 0.2% of total)
670 (72%)
264 (28%)
Call to the Local Church
(N=75)
63 (84%)
12 (16%)
Call to Preach
(N=109)
75 (69%)
34 (31%)
Required for Priestly Duties
(N=48)
29 (60%)
19 (40%)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
(N=19)
6 (32%)
13 (68%)
Natural/Logical Progression
(N=142)
89 (63%)
53 (37%)

Table 26.  Temporary Exit from Local Church Ministry:  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination

Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination
Have Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Have Not Left and Returned to Local Church Ministry
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
N=936
157 (17%)
779 (83%)
Call to the Local Church
(N=75)
5 (7%)
70 (93%)
Call to Preach
(N=109)
21 (19%)
88 (81%)
Required for Priestly Duties
(N=48)
10 (21%)
38 (79%)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
(N=19)
3 (16%)
16 (84%)
Natural/Logical Progression
(N=142)
26 (18%)
116 (82%)

Table 27.  Permanent Exit from Ordained Ministry:  Ethnic Background of Participants

Have Withdrawn/Surrendered Credentials
Have Not Withdrawn/ Surrendered Credentials
Ethnic Minority Women
(N=113)
4 (4%)
109 (96%)
White Women
(N=1263)
39 (3%)
1224 (97%)

Table 28.  Permanent Exit from Ordained Ministry:  Marital Status of Participants

Marital Status
Have Withdrawn/Surrendered Credentials
Have Not Withdrawn/Surrendered Credentials
Never Married
(N=222)
5 (2%)
217 (98%)
Ever Separated/Divorced/ Widowed
(N=257)
8 (3%)
249 (97%)
Currently Married
(N=848; None listed=2, 0.2%of total)
25 (3%)
823 (97%)
In Committed Relationship
(N=52)
5 (10%)
47 (90%)

Table 29.  Permanent Exit from Ordained Ministry:  Participants with a Clergy Partner

Have Withdrawn/Surrendered Credentials
Have Not Withdrawn/ Surrendered Credentials
Clergy Partner
(N=393)
11 (3%)
382 (97%)
No Clergy Partner
(N=995)
32 (3%)
963 (97%)

Table 30.  Primary Reasons for Leaving Local Church Ministry Selected by Women Who Have Exited Temporarily or Permanently

Primary Reason For Leaving Local Church Ministry
Frequency
(N=583; None listed=803, 58% of total)
Percent
Lack of Support From the Hierarchical System
90
15%
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
50
9%
Too Much Rejection by Churches
43
7%
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
42
7%
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
145
25%
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
5
0.9%
Family Responsibilities
67
11%
Financial Reasons
3
0.5%
Health Reasons
24
4%
Other
114
20%

Table 31.  Reasons for Leaving the Local Church According to Whether Participants Were in Local Church Ministry at the Time of the Questionnaire

Primary Reason For Leaving Local Church Ministry
In the Local Church
(N=242; None listed=727, 75% of total)
Out of the Local Church
(N=341; None listed=76, 18% of total)
Lack of Support From the Hierarchical System
37 (15%)
53 (16%)
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
20 (8%)
30 (9%)
Too Much Rejection by Churches
26 (11%)
17 (5%)
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
14 (6%)
28 (8%)
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
48 (20%)
97 (28%)
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
0
5 (1%)
Family Responsibilities
33 (14%)
34 (10%)
Financial Reasons
2 (0.8%)
1 (0.3%)
Health Reasons
8 (3%)
16 (5%)
Other
54 (22%)
60 (18%)

Table 32.  Reasons for Leaving the Local Church Selected by Participants Who Have Left Ordained Ministry

Primary Reason For Leaving Local Church Ministry
Frequency
(N=36; None listed=7, 16%of total)
Percent
Lack of Support From the Hierarchical System
8
22%
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
3
8%
Too Much Rejection by Churches
3
8%
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
9
25%
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
2
6%
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
0
0%
Family Responsibilities
0
0%
Financial Reasons
0
0%
Health Reasons
2
6%
Other
9
25%

Table 33.  Additional Reasons for Leaving Local Church Ministry Selected by Women Whose Primary Reason Was to Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry.

Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Frequency
(Numbers below are a combination of responses to a second and a third reason)
Percent
Participants Who Did Not List a Second Reason
38
27%
Participants Who Did Not List a Third Reason
67
48%
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
20
14%
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
37
26%
Too Much Rejection by Churches
14
10%
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
18
12%
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
10
7%
Family Responsibilities
26
18%
Financial Reasons
12
8%
Health Reasons
5
3%
Other
34
24%

Table 34.  General Results of Interview Content Analysis

Category
Positive Only
(% of category total)
Ambivalent
(% of category total)
Negative Only
(% of category total)
Total
(% of total  observed effects)
Institutional
22%
18%
60%
44%   (N=387)
Congregational
39%
13%
48%
28%   (N=247)
Personal
43%
7%
50%
24%   (N=209)
Community
25%
2%
73%
5%    (N=44)
TOTAL
32%
13%
55%
100%   (N=887)

Table 35. Institutional Category Results for Interview Content Analysis

Item
Positive Only
(% of item total)
Ambivalent
(% of item total)
Negative Only
(% of item total)
Total
Appointment System
15%
11%
74%
22% (N=87)
District Superintendent
31%
19%
50%
18% (N=70)
Support
24%
41%
35%
25% (N=95)
Bishop
49%
10%
41%
11% (N=41)
Sexism
0%
0%
100%
13% (N=52)
Salary
0%
0%
100%
8% (N=17)
Theology
15%
0%
85%
3% (N=13)
Feminism
50%
17%
33%
2% (N=6)
Access to Resources
30%
10%
60%
3% (N=10)
Other
0%
8%
92%
3% (N=13)
TOTAL
22% (N=86)
18% (N=69)
60% (N =232)
100% (N=387)

Table 36.  Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry:  Ethnic Background of Participants

Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Ethnic Minority Women
(N=48; None listed=65, 58% of total)
White Women
(N=535; None listed=728, 58% of total)
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
13 (27%)
77 (14%)
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
4 (8%)
46 (9%)
Too Much Rejection by Churches
5 (10%)
38 (7%)
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
0
41 (8%)
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
10 (21%)
135 (25%)
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
0
5 (0.9%)
Family Responsibilities
5 (10%)
62 (12%)
Financial Reasons
0
3 (0.6%)
Health Reasons
2 (4%)
22 (4%)
Other
9 (19%)
106 (20%)

Table 37.  Primary Reasons for Leaving Local Church Ministry:  Marital Status of Participants

Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Never Married
(N=87; None listed=135, 61% of total)
Ever Separated/ Divorced/Widowed
(N=103; None listed=154, 60% of total)
Currently Married
(N=355; None listed=493, 58% of total)
In Committed Relationship
(N=36; None listed=16, 31% of total)
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
13 (15%)
21 (20%)
52 (15%)
3 (8%)
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
12 (14%)
9 (9%)
27 (8%)
2 (6%)
Too Much Rejection by Churches
11 (13%)
8 (8%)
22 (6%)
2 (6%)
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
2 (2%)
6 (6%)
21 (6%)
13 (36%)
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
22 (25%)
27 (26%)
89 (25%)
6 (17%)
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
0
1 (1%)
3 (0.8%)
1 (3%)
Family Responsibilities
1 (1%)
9 (9%)
56 (16%)
1 (3%)
Financial Reasons
0
1 (1%)
2 (0.6%)
0
Health Reasons
5 (6%)
2 (2%)
15 (4%)
1 (3%)
Other
20 (23%)
19 (18%)
68 (19%)
7 (19%)

Table 38.  Results of Crosstabulations between Selected Interview Items and In/Out of Local Church Ministry, Controlling for Marital Status, Among Interview Participants

Item
Chi-Square Statistic (df=1)
P-Value
MARRIED:
Institutional:
Appointment System
District Superintendent
Bishop
Congregational:
Support

…………
…………
…………

…………

.02*
.46
.63

.02*

NOT MARRIED:
Institutional:
Appointment System
District Superintendent
Bishop
Congregational:
Support

…………
…………
…………

…………

.60
.10*
.08*

.18

*  indicates significance (p<=.10)

Table 39.  Results of Crosstabulations between Selected Interview Items and In/Our of Local Church Ministry, Among Interview Participants

Item
Chi-Square Statistic (df=1)
P-Value
Personal:
Marriage
Clergy Couple
Children
Workload
Salary
5.11248
…………
3.24013
…………
(only negative effects)
.02*
.04*
.07*
.58
…………
Institutional:
Appointment System
District Superintendent
Support
Bishop
Theology
Sexism
…………
2.92504
2.49381
1.97252
…………
(only negative effects)
.05*
.08*
.11
.16
.53
…………
Congregational:
Support
Relations with Women
Feminism
Theology
Expectations of Congregation
Authority
7.32392
…………
…………
…………
…………
…………
.007*
.10*
.11
.30
.68
.67
Community:
Support
Isolation
Acceptance
…………
…………
…………
.29
.75
.60
*  indicates significance (p<=.10)

Table 40.  Congregational Category Results for Interview Content Analysis

Item
Positive Only
(% of item total)
Ambivalent
(% of item total)
Negative Only
(% of item total)
Total
Support
59%
21%
20%
32% (N=80)
Authority
11%
0%
89%
8% (N=19)
Relations with Women
39%
21%
39%
13% (N=33)
Relations with Men
39%
13%
48%
9% (N=23)
Theology
22%
7%
70%
11% (N=27)
Congregational Expectations
14%
0%
86%
11% (N=28)
Expectations of Pastor
10%
0%
90%
4% (N=10)
Feminism
54%
16%
29%
10% (N=24)
Other
33%
0%
67%
1% (N=3)
TOTAL
39% (N=96)
13% (N=33)
48% (N=118)
100% (N=247)

Table 41.  Personal Category Results for Interview Content Analysis

Item
Positive Only
(% of item total)
Ambivalent
(% of item total)
Negative Only
(% of item total)
Total
Workload
31%
4%
65%
12% (N=26)
Marriage
57%
6%
37%
30% (N=63)
Crisis: marriage
75%
0%
25%
2% (N=4)
Crisis: health
18%
9%
73%
5% (N=11)
Theology
78%
0%
22%
4% (N=9)
Clergy Couple
40%
10%
50%
14% (N=30)
Access to Resources
67%
11%
22%
4% (N=9)
Children
38%
7%
55%
14% (N=29)
Other
46%
18%
36%
5% (N=11)
TOTAL
43% (N=90)
7% (N=14)
50% (N=105)
100% (N=209)

Table 42.  Primary Reasons for Leaving Local Church Ministry:  Participants with a Clergy Partner

Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Clergy Partner
(N=172; None listed=221, 56% of total)
No Clergy Partner
(N=412; None listed=583, 59% of total)
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
21 (12%)
69 (17%)
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
15 (9%)
35 (8%)
Too Much Rejection by Churches
15 (9%)
28 (7%)
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
11 (6%)
31 (8%)
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
37 (22%)
108 (26%)
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
1 (0.6%)
4 (1%)
Family Responsibilities
26 (15%)
41 (10%)
Financial Reasons
0
3 (0.7%)
Health Reasons
9 (5%)
15 (4%)
Other
37 (22%)
78 (19%)

Table 43.  Results of Crosstabulations between Selected Interview Items and In/Out of Local Church Ministry, Controlling for Clergy Partner, Among Interview Participants

Item
Chi-square Statistic (df=1)
P-Value
CLERGY PARTNER:
Institutional:
Appointment System
District Superintendent
Bishop
Congregational:
Support

…………
…………
…………

…………

.08*
.69
.40

.19

NO CLERGY PARTNER:
Institutional:
Appointment System
District Superintendent
Bishop
Congregational:
Support
…………
3.25156
…………

5.36679

.26
.07*
.25

.02*

*  indicates significance (p<=.10)

Table 44.  Additional Reasons for Leaving Local Church Ministry Selected by Participants with Clergy Partners Whose Primary Reason was to Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry

Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Frequency
(Numbers below are a combination of responses to a second and a third reason)
Percent
Participant who did not list a second reason
10
28%
Participants who did not list a third reason
20
56%
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
6
17%
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
9
25%
Too Much Rejection by Churches
2
6%
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
4
11%
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
0
0%
Family Responsibilities
7
19%
Financial Reasons
4
11%
Health Reasons
2
6%
Other
7
19%

Table 45.  Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry:  Denominational Background of Participants

Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Reared Methodist
(N=397; None listed=539, 58% of total)
Reared Non-Methodist
(N=178; None listed=240, 57% of total)
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
51 (13%)
38 (21%)
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
36 (9%)
12 (7%)
Too Much Rejection by Churches
30 (8%)
13 (7%)
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
23 (6%)
19 (11%)
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
99 (25%)
44 (25%)
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
4 (1%)
1 (0.6%)
Family Responsibilities
52 (13%)
12 (7%)
Financial Reasons
1 (0.3%)
2 (1%)
Health Reasons
19 (5%)
4 (2%)
Other
82 (21%)
33 (19%)

Table 46.  Primary Reasons for Leaving Local Church Ministry:  Primary Reason for Seeking Ordination

Primary Reason for Leaving Local Church Ministry
Nonspecific Call to Ministry
(N=399; None listed=537, 57% of total)
Call to the Local Church
(N=14; None listed=61, 81%  of total)
Call to Preach
(N=47; None listed=62, 57% of total)
Required for Priestly Duties
(N=22; None listed=26, 54% of total)
Required for Ministry Other Than the Local Church
(N=12; None listed=7, 37% of total)
Natural/ Logical Progression
(N=65; None listed=77, 54% of total)
Lack of Support from the Hierarchical System
67 (17%)
4 (29%)
7 (15%)
3 (14%)
2 (17%)
5 (8%)
Lack of Opportunity to Use Gifts
30 (8%)
0
5 (11%)
3 (14%)
3 (25%)
7 (11%)
Too Much Rejection by Churches
28 (7%)
2 (14%)
4 (9%)
3 (14%)
0
4 (6%)
Cannot Maintain Integrity in this System
34 (9%)
0
1 (2%)
1 (5%)
1 (8%)
3 (5%)
To Follow a Call to Another Kind of Ministry
96 (24%)
3 (21%)
10 (21%)
7 (32%)
5 (42%)
15 (23%)
Do Not Like Local Church Ministry
3 (0.8%)
0
1 (2%)
0
0
1 (2%)
Family Responsibilities
51 (13%)
1 (7%)
1 (2%)
0
0
12 (18%)
Financial Reasons
0
1 (7%)
1 (2%)
0
0
1 (2%)
Health Reasons
18 (5%)
0
3 (6%)
0
0
3 (5%)
Other
72 (18%)
3 (21%)
14 (30%)
5 (23%)
1 (8%)
14 (22%)