Peter Gibbon Presents at Quincy Public Schools
SED Research Scholar Peter Gibbon presented for the Quincy High School on Tuesday, January 14, 2014. Gibbon discussed comments by important educational philosophers on history instruction. Below is a description of Gibbon’s presentation.
John Locke worried that extolling warriors implanted “unnatural cruelty” in young people Ben Franklin believed reading good history should instill virtue. Thomas Jefferson argued that the study of history prevents tyranny but agreed with John Adams that “the life and soul of…history must forever be unknown.” Jean Jacques Rousseau criticized18th century history instruction for concentrating on catastrophe and negativity. Horace Mann recommended that students study exemplary lives. William James dreamed of finding a “moral equivalent” to war. John Dewey insisted that history education should laud inventors and scientists instead of politicians and generals. E.D. Hirsch believes that history students need cultural literacy and civic knowledge. Howard Gardner argues for multiple intelligences, diverse approaches and “disciplinary understanding.”