Gael Orsmond, PhD

Gael Orsmond, PhD

Gael Orsmond
Title
Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy
Director, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences Program
Office
635 Commonwealth Ave, SAR-507
Email
gorsmond@bu.edu
Phone
617-353-2703
Education
BA in Psychology, Carleton College, 1990.
MA in Clinical/Developmental Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1994.
PhD in Clinical/Developmental Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1997.
NIH Post-Doctoral Fellow, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997-2000.
Website or Lab
Families & Autism Research Lab
CV
Download CV

Courses Taught

Sargent Core Curriculum

SARHP151: Introduction to the Health and Rehabilitation Professions

Freshmen Seminar. Exploration of the roles and functions of the health and rehabilitation disciplines. Introduction to the health care system and its impact on society. Sargent students only. (Credits: 2)

Entry-level MS in Occupational Therapy courses

SARHP905: Directed Research: MS

Professionally significant research study, resulting in thesis presented in full length or journal article format. Thesis should be independent project incorporating rigorous application of scientific inquiry and writing skills. See degree requirements for specific programs. (Credits: Var)

SAROT529: Occupation Across the Life Course

This course examines current theory and research related to the development of human occupation throughout the life course. Human development is viewed from occupation-based and ecological perspectives, emphasizing the inextricable links among person, environment, and occupation. The performance of activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, work/education, play/leisure, and social participation, especially as potentially affected by health and disability, will be examined across the life course. Students are required to observe, interpret, and describe occupational performance, and to apply relevant theories and constructs to understand the development of human occupation. Students will begin to develop a base of knowledge about different types, administration, and interpretation of assessment methods and measures. (Credits: 4)

SAROT570: Special Topics in Occupational Therapy

Advanced study in a selected area of occupational therapy theory or practice. Specific topic announced in the semester offered. Seminar and/or supervised laboratory study as appropriate to the particular topic. (Credits: Var)

SAROT736: Independent Study

Individually supervised study for advanced students wishing to pursue a specialized area of interest in occupational therapy. (Credits: Var)

SAROT904: Thesis Proposal Development

Under the guidance of a faculty mentor, the student develops a written research proposal. (Credits: Var)

Visit Boston University’s entry-level MSOT program.

PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences courses

SARHP891: Research Seminar

Discussion of issues in clinical research design and the development of special research methodologies for clinical problem solving. (Credits: Var)

SARRS650: Foundations of Rehabilitation Science

This course serves as an introduction into philosophy of science and ethics. The first four lectures will focus on the different perspectives in the organism-environment relationship, mind-body distinction, and action will be discussed. These perspectives will be related to theories on the emergence of knowledge, conceptual frameworks in health and rehabilitation sciences, and ethical reasoning. The goal of this course is to facilitate the ability of the students to critically analyze the assumptions of theories and models in health and rehabilitation sciences. Format of sessions will be lecture, discussion and presentation of main assignment. Student presentations will be integrated into the topics presented. (Credits: 2)

SARRS750: Research Design

This course serves as an introduction into research designs relevant to rehabilitation science. The first set of sessions provides the background and framework for understanding the reasoning behind different research designs. The remaining sessions focus on various categories of research designs, the types of research questions these designs address, and the types of data analyses that are appropriate to the designs. The course content is integrated with the content students received in Philosophy of Rehabilitation Science. Format of sessions are lecture, discussion, and experiential. Student assignments are individualized to student areas of mentored research. Student presentations are integrated into the topics presented according to the class schedule. (Credits: 4)

SARRS890: Doctoral Seminar in Rehabilitation Sciences

This seminar allows for a discussion of topics of interest to doctoral-level students in the PhD program in Rehabilitation Sciences, and is designed to provide insight in 1) curricular aspects of the PhD program, 2) mentor-mentee relationship, 3) skills necessary for PhD graduates entering the field of rehabilitation sciences with a research doctorate, and 4) interdisciplinary nature of the field of rehabilitation. This course enhances the student's ability to successfully complete the PhD program by working on skills needed to write and critically review IRB proposals, research manuscripts and research grant proposals, to outline ethical dilemmas in research, to formulate and disseminate a line of inquiry, and to distinguish various career paths. Literature addressing these issues will be used throughout to illustrate the arguments. (Credits: Var)

Visit Boston University’s post-professional PhD research doctorate program.

Post-professional distance education OTD courses

SAROT930: Doctoral Project

This is an on-line graduate course in the post-professional OTD program. Concurrent with each full semester (fall, spring, summer) in the OTD program, students register for one credit of the Doctoral Project. In the fourth semester of the program, students register for 3 credits of the Doctoral Project course. The Doctoral Project is organized around the student's proposed innovation in practice. It is in the form of a series of qualifying tasks, each of which represents a critical phase of the proposal. Guidance in the doctoral project will be through a combination of three elements: Faculty advising and mentorship, peer mentorship and a.Circle of Advisors composed of a minimum of two professionals with content expertise in the doctoral project. The project outcomes include: Description of a short-coming, gap or specific need in the student's area of practice; compilation of a theoretical and evidence base to support the proposed project; description of the proposed program; evaluation plan; funding plan; dissemination plan; executive summary and Fact Sheet. (1 credit each full semester until completed, 3 credits in the final semester - a minimum of 6 credits) (Credits: Var)

Visit Boston University’s online post-professional OTD clinical doctorate program.

Scholarly, Research, and/or Practice Interests

The primary focus of my research program is on the adaptation of families of individuals with developmental disabilities over the life course.  I have primarily focused on autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).  Over the past 10 years, I have collaborated with Dr. Marsha Mailick Seltzer (University of Wisconsin-Madison) on an ongoing study of 406 families of adolescents and adults with autism residing in Massachusetts and Wisconsin, funded by the National Institute on Aging.  My contributions to this project have largely been in the areas of mother-child relationships and maternal well-being, sibling relationships and well-being, and social participation and activities of individuals with an ASD.

A secondary area of research focuses on friendships in adolescents with an ASD.  I am currently collaborating with Dr. Ellen Cohn on a mixed-method study examining how adolescents with an ASD understand and perceive friendships. We are examining the social experiences of adolescents with an ASD during their discretionary time and how they perceive their friendships, including the barriers and facilitators to friendships. Using time use methodology and visual narratives, in which the adolescents are given video cameras to record their experiences, we are exploring their understanding of social experiences.

The article Talking on Camera Could Help Teens with Autism provides more information about Drs. Gael Orsmond and Ellen Cohn’s study on whether the use of video can improve social skills for teenagers with an autism spectrum disorder.

Recent Presentations

Conference Presentations

  • Orsmond, G.I., Shattuck, P.T., Cooper, B.P., Sterzing, P.R., & Anderson, K.A. (2013, August). Social participation among young adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention. Honolulu, HI.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Rybin, D., & Doros, G. (2013, August). Sibling relationships of adults who have a brother or sister with autism: Within family variation. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention. Honolulu, HI.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2013, May). The VIP Intervention: Using video to enhance social well-being for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the 2nd Annual Occupational Therapy Summit of Scholars, Chicago, IL.
  • Kuo, M. H.*, Orsmond, G. I., Cohn, E. S., & Coster, W. J. (2012, July). Friendships of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Adolescents’ perspectives. Poster presented at International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Edmonton, AB.
  • Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2012, April). Using video diaries to understand friendship experiences in adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Paper presented at 92nd Annual American Occupational Therapy Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, IN.
  • Kuo, H-Y.*, Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., & Cohn, E. S. (2011, June). Computer use among adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Poster presented at Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists Conference, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Seltzer, M.M., & Hartley, S. (2011, May). The contribution of the broader autism phenotype to well-being in mothers of adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research. San Diego, CA.
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Cohn, E., Orsmond, G., Law, M., & Coster, W. (2011, May). Parent perspectives of participation in home and community life when receiving Part C early intervention services. Paper presented at the International Society on Early Intervention (ISEI) Conference, New York, NY.
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Orsmond, G., Cohn, E., Law, M., & Coster, W. (2011, April). Correlates of community participation among families transitioning out of Part C early intervention services. Paper presented at American Occupational Therapy Association Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Kramer, J.M., Coster, W., Kao, Y.C., & Orsmond, G. (2011, April). “I’m my child’s frontal lobe”: Evaluation of the performance of everyday activities by parents of children with autism. Paper presented at American Occupational Therapy Association Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Kuo, M. H.,* Orsmond, G. I., Cohn, E. S., & Coster, W. J. (2011, March). Friendships of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders: Associated factors and adolescents’ subjective perspectives. Poster presented at Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Montreal, Quebec.
  • Kuo, M. H.*, Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., & Cohn, E. S. (2011, March). How adolescents with autism spectrum disorders use media: Content preferences and the associated factors. Poster presented at Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Montreal, Quebec.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2011, March). Using video diaries to understand friendship experiences in adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Paper presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  San Antonio, TX.
  • Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2010, October). Use of video as a mechanism to understand friendship experiences of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Challenges and lessons learned. Poster presented at the Society for the Study of Occupation: USA and Canadian Society of Occupational Scientists. London, Ontario, Canada.
  • Kuo*, H.S., Orsmond, G.I., Coster, W.J., & Cohn, E. (2010, May). How adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder use media. Poster presented at the American Occupational Therapy Association’s 90th Annual Conference and Expo.  Orlando, FL.
  • Barker, E.T., Hartley, S.L., Seltzer, M.M., Floyd, F.J., Greenberg, J.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2010, March).  Ten-year trajectories of well-being in mothers of adolescents and adults with autism. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  Baltimore, MD.
  • Kuo*, H.Y., Orsmond, G.I., Cohn, E.C., & Coster, W.J. (2010, March).  Friendship characteristics and activity patterns of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  Baltimore, MD.
  • Snow*, A., Orsmond, G.I.,& Seltzer, M.M. (2010, March).  Psychopathology in adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  Baltimore, MD.
  • Lin, L. Y.*, Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., Cohn, E. S., & Seltzer, M. M. (2009, August). Families of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan: Cultural differences in family adaptation and maternal well-being. Paper presented at the Asia Pacific Autism Conference, Sydney, Australia.
  • Lin, L. Y.*, Orsmond, G. I., Cohn, E. S., & Coster, W. J. (2009, June). Cultural stressors, cultural values, and caregiver burden in mothers of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan. Poster presented at the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities 2nd Asia Pacific Regional Congress, Singapore.
  • Lin, L.Y.*, & Orsmond, G.I. (2009, March).  Siblings of individuals with an autism spectrum disorder in Taiwan and in the United States: Sibling relationships and shared activities in adolescence and adulthood. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • Orsmond, G.I., (2008, August).  Siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorders across the lifespan:  State of the research and future recommendations. Paper presented at the 13th World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Kuo, H.Y.*,& Seltzer, M.M. (2008, August). Father involvement with adolescents and adults with autism. Paper presented at the 13th World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Kuo, H.Y.*, Orsmond, G.I.,& Seltzer, M.M. (2008, April).  Time use of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.  Poster presented at the American Occupational Therapy Association’s 88th Annual Conference and Expo.  Long Beach, California.
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2008, March).  Discussant for Joanne Kersh (Chair) Sibling relationships of adolescents with disabilities: Causes and corollaries. Symposium conducted at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence.  Chicago, Illinois.

Invited Presentations

  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2012, August). Autism: A unique museum and theater experience. Invited presentation at the 2012 Leadership Exchange in Arts and Disability Conference. Boston, MA.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Ward, R. (2012, June). Siblings across the life course: Research and personal perspectives. Invited presentation at the 2012 Pennsylvania Autism Training Conference. Lancaster, PA.
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2010, February). Stress and resilience in families of adolescents and adults with autism. Invited presentation at the Pediatric Therapy Network R2K Research 2010 Conference: Stress, Resilience, and Sensory Integration. Torrance, CA
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2009, June).  Autism in adolescence and adulthood: Developmental trajectories and family well-being. Invited paper presented at the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Annual Conference.  New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2007, November).  Sibling research across the lifespan:  Issues in Adolescence.  Invited paper presented at the Sibling Leadership Network: Setting an Agenda for Advocacy, Research and Policy.  AUCD Pre-Conference. Washington, D.C.

Recent Publications

Refereed Articles (*denotes BU student author)

  • Orsmond, G.I., Shattuck, P.T., Cooper, B.P, Sterzing, P.R.,& Anderson, K.A. (2013). Social participation among young adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-1833-8
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Cohn, E.C., Orsmond, G.I., Law, M.C., & Coster, W.J. (2013). Parent perspectives of participation in home and community activities when receiving Part C early intervention services. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 32, 234-245. doi:10.1177/0271121411418004.
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Orsmond, G., Cohn, E.C., Law, M.C., & Coster, W.J. (2012). Correlates of community participation among families transitioning from Part C Early Intervention Services. OTJR: Occupation, Participation, and Health, 32, 61-69.  doi: 10.3928/15394492-20111028-02
  • Kramer, J.M., Coster, W.J., Kao, Y-C, Snow, A., Orsmond, G., & Moed, R. (2012). A new approach to the measurement of adaptive behavior: Development of the PEDI-CAT for children and youth with autism spectrum disorders. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 32, 34-47. doi: 10.3109/01942638.2011.606260
  • Shattuck, P.T, Orsmond, G.I., Wagner, M., & Cooper, B.P. (2011). Participation in social activities among adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27176. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027176
  • Kuo, H.Y.*, Orsmond, G.I., Cohn, E.S., & Coster, W.J. (2011, November 15). Friendship characteristics and activity patterns of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1362361311416380.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Kuo, H.Y.* (2011).  The daily lives of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Discretionary time use and activity partners.  Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 15, 579-599. doi:10.1177/1362361310386503.
  • Barker, E. T., Hartley, S. L., Seltzer, M. M., Floyd, F. J., Greenberg, J. S., & Orsmond, G. I.
  • (2011). Trajectories of emotional well-being in mothers of adolescents and adults with autism. Developmental Psychology, 47, 551-561. doi: 10.1037/a0021268
  • Lin, L.Y.*, Orsmond, G.I., Coster, W.J., & Cohn, E.C. (2010).  Families of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan: The role of social support and coping in family adaptation and maternal well-being.  Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 144-156. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2010.03.004
  • Hartley, S.L., Barker, E.T., Seltzer, M.M., Floyd, F.J., Orsmond, G.I., Greenberg, J.S., & Bolt, D. (2010).  The relative risk and timing of divorce in families of children with an autism spectrum disorder.  Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 449-457.  doi: 10.1037/a0019847
  • Dunn, L.*, Coster, W.J., Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2009).  Household task participation of children with and without attentional problems.  Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 29, 258-273. doi:10.1080/01942630903008350
  • Dunn, L.*, Coster, W.J., Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2009).  Factors associated with participation of children with and without ADHD in household tasks.  Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 29, 274-294. doi:10.1080/01942630903008327
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Seltzer, M.M. (2009).  Adolescent siblings of individuals with and autism: Testing a diathesis stress model of sibling well-being. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 1053-1065. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0722-7
  • Orsmond, G.I., Kuo, H.Y.*, & Seltzer, M.M. (2009).  Siblings of individuals with an autism spectrum disorder: Sibling relationships and well-being in adolescence and adulthood.  Autism:
  • The International Journal of Research and Practice, 13, 59-80. doi:10.1177/1362361308097119
  • Ben-Sasson, A.*, Cermak, S.A., Orsmond, G.I., Tager-Flusberg, H., Carter, A.S., & Kadlec, M.B. (2008). Sensory subgroups of toddlers with autism spectrum disorders: Differences in internalizing symptoms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 817-825.

Book Chapters

  • Seltzer, M.M., Greenberg, J.S., Taylor, J.L., Smith, L., Orsmond, G.I., Esbensen, A., & Hong, J. (2011).  Adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders.  In D.G Amaral, G. Dawson, & D.H. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 241-252). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G.I., Lounds, J., & Smith, M. J. (2008).   Unanticipated lives: Inter- and intra-generational relationships in families with children with disabilities.  In A. Booth, A.C. Crouter, S. Bianchi, & J.A. Seltzer (Eds.) Caring and exchange within and across generations (pp. 233-242). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

Professional Service Activities

  • NIH Grant Review Activities
    • Member, NICHD Initial Review Group: Health, Behavior, and Context Subcommittee, October 2011-2014.
    • Temporary Member, NICHD Initial Review Group: Health, Behavior, and Context Subcommittee, October 2009, February 2010; June 2011.
    • Invited Reviewer, NICHD Special Emphasis Panel/Scientific Review Group: Academic Community Partnership Conference Series, June 2010; June, 2011.
    • Invited Reviewer, NICHD Special Emphasis Panel/Scientific Review Group: The Role of Human-Animal Interaction in Child Health and Development, March, 2010.
  • Foundation Grant Review Activities: Member, Deborah Munroe Noonan Memorial Research Fund Committee, Boston, MA. 2012-2016
  • Ad-Hoc Grant Reviewer: Israel Science Foundation, Prince Salman Center for Disability Research, Saudi Arabia, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Canada, Williams Syndrome Patient and Clinical Research (WSPCR) Registry, M.S.I. Foundation (Canada).
  • Editorial Review Activities: Associate Editor, American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2011-2014)

Recent Grant Activity

Current Funded Research

2012-2014
Deborah Munroe Noonan Memorial Research Fund
Title: The VIP Intervention: Using Video Self-Reflection to Enhance Social Well-Being for Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Principal Investigator: G. Orsmond

2009-2013
National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (R21)
Title: Computer Adaptive Testing of Adaptive Behavior of Children and Youth with Autism
Principal Investigator: Wendy Coster. Co-Investigator: G. Orsmond

Completed Funded Research

2000-2012
National Institute on Aging (R01)
Title: Impacts of Parenting Adolescents and Adults with Autism
Principal Investigator: M.M. Seltzer, Co-Investigator/PI of subaward: G. Orsmond

2009-2011
Dudley Allen Sargent Research Fund (BU internal)
Title: Understanding Friendships of Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: In Their Own Voices.
Principal Investigators: G. Orsmond, E. Cohn

2003-2006
National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (R03)
Title: Adolescent Siblings of Brothers or Sisters with Autism
Principal Investigator: G. Orsmond