Gael Orsmond, PhD

Gael Orsmond, PhD

Title
Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy
Director, PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences Program
Office
635 Commonwealth Ave, SAR-507
Email
gorsmond@bu.edu
Phone
617-353-2703
Education
BA in Psychology, Carleton College, 1990.
MA in Clinical/Developmental Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1994.
PhD in Clinical/Developmental Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1997.
NIH Post-Doctoral Fellow, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997-2000.
Website or Lab
Families & Autism Research Lab
CV
Download CV

Scholarly, Research, and/or Practice Interests

Dr. Orsmond is a developmental and clinical psychologist whose research program focuses on social issues related to developmental disabilities. Her main areas of research are: (1) social and community participation of individuals with autism; (2) promoting positive transition to adulthood for individuals with autism; and (3) sibling and family relationships in the context of developmental disabilities. Dr. Orsmond’s research has been funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), and the Deborah Munroe Noonan Memorial Research.

Dr. Orsmond is a Fellow of Division 33 (Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities/Autism Spectrum Disorder) of the American Psychological Association, and is currently President-Elect-Designate of the Division. She is a member of the Editorial Board of the American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and has been an ad-hoc or study section member for grant review panels for National Institute of Child Health and Development since 2009.

Courses Taught

Sargent Core Curriculum

Freshmen Seminar. Exploration of the roles and functions of the health and rehabilitation disciplines. Introduction to the health care system and its impact on society. Sargent students only. (Credits: 2)

Entry-level MS in Occupational Therapy courses (please note that BU is transitioning to the Entry-level OTD program)

This graduate course in occupational therapy is the first integrative seminar in a 4-seminar sequence designed to enhance clinical reasoning processes by integrating knowledge from previous educational and work experiences with current courses and weekly fieldwork experiences. Using problem-based case scenarios, class discussion, classroom activities, fieldwork experiences and reflective journaling this seminar focuses on learning the foundations for professional socialization, group processes, therapeutic relationships, ethical practice and other professional issues for working with persons and populations of all ages with a variety of needs for occupational therapy services. Self-directed, collaborative learning and class participation are essential aspects of this seminar. (Credits: 2)

This course examines current theory and research related to the development of human occupation throughout the life course. Human development is viewed from occupation-based and ecological perspectives, emphasizing the inextricable links among person, environment, and occupation. The performance of activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, work/education, play/leisure, and social participation, especially as potentially affected by health and disability, will be examined across the life course. Students are required to observe, interpret, and describe occupational performance, and to apply relevant theories and constructs to understand the development of human occupation. Students will begin to develop a base of knowledge about different types, administration, and interpretation of assessment methods and measures. (Credits: 4)

Advanced study in a selected area of occupational therapy theory or practice. Specific topic announced in the semester offered. Seminar and/or supervised laboratory study as appropriate to the particular topic. (Credits: Var)

Under the guidance of a faculty mentor, the student develops a written research proposal. (Credits: Var)

PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences courses (PhD)

This course provides an overview of the field of rehabilitation science and an introduction to the social constructs of disability with an emphasis on bio-psycho-social-environmental models of the enabling-disabling process across the life course. The historical, philosophical and theoretical foundations of Rehabilitation Science and the evolution of laws and policies related to rehabilitation that inform the ethical, funding, and social implications of rehabilitation research are analyzed. The course will also provide an in-depth understanding of person-environment interactions and the link between biomedical factors and community participation. (Credits: 2)

This course serves as an introduction into research designs relevant to rehabilitation science. The first set of sessions provides the background and framework for understanding the reasoning behind different research designs. The remaining sessions focus on various categories of research designs, the types of research questions these designs address, and the types of data analyses that are appropriate to the designs. The course content is integrated with the content students received in Philosophy of Rehabilitation Science. Format of sessions are lecture, discussion, and experiential. Student assignments are individualized to student areas of mentored research. Student presentations are integrated into the topics presented according to the class schedule. (Credits: 4)

This seminar allows for a discussion of topics of interest to doctoral-level students in the PhD program in Rehabilitation Sciences, and is designed to provide insight in 1) curricular aspects of the PhD program, 2) mentor-mentee relationship, 3) skills necessary for PhD graduates entering the field of rehabilitation sciences with a research doctorate, and 4) interdisciplinary nature of the field of rehabilitation. This course enhances the student's ability to successfully complete the PhD program by working on skills needed to write and critically review IRB proposals, research manuscripts and research grant proposals, to outline ethical dilemmas in research, to formulate and disseminate a line of inquiry, and to distinguish various career paths. Literature addressing these issues will be used throughout to illustrate the arguments. (Credits: Var)

Post-professional distance education OTD courses

This is an on-line graduate course in the post-professional OTD program. Concurrent with each full semester (fall, spring, summer) in the OTD program, students register for one credit of the Doctoral Project. In the fourth semester of the program, students register for 3 credits of the Doctoral Project course. The Doctoral Project is organized around the student's proposed innovation in practice. It is in the form of a series of qualifying tasks, each of which represents a critical phase of the proposal. Guidance in the doctoral project will be through a combination of three elements: Faculty advising and mentorship, peer mentorship and a.Circle of Advisors composed of a minimum of two professionals with content expertise in the doctoral project. The project outcomes include: Description of a short-coming, gap or specific need in the student's area of practice; compilation of a theoretical and evidence base to support the proposed project; description of the proposed program; evaluation plan; funding plan; dissemination plan; executive summary and Fact Sheet. (1 credit each full semester until completed, 3 credits in the final semester - a minimum of 6 credits) (Credits: Var)

Publications

Refereed Articles

 *denotes BU student author

  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2015). The distinctive features of a feasibility study: Objectives and guiding questions. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research: Occupation, Participation, & Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1539449215578649.
  • Kuo, M.H.*, Orsmond, G.I., Coster, W.J., & Cohn, E.S. (2014). Media use among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 18, 914-923. Doi: 10.1177/1362361313497832.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Shattuck, P.T., Cooper, B.P, Sterzing, P.R.,& Anderson, K.A. (2013). Social participation among young adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-1833-8
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Cohn, E.C., Orsmond, G.I., Law, M.C., & Coster, W.J. (2013). Parent perspectives of participation in home and community activities when receiving Part C early intervention services. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 32, 234-245. doi:10.1177/0271121411418004.
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Orsmond, G., Cohn, E.C., Law, M.C., & Coster, W.J. (2012). Correlates of community participation among families transitioning from Part C Early Intervention Services. OTJR: Occupation, Participation, and Health, 32, 61-69.  doi: 10.3928/15394492-20111028-02
  • Kramer, J.M., Coster, W.J., Kao, Y-C, Snow, A., Orsmond, G., & Moed, R. (2012). A new approach to the measurement of adaptive behavior: Development of the PEDI-CAT for children and youth with autism spectrum disorders. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 32, 34-47. doi: 10.3109/01942638.2011.606260
  • Shattuck, P.T, Orsmond, G.I., Wagner, M., & Cooper, B.P. (2011). Participation in social activities among adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27176. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027176
  • Kuo, H.Y.*, Orsmond, G.I., Cohn, E.S., & Coster, W.J. (2011, November 15). Friendship characteristics and activity patterns of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1362361311416380.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Kuo, H.Y.* (2011).  The daily lives of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Discretionary time use and activity partners.  Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 15, 579-599. doi:10.1177/1362361310386503.
  • Barker, E. T., Hartley, S. L., Seltzer, M. M., Floyd, F. J., Greenberg, J. S., & Orsmond, G. I.
  • (2011). Trajectories of emotional well-being in mothers of adolescents and adults with autism. Developmental Psychology, 47, 551-561. doi: 10.1037/a0021268
  • Lin, L.Y.*, Orsmond, G.I., Coster, W.J., & Cohn, E.C. (2010).  Families of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders in Taiwan: The role of social support and coping in family adaptation and maternal well-being.  Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 144-156. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2010.03.004
  • Hartley, S.L., Barker, E.T., Seltzer, M.M., Floyd, F.J., Orsmond, G.I., Greenberg, J.S., & Bolt, D. (2010).  The relative risk and timing of divorce in families of children with an autism spectrum disorder.  Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 449-457.  doi: 10.1037/a0019847
  • Dunn, L.*, Coster, W.J., Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2009).  Household task participation of children with and without attentional problems.  Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 29, 258-273. doi:10.1080/01942630903008350
  • Dunn, L.*, Coster, W.J., Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2009).  Factors associated with participation of children with and without ADHD in household tasks.  Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 29, 274-294. doi:10.1080/01942630903008327
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Seltzer, M.M. (2009).  Adolescent siblings of individuals with and autism: Testing a diathesis stress model of sibling well-being. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 1053-1065. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0722-7
  • Orsmond, G.I., Kuo, H.Y.*, & Seltzer, M.M. (2009).  Siblings of individuals with an autism spectrum disorder: Sibling relationships and well-being in adolescence and adulthood.  Autism:
  • The International Journal of Research and Practice, 13, 59-80. doi:10.1177/1362361308097119
  • Ben-Sasson, A.*, Cermak, S.A., Orsmond, G.I., Tager-Flusberg, H., Carter, A.S., & Kadlec, M.B. (2008). Sensory subgroups of toddlers with autism spectrum disorders: Differences in internalizing symptoms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 817-825.

Book Chapters

  • Seltzer, M.M., Greenberg, J.S., Taylor, J.L., Smith, L., Orsmond, G.I., Esbensen, A., & Hong, J. (2011).  Adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders.  In D.G Amaral, G. Dawson, & D.H. Geschwind (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorders (pp. 241-252). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G.I., Lounds, J., & Smith, M. J. (2008).   Unanticipated lives: Inter- and intra-generational relationships in families with children with disabilities.  In A. Booth, A.C. Crouter, S. Bianchi, & J.A. Seltzer (Eds.) Caring and exchange within and across generations (pp. 233-242). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

Other Publications

Grant Activity

Current Funded Research

2016-2020
Institute of Education Sciences (Department of Education)
Transition Outcomes of High Functioning Students with Autism: How and When Students Learn the Skills Necessary for Self-Management of Daily Responsibilities
Co-PI (with Wendy Coster)

Completed Funded Research

2014-2015
PI, Dudley Allen Sargent Research Fund (BU internal)
Transition Outcomes of Youth with Social, Emotional, and Cognitive Disabilities
Principal Investigator: Wendy Coster. Co-Investigator: G. Orsmond

2012-2014
Deborah Munroe Noonan Memorial Research Fund
The VIP Intervention: Using Video Self-Reflection to Enhance Social Well-Being for Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Principal Investigator: G. Orsmond

2009-2013
National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (R21)
Computer Adaptive Testing of Adaptive Behavior of Children and Youth with Autism
Principal Investigator: Wendy Coster. Co-Investigator: G. Orsmond

2000-2012
National Institute on Aging (R01)
Impacts of Parenting Adolescents and Adults with Autism
Principal Investigator: M.M. Seltzer, Co-Investigator/PI of subaward: G. Orsmond

2009-2011
Dudley Allen Sargent Research Fund (BU internal)
Understanding Friendships of Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: In Their Own Voices.
Principal Investigators: G. Orsmond, E. Cohn

2003-2006
National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (R03)
Adolescent Siblings of Brothers or Sisters with Autism
Principal Investigator: G. Orsmond

Presentations

Conference Presentations

  • Orsmond, G.I., Wong, J.*, Coster, W.J., Cohn, E.S., Erspamer, B.* & Haver, C.E.* (2016, March). The focus of educational goals for transition-age youth receiving special education services. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, San Diego, CA.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2015, August). Distinctive features of a feasibility study: A social intervention for youth with autism using video. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention, Toronto, Canada.
  • Rajabiun, S., Orsmond, G.I., Grossman, X., Blenner, S., Fernandez-Pastrana, I., & Augusyn, M. (2015, May). Understanding and sharing an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis: Perspectives of diverse families participating in a family navigation program. Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Muñoz, M., Crouter, S. E., Coster, W., Orsmond, G., & Gill., S. (2015, May). Association between parent’s perception of weight, behavior change and physical activity in Puerto Rican children. Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Diego, CA.
  • Cohn, E.S., Orsmond, G.I., Boris, A., Pirri, K., Reich, C., Lussenhop, C., Mesiti, L.A., Lindgren-Streicher, A. & Goss, J. (2015, April). Community participation experiences of families with a child with ASD: Factors associated with parents’ descriptions of a successful museum visit. Paper presented at the Occupational Therapy Summit of Scholars, Los Angeles, CA.
  • Wong, J., Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2015, April). Participant responses to a video-based intervention to enhance social well-being for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the Occupational Therapy Summit of Scholars, Los Angeles, CA.
  • Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2015, April). OT collaboration with a museum and public school to support social participation for youth with autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the American Occupational Therapy Association Conference, Nashville, TN.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2014, May). Lessons learned from a feasibility study: Using self-created videos to enhance social competence for adolescents with ASD. Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Occupational Therapy Summit of Scholars, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Shattuck, P.T., Cooper, B.P., Sterzing, P.R., & Anderson, K.A. (2013, August). Social participation among young adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention. Honolulu, HI.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Rybin, D., & Doros, G. (2013, August). Sibling relationships of adults who have a brother or sister with autism: Within family variation. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention. Honolulu, HI.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2013, May). The VIP Intervention: Using video to enhance social well-being for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the 2nd Annual Occupational Therapy Summit of Scholars, Chicago, IL.
  • Kuo, M. H.*, Orsmond, G. I., Cohn, E. S., & Coster, W. J. (2012, July). Friendships of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Adolescents’ perspectives. Poster presented at International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Edmonton, AB.
  • Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2012, April). Using video diaries to understand friendship experiences in adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Paper presented at 92nd Annual American Occupational Therapy Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, IN.
  • Kuo, H-Y.*, Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., & Cohn, E. S. (2011, June). Computer use among adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Poster presented at Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists Conference, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
  • Orsmond, G.I., Seltzer, M.M., & Hartley, S. (2011, May). The contribution of the broader autism phenotype to well-being in mothers of adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research. San Diego, CA.
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Cohn, E., Orsmond, G., Law, M., & Coster, W. (2011, May). Parent perspectives of participation in home and community life when receiving Part C early intervention services. Paper presented at the International Society on Early Intervention (ISEI) Conference, New York, NY.
  • Khetani, M.A.*, Orsmond, G., Cohn, E., Law, M., & Coster, W. (2011, April). Correlates of community participation among families transitioning out of Part C early intervention services. Paper presented at American Occupational Therapy Association Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Kramer, J.M., Coster, W., Kao, Y.C., & Orsmond, G. (2011, April). “I’m my child’s frontal lobe”: Evaluation of the performance of everyday activities by parents of children with autism. Paper presented at American Occupational Therapy Association Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Kuo, M. H.,* Orsmond, G. I., Cohn, E. S., & Coster, W. J. (2011, March). Friendships of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders: Associated factors and adolescents’ subjective perspectives. Poster presented at Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Montreal, Quebec.
  • Kuo, M. H.*, Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., & Cohn, E. S. (2011, March). How adolescents with autism spectrum disorders use media: Content preferences and the associated factors. Poster presented at Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Montreal, Quebec.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2011, March). Using video diaries to understand friendship experiences in adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Paper presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  San Antonio, TX.
  • Cohn, E.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2010, October). Use of video as a mechanism to understand friendship experiences of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: Challenges and lessons learned. Poster presented at the Society for the Study of Occupation: USA and Canadian Society of Occupational Scientists. London, Ontario, Canada.
  • Kuo*, H.S., Orsmond, G.I., Coster, W.J., & Cohn, E. (2010, May). How adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder use media. Poster presented at the American Occupational Therapy Association’s 90th Annual Conference and Expo.  Orlando, FL.
  • Barker, E.T., Hartley, S.L., Seltzer, M.M., Floyd, F.J., Greenberg, J.S., & Orsmond, G.I. (2010, March).  Ten-year trajectories of well-being in mothers of adolescents and adults with autism. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  Baltimore, MD.
  • Kuo*, H.Y., Orsmond, G.I., Cohn, E.C., & Coster, W.J. (2010, March).  Friendship characteristics and activity patterns of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  Baltimore, MD.
  • Snow*, A., Orsmond, G.I.,& Seltzer, M.M. (2010, March).  Psychopathology in adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Poster presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  Baltimore, MD.

Peer-Reviewed Workshops

  • Cohn, E.S., Kanics, I., Silverman, F., Orsmond, G.I., Reich, C., Bartley, B., & Walsh, L., (2011, April). An Institute at the Institute: Occupational Therapy Partnerships with Museums to Create Inclusive Environments That Promote Participation and Belonging. American Occupational Therapy Annual Conference, Philadelphia, PA.

Invited Presentations

  • Orsmond, G.I. (2016, May). Siblings in emerging adulthood: Research perspectives on autism spectrum disorder. Invited presentation at William James College, Newton, MA.
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2014, June). Siblings across the life course: Research perspectives on autism. Invited presentation at the Sibs’ Journey Conference, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Cohn, E.S. (2012, August). Autism: A unique museum and theater experience. Invited presentation at the 2012 Leadership Exchange in Arts and Disability Conference. Boston, MA.
  • Orsmond, G.I., & Ward, R. (2012, June). Siblings across the life course: Research and personal perspectives. Invited presentation at the 2012 Pennsylvania Autism Training Conference. Lancaster, PA.
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2010, February). Stress and resilience in families of adolescents and adults with autism. Invited presentation at the Pediatric Therapy Network R2K Research 2010 Conference: Stress, Resilience, and Sensory Integration. Torrance, CA
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2009, June).  Autism in adolescence and adulthood: Developmental trajectories and family well-being. Invited paper presented at the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Annual Conference.  New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • Orsmond, G.I. (2007, November).  Sibling research across the lifespan:  Issues in Adolescence.  Invited paper presented at the Sibling Leadership Network: Setting an Agenda for Advocacy, Research and Policy.  AUCD Pre-Conference. Washington, D.C.

Professional Service Activities

  • NIH Grant Review Activities
    • Member, NIDCR Clinical Study Oversight Committee, 2015-current
    • Invited Reviewer, NICHD Intellectual and Developmental Disability Research Centers, July 2015
    • Member, NICHD Initial Review Group: Health, Behavior, and Context Subcommittee, October 2011-June 2014.
    • Temporary Member, NICHD Initial Review Group: Health, Behavior, and Context Subcommittee, October 2009, February 2010; June 2011, October 2014, February 2015
    • Invited Reviewer, NICHD Special Emphasis Panel/Scientific Review Group: Academic Community Partnership Conference Series, June 2010; June, 2011.
    • Invited Reviewer, NICHD Special Emphasis Panel/Scientific Review Group: The Role of Human-Animal Interaction in Child Health and Development, March, 2010.
  • Foundation Grant Review Activities: Member, Deborah Munroe Noonan Memorial Research Fund Committee, Boston, MA. 2012-2014; Invited Reviewer, American Occupational Therapy Foundation Intervention Research Grants, December 2013; Invited Reviewer, Autism Speaks Treatment Grant Application Review Committee, San Francisco, CA, July 2013.
  • Ad-Hoc Grant Reviewer: Israel Science Foundation, Prince Salman Center for Disability Research, Saudi Arabia, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Canada, Williams Syndrome Patient and Clinical Research (WSPCR) Registry, M.S.I. Foundation (Canada).
  • Editorial Review Activities: Consulting Editorial Board, American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (current); Associate Editor, American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2011-2014)