Weekly Topics and Readings
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Sept 7 Course Introduction; Concepts and category structure; Beyond prototypes.
W. (1993). Flexibility, structure, and linguistic vagary in concepts:
manifestations of a compositional system of perceptual symbols. In A. F.
Collins, S. E. Gathercole, M. A. Conway, & P. E. Morris (Eds.), Theories
of memory (pp. 29-102). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sept 14 Semantic studies of spatial relation terms
Lindner, Susan. (1981). Chicago Linguistics Society, 17.
Brugman, Claudia, and Lakoff, George. (1988). Cognitive topology and lexical
networks. In S. I. Small et al. (Eds.), Lexical Ambiguity Resolution.
San Mateo, Ca.: Morgan Kaufmann.
Sept 21 Schematization: Seeing objects as points, lines and planes
Herskovits, Annette. (1995). Schematization. Paper presented at IJCAI, Montreal,
Talmy, Len. (1983). How language structures space. In H. and L. Acredolo
(Eds.), Spatial Orientation: Theory, Research, and Application. New
York: Plenum Press.
Herskovits, Annette. (1986). Language and Spatial Cognition: An
interdisciplinary study of the prepositions in English. Chapter 5
Sept 28 Spatial cognition: Foundations
Ullman, S. (1984). Visual routines. In S. Pinker (Ed.), Visual
Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Biederman, I. (1993). Geon theory as an account of shape recognition in mind
and brain. The Irish Journal of Psychology, 14, 314-327.
Morrow, L., & Ratcliff, G. (1988). Neurophsychology of spatial cognition:
evidence from cerebral lesions. In J. Stiles-Davis, M. Kritchevsky, &
U. Bellugi (Eds.), Spatial cognition: brain basies and development.
Hildreth, E., & Ullman, S. (1989). The computational study of vision.
In M.I.Posner (Ed.), Foundations of cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Marr, D. (1979). Representing and computing visual information. In P. H.
Winston and R. H. Brown (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence: an MIT perspective,
vol. 2, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Oct 5 Spatial cognition: Different viewpoints, recent work
Kuipers, B. (1983). The cognitive map: Could it have been any other way?
In H. and L. Acredolo (Eds.), Spatial Orientation: Theory, Research, and
Application. New York: Plenum Press.
Kevin, (1992). Solving the "real" mysteries of visual perception: The
world as an outside memory. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 64,, 461-488.
Kosslyn, S.M., Koenig, A.G., Cave, C.B. (1989). Evidence for two types of
spatial representations: hemispheric specialization for categorical and
coordinate relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception
and Performance, 15, 723-735.
McNamara, T. P. (1986). Mental representations of spatial relations.
Cognitive Psychology, 18, 87-121.
S. (1990). When does human object recognition use a viewer-centered reference
frame? Psychological Science, 1, 253-256.
Oct 12 Reference frames and the projective prepositions
Tversky, B. (1993). Spatial mental models. In G. H. Bower (Ed.), The
psychology of learning and motivation: advances in research and theory, vol.
27. New York: Academic Press.
Hayward, W.G, & Tarr, M.J. (1995). Spatial language and spatial
representation. Cognition 55, 39-84.
Herskovits, Chapter 10.
Carlson-Radvansky, L.A. & Irwin, D.E. (1994). Reference frame activation
during spatial term assignment. Journal of Memory and Language, 33,
October 19 Spatial description in Tzeltal and Guugu Yimidhirr
Levinson, S. C. (1993). Language and cognition: cognitive consequences of
spatial description in Guugu Yimidhirr. Working paper No. 13. Max Planck
Institute for Psycholinguistics.
Levinson, S. C. (1994). Vision, shape, and linguistic description: Tzeltal
body-part terminology and object description. Linguistics, 32, 791-855.
Oct 26 The interface between language and spatial cognition
Which spatial representations are accessed by language?
Are there language-based percepts?
Landau, B. and
R. (1993). ``What" and ``where" in spatial language and spatial cognition.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 217-265.
Slobin, D. I. (1991). Learning to think for speaking: Native language, cognition
and rhetorical style. In Pragmatics, 1, 7-25.
Nov 2 Language acquisition
Bowerman, M. (1989). Learning a semantic system: What role do cognitive
predispositions play? In: M. Ride, & R. Schiefelbusch (Eds.),
Teachability of Language. Baltimore: Brooks.
Johnston, J., & Slobin, D.I. (1979). The development of locative expressions
in English, Italian, Serbo-Croatian & Turkish. Journal of Child Language,
van Geert, P. (1986). In, on, under: An essay on the modularity of infant
spatial competence. First Language, 6, 7-28.
Holzman, M. (1981). Where is under: From memories of instances to abstract
featural concepts. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 10, 421-439.
Choi, S. & Bowerman, M. (1991). Learning to express motion events in
English and Korean: The influence of language-specific lexicalization patterns.
Cognition, 41, 83-121. Also reprinted in B. Levin & S. Pinker
(Eds.), Lexical and Conceptual Semantics, Blackwell.
Nov 9 Student presentations
Nov 16 Models of the space-language interface
(1995). A model of the human capacity for categorizing spatial relations.
Cognitive Linguistics, 6, 63-88.
Chapman, David. (1991). Vision, instruction and action. Chapters
1, 2, 5, and 9.
We have set aside three class meetings (Nov 9, 30, and Dec 7) for student
presentations. Students can also choose to present material on one of the
meetings on which we have assigned reading, if they have material which is
compatible for that day's topic.
We have included in the course reading packet the following two manuscripts
as they could form the basis of a good presentation.
Supalla, Ted. Structure and acquisition of verbs of motion in American Sign
Talmy, L. (1995). Fictive motion in language and cognition. In P. Bloom,
L. Nadel, & M. Garrett, Language and space. MIT Press, forthcoming.
Other possible topics are the verbs of motion more generally, dimensional
adjectives, and other aspects of sign language. Another source of material
is the Artificial Intelligence Review Journal, which recently announced
four special issues on the Integration of natural language and vision processing,
published during 1994 and 1995.
Nov 30 Student Presentations
Dec 7 Student Presentations