News

BU Team Awarded $1.6 Million NIH Grant

July 21, 2010

An interdisciplinary team of Boston University professors recently won a $1.6 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop new ways to target protein-protein interactions with synthetic organic drugs. The project’s goal is to develop new approaches for discovering “drug-like” small molecule inhibitors against challenging protein-protein interaction (PPI) interfaces.

Only about 10% of the potential drug targets in the human genome have been successfully targeted with marketed drugs. Of the remaining 90%, a large proportion are intracellular proteins whose function is critically dependent on their reversible interactions with other proteins. Despite decades of effort by the pharmaceutical industry, it has proven extraordinarily difficult to develop oral drugs that inhibit PPI.The team’s work will determine whether appropriately designed synthetic macrocycles can inhibit PPI targets while maintaining good drug-like properties. The test system is the intracellular PPI target NFkB essential modulator (NEMO), a component of the Inhibitor of kB kinase (IKK) complex. Chronic hyperactivity of the NFkB pathway is found in human inflammatory diseases and cancers. Inhibiting the interaction of NEMO with IKKb, as a more targeted alternative to completely ablating all IKK kinase activity, represents a promising new approach for attenuating inflammation.

This four-year grant is funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health. In addition to College of Arts & Sciences Professor Adrian Whitty (quantitative biochemistry and drug discovery), the multidisciplinary research team comprises Profs. Sandor Vajda and Dima Kozakov (computational chemistry), John Porco and Aaron Beeler (macrocycle design and synthesis), Karen Allen (X-ray crystallography), and Tom Gilmore (NF-kB pathway biology).

 

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