### Photonics Professor Alexander Sergienko’s Work on Encryption Featured on BU Research Website

Photonics Center Professor Alexander Sergienko's work on the safe encryption of information...

**ENG EK408 (Basu)
**Introduction to Clean Energy Generation and Storage Technologies

This course covers a wide variety of modern energy generation and storage technologies. The engineering principles that govern thermomechanical, thermoelectric, photvotaic and electrochemical energy conversion processes will be discussed along with the challenges of hydrogen storage and hybrid batteries. The consequences of using renewable energy resources such as solar, hydrogen, biomass, geothermal, hydro, and wind versus non-renewable fossil fuels and nuclear resources will also be covered.

**ENG EC574/ ENG MS574 (Bellotti)
**Physics of Semiconductor Materials

This course teaches the relevant notions of quantum mechanics and solid state physics necessary to understand the operation and the design of modern semiconductor devices. Specifically, this course focuses on the engineering aspects of solid state physics that are important to study the electrical and optical properties of semiconductor materials and devices. Particular emphasis is placed on the analysis of the electronic structure of semiconductor bulk systems and low-dimensional structures, the study of the carrier transport properties and the calculation of the optical response that are relevant to the design and optimization of electronics and photonics semiconductor devices. The students will learn to apply the quantum mechanical formalism to the solution of basic engineering device problems (quantum wells, wires, and dots, 2D electron gas) and to perform numerical calculation on more complex systems (band structure calculation of bulk and low dimensional systems).

**ENG EC771 (Bellotti)
**Physics of Compound Semiconductor Devices

Physics of present-day compound devices, and emerging devices based on quantum mechanical phenomena. MESFETs, Transferred Electron Devices, avalanche diodes, photodetectors, and light emitters. Quantum mechanical devices based on low dimensionality confinement through the formation of heterojunctions, quantum wells, and superlattices. High electron mobility transistors, resonant tunneling diodes, quantum detectors, and lasers. Materials growth and characterization are integral to the course.

**KHC EK101 (Bifano)
**Engineering Light

Students in this course will gain an appreciation for light and its use in three optical instruments: the eye, the microscope, and the telescope. They will study landmark discoveries concerning light, the development of various light sources, the scientific advances that led to our current understanding about the properties and characteristics of light waves and photons. The course includes weekly lectures and in-class laboratory exercises, several field trips, and a semester-long project. Students will engage in more than twenty hands-on experiments throughout the semester, to untwinkle the stars with adaptive telescopes, to measure the speed of light using parts hacked from a laser pointer, to make a light bulb like Thomas Edison’s, to discover how engineers ruined — and then fixed — the world’s first astronomical space telescope, and to use a high-resolution ophthalmoscope to see image photoreceptors and capillary blood flow in their own retinas.

**ENG MS539 (Bishop)
**Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering

MS539 is an introductory graduate level course in Materials Science and Engineering. It is intended for students who wish to be introduced to the basics of why materials behave the way they do. It covers topics such as atomic bonding, why and how solids form and their structures, phase transitions, phase diagrams, electronic/magnetic/optical/thermal properties of materials, materials processing and how it influences their properties, ceramics, polymers, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, glasses and societal concern in the use and re-use of materials. This is a 4 credit course.

**CAS CH101 (Chen)
**General Chemistry 1

For science majors and minors who require a two-semester general chemistry course. Topics include: atoms and molecules; molecular connectivity, infrared spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry; stoichiometry and introduction to reactions in aqueous solutions; thermochemistry and the first law of thermodynamics; quantum aspects of light and matter; and bonding in diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Laboratory exercises include: the size of an atom, qualitative analysis, thermochemistry, and quantum aspects of light and matter. Students must register for the following four course components: lecture, discussion, pre-lab lecture and laboratory. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS.

**ENG ME302 (Ekinci)
**Engineering Mechanics II

Fundamentals of engineering dynamics. Kinetics and kinematics of rigid bodies in two and three dimensions. Newton’s Laws. Lagrangian methods. Introduction to mechanical vibrations. 4 cr

**CAS PY522 (Erramilli)
**Electromagnetic Theory II

Continuation of CAS PY 521. Magnetostatics, dipole moment, magnetic materials, boundary value problems. Electromagnetic induction, magnetic energy, Maxwell’s equations. Electromagnetic waves in materials, reflection, refraction. Waveguides. Scattering and diffraction. Special relativity. Lorentz transformations, covariant electrodynamics. Interaction of charges with matter. Radiation, Lienard-Wiechert potential, synchotron radiation, antennas.

**GRS PY961 (Goldberg)
**Scholarly Methods in Physics 1

Introduction to scholarly methods in physics teaching and research: effective STEM instructional techniques; successful oral and written presentations; reading and reporting scientific literature; ethical obligations in physics teaching and research; career paths in physics. Required of first-semester doctoral students.

**CAS PY105 (Goldberg)
**Elementary Physics 1

The CAS PY 105/106 sequence satisfies premedical requirements; presupposes knowledge of algebra and trigonometry. Principles of classical and modern physics, mechanics, conservation laws, and heat. Students must register for three sections: a lecture section, a discussion section, and a laboratory section. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS.

**ENG EC571 (Joshi)
**Digital VLSI Circuit Design

Very-large-scale integrated circuit design. Review of FET basics. Functional module design, including BiCMOS, combinational and sequential logic, programmable logic arrays, finite-state machines, ROM, and RAM. Fabrication techniques, layout strategies, scalable design rules, design-rule checking, and guidelines for testing and testability. Analysis of factors affecting speed of charge transfer, power requirements, control and minimization of parasitic effects, survey of VLSI applications. Extensive CAD laboratory accompanies course.

**ENG EC560 (Klamkin)
**Introduction to Photonics

Introduction to ray optics; matrix optics; wave optics; Fourier optics; electromagnetic optics including absorption and dispersion. Polarization, reflection and refraction, anisotropic media, liquid crystals, and polarization devices. Guided-wave and fiber optics. Nanophotonics.

**ENG BE465 (Klapperich)
**Biomedical Engineering Senior Project

Selection of project and project supervisor must be approved by course instructor. Project is in an area of biomedical engineering, such as biomedical instrumentation, biosensors, tissue engineering, biological signal processing, biological modeling and simulation, clinical imaging or informational systems, etc.Projects will be conducted by teams of two or three students, and projects must include significant design experience. Research of background, planning and initial work on senior design project. Guidance in performing and presenting (in written and oral form) a technical project proposal. Skills in proposal writing, oral presentation techniques. Formal proposal must be approved by technical advisor.

**ENG BE790 (Klapperich)
**Biomedical Engineering Seminar

Discussion of current topics in biomedical engineering. Students are expected to read assigned journal articles and to participate actively in weekly discussion meetings. Meetings organized around presentations by invited guests of their research problems, strategy, and technique.

**ENG BE 791 (Klapperich)
**PhD Biomedical Engineering Laboratory Rotation System

This course allows PhD students to take part in a laboratory rotation system. During these rotations, students become familiar with research activity within departmental laboratories that are of interest to them. These rotations help students identify the laboratory in which they will perform their dissertation research. Postbachelor’s PhD students must complete three rotations: one in their first semester of matriculation, and two in their second semester. Post- master’s PhD students must complete a minimum of two rotations, one of which must be in their first semester of matriculation. Normally each rotation will last up to seven weeks.

**ENG BE517 (Mertz)
**Optical Microscopy of Biological Materials

In this course students will learn the practice and the underlying theory of imaging with a focus on state-of-the-art live cell microscopy. Students will have the opportunity to use laser scanning confocal as well as widefield and near-field imaging to address experimental questions related to ion fluxes in cells, protein dynamics and association, and will use phase and interference techniques to enhance the detection of low contrast biological material. Exploration and discussion of detector technology, signals and signal processing, spectral separation methods and physical mechanisms used to determine protein associations and protein diffusion in cells are integrated throughout the course. Students will be assigned weekly lab reports, a mid-term and a final project consisting of a paper and an oral presentation on a current research topic involving optical microscopy.

**ENG BE773/ENG EC773 (Mertz)
**Advanced Optical Microscopy and Biological Imaging

This course will present a rigorous and detailed overview of the theory of optical microscopy starting from basic notions in light propagation and covering advanced concepts in imaging theory such as Fourier optics and partial coherence. Topics will include basic geometric optics, photometry, diffraction, optical transfer functions, phase contrast microscopy, 3D imaging theory, basic scattering and fluorescence theory, imaging in turbid media, confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), holographic microscopy, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), fluorescence resonant energy transfer (FRET), and nonlinear-optics based techniques such as two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) and second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy. Biological applications such as calcium and membrane-potential imaging will be discussed. A background in optics is preferable. A background in signals and analysis is indispensable. In particular, the student should be comfortable with Fourier transforms, complex analysis, and transfer functions. Meets with ENGEC773. Students may not receive credit for both.

**ENG EC591 (Paiella)
**Photonics Lab 1

Introduction to optical measurements. Laser safety issues. Laboratory experiments: introduction to lasers and optical alignment; interference; diffraction and Fourier optics; polarization components; fiber optics; optical communications; beam optics; longitudinal laser modes. Optical simulation software tools.

**ENG EC763 (Ramachandran)
**Nonlinear and Ultrafast Optics

Tensor theory of linear anisotropic optical media. Second- and third-order nonlinear optics. Three-wave mixing and parametric interaction devices, including second-harmonic generation and parametric amplifiers and oscillators. Four-wave mixing and phase conjugation optics. Electro-optics and photo-refractive optics. Generation, compression, and detection of ultra short optical pulses. Femtosecond optics. Pulse propagation in dispersive linear media. Optical solitons.

**CAS CH109 (Reinhard)
**General and Quantitative Analytical Chemistry

First of two-semester sequence for students concentrating in the sciences. Stoichiometry, acids, bases, liquids, solids, solutions, equilibria, thermodynamics, kinetics, electrochemistry, atomic structure, bonding, and selected chemical systems. Correlated laboratory experiments emphasizing quantitative analysis. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, one hour lab lecture, four hours lab. Carries natural science divisional credit (with lab) in CAS.

**ENG BE401 (Ritt)
**Signals and Systems in Biomedical Engineering

Signals and systems with an emphasis on application to biomedical problems. Laplace transforms, Fourier series, Fourier integral, convolution and the response of linear systems, frequency response, and Bode diagrams. Introduction to communication systems, multiplexing, amplitude modulation, and sampling theorem. Cannot be taken for credit in addition to ENG SC 401.

**ENG BE491 (Roblyer)
**Biomedical Measurements I

Laboratory course designed to develop experimental and modeling skills. Simulation of physical and physiological systems, experimental determination of transfer functions, filtering properties of systems, transducer instrumentation, muscle dynamics, and spectral analysis. Emphasis is on comparison of experimental data with theoretical expectation.

**ENG EK307 (Sander/Semeter)
**Electric Circuits

Introduction to electric circuit analysis and design; voltage, current, and power, circuit laws and theorems; element I-V curves, linear and nonlinear circuit concepts; operational amplifier circuits; transient response of capacitor and inductor circuits, sinusoidal-steady-state response, frequency response, transfer functions; Includes design-oriented laboratory.

**ENG ME519 (Schmidt)
**Theory of Heat Transfer

Analytical, numerical, and physical aspects of heat transfer phenomena, with emphasis on nondimensionalization and scaling. Mathematical treatment of steady and unsteady conduction, including finite difference methods. Forced and natural convection in internal and external flows. Thermal radiation and multimode heat transfer. Melting and solidification. Applications to aerospace heat transfer, energy systems, manufacturing, and biological heat transfer.

**ENG EC762 (Sergienko)
**Quantum Optics

Review of the postulates of quantum mechanics. Quantization of the electromagnetic field. Coherent, thermal, squeezed, and entangled states, and their associated photon statistics. Interaction of light with matter. Spontaneous and stimulated transitions. Theory of optical detection. Quantum theory of the laser. Interaction of light with two-level atoms, including photon echo and self-induced transparency. Quantum theory of parametric interactions

**ENG ME460 (Sharon)
**Electro-Mechanical Systems Design

This course melds traditional machine component design with the design, instrumentation, and control of high precision, computer-controlled automation systems, using concrete examples drawn from the photonics, biotech, and semi-conductor industries. Topics covered include design strategy, high-precision mechanical components, sensors and measurement, servo control, design for controllability, control software development, controller hardware, as well as automated error detection and recovery. Students will work in teams, both in classroom and out-of-classroom, to integrate and apply the material covered in class to a term-long multi-part design project, using modern CAD tools, culminating in a group presentation at the end of the semester.

**ENG ME560 (Sharon)
**Precision Machine Design and Instrumentation

This interdisciplinary course teaches the student how to design, instrument, and control high-precision, computer-controlled automation equipment, using concrete examples drawn from the photonics, biotech, and semi-conductor industries. Topics covered include design strategy, high-precision mechanical components, sensors and measurement, servo control, design for controllability, control software development, controller hardware, as well as automated error detection and recovery. Students will work in teams, both in-classroom and out-of-classroom, to integrate and apply the material covered in class to a term-long multi-part design project in PTC Pro-Engineer or other comparable CAD system, culminating in a group presentation at the end of the class.

**ENG EC481 (Swan)
**Fundamentals of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology encompasses the understanding and manipulation of matter with at least one characteristic dimension measured in nanometers with novel size-dependent physical properties as a result. This course explores the electronic and optical properties of material at the nanoscale and applications of nano-scale devices. The parallels between light and electron confinement are emphasized, e.g. in terms of normal modes, resonances and resonators, and the dispersion of light and electrons as affected by the periodicity of crystals and photonics crystals. Wave-mechanics and electromagnetics are reviewed and used to understand confinement and energy quantization. Nano-devices such as carbon nanotube transistors, nano-resonators, nanocavity lasers, nano-biosensor and their applications are discussed. Fabrication using top-down and bottom-up methods are discussed, as well as characterization using scanning probe methods, electron microscopy, and spectroscopic techniques.

**ENG EK131/ENG EK132 (Swan)
**Introduction to Engineering

Introduction to engineering analysis and/or design through a sequence of two modules or minicourses chosen from a selection of modules offered by participating engineering faculty. Each module presents students with key concepts and techniques relevant to an applied area of engineering. Limited to freshmen and sophomores (students with less than 64 credits toward degree requirements).

**MET AD741 (Unger)
**The Innovation Process: Developing New Products and Services

Addresses the specifics of new product and service development and fostering innovation and technology to increase performance. Topics include generating and screening initial ideas; assessing user needs and interests; forecasting results; launching, and improving products and programs; bringing innovation to commercial reality.

**ENG ME555 (Zhang)
**Fabrication and Materials

This course will explore the world of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and NEMS. This requires an awareness of design, fabrication, and materials issues involved in micro/nanosystems. We will go over this through a combination of lectures, case studies, and individual homework assignments. The course will cover fabrication technologies, material properties, structural mechanics, basic sensing and actuation principles, packaging, and MEMS markets and applications. The course will emphasize the fabrication and materials of micro/nanosystems. This is not because the other parts aren’t important. Instead, it is because with fabrication and materials expertise there is something concrete you can do that will always help. When we exam special topics and case studies, a lot of these other pieces will be put together.

**CAS CH351 (Ziegler)
**Physical Chemistry I

Quantum Theory, atomic and molecular structure, molecular spectroscopy, statistical mechanics, solid state chemistry. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion.