We are happy to announce an award from the Office of Naval Research Global (ONRG) of US$35,000 in support of the Pan-American Advanced Studies Institute “The science of predicting and understanding tsunamis, storm surges and tidal phenomena”. The program manager is Augustus Vogel, PhD, Associate Director for Latin America and Sub Saharan Africa.
This funding will support the PASI organization in several ways, including the scholarships for nine (9) participants from Latin American countries. These participants are traveling to Chile from Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Argentina.
It will also fund local accommodation for over a dozen Chilean students attending PASI, who are coming from top to bottom of the length of this geographically unique country.
The PASI organization is very pleased to be able to provide an enhanced experience for all participants, also thanks to this grant, with student assistants for administration and technical matters, daily refreshments during breaks, hosting of the keynote speakers, and needed supplies.
ONR Global promotes collaboration between the US Navy and international scientists, maintaining physical presence in five continents. It sponsors various programs around the world, including a visiting scientist program, collaborative science programs and the Naval International Cooperative Opportunities in Science and Technology Program (NICOP), which provides direct research support to international scientists to help address naval science and technology challenges.
The PASI organizers and Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María are very grateful for the support of ONR Global
We are happy to announce the second group of participants selected to attend the PASI, with travel grants. The first group was announced November 13.
There will be a new announcement soon with more participants from Latin American countries.
Dr. Dresback received an MS and PHD in Civil Engineering at the University of Oklahoma. Her research includes the use of computational models to help in the prediction of hurricane storm surge and flooding in coastal areas and the incorporation of transport effects in coastal seas and oceans in ADCIRC.
Chase is a first-year PhD student whose research interests include particle methods and numerical modeling of free-surface and multiphase flow. He received his BSE in Civil Engineering from the University of Michigan. Chase is currently working on the downscaling of global climate models to regional scales to asses potential changes in future flooding, and is interested in integrating the use of GPU computing to his research.
Prof. Leykekhman received a PhD in mathematics from Cornell University in 2004, after which he was a postdoc in applied mathematics at Rice University. Presently, he is an assistant professor at University of Connecticut in the department of Mathematics with a joint appointment in the Marine Sciences department. His main research interest is in numerical solutions to partial differential equation specializing in mathematical theory of finite element methods. He is interested in learning about mathematical theory and computational aspects of storm and tidal phenomena and in applying the techniques to Long Island Sound.
PhD student, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University
Jessica earned her BA in Earth and Planetary Science from Washington University in St. Louis in 2010. She is currently a PhD student at Northwestern University working on understanding the historical seismicity of southern Chile and modeling wave propagation through the interior of the earth.
PhD student, Computer Science Department, University of California, Davis
Jason has an BS degree in Computer Science from California Polytechnic State University. He is currently a PhD student working in a GPU Computing research group under Professor John Owens at the University of California, Davis. His research interests include GPU computing, parallel algorithms and architectures, and scientific computing. He was an intern at Intel Corporation in 2012, where he analyzed the performance of a compressible fluid dynamics code on Intel architectures.
Lillian Soto-Cordero (Cancelled, with regrets)Staff scientist, Puerto Rico Seismic Network
Lillian Soto-Cordero is a research project manager for (1) the Seismic and geodetic instrumentation and seismological study of South-Eastern Puerto Rico (FEMA Grant) and (2) the Regional Moment Tensor Study of Deep Earthquakes in the PR/VI region.
Dr. Terrel is a High Performance Computing researcher at the Texas Advanced Computing Center. In this role, Andy helps users utilize supercomputers with Python and studies methods for speeding up computational fluid dynamics. He graduated from the University of Chicago with a PhD in Computer Science in 2010 and has been programming in Python for the last decade. He is a contributor to numerous open source projects including FEniCS Project and Sympy
We are happy to announce the first group of participants selected to attend the PASI, with travel grants. They are an accomplished group of scholars, including staff researchers at national labs and doctoral students from across the United States.
This group of seven young scientists includes some with a background in physical oceanography, others with training in seismology and yet others with experience in applied mathematics and high-performance computing. It is a multi-disciplinary set of talented people with an interest in applying their talents to the science of modeling tsunamis and storm surges.
For those applicants still waiting to hear from us, please note that final decisions have not been made, and the second group of selected participants will be announced very soon.
Dr Cambazoglu is an early-career researcher working in the field of physical oceanography and coastal engineering. His main research interests are numerical modeling of coastal ocean and nearshore environments in order to understand physical processes and to improve the predictive capabilities of forecast models.
Min is a fourth-year PhD student of Geophysics at the MIT/WHOI Joint Program. She is interested in using numerical modeling methods to investigate lithosphere dynamics and earthquake mechanisms. She is also interested in investigating the long-term tectonics in Chile and its relationship with the short-term seismic and tsunami processes.
PhD Student, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
Brian is a second-year PhD student working on the physical modeling of subaerial landslide-generated tsunamis in various topographic scenarios based on real-world events. He uses physical models with a landslide tsunami generator using large amounts of natural river gravel accelerated with pneumatic pistons. Before starting the PhD, he worked for five years as a project manager and commercial diver for an engineering firm in Texas, helping design storm drainage systems and inspect waterfront structures.
David is a first-year PhD student. He double-majored in mathematics and computer science at The University of Texas-Pan American. His research involves high-performance numerical simulations of fluid flow using high-order spectral element methods in scalable GPU frameworks. He is an experienced programmer, proficient in C/C++, Java, and Python and has experience in parallel computing using OpenMP and MPI for traditional CPU-based clusters and GPGPU programming languages (CUDA, OpenCL).
Diego obtained his BEng in Geophysics from Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in 2009. He works in real-time geodesy and seismology and is concerned with rapid modeling of large earthquakes and their associated phenomena.
Wei-Cheng has an MS degree from National Taiwan University and worked as a professional engineer in the Water Resources Agency of Taiwan helping build regulation for flood management in flood-prone areas. He is now a second-year PhD student doing research in wave attenuation caused by heterogeneous vegetation, using both laboratory observation and numerical simulations. He is familiar with many codes of the field, including ADCIRC, GeoClaw, FUNWAVE and others.
Yulong obtained his PhD in Mathematics from Brown University, working with high-order numerical methods for hyperbolic conservation laws. He then spent three years at Courant Institute, New York University, working in multiscale modeling and computation for complex geophysical flows. He is a staff scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and an assistant professor at the Department of Mathematics, University of Tennessee. His research interest is mainly in scientific computing and numerical analysis, specifically, efficient/accurate numerical methods for partial differential equations arising from geophysical flows and other applications.
Chile announced a five-year grant to form a new National Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Natural Disaster Management. The center will develop, integrate, and transfer scientific knowledge to help deal more effectively with the consequences of natural disasters. This initiative is a wide, integrative and interdisciplinary research effort aimed at transforming Chile into a world-recognized pole of excellence for the scientific study of extreme natural disaster scenarios.
The award of the FONDAP program —announced just days ago— was made after a stringent evaluation in a highly competitive process involving an international panel of experts. The lead institution is the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, PUC) and the partners are: Universidad Católica del Norte (UCN), Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María (UTFSM) and Universidad Nacional Andrés Bello (UNAB).
Chile’s physical environment is highly dynamic and diverse, with frequent occurrences of large events of tectonic origin (earthquakes, tsunamis and volcano eruptions), extreme climatic events (heavy rains, flash floods, storm surges), and subsequent threats that may arise as a combination of these (landslides, lahars, debris flows, or severe air pollution episodes).
Chile is also going through major socioeconomic transformations: having joined the OECD, it is expected to become a developed nation within the next decade. Economic growth has increased built-environment exposure to natural disasters, while also decreasing population tolerance to its consequences. The expected growth will only increase the challenges and demands in terms of social equity, urban and territorial planning, and environmental and industrial co-existence. From both natural and social sciences perspectives, Chile can be viewed as a complex laboratory, where the latest models and theories on hazard propagation and impact, or disaster mitigation and management can be tested, improved and further developed.
During its first 5 years, the Center will focus on the study of earthquake, tsunamis, and floods, promoting national and international alliances to address the different related research areas —from geophysics and engineering, to psychology, sociology, decision and communication sciences.
The center’s six interconnected Research Lines are:
- Solid Earth Processes,
- Surface Water Processes,
- Risk Assessment,
- Disaster Management,
- Sustainable Risk Mitigation, and
- Information, Communication and Automation Technologies.
Through them, it will contribute to elucidate the factors influencing the interactions and response of the affected populations, the local organizations, the regional and central governments, infrastructure, lifelines and industrial facilities, under realistic Extreme Event Scenarios. The main goal of the Center will be to support the country in the design and implementation of cost-effective mitigation measures to achieve less exposed, better prepared, and more resilient communities and territories.
Luis Cifuentes, Structural Engineer (PUC), PhD. in Engineering and Public Policies (Carnegie Mellon University, USA), Associate Professor, Industrial Engineering Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Photograph above, right.)
Rodrigo Cienfuegos, Hydraulic Engineer (PUC), PhD. in Earth Sciences (Université de Grenoble, France), Associate Professor, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Photograph above, left.)
Prof. Rodrigo Cienfuegos will be an invited speaker at the PASI.
Tsunamis are among the most significant large-scale hazards to which many coastal communities around the world are exposed, and Chile is no exception. In fact, the country’s high seismicity along the subduction zone between the Nazca and Sudamerican plates has triggered many tsunami events since records are kept. Its long stretch of coast is also exposed to trans-oceanic tsunamis generated elsewhere around the Pacific Ocean.
There are several ways to increase resilience of coastal communities to this hazard. An efficient tsunami warning system is especially valuable to alert coastal communities and prepare goverment and emergency response authorities. Chile’s long coastline and proximity to the fault zone, however, pose significant challenges for the accurate and fast determination of relevant parameters such as the arrival time and wave characteristics along the coast.
Prof. Patricio Catalán is the Principal Investigator of a new award of over US$700,000 by FONDEF-CONICYT to develop and implement a database of pre-modeled tsunami scenarios, using high-performance computing. This project is a collaboration involving researchers from the Civil Engineering Department (Departamento de Obras Civiles) at Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, the Scientific and Technological Center of Valparaiso (Centro Cientifico Tecnológico de Valparaíso, CCTVal), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and the National Hydrographic and Oceanic Service of the Navy (SHOA). The three-year project aims to develop a forecast database similar to that available in countries such as Japan and Malaysia.
The extent of the Chilean coast and large range of tsunami magnitudes means that populating the database using traditional tsunami numerical models would take a very long tim. The research group will address this by developing and implementing tsunami modeling techniques that take advantage of the performance of Graphic Processing Units, GPUs.
The interval between events is used to populate the database, and in case of an event, table look-up procedures are used to find the best match between pre-computed scenarios and actual earthquake parameters, thus reducing the evaluation time to a mimimum.
Other products of the proposal include a detailed benchmarking of models and analysis of the 2010 Chilean tsunami, and the development of tsunami modeling guidelines.
- USM Noticias, press release announcing the award for the project led by Prof. Catalan (in Spanish)
- Official announcement at FONDEF website (Spanish)
- Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Chilean Navy (SHOA)
Applications for travel funding from US participants will continue to be received until October 30, 2012. However, applications already received are under review, and travel grants will begin to be awarded to the best applicants.
Latin American participants can still submit applications, and their deadline is November 15, 2012.
Self-funded participants are welcome and can continue to register; we will close registrations as we near the school capacity.
Principal Investigator Prof. Lorena A. Barba is happy to announce the availability of travel funding to attend this fantastic advanced-training event.
The ideal applicant will be an early-career researcher in the field of wave phenomena, eager to contribute to the efforts to increase our understanding of tsunamis, storm surges and tidal phenomena. The PASI is aimed at an advanced level: early faculty, post-doctoral researchers, or advanced graduate students.
Funding will cover the cost of air travel, and a per-diem allowance of $140 for accommodation and subsistence during the stay. Accommodation is being arranged at one hotel for all participants, and students sharing a room will find the per-diem quite generous. We will help you find a roommate! (Expenses above $140 per day will have to be covered by the participant.)
We expect to award 14 of these travel grants to participants from the US, and an additional 11 grants to participants from other countries in the American continents.
Apply online now using our simple form!
October 15, 2012.Extension: October 30, 2012
Notifications: will begin Oct. 30, 2012
This funding is made possible by NSF award OISE-1242245.
Self-funded participants are welcome, but space is limited. If you would like to attend with your own funding, please express your interest by filling the Registration form.