TRB Seminar: Role of Advanced Biomaterials in Next Generation Joint Replacement Implants, Seminar by Kartik M. Varadarajan, PhD

Starts:
12:00 pm on Wednesday, April 26, 2017
Ends:
1:00 pm on Wednesday, April 26, 2017
Location:
Photonics 901
URL:
http://www.bu.edu/nano-bu/programs/doctoral-fellowships/trb/trb-seminarclub/
Joint replacement surgery is one of the most common orthopaedic procedures, with over 2 million implantations performed each year around the globe. While implant survivorship is generally good through the first decade (90-95% survivorship at 10-15 years), these procedures are increasingly being performed in younger patients, which imposes significantly greater demand on the replaced joint. Revision surgeries pose a significant risk to patient health, and place an enormous economic stress on the healthcare system. Therefore, there continues to be a significant need to improve long-term success of these procedures, which is related to the complex interplay between surgical technique, patient characteristics, and implant design. This talk will provide an overview of the current state of the art in hip and knee replacement, highlight the key clinical challenges associated with current technologies (e.g. stress shielding related bone loss, metal corrosion and wear debris, restoration of normal biomechanics etc.), and the role of advanced biomaterials in the innovation of next generation implants.