135 BCE until the Arab conquest in 638, Jerusalem is ruled by the Roman empire.
The city is renamed by emperor Hadrian after the crushing of the last great
Jewish rebellion (Bar Kokhba revolt, 132-135CE). It is now the home of the Xth Roman Legion,
and Jews are banned from residing within the city walls, a policy aimed at eradicating Jewish national sentiments.
of Christ Pantocrator
In 324, Emperor Constantine
begins the transformation of the Roman empire in to Christian Byzantion.
The commemorative churches and basilicas he and his mother, Empress Helena,
create in Aelia transform the city into a vivid representation of the life
of Christ. The most impressive building is the Anastasis, marking
the place where the resurrection of Christ is believed to have taken place.
Jerusalem is once again a 'holy city', a magnet to pilgrims from around the
Holy City: Jerusalem in time, space and imagination