Click on “Guide Index” to find databases, bibliographies, biographies, etc.

Woman suffrage headquarters, Cleveland, 1912. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.
Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.
Click on image to enlarge.


Electronic indexes to articles in journals, periodicals, and magazines;  book reviews,  and dissertations

Note: Covers publications from 1964 to the present. Subject index to articles, book reviews, and dissertations on the history and culture of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present.

Note: Covers articles published from 1984 to the present. Periodical coverage includes English-language periodicals, yearbooks, and museum bulletins, as well as periodicals published in French, Italian, German, Japanese, Spanish, Dutch, and Swedish. Includes books reviews. Reproductions of works of art that appear in indexed periodicals also are indexed. Subjects covered include archaeology, architecture, art history, city planning, crafts, motion pictures, graphic arts, industrial design, interior design, landscape architecture, museology, and photography.

Note: Covers articles published between 1929 and 1984. Periodical coverage includes English-language periodicals, yearbooks, and museum bulletins, as well as periodicals published in French, Italian, German, Japanese, Spanish, Dutch, and Swedish. Includes books reviews. Reproductions of works of art that appear in indexed periodicals also are indexed. Subjects covered include archaeology, architecture, art history, city planning, crafts, motion pictures, graphic arts, industrial design, interior design, landscape architecture, museology, and photography.

Note: Covers publications from 1974 to the present. Indexes and provides abstracts of journal articles, books, essays, exhibition catalogs, dissertations, and exhibition reviews covering artists and movements beginning in the late 19th century to the present. Photography is covered from its invention in 1839. Lesser-known artists, performance art and installation works, video art, computer and electronic art, graffiti, artists’ books, theater arts, crafts, jewelry, and illustration are included in addition to painting, sculpture, printmaking, and drawing. Emphasis on foreign-language publications.

Note: Covers publications between 1973 and 2009. Getty Information Institute. Books, journals, dissertations, exhibition catalogs. Western art, all media, late antiquity to the present. Includes and continues RILA (International Repertory of the Literature of Art), 1975-1989 and RAA (Repertoire d’Art et d’Archeologie), 1973-1989.

Note: Covers articles published from 1984 to the present. A multidisciplinary, multilingual database indexing articles in the humanities, social sciences, and economics.

Note: Covers nearly all art journals from the 19th century. Indexes entire journal contents–articles, art notes, illustrations, stories, poems, and advertisements. Source of information on popular culture and industry, artists and illustrators, painting, sculpture, drawing, photography, architecture and design, exhibitions and sales, decoration, and collecting.

Note: Covers publications from 1861 to the present. Full text of most dissertations accepted for doctoral degrees at accredited North American institutions and more than 200 institutions elsewhere. Citations to masters’ theses from 1962 to date; abstracts available from 1988 to date. For a subject list of Dissertations in Progress, see the June issue of Art Bulletin.



Databases of full-text newspapers both current and historical

Boston Globe


Note: 1980-present.

Pennsylvania Civil War Newspapers

ProQuest historical newspapers. Chicago Defender (1910-1975)

Times (London)


Times of London





Lists of sources: books, journal articles, websites, etc.

Art Information and the Internet: How to Find It, How to Use It, by Lois Swan Jones.

Chapter on photography (pp. 194-197) includes print and Web resources under the headings: history of photography, biographical dictionaries of photographers, photography Web sites, photography collections of museums and libraries, visual resources for photography, indexes to photographs, and photography archives and vertical files.  Cautionary note: some of the URLs may no longer work.  Google the source title for current URL address.
Also available in print:  Mugar Memorial Library  Stacks   N59 .J66 1999

Bibliography of articles by and about women in photography, 1840- 1990, 4th ed, comp. Peter Palmquist.

XZ 7134 P34 2000

Bibliography of books by and about women photographers

in the collection of the Women in Photography International Archive as of January 1, 2000, comp. Peter Palmquist.
XZ 7134 P33 2000

Bibliography of German-Language Photographic Publications 1839-1984: Technology, Theory, Visual, 2d ed, 2 vols, by Frank Heidtmann.

24,347 titles covering technical, social and pictoral aspects. Arranged by topics. In English and German. Single alphabetical name and subject index.
XZ 7134 H44 1989

History of Photography (Microform)

This microfilm collection, consisting of approximately 2,100 monographs and 102 periodicals, is available in the Microforms Room, Mugar Memorial Library, under the call number Micro Mfilm TR 7 H5M. Research materials of Eastman Kodak, New York Public, Columbia University and other library collections are included.
The Bibliography and Reel Guide to the Microfilm Collection, Mugar Memorial Library Current Periodicals Reference   TR7 .H5M,  provides reel numbers for titles of monographs and periodicals. Individual titles and reel numbers also can be found in the library online catalog.

History of Photography: Bibliography of Books [published between 1839 and 1988], by Laurent Roosens.

11,000 titles listed chronologically within subject groups. Includes photographers born before 1914. Personal name index. International publications limited to Western languages.
Mugar Memorial Library Storage: use request form   Z7134 .R66 1989

Image Magazine Online, 1952-1997.

George Eastman House.

Incunabula of British Photographic Literature, by Helmut Gernsheim.

Subtitle: A Bibliography of British Photographic Literature 1839-75 and British Books Illustrated with Original Photographs.
XZ 7134 G47 1984

Library Catalog of the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, 4 vols, 1982.

Books only, including exhibition catalogs. Author/title and subject indexes.
XZ 7134 I58 1982

Midley History of Photography.

Online scholarly articles written by R. Derek Wood on the history of photography.

Nineteenth-Century Photographic Press: A Study Guide, by Robert Sennett.

Material published between 1840 and 1900 in European and American journals. Includes a brief history of the photographic press, a person/subject index, and a geographical guide.
XZ 7134 S45 1987

Nineteenth-Century Photography [1839 – 1879]: An Annotated Bibliography, by William Johnson.

Books and articles in English published between 1839 and 1989. Arranged by artist or author. Separate “special topics” section.
XZ 7134 J64 1990

Photographic Literature: An International Bibliographic Guide to General and Specialized Literature on Photographic Processes; Techniques; Theory; Chemistry; Physics; Apparatus; Materials & Applications; Industry; History; Biography; Aesthetics, 2 vols, ed. Albert Boni, 1962, Suppl. (1960-1970), 1972.

Coverage from the 15th century through the 1960’s. Books, pamphlets, and periodical articles. Arranged alphabetically by subject. Author index.
XZ 7134 F62

Photography and Literature: An International Bibliography of Monographs [1839-1991], by Eric Lambrechts.

Arranged by author/photographer. Subject index.
XZ 1023 L33 1992

Photography and Photographers to 1900: An Annotated Bibliography, by Robert Sennett.

In five sections: general works, early technical treatises, early theoretical treatises, monographs on photographers, and early views and topographic surveys.
XZ 7134 S46 1985

Soucebooks in the History of Photography: Theory and Technology of Optics, Light, Colours, Physiology of Colour-Vision. Rare Books from the 16th – 19th Centuries, compiled by Walter Alicke.

Antiquarian bookdealer catalogue. Useful for lengthly descriptions of books and some facsimile pages. Arranged by author. Many books are available on microfilm in the History of Photography collection. Check the library catalog.
XZ 7137 A5 1988

Timeline of Color PhotographyJennifer Uhrhane, Boston University



Biographical Sources (short entries)


American National Biography,

includes artists and architects. Also, thematic articles.

Art History Resources on the Web: Photography

Chris Witcombe, Art History Department, Sweet Briar College, VA. This is a comprehensive and extensive website with links to institutional collections of photographs, to thematic collections, and to individual photographers.



Choose artists by medium. Click on photographers for a chronological list. Click on photographer’s name for museums and galleries owning her works.

Black Photographers 1840-1940: A Bio-Bibliography and Illustrated Bio-Bibliography of Black Photographers, 1940-1988, by Deborah Willis-Thomas.

Entries include biographical data, public repositories of works, selected list of exhibitions and selected bibliography. Both books provide large sections of representative photographs arranged alphabetically by photographer.
XTR 139 W55 1985, 1989

Contemporary Photographers, 3rd ed, ed. Martin Evans.

Entries include exhibitions, collections, and publications by and about 750 photographers. See also the 1st (1966) and 2nd (1988) editions.
XTR 139 C663 1995

Directory of Boston Photographers, 1840-1900, by Ronald Polito

Information on 890 studio photographers and 204 related professionals taken from the Boston Business and City Directories. Separate list of women photographers. Lists of album manufacturers, dealers, publishers, and supply, apparatus, and copying firms.
XTR 25 B66 P64 1985

Gale Biography in Context.

If you do not know the photographer but want to find a list of photographers,  type “photographer” in the search box and click on Occupation. Otherwise, enter the name of the photographer.  This database gives you access to essays in the online version of Contemporary Photographers and  provides extensive information on each photographer.

History of Women Photographers, by Naomi Rosenblum. 3rd ed.

Mugar Library TR139 .R67 2010

International Guide to Nineteenth-Century Photographers and Their Works, based on Catalogues of Auction Houses and Dealers, by Gary Edwards, 1988.

Directory providing brief biographical and career data and a chronological listing of sales entries in bookseller, gallery, and auction house catalogues. Separate list of catalogues dating between 196l and 1986. Prices excluded. XTR 15 E48 1988

Luminous Lint for Connoisseurs of Fine Photography.

“Luminous-Lint includes of over 6000 photographers from every historic period and region of the world through to contemporary artists, and our information on each photographer grows and improves daily with over carefully selected 46000 photographs.”  Search by photographer, theme, exhibitions, etc.

Macmillan Biographical Encyclopedia of Photographic Artists and Innovators, by Turner Browne.

International; 19th and 20th centuries. Entries include publications by and about, and locations of photograph collections for over 2,000 biographies.
XTR 139 B767 1983

Photographers (Wikipedia)

List of photographers with keys denoting their specialties.

Photographers: A Sourcebook for Historical Research, by Richard Rudisill.

Includes essays on theory, technique, and regional research. Annotated world bibliography of directories of photographers.
XTR 15 P477 1991

Photographers Encyclopedia International 1839 to the Present, 2 vols, by Michele Auer.

In French and English. 1,600 single-page biographies of inventors, illustrators, photojournalists, etc. Entries include bibliographies; exhibitions; photo of artist and illustration of work.
XTR 139 A94 1985

Photographers of the Farm Security Administration: An Annotated Bibliography, 1930 – 1980, by Penelope Dixon.

In two parts: individual photographer bibliographies and group publications. Books, periodical articles, master’s theses, exhibition catalogs, reviews. For images, see America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945.
XZ 7136 D63 D59 1985

Photographers by Nationality (Wikipedia)


Photography Speaks: 150 Photographers on Their Art, compiled by Brooks Johnson.

C0-published with the Chrysler Museum.
Mugar Reference XTR 185 P53 2004

photoLondon: The Database of 19th Century Photographers and Allied Trades in London: 1841-1901.
“… approximately 9,000 biographical entries on photographic companies and the people who worked within the photographic industry in London during the 19th century.”
Street Photographers (Wikipedia)


Women Photographers listed by Country (Wikipedia)

Scan the brief note to find out the photographer’s main interest or theme or use Control-F.


Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Short entries or long essays on topics.

Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography, ed. John Hannavy.

Almost 1,200 entries on photographers,
themes,regional surveys, societies and organizations, inventors, patrons, and critics.
XTR 9 H25 2007.

Focal Encyclopedia of Photography, 3rd ed, by Leslie Stroebel.

Emphasis on technical aspects. Includes photographic organizations, types, e.g., botanical, commerical. Brief biographical entries, excluding artistic photographers.
XTR 9 F6 1993

Glossary of Processing Terms de Montfort University, Leicester, UK Examples from “Photographic Exhibitions in Britain, 1839-1865.

Grove Art Online: Photography: with entries for almost 1,000 international photographers.

International Center of Photography Encyclopedia of Photography, ed. William Broecker.

Artistic, technical, biographical. 1,200 entries describing aesthetic, communicative, scientific, technical, and commercial applications of photography; development of the medium; and contributions of photographers, scientists, and inventors.
XTR 9 I24 1984

PhotoSpeak: a guide to the ideas, movements, and techniques of photography, 1839 to the present, by Gilles Mora.

Essential information about techniques; styles and movements; role of photography in advertising, fashion, and photojournalism; and aesthetic concepts and critical terms. No biographical entries; principal photographers involved in styles and movements are listed under those entries.
XTR 15 FM63 1998

Print Resources

Books not available online

Focal Handbook of Commerical Photography, by Gerry Kopelow.

Guide to career planning and professional practice with emphasis on requisite skills of the commercial photographer– as artist, entrepreneur, accountant, designer, carpenter, chemist, creative director, and electronic technician. Topics covered include the electronic studio, financing, industry overview, vocabularies of traditional and electronic production, and legal and ethical issues.
XTR 581 K663 1998

Photographer’s Market: 2,000 Places to Sell Your Photographs, annual, ed. Michael Willins.

Annotated lists of markets, e.g., consumer publications, newspapers, book publishers, advertising firms, business organizations, galleries, etc. Articles on the industry and professional business. Resources include art/photo representatives, workshops, schools, professional organizations, Websites, digital markets, etc.
XTR 12 P515

Picture Research: A Practical Guide, by John Schultz.

Chapters include: Production and Reproduction of Photographs, Profiles of Professionals in Photography, Researchers and Buyers, Public Sources: Museums and Archives, Commercial Picture Agencies, Legal Issues, and Electronic Picture Transmission and Research.
XTR 147 S38 1991

Picture Researcher’s Handbook: An International Guide to Picture Sources and How to Use Them, 6th ed, by Hilary Evans.

Provides annotated entries for 24 photograph collections of aesthetic or historical significance with information on contacts, purchase, lending, and copying.
Visual Arts Stacks N4000 .E8 1996

Practical Picture Research: A Guide to Current Practice, Procedure, Techniques, and Resources, by Hilary Evans.

Chapters on the picture researcher, picture sources, procedure, picture selection, assignment, and reference.
Mugar Memorial Library Stacks N4000 .E84 1992

International photography : George Eastman House index to photographers, collections, and exhibitions, ed. Andrew H. Eskind, three volumes.

XTR 12 E85 1998

Index to American Photographic Collections, 3rd ed, by Andrew Eskind.

Arranged by state. Separate index of photographers.
XTR 12 E85 1996



Indexes to pictures published in books and magazines

Photography Books Index: A Subject Guide to Photo Anthologies, 2 vols, by Martha Moss, 1980, 1985.

Indexes books, including Time-Life photography series, published between 1963 and 198l. Organized into three sections: photographers, subjects, and portraits. Color reproductions noted.
XTR 199 M37, suppl.

Photography Index: A Guide to Reproductions, by Pamela Parry, 1979.

Indexes 19th- and 20th-century international artistic and documentary photographs published in eighty books. Color reproductions noted.
XTR 199 P37


Image Collection Websites

General Sites

George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film Collections and Exhibitions


Helios: Photography Online and Exhibitions

Click on Gallery, then Index for American Photographs Index arranged A-Z by photographer’s name. Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC.  Other Photography Links is an annotated list of selected Web resources.

International Center of Photography (ICP) Collections


Metropolitan Museum of Art: Department of Photography and Collection

“a collection of more than twenty-five thousand works spanning the history of photography from its invention in the 1830s to the present.”

New York Public Library Photography Collection

Center for the Humanities, The Miriam & Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs. “Contains 200,000 original photographic prints representing an international range of photographers, and comprising a thorough survey of processes, from the medium’s 150+ year history”.  Also features online photography exhibitions.  Images arranged by [photograph] Source Titles.  List of over 6,300 photographers represented in the collection; however, there are no links to entries and/or images.

Peter A. Juley & Son Collection

Smithsonian Institution Research Information System, Washington, DC. “The Photograph Archives is a research and study collection of images documenting American art and artists. This catalog contains the records of the Peter A. Juley & Son Collection (127,000 photographic negatives) and the American Sculpture Photograph Study Collection (2,600 photographic prints). Over 10,000 digital images are available online.”

Photographic Exhibitions in Britain 1839-1865.

No images.

Prints and Photographs (P&P) Library of Congress Online Catalog

Click “View All” for images.  Click the image for description.


Gateways to Photography Resources


Art History Resources on the Web: Photography

Chris Witcombe, Art History Department, Sweet Briar College, VA. Short list of sites.

Artcyclopedia: Photographers

In cases of broken links, Google the title of the site for the new URL.

intute (best of the web): photography

This website closed in July 2011 but remains a valuable resource.  In cases of broken links, Google the title of the site for the new URL.


Boston University Programs

Courses and resources relating to photography

Boston University American and New England Studies Program

Faculty, program, courses, resources.

Boston University Art Gallery

Links to exhibitions.

Boston University History of Art and Architecture Department

Faculty, resources, grants, Art Gallery, events.

Photographic Resource Center at Boston University

Exhibitions, interactive and educational programs, links to other photographic resources.