• Academic oneFile
  • Academic search premier
  • Description: "The FRANCIS database is created by the Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (INIST-CNRS) in Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy (France). It is an invaluable resource for research libraries. FRANCIS is a multilingual, multidisciplinary database covering the humanities and social sciences. Its broad subject areas and international scope make it an ideal stand-alone social science database, as well as a suitable complement for more specialized databases. FRANCIS is strong in areas such as archaeology, geography, linguistics, philosophy, religion, and sociology. The database contains more than 1.8 million records with abstracts in French or English, subjects in both languages, and includes coverage of journals, books, conference papers and other documents."--Information screen.
  • Description: Abstracts and indexes the international literature in linguistics, including descriptive, historical, comparative, theoretical, and geographical linguistics, and related disciplines in the language sciences. The database covers all aspects of the study of language including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Documents indexed include journal articles, book reviews, books, book chapters, dissertations and working papers.
  • MLA international bibliography
  • Bibliography of the Summer Institute of Linguistics 1935+
  • Description: General science full text features bibliographic indexes (coverage starting 1984), full text (starting 1995), plus graphs, charts, diagrams, photos, and illustrations. Covers leading journals and magazines, biographical sketches, symposia, conferences, review articles, selected letters to the editor, and special issues of journals published as supplementary issues, review issues, or laboratory guides. Also cites book reviews. Subjects coverage includes astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, conservation, health & medicine, oceanography, physics, and zoology.

Guides to Resources for Conducting Research

Linguistics: A Guide to the Reference Literature. 2000.

This is a very comprehensive and well-organized source which lists and describes resources used to study linguistics, from dictionaries to core periodicals. It is divided into three parts: “General Linguistics,” “Allied Areas” and “Languages.” The analytical notations are extensive.  (Mugar P121 D385 2000)

Methodology of Field Investigations in Linguistics. 1977.

Devoted to outlining and discussing the technique of field investigation.  (Mugar P128 F53 K513)

Fieldwork in the Library: A Guide to Anthropology and Related Area Studies. 1994.

The first part of this work covers reference sources in anthropological linguistics, cultural anthropology, archaeology, physical anthropology, and related disciplines. The second section covers empirical research on specific peoples and sites; it is arranged by geographic and cultural areas.  (Mugar GN42 W47 1994)

Dictionaries & Encyclopediae

For dictionaries of specific languages, please see the Languages section.

The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. 2006.

The long signed entries in this ten-volume set are arranged alphabetically and include articles on individual languages, linguistics and linguists; each entry concludes with a bibliography. (Mugar Reference X P29 E48 2006).

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. 2010.

Organized in eleven parts, this resource contains sixty-five thematic sections covering most linguistic fields and themes. There are many illustrations, some in colour.  (Mugar Reference X P29 C64 2010)

Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Sciences of Language. 1979.

Translated from the French Dictionnaire encyclopedique des sciences du langage (Mugar P29 D8) and updated by Catherine Porter, this dictionary written by theorists Ducrot and Todorov offers fifty detailed articles on broad topics. The articles are arranged by catagory (i.e. “Schools,” “Fields,” “Methdological Concepts,” etc.); each article concludes with a bibliography.  (Mugar Reference X P29 D813)

Dictionary of Languages. 1998.

Over 400 languages are listed in this book, in alphabetical order. For each entry, the number of speakers and the geographical area in which the language is spoken is given.  (Mugar Reference X P29 D35 1998).

Random House American Sign Language Dictionary. 1994.

This dictionary provides the signs in ASL (described both pictorally and in words) for over 7,000 words and phrases. (Mugar HV2475 C667 1994)

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 2003.

These four volumes contain 750 articles on major fields of linguistics and languages (living and extinct), as well as entries for individual linguists. Each long signed article concludes with a bibliography.  (Mugar Reference X P29 I58 2003)

International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 1968-1991.

The signed, comprehensive and authoritative — if a bit dated– articles on language and linguistics (volume IX of the nineteen), include perception, componential analysis, semantics and semiotics. There is an extensive bibliography at the end of each article.  (Mugar Reference X H40 F68 2008)

Anthropological Linguistic

Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology 1996

(Mugar GN307 E52 1996)

Encyclopedia of World Cultures 1991-1996

(Mugar Reference X GN307 E53 1991)

Abstracts in Anthropology 1970-present

(Mugar GN1 F70)

American Anthropological Association

Biographical Directory of Anthropologists Born Before 1920 1988

Alphabetically ordered, the entries include biographical information, major contributions to the field and references to other sources containing biographical information. (Mugar GN20 B565 1988)

International Dictionary of Anthropologists 1991

(Mugar GN20 I5 1991)

Applied Linguistics

Annual Review of Applied Linguistics (through LION)  1980+ (online and on shelp)

Consists of scholarly articles in the field of applied linguistics.  (Mugar P1 A55)

Center for Applied Linguistics

CAL is a “private non-profit organization that has been applying research and information about language and culture to educational, cultural, and social concerns for 38 years.” It hosts two Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) Clearinghouses: Clearinghouse on Language and Linguistics.

Handbook of Second Language Acquisition 2003

The source provides an overview of the study of second language acquisition, research, methodology and theoretical issues. Each section ends with a conclusion and references. The Handbook also has a useful glossary, as well as author and subject indices. (Mugar Reference X P118.2 H36 2003)

Language Teaching 1982+

Formerly titled Language Teaching and Learning (1975-1981) and Language Teaching Abstracts (1968-1974), each issue abstracts periodical literature in language studies and applied linguistics. (only online)

Description: ERIC is a Web-based digital library of free education-related sources of interest to educators, researchers, and the general public, and consists primarily of electronic bibliographic records describing journal and non-journal literature. The collection is to be expanded to include full-texts of articles and other electronic resources such as audio and video materials.

Description: "Education Full Text provides full text of articles from over 350 journals as far back as 1996, in addition to indexing of more than 770 periodicals dating back to 1983. Content includes in-depth coverage of special education and more than 100,000 controlled and cross-referenced names of educational tests. Subject coverage includes adult education, multicultural/ethnic education, teaching methods and much more."

English as a Second Language Home Page

The page offers links to Web pages for ESL students and teachers. Topics include listening and speaking, reading with understanding, grammar and writing, ESL related information, English language schools, sources for ESL teachers, and job links.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies

Part I of this volume covers general aspects of translation. Part II discusses the “history and traditions” of the field. Long, signed articles conclude with a bibliography and cross references. There is an extensive bibliography and index at the end of the volume. (Mugar Reference X P306 E57 1998)

Index Medicus 1960-

This publication of the National Library Medicine indexes and abstracts medical literature, including language disorders, child language, and speech-language pathology.


Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet 1999

This guide to the International Phonetic Alphabet gives the basis of phonetic analysis and examples of the use of the symbols which comprise the IPA. There are over two dozen “Illustrations” that briefly analyze language sound systems and provide examples of transcription (each is followed by a short bibliography); the “Illustrations” cover languages from all over the world. There is also a history of the International Phonetic Association. (Mugar Reference X P227 I52 1999)

Phonetic Symbol Guide 1996

Covering the IPA and other phonetic alphabets, this source covers both current and historical transcription practices. The entries are arranged dictionary style according to the shape of the symbol (the Table of Entries is found on page xi); characters are given first, followed by a section on diacritics. Each entry gives a brief explanation and historical background. The book provides a helpful glossary and bibliography; it concludes with language, subject, and symbol name indices. (Mugar P227 L613 1996)

The Sounds of the World’s Languages 1996

This source attempts to cover “the sounds in all the languages of the world” (1). The authors use data from their field work and examine the contrasts within as well as differences between languages. They conclude with a list of languages cited, a long bibliography and an index. (Mugar P227 L613 1981)

Standard Alphabet for Reducing Unwritten Languages and Foreign Graphic Systems to Uniform Orthography in European Letters 1981

A new edition of Lepsius’ 1863 text is preceded by a long critical introduction and bibliography. This is one of the earliest texts on the subject of a phonetic alphabet. (Mugar P227 L613 1981)


For annotations and more resources in psychology, please see the Psychology research guide.

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics 2007

This source gives a background to current research and theory in psycholinguistics, including subfields. Each signed section ends with conclusions and references. (Mugar BF455 O94 2007)

PsycINFO (199?)
Description: PsycINFO® is an electronic bibliographic database providing abstracts and citations to the scholarly literature in the psychological, social, behavioral, and health sciences. The database includes material of relevance to psychologists and professionals in related fields such as psychiatry, management, business, education, social science, neuroscience, law, medicine, and social work. Updated weekly, PsycINFO® provides access to journal articles, books, chapters, and dissertations.

Language and the Brain: A Bibliography and Guide 1981

In addition to an extensive presentation of the background of the field, this source is divided into five sections, each with an introduction and reccommended readings. Three indices conclude the volume: periodical and serials; topic; author. (Mugar Z6663 B8 D56)

American Psychological Association


Handbook of Semiotics 1990

Reworked from the 1985 German edition, this handbook offers a comprehensive survey of the field “from Aesthetics to Zoology.” It has an excellent introduction to the field, with a bibliography. The long chapters cover broad topics and individual contributions. index and name index. (Mugar P99 N6513 1990)

Semiotics and Language: an analytical dictionary 1982

Translated from the French SHmiotique, this dictionary defines important concepts. Each headword is given with the French equivalent, and there is an index to the French terms. Entries conclude with many cross references and a selected bibliography. (Mugar P99 G6913)


For annotations and more resources in sociology, please see the Sociology research guide.

Description: Abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides citations from 1952 to the present to journal articles, book reviews, books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers. Major areas of coverage include culture and social structure; demography and human biology; economic development; environmental interactions; evaluation research; family and social welfare; health and medicine and law; history and theory of sociology; management and complex organizations; mass phenomena and political interactions; methodology and research technology; policy, planning, forecast and speculation; radical sociology; religion and science; rural and urban sociology; social development; social differentiation; social psychology and group interaction; sociology of the arts, business, education; studies in violence and power; substance abuse and addiction; welfare services; women's studies.

Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology 1996

(Mugar GN307 E52 1996)

American Sociological Association

Based at the University of Amsterdam, this excellent collection of sociology resources has a good section on sociolinguistics.


Ethnologue: Languages of the World 1996

The entries in this source “represent separate languages or probable languages (highly divergent ‘dialects’) according to [the author’s] best sources”. It arranges languages by region and country. There is an index of language families, following the classification scheme in the International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. It identifies the languages and dialects of the world, arranged by region and country.

A Web of On-Line Dictionaries

Also known as, the site contains links to well over 1,000 dictionaries (monolingual or polylingual) covering over 190 languages, organized alphabetically by language. It includes multilingual and specialized dictionaries (e.g., art, birdwatching, Chaucer, dental), thesauri, and “language identifiers.” In additon, an Index of Dictionary Indices and A Web of On-line Grammars are avalaible –not to mention the Web of Linguistic Fun.

The Languages of the World, Ancient and Modern: The Alphabets, Ideographs, and other Written Characters of the Languages of the World in Sound and Symbol 1950

This volume covers 300 alphabets and 1,000 languages. The first part deals with European and the second with non-European languages. Language specimens are taken from the Bible and there are many drawings and illustrative tables. (Mugar P 213 F50)

The World’s Writing Systems 1996

The seventy-three sections of this exhaustive reference treat writing from grammatology to notation systems and from pictograph to digital. The essays describe, in addition to the history of the writing, ways in which the sounds of a language are represented in writing. Each section concludes with a (sometimes lengthy) bibliography. Some sociolinguistic topics are also covered. The work concludes with a detailed index. (Mugar Reference X P 211 W714 1996)

Human-Languages Page

This page is self-described as a “comprehensive catalog of language-related Internet resources,” with links to multilingual resources, languages and literature, schools and institutions, linguistics resources, organizations, commercial resources, projects and help wanted.


Language Map of Africa and the Adjacent Islands 1977

In addition to four folding maps of Africa, this volume contains a checklist of African languages. There is also an index of language and dialect names. Since African languages are transliterated in many different ways, a useful reference might be African Ethnonyms: Index to Art-Producing Peoples of Africa (African Studies GN645 B53 1996).


Bibliography and Index of Mainland Southeast Asian Languages and Linguistics 1986

“The body of the Bibliography consists..of some 10,000 items, organized alphabetically by author and chronologically under each author.” Descriptive annotations and a bibliography of reviews accompany each entry. The useful Language and Subject Index is organized by language. Reading the introduction of the Bibliography gives an almost required overview of its scope and methods of use. (storage) (Mugar Z7046 H84 1986)

Language Atlas of the Pacific Area 1981

Mugar has only part I of this set; it covers the New Guinea area, Oceania, and Australia. Coloured maps of different parts of the region indicate where various languages are spoken. Each map is preceded by an introduction to the linguistics of that area. (Mugar Reference G2861 E3 L3 1981)


Old and Middle English Language Studies: A Classified Bibliography, 1923-1985 1988

This work “lists books, monographs, dissertations, articles, notes, and reviews on Old and Middle English language,” published since 1922 (xi). Tajima excluded “purely theoretical studies with only marginal references to Old or Middle English,” those in Slavic languages and those in Japanese (xi). The bibliography is divided up into fourteen sections, and each section into general, Old, and Middle English. There is a name index at the end of the volume. (storage) (Mugar Z2015 A1 T3 1988)

The Linguistic Atlas of England 1978

Based on the Survey of English Dialects, this atlas contains phonological, morphological, lexical and syntactical maps. The list of localities is given at the beginning, appendices containing the index to questions, notes and unmapped lexical responses at the end. There is also an index to the volume. (storage) (Mugar PE1705 L56)

A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English 1986

These four volumes contain a general introduction, bibliography, lengthy index of sources, dot maps, item maps, linguistic profiles and a county dictionary. The Atlas covers England, some of Wales, and a small part of southern Scotland, from approximately 1350 to 1450. (Mugar Reference X PE1705 M3 1986)

Handbook of the Linguistic Geography of New England 1973

The Handbook offers “a concise outline of the regional and social dialects of New England” and provides “the apparatus for the critical evaluation and the historial interpretation of the…Linguistic Atlas of New England” (Mugar Oversize Storage PE 2906 F39) (ix). It ends with the Reverse Index of Maps to Worksheets, Inventory of Maps and Commentary, and a Word Index. Given that the data used is from 1933, this is a historical source. (storage) (Mugar PE2902 K78 1973)

Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf States 1986

These seven volumes cover linguistic variation in Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and east Texas. Lists of tables and figures are provided. Volume I contains a 1,700 item bibliography arranged by state, which has an author index. (storage) (Mugar PE2970 G85 L56 1986)


For dictionaries and guides to research, please see the French Language and Literature research guide.

Histoire de la langue fran§aise des origines   nos jours 1966-1979

The first edition (1905) has the title of …des origines   1900; volumes 12 and 13 were written expressly for the second edition. This is an extensive history, based on a continuum beginning with Latin and ending with modern French. (Mugar PC2075 F66)

A History of the French language 1989

In contrast with the preceding source, this slim volume offers an overview of the French language, deliberately avoiding great detail. (Mugar PC2075 R5 1989)

Linguistic Change in French 1997

This book deals with the linguistic history of French, including the creolization of the language and sociolinguistic change. It also treats the processes of linguistic change and the lexical, semantic, phonological, morphological and syntactic changes which have taken place. (Mugar PC2075 P64 1997)


For dictionaries and guides to research, please see the German Language and Literature research guide.

German, a linguistic history to 1945 1981

This is a good one-volume treatment of German linguistics. In addition to a general bibliography at the end of the book, each chapter concludes with a bibliography. (Mugar PF3075 W43 1985)


For dictionaries and guides to research, please see the Italian Language and Literature research guide.

The Italian Language. 1984.

This is a good one-volume treatment of the history of Italian. T. Gwynfor Griffith translated, abridged and “recast” Migliorini’s well-known Storia della lingua italiana (Mugar PC1075 F60). In addition to a general bibliography at the end of the book, there are subject and word indices. (Mugar PC1075 M513)


A Selected Bibliography of Slavic Linguistics. (1966-70)

These two-volumes cover “major 19th and 20th century studies dealing with the comparative, diachronic and synchronic aspects of Slavic linguistics” (11). While trying to be fairly comprehensive, Stankiewicz and Worth admit to a structuralist bias. Volume I contains chapters on cultural pre-history, accentology, Common Slavic, Comparative Slavic, Old Church Slavonic and the South Slavic languages. Volume II covers West and East Slavic languages, and concludes with a bibliography of bibliographical sources. Each volume contains an author index. (Mugar PG41 S73 1966)


HAPI online (1997)
Description: "HAPI is your source for authoritative, worldwide information about Central and South America, Mexico, Brazil, the Caribbean basin, the United States-Mexico border region, and Hispanics/Latinos in the United States. From analyses of current political, economic, and social issues to unique coverage of Latin American arts and letters, HAPI Online contains complete bibliographic citations to articles, book reviews, documents, original literary works, and other materials appearing in ... key social science and humanities journals published throughout the world. For a listing of journal coverage, as well as the criteria for journal inclusion"--Information screen.

This source indexes material on United States-Hispanic and Latin-American topics from more than 400 scholarly journals worldwide. It is arranged by subject and also has an author index. In a separate section, book reviews are arranged alphabetically by the name of the author of the work being reviewed. Articles are in many languages.

Historia de la lengua española 1965

Rafael Lapesa’s book is a standard in the field. He begins with the language before the Roman conquest, and includes later borrowings and influences from other tongues; however, there is only a small section on Latin America. (Mugar PC4075 L364 1965)

Introducción a la historia de la lengua española 1981

This is indeed an introduction to the history of Spanish; however, it is notable for the inclusion of numerous examples. External influences (European and American) are considered as well as the evolution of the language from Latin roots. (Mugar PC4075 R4)

Latin American Spanish 1994

This source is divided into two parts: a general “Evolution of Latin American Spanish” succeeded by chapters on “individual Latin American dialects.” Each chapter has a “historical overview,” “Extra-Hispanic linguistic influences,” “Phonetics and phonology,” “Morphological characteristics,” “Syntactic characteristics” and “Lexical characteristics.” Extensive notes and a literature review are also part of each chapter. (Mugar Reference X PC4821 L56 1994)

The Evolution of Spanish: An Introductory Historical Grammar 1980

The author provides a brief historical grammar of Spanish. He begins with an introduction to classical and vulgar Latin, stressing the ways in which they influenced Spanish. (Mugar PC4101 L33)

Enciclopedia lingüística hispánica 1960-1962

A massive two-volume work, it provides a scholarly treatment of peninsular Spanish. (Mugar PC45 F601)

Atlas lingüístico de la Península Ibérica. 1962.

Mugar owns only first volume of this work: Fonetica. It consists of large double-page maps of Spain. (Mugar Reference G1961 E3 S6 1962

La formacion de los dominios lingui­sticos en la pen­nsula ib©rica 1963

This volume is a historical and comparative linguistic study of Spanish, covering the Roman conquest to the Reconquest. There is an extensive bibliography, an index, and maps. (Mugar P4075 F63)

Lingüística íbero-románica; crítica retrospectiva

As a review of schools, trends, and linguists, this source is quite valuable. It examines work done since 1870 and also evaluates the contributions of major scholars in the field. (Mugar PC25 C3M)

Selected Bibliographies

To find bibliographies that are held by Mugar Memorial Library about specific subjects or topics, search by subject in the catalogue: select “Subject Headings” at the main menu, and then enter the subject. Look for entries that are followed by the word “bibliography” (e.g., “Metaphor — Bibliography”) and select that line number.

Noppen, J. P. van. Metaphor: A Bibliography of Post-1970 Publications. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1985. (storage) (Mugar Z7004 M4 N66 1985)

Atlases & Statistics

For atlases of specific languages or geographic regions, please see the Languages section.

Atlas for Anthropology 1971

Includes lists of tribal and ethnic groups and maps indicating cultural areas, tribal groups, language families, and prehistoric sites. (storage) (Mugar G1046 E1 S7 1971)

The Atlas of Language 1996

Topical atlas on language origins, writing systems, language development, pidginization, and more. (Stone Science Library P106 L67 1996)

Atlas of the World’s Languages 1994

Detailed atlas of the languages, trade languages, lingua francas, creoles, and pidgins spoken around the world. (Mugar Reference X G1046 E3 A8 1994)


Linguistic Composition of the Nations of the World 1974-

Only five volumes of the proposed seven were published: Central and Western South Asia, Oceania, North America, Central and South America, Europe and the USSR. Each volume is broken down by country; languages there spoken are listed alphabetically. The statistics include information on native languages, bilingualism and second languages. (Mugar P375 K5M)

Internet Metasites


Large Website with links to homepages of professional conferences, linguistic associations, funding sources, jobs, programs, bibliographies, book reviews, journals, pedagogy, language resources, computer support, and more.

Linguistics Society of America

Web site of a professional organization whose purpose is the advancement of the scientific study of language. Resources include directories of officers and active members, information on publications, resolutions, future meetings, and jobs.

Speech Accent Archive Presents a large set of speech samples from a variety of language backgrounds.
Summer Institute of Linguistics

Information on the Summer Institute of Linguistics (which studies minority languages and cultures) and its publications and programs, and links to linguistics, anthropology, computing, translation, literacy, and language learning resources.