Citing Business Sources

Chicago Style Manuals

The Chicago Manual of Style

(full text online)

Citation Quick Guide

a Chicago Style Q&A and a Tools section featuring sample forms, letters and style sheets. For full text click here.

The Chicago Manual of Style Pardee Reference – General Business Section

X Z253 U69 2003
The 15th edition includes significant new details on how to cite electronic sources.

A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations

Pardee Reference – General Business Section
X LB2369 T8 2007
The famous work by Kate Turabian, this latest edition has been altered to conform with the guidelines set in The Chicago Manual of Style.

Citation Guide (Harvard Business School)

http://library.hbs.edu/guides/citationguide.pdf
Footnotes and bibliographic citations for a variety of types of business print and online information sources, including charts, videos, e-mail, interviews, classroom discussions and more. Developed by and used at the Harvard Business School.

Sample Chicago Style citations for Pardee Library Resources

Chicago Style Sample Citations: Note- initially no indent and then following lines indented.

Print Sources

Book (Print):

Robbins, Stephen P. Essentials of Organizational Behavior. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2000.

Book (Ratio Source – Print):

Dun & Bradstreet. Industry Norms & Key Business Ratios, One Year. Desk-Top Edition, SIC #0100-8999. Short Hills, NJ: Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., 2007.

S&P Industry Survey (Print Edition)

Standard & Poor’s. Industry Surveys: Advertising. New York: Standard & Poor’s, August 9, 2007.

Value Line (Print Edition):”Sprint Corporation Stock Report.” Value Line Investment Surveys

October 2004: 736. New York: Value Line, Inc., 2004.

Electronic Databases (BU Databases):

Bloomberg (Electronic Database):

Stock price graph for United Parcel Service. November 1, 2003 – November 1, 2004, via Bloomberg LP, accessed November 1, 2004.

MarketLine Company Profile via Business Source Complete:

“Microsoft Corporation: Company Profile, 24 August 2007.” MarketLine Report via Business Source Complete, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bu.edu (accessed April 22, 2008).

MarketLine Industry Report via Business Source Complete:

“Airlines Industry Profile: United States, November 2007.”
MarketLine Report via Business Source Complete, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed April 22, 2008).

Mergent Online (Annual Report in BU Database):

PepsiCo Inc. March 31, 2003 Annual Report. Purchase: PepsiCo Inc., 2000. Mergent Online, http://www.mergentonline.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed November 7, 2004).

Mergent Online (SEC/EDGAR filing in BU Database):

Pepsico, Inc. October 28, 2003 S-8. Purchase: PepsiCO Inc, 2003. Mergent Online, http://www.mergentonline.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed October 21, 2004).

Mintel Reports (Electronic Database):

“Car Rental – US.” Mintel Reports database 2006, http://academic.mintel.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed May 3, 2007).

MRI+ Mediamark Internet Reporter (Electronic Database):

“Fall 2006 Product Apparel/Accessories.” MRI+ Mediamark Internet Reporter database 2006, http://www.mriplus.com/ (accessed May 3, 2007).

SRDS Online (Electronic Database): “Time Magazine Profile.”

SRDS Media Solutions database 2004, http://www.srds.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/library/ (accessed November 22, 2004).

Article from a BU Database:

ABI/Inform

Nitasha, Tiku. “Boomer Benefits as Workers Retire, Small Companies Face a Talent Crunch.” Inc August 2007: p. 44, via ABI/Inform Global, http://proquest.umi.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed July 30, 2007).

Business Source Complete

Spiech, Steve. “How to Be a Great Financial Analyst.” Strategic Finance, April 2005: p. 41, via Business Source Complete, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed April 4, 2005).

Factiva

Mathers, Robert and Michael Goodman. “Your Top Challenges: Staffing, Pay, Profitability .” Accounting Today, July 23, 2007: 21 (13), p. 18, via Factiva, http://global.factiva.com/ (accessed August 11, 2007).

LexisNexis Academic

Bellmann, M. “Freeing Managers to Innovate.” Harvard Business Review, June 2001: 76 (6), p. 32-33, via LexisNexis Academic, http://www.lexisnexis.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed June 21, 1999).

TableBase

Fugazy, D. “E*Trade Leaves Nasdaq for the Big Board.” Web Finance, February 5, 2001: 5 (3), p. 8-9. via TableBase, http://search.rdsinc.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/ (accessed June 2, 2001).

Online Sources

Census report available online: Census 2000 Summary File 4

Household and Families: 2000, publication no. QT-PT 10. American Factfinder. http://factfinder.census.gov, (accessed October 2004).

Online dictionary entry:demographic segmentation.

Dictionary.com. Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=word, (accessed October 2004).

Working Paper Available Online:

Longstaff, Francis A. “Financial Claustrophobia: Asset Pricing in Illiquid Markets,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 10411, 2004. http://papers.nber.org/paper/w10411, (accessed October 2004).

American Psychological Association (APA) Style Manuals

APAStyle.org Help


See helpful FAQ’s on this site.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

Pardee Reference – General Business Section
X BF76.7 P83 2001
The official style manual for the APA.

The world’s easiest guide to using the APA

Pardee Reference – General Business Section
X BF76.7 P833 A46 1998
An authoritative and easy-to-use reference work by Carol Amato.

Sample APA Style citations for Pardee Library Resources

APA Sample Citations: Note- initially no indent and then following lines indented.

Print Sources:

Book (Print): Zollo, Peter (1999).

Wise up to teens : Insights into marketing and advertising to teenagers. Ithaca, N.Y. : New Strategist Publications.

S&P Industry Survey (Print Edition): Standard &amp

Poor’s. (2007, November 29). Industry Surveys: Apparel & Footwear. New York: Standard & Poor’s.

Value Line (Print Edition):Value Line.

(2004, October 1). Sprint Corporation stock report. Value Line Investment Surveys 60(5): 737. New York: Value Line, Inc.

Electronic Databases (BU Databases)

Bloomberg (Electronic Database): Bloomberg L.P. (2004) Stock price graph for United Parcel Service

11/1/03 to 11/1/04.Retrieved November 2, 2004 from Bloomberg terminal.

MarketLine Company Profile via Business Source Complete:

MarketLine. (2008, 24 August). Microsoft Corporation: Company Profile. Retrieved May 1, 2008 from Business Source Complete, EBSCO.

MarketLine Industry Reports via Business Source Complete:

MarketLine (2008). Organic Food Industry Profile: United States. Retrieved April 14, 2008 from Business Source Complete, EBSCO.

Hoover’s Company Records via Lexis Nexis: Hoover’s Inc.

(2008, April 15). Starbucks Corporation. Hoover’s Company Records – In – Depth Records. Retrieved April 21, 2008 from Lexis Nexis Academic database.

Mergent Online (Annual Report in BU database): PepsiCo. Inc. (2000)

2000 Annual Report. Retrieved November 22, 2004 from Mergent Online database.

Mergent Online (SEC/EDGAR filing in BU database)

PepsiCo, Inc. (2003, October 28). Form S-8. Retrieved October 21, 2004 from Mergent Online database.

Mintel Reports (Electronic Database):

Mintel. (2006). Car Rental – US – May 2006. Retrieved May 3, 2007 from Mintel Reports database.

MRI+ Mediamark Internet Reporter (Electronic Database):

MRI+ Mediamark Internet Reporter, Mediamark Research, Inc. (Fall 2006) Product Apparel/Accessories. Retrieved May 3, 2007 from MRI+ Internet Reporter database.

Oxford Reference Online (Electronic Database):

A Dictionary of Business. (2002). Oxford University Press. Retrieved October 21, 2004 from Oxford Reference Online database.

SRDS online (Electronic Database)

Time magazine profile. (2004). Consumer Magazine Advertising Source. Retrieved November 22, 2004 from SRDS Media Solutions database.

Articles from a BU Database:

ABI/Inform Global

Nitasha, T. (2007, August). Boomer Benefits as Workers Retire, Small Companies Face a Talent Crunch.” Inc, 29 (8), 44-47. Retrieved July 30, 2007, from ABI Inform Global database.

Business Source Complete

Ritter, R. C. (2004). When Offshore Manufacturing Doesn’t Make Sense. McKinsey Quarterly, 4, 124. Retrieved March 14, 2005, from Business Source Complete database.

Factiva

Mathers, R., & Goodman, M. (2007, July 23). Your Top Challenges: Staffing, Pay, Profitability. Accounting Today , 21 (13), 18. Retrieved August 11, 2007, from Factiva database.

LexisNexis Academic

Bellmann, M. (2001, June). Freeing Managers to Innovate. Harvard Business Review, 76(6), 32-33. Retrieved June 21, 1999, from LexisNexis Academic database.

TableBase

Fugazy, D. (2001, February 5). E*Trade Leaves Nasdaq for the Big Board. Web Finance, 5(3), 8-9. Retrieved June 2, 2001, from RDS TableBase.

Online Sources:

Census report available online: United States Census Bureau.

(2000). Census 2000 Summary File 4: Households and Families: 2000. Retrieved October 20, 2004 from United States Census Web site, http://factfinder.census.gov

Working Paper available online:

Longstaff, F.A. (2003). Financial Claustrophobia: Asset Pricing in Illiquid Markets (Working Paper No. 10411). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved October 21, 2004 from http://papers.nber.org/papers/w10411

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style Manuals

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers

X LB2369 G53 1995
Pardee Reference – General Business Section
The guidelines for MLA documentation style are found in this work. MLA style is widely used by universities, academic presses, and in the humanities subject areas.

Modern Language Association – FAQ’s

http://www.mla.org/publications/style_faq
The FAQ’s answer recurring questions about the use of this style.

Sample MLA Style citations for Pardee Library Resources

MLA Sample Citations: Note- initially no indent and then following lines indented.

Print Sources:

Book (Print):

Eggins, Suzanne, and Diane Slade. Analysing Casual Conversation. London: Cassell, 1997.

S&P Industry Survey (Print Edition):

Mathis, Ray. “Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco.” Standard & Poor’s Industry Surveys. 21 June 2007. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

Value Line (Print Edition):Value Line.

“Sprint Corporation stock report.” Value Line Investment Surveys 60:5. Oct. 2004: 737. New York: Value Line, Inc., 2004.

Electronic Databases (BU Databases):

Bloomberg (Electronic Database): Bloomberg L.P.

“Stock price graph for United Parcel Service 11/1/03 to 11/1/04.” Bloomberg terminal. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA, 2 Nov. 2004.

Company Dossier via LexisNexis:

Lexis/Nexis Academic. Apple INC : Lexis/Nexis Company Dossier. 2007. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA, 14 Dec. 07 <http://www.lexisnexis.com.ezproxy.bu.edu>.

MarketLine Industry Reports via Business Source Complete

MarketLine. “Organic Food Industry Profile: United States” Jan. 2008, Business Source Complete, EBSCO. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston University, Boston, MA. 14 April 2008. <http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/>.

Hoover’s Company Records via Lexis Nexis:

Hoover’s Inc. “Starbucks Corporation” Hoover’s Company Records  In – Depth Records, April 15, 2008, LexisNexis Academic, LexisNexis. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 21 April 2008. <http://www.lexisnexis.com.ezproxy.bu.edu>

Mergent Online (Annual Report in BU database):

PepsiCo Inc. 2000 Annual Report. Purchase, NY: PepsiCo Inc., 2000. Mergent Online. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 22 Nov. 2004. <http://www.mergentonline.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/>

Mergent Online (SEC/EDGAR filing in BU database):

PepsiCo, Inc. “Form S-8.” Edgar Search. Mergent Online. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 21 Oct. 2004. <http://www.mergentonline.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/>

Mintel (Electronic Database):

Mintel. “Car Rental — U.S.” May 2006. Mintel. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 3 May 2007. <http://academic.mintel.com>.

MRI+ Mediamark Internet Reporter (Electronic Database):

Mediamark Research, Inc. “Apparel/Accessories: Athletic Shoes- Amount Spent in Total Aerobic/Fitness Shoes Under $50 (Fall 2006 Product Report, Base: Total Adults).” MRI+ Mediamark Internet Reporter. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 30 July 2007. <http://www.mriplus.com>

Oxford Reference Online (Electronic Database):

“demographic segmentation” A Dictionary of Business. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 14 Dec. 2004. <http://www.oxfordreference.com>

SRDS Online (Electronic Database):

Time magazine profile. Consumer Magazine Advertising Source. SRDS. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 22 Nov. 2004. <http://www.srds.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/library/>

Article from a BU database

ABI/Inform Global

Nitasha, T. “Boomer Benefits as Workers Retire, Small Companies Face a Talent Crunch.”Inc, 29.8 (August 2007): 44-47. ABI/Inform Global , ProQuest. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston University, Boston Ma. 30 July 2007. < http://proquest.umi.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/>

Business Source Complete

Spiech, Steve. “How to Be a Great Financial Analyst.” Strategic Finance 86.10 (April 2005): 41, Business Source Complete, EBSCO. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston University, Boston, MA. 14 April 2008. <http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bu.edu/>.

Factiva

Mathers, Robert and Michael Goodman. “Your Top Challenges: Staffing, Pay, Profitability.” Accounting Today, 21.13 (23 July, 2007): 18, Factiva, Dow Jones & Reuters. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston University, Boston, MA. 11 August 2007. http://global.factiva.com/>.

LexisNexis Academic

Hindo, Brian. “At 3M, A Struggle Between Efficiency and Creativity; How CEO George Buckley is managing the Ying and Yang of Discipline and Imagination.” Business Week June 11, 2007: 8, LexisNexis Academic. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston University, Boston, MA. 30 July 2007. <http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe>.

TableBase

Fugazy, Danielle. “E*Trade Leaves Nasdaq for the Big Board.” Web Finance, 5 Feb. 2001: TableBase. Frederick S. Pardee Management Library, Boston, MA. 30 July 2007. < http://search.rdsinc.com/>.

Online Sources

Census report available online: United States Census Bureau. “Census 2000 Summary File 4:

Household and Families: 2000.” Publication No. QT-PT10. American Factfinder. 20 Oct. 2004. <http://factfinder.census.gov>

Working Paper available online:

Longstaff, Francis A.”Financial Claustrophobia: Asset Pricing in Illiquid Markets (Working Paper No. 10411).” National Bureau of Economic Research. Apr. 2004. 21 Oct. 2004. <http://papers.nber.org/papers/w10411>

Citing Sources -Selected Web Guides

Copyright and Citation

http://www.bu.edu/library/guides/ed/copyright.html#citing
This Boston University research guide offers links to information about citing sources.

Citing Sources Within Your Paper

http://library.duke.edu/research/citing/within/index.html
Duke University is responsible for this well-organized site about citing in the body of your text.