African Art and Archaeology

Archaeology: Regional Resources, see Egypt

    • Book jacket, African Art, by Frank Willett.

      Frank Willett. African Art. New ed. 2002. London: Thames & Hudson. Mugar Library N7380 .W55 2002

Surveys

Africa

Overview article with bibliographies in Grove Art Online:
I. Introduction.
II. Art and aesthetics.
III. Contexts of production and use.
IV. Imagery and iconography.
V. Materials and techniques. VI. Art forms.
VII. Regions.
VIII. Diaspora.
IX. Contemporary developments.
X. Forgery.
XI. Historiography.
XII. Museums.
XIII. Exhibitions.
XIV. Collectors and dealers.
XV. Art libraries and photographic collections. BU

Africa: the Art of a Continent.

Tom Phillips, ed., c2004. “First published on the occasion of the exhibition ‘Africa : the art of a continent’, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 4 October 1995-21 January 1996.” Mugar Reserves N7380.5 .A37 2004.

African Archaeology.

David W. Phillipson, 3rd ed, 2005. Mugar Library GN861 .P47 2005.

African Archaeology: a Critical Introduction.

Ann Brower Stahl, ed., 2005. Mugar Library DT13 .A354 2005.

African Art.

Frank Willett, ed., 2002. Mugar Library N7380 .W55 2002.

African Art: An Introduction.

Frank Willett, rev. ed, 1993. Mugar Library N7380 .W55 1993.

African Material Culture.

Mary Jo Arnoldi,ed., 1996. Mugar Library GN645 .A364 1996.

African Textiles: Looms, Weaving and Design.

John Picton, 1979. British Museum. Mugar Library NK8987 .P52.

Anthology of African Art: the Twentieth Century.

N’Gone Fall, ed., c2002. Mugar Folio N7391.65 A5713 2002.

Archaeology, Language, and the African Past.

Roger Blench, 2006. Mugar Library PL8005 .B54 2006.

Art africain. English. Art of Africa.

Jacques Kerchache, and The Principal Ethnic Groups of African Art. Francoise Stoullig-Mari; translated from the French byMarjolijn de Jager, 1993. Mugar Reserves NB1098 .K4713 1993.

Arts et peuples de l’Afrique noire.

Jacqueline Delange. English. The art and peoples of Black Africa, translated by Carol F. Jopling, 1974. Mugar Library N7380 .D413 1974.

Arts of Africa: 7000 Years of African Art.

Ezio Bassani, 2005. Exhibit held at the Grimaldi Forum, Monaco, July 16-September 4, 2005. Mugar Library N7380.5 .A78 2005.

Arts de l’Afrique noire. Jean Laude.

English: Arts of Black Africa. Translated by Jean Decock, 1971. Mugar Library N7398 .L313 c.2.

Berg Fashion Library: Africa

Companion to Modern African Art by Salami, Gitti Visona, Monica Blackmun, 2013

Contemporary African Art.

Sidney Littlefield Kasfir. 1999. Mugar Library N7380 .K37 1999.

Contemporary Art of Africa.

Andre Magnin, ed., 1996. Mugar Folio N7391.65 .C66 1996.

Early Art and Architecture of Africa.

Peter Garlake, 2002. Mugar Library N7380 .G37 2002.

Fashioning Africa: Power and the Politics ofDress.

Jean Allman, ed., 2004. Mugar Library .

Forgotten Africa : an Introduction to its Archaeology.

Graham Connah, 2004. Mugar Reserves DT13 .C66 2004.

Gelede Spectacle: Art, Gender, and Social Harmony in an African Culture [Yoruba].

Babatunde Lawal, 1996. Mugar Reserves DT515.45.Y67 L39 1996.

People, Contact, and the Environment in the African Past.

Felix Chami, ed., c2001. Mugar Library GN658 .P45 2001.

Bibliographies and Guides

Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources.

Stanford University. An annotated directory of resources browsable by countries and by topics; also searchable.Developed by the Electronic Technology Group of the African Studies Association (USA).

African Archaeology: a Selected Bibliography.

Robert B. Marks Ridinger, 1993. African Studies Library Z5118.A6 R5 1993.

African Art: a Bibliographic Guide.

Janet L. Stanley, 1985. Mugar Library Z5961.A35 S7 1985. See also by the same compiler: Arts of Africa: an Annotated Bibliography. Annual, 1988–. Biennial, 1986/1987. Bibliography derives from the monthly acquisitions lists issued by the National Museum of African Art Branch Library,Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. African Studies Library Z 5961 A35 A78. LIB HAS: V.1(1986/87)-V.5(1991; ceased 1992).

African Art Bibliography by Nation and by Subject.

Africana Studies, James Madison University. These are extensive bibliographies covering monograph and journal literature published internationally including many African sources. The lists are long; use the browser “finder” for specific topics.

African Diaspora Archaeology Network (“ADAN”).

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

African dress II: a Selected and Annotated Bibliography.

Ila M. Pokornowski, 1985. (Supplement to: African dress; a select and annotated bibliography of Subsaharan countries. Joanne Bubolz Eicher, 1969. Mugar Library Z5694.A4 E53.) Mugar Library Z5694.A4 A47 1985.

African Studies Companion Online: A Guide to Information Sources.

Hans M. Zell. 4th ed rev., 2006. Covers print and online sources. Multidisciplinary. No separate sections for art and archaeology. African Studies Library DT19.8 .Z45 2006. BU

African Studies Internet Resources.

Columbia University Libraries, New York City.”… an on-going compilation of electronic bibliographic resources and research materials on Africa available on the global Internet, created under the purview of the African Studies Department of Columbia University Libraries. Electronic resources from Africa are organized by region and country. All materials are arranged to encourage an awareness of authorship, type of information, and subject. The scope of the collection is research-oriented, but it also provides access to other web sites with different or broader missions.”

Africana Collections: An Illustrated Guide.

African and Middle Eastern Reading Room, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. See also: African Peoples’ Encounters with Others.

Annotated Bibliography of the Visual Arts of East Africa.

Eugene C. Burt. 1980. African Studies Library Z5961.A38 B87.

Arte contemporanea africana: Bibliografia.

Iolanda Pensa.

Arts of Central Africa: an Annotated Bibliography.

Daniel P. Biebuyck, 1987. African Studies Library Z5961.Z28 B53 1987.

ASC: African Studies Centre.

Leiden, The Netherlands.

Great Zimbabwe: The Iron Age in South Central Africa

a Research Guide. Joseph Vogel. Mugar Reference X CC70 .C58 1993.

Modern African Art: A Basic Reading List.

Warren M. Robbins Library, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution. Compiled since 1995 and updated continuously. Includes surveys, texts, and exhibition catalogs. Searchable by region and country.

Web Resources for the Peoples and Cultures of Africa.

A tutorial. African Studies Library, Boston University.

Biographical Sources

Africa through the Eyes of Women Artists.

Betty LaDuke, 1991. Mugar Library N7380 .L15 1991.

Art and Artists Files in the Smithsonian Libraries Collections.

Emerging regional and local artists.Browse by artist last name or country.

Art and Artists of South Africa

an Illustrated Biographical Dictionary and Historical Survey of Painters and Graphic Artists since 1875. Esme Berman, 1970. Mugar Reference X N7392 .F70.

Images of Man: Contemporary South African Black Art and Artists

a Pictorial and Historical Guide to the Collection of the University of Fort Hare housed in the De Beers Centenary Art Gallery. E.J. De Jager, lst ed. Mugar Folio N7392 .U54 1992.

New Currents, Ancient Rivers

Contemporary African Artists in a Generation of Change. Jean Kennedy, 1992. Mugar Library N7391.65 .K46 1992.

Nigerian Artists : a Who’s Who & Bibliography

compiled by Bernice M. Kelly; edited by Janet L. Stanley, 1993. Mugar Library N7399.N5 K46 1993.

Spring will come.

William N. Zulu, 2005. (Artists with disabilities, South Africa). Mugar Library N7396.Z85 A2 2005.

St. James Guide to Black Artists.

Thomas Riggs, ed., 1997. Arranged alphabetically by artist name. Includes a Nationality Index. Mugar Reference X N40 .S78 1997.

Boston University Programs

Electronic Indexes (Databases) to Journal Articles and Books

For a complete list of databases, see Databases A-Z.

AATA Online.  (Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts, Getty)

AfricaBib.org, 19th century–.

University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Institute for Economic Advancement (IEA). This site consists of three bibliographic databases covering Africana periodical literature in English:

Bibliography of Africana Periodical Literature Database
African Women’s Bibliographic Database
Women Travelers, Explorers, and Missionaries to Africa (1763-2006)

 

Anthropology plus A compilation of the Anthropological Index and Anthropological Literature databases.

AnthroSource Access to current issues of American Anthropological Association’s journals and bulletins as well as archived issues of all the AAA’s journals, newsletters and bulletins.

 

 

Note: Periodical coverage includes English-language periodicals, yearbooks, and museum bulletins, as well as periodicals published in French, Italian, German, Japanese, Spanish, Dutch, and Swedish. In addition to articles, Art Index indexes reproductions of works of art that appear in indexed periodicals. Subjects covered include archaeology, architecture, art history, city planning, crafts, motion pictures, graphic arts, industrial design, interior design, landscape architecture, museology, and photography.
Note: Periodical coverage includes English-language periodicals, yearbooks, and museum bulletins, as well as periodicals published in French, Italian, German, Japanese, Spanish, Dutch, and Swedish. In addition to articles, Art Index indexes reproductions of works of art that appear in indexed periodicals. Subjects covered include archaeology, architecture, art history, city planning, crafts, motion pictures, graphic arts, industrial design, interior design, landscape architecture, museology, and photography.
Note: Indexes and provides abstracts of journal articles, books, essays, exhibition catalogs, dissertations, and exhibition reviews covering artists and movements beginning in the late 19th century to the present. Photography is covered from its invention in 1839. Lesser-known artists, performance art and installation works, video art, computer and electronic art, graffiti, artists’ books, theater arts, crafts, jewelry, and illustration are included in addition to painting, sculpture, printmaking, and drawing. Coverage is from 1974 with 13,000 new entries added annually. Emphasis on foreign-language publications.

 

Avery index to architectural periodicals (Online) Indexes international periodicals on architecture and design, archaeology, city planning, interior design, and historic preservation.

 

Directories of Art and Archaeology Resources

African Art: Art History Resources on the Web.

Chris Witcombe, Sweet Briar College, VA.

African Art in American Collections.

Survey 1989. 2nd ed.Warren M. Robbins. Photographic survey of 230 styles of African art represented by 1,600 objects. Arranged by region: Western Sudan, Wet African Coastal, Central Africa, and Eastern and Southern Africa. Includes list of public and private collections, bibliography, and style index. Mugar Reference X N7391.65 R6 2004. (lst ed. Mugar: Folio N7391.65 .R6 1989.)

South Africa Art.

Africa South of the Sahara, Stanford University. Comprehensive, annotated, alphabetical list of resources.

African Art on the Web.

Warren M. Robbins Library, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian. Selected links.

African publishing companion : a resource guide.

Hans M. Zell. African Studies Library Z465.6 .Z38 2002.

Art and Archaeology of Africa.

Columbia University. Comprehensive, annotated alphabetical list of internet resources with many references to exhibitions of African materials.

Arte contemporanea africana.

Iolanda Pensa. Covers exhibitions, conferences, institutions by country, bibliography, and websites.

Directory of Museums in Africa.

Unesco-ICOM Documentation Centre, ed. Susanne Peters, 1990. African Studies Library AM80 .D57 1990. (See also: Museums in Africa. ICON, International Council of African Museums, Nairobi, Kenya. Listed by country. Not all museums have websites.)

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Africa.

Overview article in Grove Art Online.

Africa: an Encyclopedia for Students.

John Middleton, ed., 2002.African Studies Library DT3 .A249 2002 vols. 1-4.

“African Art,” in ArtLex: Art Dictionary.
Illustrated.
African Ethnonyms: Index to Art-producing Peoples of Africa.

Daniel P. Biebuyck. 1996. Guide to African tribal names associated with works of art. African Studies Library GN645 .B53 1996.

Africana: the Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience.

2d ed. Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds., 2005. Mugar Reference X DT14 .A37435 2005.

Arts of Africa: Glossary.

Art Access, Art Institute of Chicago.

Dictionary of African Mythology: Oxford Reference Online BU
Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara.

John Middleton, ed., 1997. African Studies Library DT351 .E53 1997, vols. 1-4.

Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa

Archaeology, History, Languages, Cultures, and Environments. Joseph O. Vogel, ed. Signed essays with bibliographies. African Studies (Mugar) DT 2 E53 1997.

Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World.

Paul Oliver, ed., 1997. “Sub-Saharan Africa” Vol. 3 Section VII, pp. 1969-2170. Bibliography: pp. 2311-2322. Mugar Reference X NA208 .E53 1997 vol. 1-3.

International Dictionary of Historic Places: Vol. 4

Middle East and Africa. Trudy Ring, ed. Lengthy essays on selected sites with illustrations and bibliographies. Mugar Reference X CC 135 I585 1995.

Atlases and Maps

Africa Maps.

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin.

Atlas of Africa.

[Prepared and published by “Jeune Afrique” under the direction of Regine Van Chi-Bonnardel] 1st. American ed., 1973. African Studies Library

Atlas of Contemporary World Architecture.

“Africa”: pp. 626-631. Mugar Reference X NA680 .P53 2004.

Atlas of World Archaeology.

“Africa”: pp. 306-322. Mugar Reference X CC165 .A85 2000.

Maps of Africa

from Art and Life in Africa. University of Iowa, Iowa City.

16th to 20th Centuries Maps of Africa.

Northwestern University Library. ” This site features digital copies of 113 antique maps of Africa and accompanying text dating from the mid 16th Century to the early 20th Century. All scanned maps are authentic and originally collected by the Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies (or the Africana Library) at Northwestern University.”

History

  • African Civilization: an Archaeological Perspective, 2nd ed., Graham Connah, 2001. Mugar Reserves DT352.3 .C66 2001.
  • African Historical Archaeologies. Andrew M. Reid, ed., c2004. Mugar Library DT13 .A365 2004.
  • Art History in Africa: an Introduction to Method. J. Vansina, 1984. Mugar Library  N7380 .V36 1984 .
  • Cambridge History of Africa. J. D. Fage, ed., , 1975-85. Mugar Library DT20 .C27 vols. 1-8.
  • History of Art in Africa. Monica Blackmun Visona, 2001. Mugar Reserves N7380 .H54 2001.
  • Short History of African Art. Werner Gillon, 1984. Mugar Library N7380 .G5 1984b c.3.
  • Sources and Methods in African History: Spoken, Written, Unearthed. Toyin Falola, ed., 2003. Mugar Library .
  • Writing African History. John Edward Philips, ed., 2005. Mugar Library DT19 .W75 2005.

Imagery and Symbols

African Images: Essays in African Iconology.

Daniel F. McCall, ed., 1975. (Boston University papers on Africa, v. 6). Mugar Library DT1.F642 v. 6.

ARTstor BU
Cumulus Image Database.

Art History Department, Boston University. BU

Dit des signes. English. Tracing Memory

A Glossary of Graphic Signs and Symbols in

African Art and Culture.

Clementine M. Faik-Nzuji, c1996. Mugar Reference X GN645 .F28513 1996.

Imagery and Iconography.

In Grove Art Online. Articles with bibliographies. 1. Symbolism and ritual.2. Gesture.3. Portraiture.4. Physical anomalies.5. Mother-and-child imagery.6. Animal imagery.7. Equestrian imagery.8. Tricksters. BU

Images of Power: Understanding Bushman Rock Art.

David Lewis-Williams. 1st ed, 1989. Mugar Library DT1058.K56 L48 1989.

Language of Adinkra Patterns.

Alfred Kofi Quarcoo. 2nd ed, 1994. Mugar Library DT507 .Q37 1994.

Secrecy: African Art that Conceals and Reveals [Sub-Saharan].

Mary H. Nooter, c1993. (An exhibition catalog organized and presented by the Museum for African Art, New York.) Mugar Reserves N7391.65 .S43 1993.

Symbols of Africa.

Heike Owusu. 300 symbols of sub-Saharan African peoples and tribes. Mugar Reference GN645 .O8813 2000.

Museums and Collections

Africa: the Art of a Continent.

Exhibition held at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, June 7 through September 29, 1996 (no longer available online).(See also: Africa: the Art of a Continent : 100 Works of Power and Beauty, 1996. “Catalog of an exhibition held Oct. 4, 1995-Jan. 21, 1996 at the Royal Academy of Arts, London; Mar. 1-May 1, 1996 at Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; June 7-Sept. 29, 1996 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.” Mugar Folio N7380.5 .A372 1996)

Africa Remix: Contemporary Art of a Continent.

(See also: Africa Remix: Contemporary Art of a Continent, ed. Simon Njami, 2005. Mugar Library N7380.5 .A369 2005.

African Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, Timeline of Art History.

African Art: Aesthetics and Meaning.

An Electronic Exhibition Catalog, Bayly Art Museum, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, January 25 through August 15, 1993.

African Art Exhibition of 1923.

Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY.

African Art: Art History Resources on the Web.

Chris Witcombe, Sweet Briar College, VA.

African Sculpture.

African Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

American Museum of Natural History (New York City) Hall of African Peoples.

“explores Africa’s cultural heritage from ancient Egypt to more modern times. The hall highlights lifestyles and customs—many of them disappearing—of peoples living in four environments: grasslands, deserts, forests, and river regions”

Art and Archaeology of Africa.

Columbia University. Comprehensive, annotated alphabetical list of internet resources with many references to exhibitions of African materials.

Art and Life in Africa.

University of Iowa, Iowa City. Information pages on the Peoples and Countries of Africa. (See also: Art and Life in Africa: Selections from the Stanley Collection, Exhibitions of 1985 and 1992, by Christopher D. Roy, c1992. Mugar Folio NB1255.A4 R69 1992).

Art and Oracle

(on view at the Museum from April 25 to July 30, 2000). Art Institute of Chicago: African Art and Art Access: Africa.

Barbiere-Mueller Museum Archives.

Geneva, Switzerland. Selected images.

Berlin–Staatliche Museen, Ethnologischer Museum: Kunst aus Afrika

(formerly Museum fur Volkerkunde). Click on Image Gallery  (See also: Art of Central Africa: Masterpieces from the Berlin Museum fur Volkerkunde, Hans-Joachim Koloss, 1990.
“This publication was issued in connection with the exhibition “Art of Central Africa: Masterpieces from the Berlin Museum fur Volkerkunde” held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art from June 6 through November 4, 1990″. Mugar Reserves N7391.65 .K65 1990.)

British Museum: Africa, Oceania, & Americas Collections

See also: Africa, Arts and Cultures, ed. John Mack, 2000. Mugar Library N7380 .A34 2000b.

Contemporary African Art Collection (CAACART).

“The Contemporary African Art Collection (CAAC) is a private collection created by Italian Harvard educated venture capitalist, Jean Pigozzi, over the last 15 years. It includes several thousand artworks featuring paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs, installations and videos from contemporary artists living in sub-Saharan African countries. Curated from the very beginning by André Magnin, the CAAC is constantly acquiring new pieces, adding new artists and lending works to institutions and museums around the world.” (See also: African Art Now: Masterpieces from the Jean Pigozzi Collection, by Andre Magnin, 2005. Mugar Library N7391.65 .A37 2005).

Minneapolis (MN) Institute of Arts: African, Oceanic, and Native American Art.

Search keywords: “African or Africa ” for images of African art. Click on “Artworks.”

Musee du quai Branly (Museum on the Branly Embankment), Paris: Africa.

The Artefacts Catalogueprovides images of part of the collection and art objects documentation.

Museum for African Art,

New York City. Begun in 1984 as the Center for African Art.

National Museum of African Art.

Smithsonian, Washington, D.C. (See also: Selected Works from the Collection of the National Museum of African Art, 1999–. Mugar Library N7380.5 .N38 1999 vol. 1).

Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Collections Online: Africa.

Harvard University. Masks and Kuba cloth.

Royal Museum for Central Africa.

Tervuren, Belgium. Ethnographic objects. (See also: Treasures from the Africa-Museum, Tervuren, ed. Gustaaf Verswijver, 1995. Mugar Folio N7391.65 .M86 1995.)

Exhibitions

Africa: the Art of a Continent

100 Works of Power and Beauty, 1996. “Catalog of an exhibition held Oct. 4, 1995-Jan. 21, 1996 at the Royal Academy of Arts, London; Mar. 1-May 1, 1996 at Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; June 7-Sept. 29, 1996 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.”
Mugar Folio N7380.5 .A342 1996.

Africa Remix: Contemporary Art of a Continent.

(See also: Africa Remix: Contemporary Art of a Continent, ed. Simon Njami, 2005. Mugar Library N7380.5 .A369 2005.

African Art Exhibition of 1923.

Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY.

Art and Oracle: A Scholarly Resource of African Art and Rituals of Divination.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Created in conjunction with the exhibition “Art and Oracle” (on view at the Museum from April 25 to July 30, 2000). Art Institute of Chicago: African Art and Art Access: Africa.

Art of Central Africa: Masterpieces from the Berlin Museum fur Volkerkunde

Hans-Joachim Koloss, 1990. “This publication was issued in connection with the exhibition “Art of Central Africa: Masterpieces from the Berlin Museum fur Volkerkunde” held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art from June 6 through November 4, 1990″. Mugar Reserves N7391.65 .K65 1990.)

Arte contemporanea africana: exhibitions by country.

Iolanda Pensa.

Arts of Africa: 7000 Years of African Art.

Ezio Bassani, 2005. Exhibit held at the Grimaldi Forum, Monaco, July 16-September 4, 2005. Mugar Library N7380.5 .A78 2005.

Chronology of Principal Exhibitions of Contemporary African Art. Ioland Pensa.

 

Photography

Anthology of African and Indian Ocean Photography.

1st English ed. Pascal Martin Saint Leon, 1999. Mugar Folio TR115 .A5413 1999.

Contemporary African Photographs.

Annotated list. Africa South of the Sahara, Stanford University.

Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives.

National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institiution.

G.I. Jones Photographic Archive of Southeastern Nigerian Art and Culture.

Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.Photographs taken in the 1930’s.

Historical Photographs.

Annotated list. Africa South of the Sahara, Stanford University.

In/sight: African Photographers, 1940 to the Present.

“Catalog of an exhibition held May 24-Sept. 29, 1996 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.” Includes artists’ biographies, statements, and works in the exhibition, pp. 253-275. Mugar Folio TR646.A35 I57 1996.

Voyages en Afrique.

Gallica. France, Bibliotheque Nationale. In the Advanced Search, select “Images” under Document Types/Types de Documents menu.

Cultural Heritage

African Art Exhibition of 1923: Culin Archival Collection.

Brooklyn Museum. Documentation of collecting and exhibiting an ethnological collection.

African Art in Transit.

Christopher Steiner, 1994. (Revision of the author’s thesis (doctoral)–Harvard University, 1990) Mugar Reserve, Perm N7399.I8 S74 1994.

Illicit Traffic of Cultural Property in Africa.

International Council of Museums. DT352.3 .I44 1995

Monumentum, 1967-1984.

Journal publication of the Documentation Centre, UNESCO and ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites).Full-text articles.

“Peripheral Markets” and the Purchase of Museum Collections in Early Colonial Equatorial Africa.

Jane I. Guyer, c1992. (African Studies Center, Boston University, Discussion papers in the African Humanities; no. 21.) Mugar Library DT1 .D57 no. 21.

Plundering Africa’s past.

Peter R. Schmidt, ed., c1996. Mugar Library DT352.4 .P55 1996.

RedList Africa.

ICOM, International Council of Museums. African objects at risk from looting.

Safeguarding Africa’s Archaeological Past

Selected Papers from a Workshop held at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 2001. Niall Finneran, ed., 2005. Mugar Library DT13 .S244 2005.

Scramble for Art in Central Africa.

Enid Schildkraut, 1998. Mugar Library N7399.C6 S39 1998.

World Heritage in Danger: Africa. UNESCO.