}is83eKQwR;8qNu\ Ip(BŶ&q_Mfs gY8xeWG޽%םWW̵y4;/^|:-CUM';Cb9ۆ+[puLϮ1qo5:d@? `> 2`O40,LCʀ:SP^3y4`6.Ww7,fctIP'duV^^?"rQaХ FY7xw(ЌnvS8m_`YG:dFŠ%TqbxVfNտ 3ƃ z}Q,An%i*WާFl56*/-d$p"D.atHʴ ")+އJ J,1/loiڲI0|NZr=oW ᩻pH|nqFXm^߿Bxn mo-E%m4_~(o@/GơoY˝\^H"0"׏ }Ivv퉶 [Isu4}4%Cep!;X?p\hmF)z z"k {60ڵPlΩ~RFѪՠ"^U!+CiêHSZKhg5@ zpQ C:bY>>]aA0@F -[[8xm)Dm1h?C||Ъ}b?z1m^Վ=V(z4^5"rN77n }BU =!ma~Km?|S.{L h#zUQyQW髋-vJ%PgO> n|'dki r/̤]Y.A1oQ'?b -! l&`A9â``L^ۍ8uW k˕YQ7vz{mMk:wyt\w_~_yאuO"@n 2U33cQL冁tF ow b;m݁)7MN@^Y!C0UUP#䲑/^4d f2#qKB -D_ bqLx##Uk=hhSoqߥ׉ݰFVu4M@/@b@#SX UXp} y{}! 6 y ]}CEvcWrd LK6FMDZX.AJ 0ހXڍjZ7C ٜGnrx%&d^{{& PS~"5iVHN4 z74}P$uR4GN>Ư!8XFsg{YޮoonJ1Zj\Vzhj}bhj`6sܵQhBK;1CQC趛y5O/?j/}@,$#7`ɘ݇dbE o?hC#q]_w04Sl "n$r A_S/`-byf^Znu#Q҇DσAؕ=sY_o}qn@2t :5(K1,܅/jX6nM*9܌ :@DU@օA=BO!mL 9P_ֹ uhP f5{ڨxLL ch, hU@`gj(8俹nMN8" ?wKyڞ[H,Lgeܽ=7ѲS8Z+f/늑4el47vTꪒ흍f]Yl{oo܃Gh=6Mʟյzh:e +d=:՘ԭNMО[ .(<)J2yu\aMya͠T#R ,xټl KI;P4D,7$_|I)eWB!/.u|@K~DgqLiVX.ZSI7DKN[aɐjQ ~MFSΞ|AWhAܬoTl䀈c% òEyc̓!\Bj#4,1'K]7U/Q.wx0H"`z 1:#qLj И~[w@3yfcc׏IRb@fmKMR ӉA&5oE8rHދR vH9d3=ep ]'1IYJbKu #=8vs0Mip)Q{tkD3ITs͟)#ih~yq!dƽIG#!EVR3]B]rLJg>ؾ#BKܙJ$5ujׅ<>޼u! rKjf׆@K; (GӃ1hu<D-/n$**H%r qaCs4 ^+$(/hig= cS0(@`bMdj@(|7| $FU xm6)5plD=UT~c0*Dvnf>IXˏ,'{u.fp"f++O/V UW0z>= :)<<g+Z2'f9ˣY vtH>mjlr}>~ KMm ,sIc>7k-j!&^f:=XC9]0>g-ʡǨsϼf%/KlvF >bv (U X[od3 $oψQ5 hV1x#Xd. {z.uVؼ[ Cd.Sܘv`8ݡRUѼ AwH{?}3e1yhl\`Gd-@aU>C7MC{ꍍIc4e NA-5:OF@`H @S,<zՖ+p gN2/淣 %'{ʘNC phxeL2K\20EbW3~k©;e[y$ fWҲs=kx/o<-8uHj)\`gS j׏]c'x}:8"lRSbd9>@k"mTsPBհOթ͒D3|@dԯFQ ć.CvVԜ\X x2 <لwbϩey~ x4\F0>b9Y= ϨLLɕ onĸ;&8z7r9M,qLJB~F{y9x]NqɃDk#<*x 39C7YW"o6ߨJVq!,. FbE@9 D!Гa-r9`wFoBoFsp854tĂsiZ* |t>y9Y+b&&f57Ȇg\0Rڻdf(u X9=ةl>ަJMD镒sЉcκCO;sʣӊS+iOzjet.$7taA0 @MhMwyCk-]/XUۊQ^V+ 341 ǔw\3o~F&ϱY6-)t=OR,ϼIK`XTq/B >϶!9w)g X(XqLs(T>UҐGCf<Ϝ#+Sgj OrE` Ĺ?r]*R'@F桴F7brӡc6 GB(bwq.~2..9&q`}){,V Հ! {Wi…"22 ]Gx>d}UdBnK[85_q8j_/WqەˏABj564aETps!Y'<ac$  ri!3%Msr^~5P$`p@xA\ALċczIfh)R,esD[r!į_~8`I> b[wԼڵjM8w^(kXt$wDT<^S2L0$"%?C9;{rv/ Sac.Xf!cz%D p_!CkQYQs ,ܵNAhy;yW8*\8Bap >Ԇw(->9nKǻ&5'wbTA,0O(!9-5tAnHCvBz|]~B@5戂9Wmr\Bܓ"tr f_VŜ4`* #2\lAǜT#e5Yg&G|*} XՇ/$19:P6)Pةheab\& +?rA<ɾ> !$̑~ ~|·$#&B~ؚM&S'#'ܗǡa19!1c'[-(Ĉ7r~c*Q-ïۅ -lb!lfKx9h 7,ej g)tr yhgfs O8Hp?MTThswY_e@ ]FV5gQ%X)j 2}it89ˎjw =@s0!Oñ)o>є/״)Sat_/\Ԝcj8+xIY %5a]DOS.VѰ HsBh*i H vR-,c0aI^؆>G__!FKxY15Ovf(R (7T`'-#*V$hh?%od`a Q 3G}?ecb7 <91(oq@ ܀_/Y]㿲uvppu,A׃J+ԛfq,̹X5~gT9$WbKp0[E6lmtXB"a"Jǩ̪5gM&5E-+R^;wd;c=P~9bA+)",_D2 PC^*!w^=]UlB4GZicnvϏOgFч>iIӎXp$QNXn֋=D =+1OKb){8;YUwTʾVꅮ\R{|/Q[zi9܏d5\/A)2o\Z ha~0"s [i@)UB-k.?˟WQ@%hE¨JԔlƇ6l=PQ_/iW$kjK~ezX'1/@-+i 'N|je8_zrȭW[ XvZ;IVi?D?ko}^o@9n3FBz&JBTP1H]qcݭ1x88:)ww< (D[6.>~r_N>ۿerzrp'! %WT/?N9CpxT{ uZGɁn.e1$So3}

Public Interest Law Journal

Volume 19, Number 1 (Fall 2009)

CONTENTS

ARTICLES

SYMPOSIUM: LEGAL PERSPECTIVES ON CONTEMPORARY LGBT ISSUES

THE SHORT, PUZZLING(?) LIFE OF THE CIVIL UNION
John G. Culhane
Page 1

OF PERMISSION SLIPS AND HOMOPHOBIA: PARENTAL CONSENT POLICIES FOR SCHOOL CLUB PARTICIPATION AIMED AT GAY-POSITIVE STUDENT GROUPS
Ian Vandewalker
Page 23

SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND THE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER
Todd A. DeMitchell, Suzanne Eckes, and Richard Fossey
Page 65

NOTES

A FOURTH WAVE OF EDUCATION FUNDING LITIGATION: HOW EDUCATION STANDARDS AND COSTING-OUT STUDIES CAN AID PLAINTIFFS IN PENNSYLVANIA AND BEYOND
Jill Ambrose
Page 107

THE 2008 FBI GUIDELINES: CONTRADICTION OF ORIGINAL PURPOSE
Allison Jones
Page 137